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Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 23, 2024

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Asked by Anonymous - Feb 22, 2024Hindi
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My partner and I, both under 35, have a combined monthly income of Rs 4.5 lakhs. We aspire to accumulate Rs 15 crores for retirement over the next 25 years. How can we optimize our financial planning to achieve this goal while also preparing for the costs associated with raising a family?

Ans: Aiming for a Rs 15 crore retirement corpus by the age of 60 is a commendable goal, and with careful planning and disciplined saving, it's definitely achievable. Here are some steps you can take to optimise your financial planning:

1. Estimate your retirement needs:

• Inflation: Consider a 7-8% inflation rate to adjust the Rs 15 crore to its future value at your retirement age.
• Lifestyle: Determine your desired retirement lifestyle and estimate monthly expenses.
• Healthcare: Factor in potential medical costs that may increase with age.

2. Analyse your current expenses:

• Track your monthly income and expenses to identify areas where you can save.
• Create a budget that allocates funds for essential needs, savings, and investments.

3. Maximise your savings:

• Increase your SIP contributions: Aim for a monthly investment of at least 50% of your surplus income after expenses.
• Explore various investment options: Diversify your portfolio across equity mutual funds (for long-term growth), debt funds (for stability), and PPF (for tax benefits and guaranteed returns).
• Employer-sponsored plans: Contribute the maximum to your Employee Provident Fund (EPF) and explore voluntary contributions.

4. Optimise your investments:

• Seek professional advice: Consult a certified financial planner for personalised investment recommendations based on your risk tolerance and goals.
• Rebalance your portfolio regularly: Maintain your desired asset allocation to manage risk and optimise returns.

5. Address family planning costs:

• Child planning: Start an SIP in a child plan to accumulate funds for education and other needs.
• Health insurance: Ensure adequate health insurance coverage for yourself, your partner, and any future children. Consider critical illness riders for additional protection.

Remember:

• Early start: Starting early gives your investments more time to grow through compounding.
• Discipline: Consistent saving and investing are crucial for achieving your goals.
• Review and adapt: Regularly review your plan and adjust your investments and savings as your income, expenses, and goals evolve.

Additional tips:

• Explore government schemes like Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for girl child education and Atal Pension Yojana for retirement income.
• Consider freelancing or side hustles to increase your income.
• Reduce unnecessary expenses and adopt a mindful spending approach.
• Remember, this is a general framework, and consulting a financial advisor can provide personalised guidance based on your specific circumstances.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Moneywize

Moneywize   |95 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jan 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jan 19, 2024Hindi
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My wife and I would like to go for creating a retirement fund of Rs 20 crore in the next 30 years. We earn Rs 5 lakh per month together and are under 30. What are the best strategies for us for wealth creation and financial planning? We plan to have children in the next two years after we feel more secure about the job environment.
Ans: Creating a retirement fund of Rs 20 crore in 30 years is an ambitious goal, but with careful planning and disciplined savings, it's achievable, especially considering your young age and relatively high combined income.

Here are some strategies for wealth creation and financial planning:

Set Clear Financial Goals:

Define your short-term, medium-term, and long-term financial goals, including the Rs 20 crore retirement fund. This could include saving for a home, children's education, and other major expenses.

Emergency Fund:

Build an emergency fund equal to at least 3-6 months' worth of living expenses. This fund provides a financial cushion in case of unexpected events, ensuring you don't need to dip into your long-term savings.

Life Insurance:

Consider purchasing life insurance to provide financial protection for your family, especially once you have children. Term insurance is a cost-effective option that can provide a high coverage amount.

Health Insurance:

Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance coverage for both you and your future family. Health emergencies can significantly impact your finances, and insurance can help mitigate these risks.

Investment Strategies:

Diversify your investments across various asset classes such as equities, debt, and potentially real estate. Given your long-term horizon, you can afford to take on some risk for potentially higher returns.

Equity Investments:

Consider investing in equity mutual funds or individual stocks for long-term growth. Historically, equities have provided higher returns over the long run.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs):

Use systematic investment plans to invest regularly in mutual funds. This approach ensures that you benefit from rupee cost averaging and can help manage market volatility.

Retirement Accounts:

Take advantage of retirement accounts like the Employee Provident Fund (EPF) and the Public Provident Fund (PPF) for tax-efficient long-term savings.

Review and Adjust:

Periodically review your financial plan and make adjustments based on changes in income, expenses, and goals. Stay flexible and adapt your plan as needed.

Professional Advice:

Consider consulting with a financial advisor who can provide personalized advice based on your specific situation. They can help you create a customised financial plan and guide you on investment choices.

Remember that achieving a significant retirement fund requires discipline, consistent saving, and a long-term perspective. Starting early is a significant advantage, and regularly reassessing and adjusting your plan will help you stay on track to meet your financial goals.
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Moneywize

Moneywize   |95 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Feb 11, 2024Hindi
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Money
We are a couple in our early 30s, jointly earning Rs 6 lakhs per month in India. Our goal is to build a substantial education fund for our future children while securing our own retirement. What financial strategies would you recommend for effective wealth creation and planning?
Ans: Given your joint income of Rs 6 lakhs per month and your goals of building a substantial education fund for your future children while securing your own retirement, here are some financial strategies you can consider for effective wealth creation and planning:

1. Budgeting and Expense Tracking: Start by creating a detailed budget that outlines your monthly income and expenses. Track your spending to identify areas where you can save and redirect funds towards your savings and investment goals.

2. Emergency Fund: Build an emergency fund that covers at least 3-6 months of living expenses. This fund will provide a financial safety net in case of unexpected events like job loss, medical emergencies, or major home repairs.

3. Education Fund: Open a dedicated education savings account or investment plan for your future children's education expenses. Consider investing in tax-efficient instruments like Public Provident Fund (PPF), Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY), or equity mutual funds specifically designed for education planning.

4. Retirement Planning: Start investing early in retirement accounts such as Employee Provident Fund (EPF), Public Provident Fund (PPF), or National Pension System (NPS) to secure your retirement. Consider consulting with a financial advisor to determine your retirement needs and develop a comprehensive retirement plan.

5. Asset Allocation: Diversify your investments across various asset classes such as equities, bonds, real estate, and fixed deposits to reduce risk and maximise returns. Determine your risk tolerance and investment horizon to create an appropriate asset allocation strategy.

6. Tax Planning: Take advantage of tax-saving investment options like Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), National Pension System (NPS), and tax-saving fixed deposits to minimise your tax liability. Additionally, consider investing in tax-efficient instruments like Equity Mutual Funds for long-term wealth creation.

7. Regular Review and Rebalancing: Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Rebalance your portfolio as needed to maintain the desired asset allocation and optimise returns.

8. Insurance Coverage: Protect your family's financial future by purchasing adequate life insurance and health insurance coverage. Evaluate your insurance needs based on your current lifestyle, income, and future financial goals.

9. Continuous Learning and Education: Stay informed about personal finance and investment strategies through books, seminars, workshops, and online resources. Continuously educate yourself to make informed financial decisions and adapt to changing market conditions.

10. Seek Professional Guidance: Consider consulting with a certified financial planner or investment advisor to develop a personalised financial plan tailored to your specific goals, risk profile, and financial situation.

By implementing these strategies consistently and staying disciplined in your financial approach, you can effectively build wealth, secure your retirement, and achieve your long-term financial goals.
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Moneywize

Moneywize   |95 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 29, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Feb 28, 2024Hindi
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Money
My spouse and I are in our early 30s, earning Rs 7 lakhs monthly. Our aim is to create a substantial wealth reserve for our retirement and our children's future. How can we effectively manage our finances and investments to reach our financial goals?
Ans: Here are some steps you and your spouse can take to effectively manage your finances and investments towards your retirement and children's future:

1. Set SMART financial goals:

• Specific: Clearly define your goals. Instead of ‘substantial wealth’, aim for a specific target corpus (total amount) needed for retirement and children's education.
• Measurable: Track your progress by setting milestones with timelines, like saving a particular amount by a certain year.
• Attainable: Be realistic about your income and risk tolerance when setting targets.
• Relevant: Ensure your goals align with your family's needs and priorities.
• Time-bound: Set deadlines for achieving each goal, keeping short, medium, and long-term timelines in mind.

2. Create a budget and track expenses:

• List your monthly income (Rs 7 lakh) and all expenses (rent/mortgage, utilities, groceries, transportation, entertainment, etc.).
• Categorise expenses as essential, discretionary, and debt.
• Utilise budgeting apps or spreadsheets to track your income and expenses.
• Identify areas where you can cut back on discretionary spending.

3. Build an emergency fund:

• Aim for 3-6 months of your living expenses saved in a high-interest savings account for unexpected emergencies.

4. Prioritise debt repayment:

• Focus on paying off high-interest debt like credit cards before aggressively investing.
• Consider debt consolidation to lower your interest rate and simplify repayment.

5. Invest for the future:

• Employer-sponsored retirement plans: Contribute the maximum allowed to your company's retirement plan (like Provident Fund or National Pension System) to benefit from employer matching and tax advantages.
• Mutual funds: Invest in diversified mutual funds based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon. Consider seeking professional guidance for choosing suitable funds.
• Public Provident Fund (PPF): This government scheme offers tax-free returns and long-term investment benefits.
• Real estate (optional): Consider real estate as a long-term investment, but be aware of associated responsibilities and market fluctuations.

6. Seek professional financial advice:

• Consulting a certified financial planner can help you create a personalised financial plan considering your specific needs and risk tolerance.

Additional tips:

• Automate your finances: Set up automatic transfers for savings and investments to ensure consistent saving and reaching your goals faster.
• Review your financial plan regularly: Adjust your plan as your income, expenses, and life goals evolve.
• Stay informed: Educate yourselves about personal finance and investment options through reliable sources.

Remember, building wealth takes discipline, consistency, and patience. By following these steps and adapting them to your specific circumstances, you and your spouse can effectively manage your finances and work towards a secure future for yourselves and your children.
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Moneywize

Moneywize   |95 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Mar 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 02, 2024Hindi
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Money
As part of a couple in our early 30s, along with our elderly parents, we have a combined annual income of Rs 1.08 crores. How can we collectively plan for both our retirement and the financial well-being of our parents in the long run?
Ans: Balancing your financial needs and that of your parents, while planning for retirement, requires a comprehensive strategy. Here's a roadmap to get you started:

1. Understand your financial situation:

Gather information about:

• Income: List down your combined annual income (Rs 1.08 crore) and any other sources of income like rental income or investments.
• Expenses: Track your monthly expenses for a few months to understand your spending habits.
• Debts: List down any outstanding debts like mortgages, car loans, etc., including your parents' debts if applicable.
• Retirement benefits: Check your eligibility and potential benefits from social security or employer-sponsored retirement plans.
• Parents' needs: Estimate your parents' current and future financial needs, including healthcare costs.

2. Set retirement goals:

• Desired retirement age: Decide when you and your partner wish to retire.
• Desired lifestyle: Determine the lifestyle you envision in retirement, considering travel, hobbies, and potential healthcare needs.
• Financial goals: Based on your desired lifestyle and life expectancy, calculate the estimated corpus (total sum) required for your retirement. Consider inflation while making these calculations.

3. Create a financial plan:

• Debt management: Prioritise paying off high-interest debts to free up future income for savings and investments.
• Budgeting: Create a budget that allocates funds for essential expenses, savings, and debt repayments. You can involve your parents in creating a budget for their expenses as well.
• Savings and investments: Explore various investment options like mutual funds, PPF (Public Provident Fund), or NPS (National Pension Scheme) based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon. Utilize tax-advantaged retirement accounts like 401(k)s or IRAs if available to you.
• Healthcare planning: Consider health insurance plans for yourselves and your parents to manage potential medical costs in the future.

4. Open communication and support:

• Discuss openly: Have open and honest conversations with your partner and parents about your financial situation, goals, and expectations. This fosters transparency and builds trust within the family.
• Seek professional guidance: Consulting a financial advisor can help you create a personalized plan considering your specific financial situation and retirement goals. They can also guide you on investment strategies and risk management.

Additional considerations:

• Government schemes: Explore government schemes for senior citizens like the Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS) or the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) that may benefit your parents.
• Downsizing: Consider downsizing your living situation or exploring alternative housing options in retirement to potentially reduce living expenses.
• Part-time work: If feasible, consider continuing part-time work in retirement to supplement your income and maintain an active lifestyle.

Remember, this is a general framework, and it's crucial to tailor it to your specific circumstances. Consulting a financial advisor can provide personalised guidance and ensure your financial plan considers all the complexities involved.
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Maxim Emmanuel  |169 Answers  |Ask -

Soft Skills Trainer - Answered on Apr 25, 2024

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Sir, .I have worked for 5.5 years in my last company but my HR says that I will receive gratuity for 5 years. For those who have worked for 4.5 years, they give it for 5 years but in cases like mine, they reduce it. Also, they have deducted 30 days of my EL w/o giving any logical reasoning saying they do it for all. Pls guide what should I do.
Ans: I have give you a brief explanation about how gratuity is calculated.
Sure this will assist you in understanding the methodologies.

The amount of gratuity for employees whose employer is covered under the Gratuity Act can be calculated using the formula:
Gratuity = n*b*15 / 26

Where n = Tenure of service completed in the company
b = Last drawn basic salary + dearness allowance

For example, you have worked with the XYZ company for a period of 15 years. Your last drawn basic salary along with dearness allowance was Rs 30,000. Hence:

The amount of gratuity = 15 * 30,000 * 15 / 26 = Rs 2,59,615

Two points must be noted here:

As per the Gratuity Act, the amount of gratuity cannot be more than Rs 20 lakh. Any excesses would be treated as ex-gratia.

If the number of years you have worked in the last year of employment is more than six months, then it will be rounded to the nearest figure. Suppose your tenure of service is 16 years 7 months, then you receive the gratuity for 17 years. Otherwise, its for 16 years if it happens to be 16 years 4 months.
In your case 5 years 5 months hence 5 year's as you are below the half yearly for upper round up.


For employees whose employer is not covered under the Gratuity Act, the gratuity amount would be calculated as per the half-month salary on each completed year of service.
The formula is: (15 * Your last drawn salary * the working tenure) / 30.

For example, you have a basic salary of Rs 30,000. You have rendered continuous service of 7 years and the employer is not covered under the Gratuity Act.

Gratuity Amount = (15 * 30,000 * 7) / 30 = Rs 1,05,000.

In regard to your leave,please get a clarification from your HR, as to why they have deducted 30 days of earned leave.
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Kanchan

Kanchan Rai  |168 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Apr 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 23, 2024Hindi
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My son is 13, diagnosed with anxiety spectrum at age 8.His medications have reduced , takes fluvoximine 50 at night, but has social media addiction,what should i do?
Ans: Managing a child's social media addiction, especially when they have underlying mental health concerns like anxiety, can be challenging but crucial for their well-being. Start by having an open and non-judgmental conversation with your son about his social media use. Express your concerns about how excessive screen time can impact his mental health and overall well-being.Establish clear rules and boundaries around screen time and social media use. This could include limiting the amount of time he spends on social media each day or setting specific times when he's allowed to use it.
Lead by Example: Model healthy screen time habits yourself. Show your son that you prioritize face-to-face interactions, hobbies, and other activities over excessive screen time.Encourage your son to engage in offline activities that he enjoys and that promote social interaction, physical activity, and creativity. This could include sports, hobbies, art, or spending time with friends and family.Keep an eye on your son's social media use and monitor the content he's consuming. Consider using parental control apps or settings to limit access to certain apps or websites.If your son's social media addiction is significantly impacting his mental health or daily functioning, consider seeking support from a therapist or counselor who specializes in treating addiction and/or anxiety. They can provide individualized strategies and support for managing his social media use in a healthy way.
Encourage Healthy Coping Strategies: Help your son develop healthy coping strategies for managing his anxiety, such as mindfulness, deep breathing exercises, or engaging in calming activities when he feels overwhelmed.
By taking proactive steps to address your son's social media addiction and providing support for his anxiety, you can help him develop healthier habits and improve his overall well-being. Remember to approach the situation with empathy, patience, and understanding, and seek professional support if needed.
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Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Apr 24, 2024

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Hi ! I am a 38 year old divorced woman. Its almost 10 years that I got divorced, from a man with whom I was married for 2 months. Since then, I never had a long relationship with anyone. For the past 1 month, I feel I have developed feelings for my cousin (sister) who is 10 years older to me. She too is divorced, long back. (2006). I understand she too has feelings for me. What should I do. Please suggest.
Ans: Navigating feelings for a family member can be complex, especially when considering societal norms and potential family dynamics. It's understandable to feel uncertain about how to proceed in such a situation.

First and foremost, it's important to consider the potential implications and consequences of pursuing a romantic relationship with your cousin. While relationships between cousins are not legally prohibited in many places, they can sometimes face social stigma or disapproval from family members.

Before taking any further steps, it's crucial to have open and honest communication with your cousin about your feelings and concerns. Discussing your mutual feelings in a respectful and sensitive manner can help both of you understand each other's perspectives and make informed decisions about how to move forward.

Additionally, it may be beneficial to seek guidance from a therapist or counselor who can provide support and help you navigate your feelings and the potential impact on your family dynamic. They can also offer strategies for communicating effectively and managing any challenges that may arise.

Ultimately, the decision of whether to pursue a romantic relationship with your cousin is a deeply personal one that only you and your cousin can make. It's essential to prioritize open communication, mutual respect, and consideration for the feelings and well-being of everyone involved.

Regardless of the outcome, remember that you deserve to pursue happiness and fulfillment in your relationships, and seeking support from trusted friends, family members, or professionals can help you navigate this situation with clarity and confidence.
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Kanchan

Kanchan Rai  |168 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Apr 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 16, 2024Hindi
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Relationship
I got married three months ago, during courtship period my ex was in my office but then my marriage wasn't fixed properly ,when it got yeses from both the side I changed my office,but I couldn't tell this to my husband and also I lied about my virginity,he was also not virgin and after marriage I confessed all this ,now he is not forgiving me for my dishonesty and not letting me come home also he abuse me verbally ,slapped me..I also feel like cheated for not letting me know this side of him before marriage..How should I go ahead?
Ans: I'm truly sorry to hear about the difficulties you're facing in your new marriage. It's concerning to hear that you're experiencing verbal abuse and physical violence from your husband. No one deserves to be treated this way, and it's important to prioritize your safety and well-being.

First and foremost, if you are in immediate danger or feel unsafe, please reach out to local authorities or a trusted friend or family member for support. Your safety is paramount.

In terms of next steps, it's essential to seek support and assistance from professionals who can help you navigate this situation. Consider reaching out to a therapist or counselor who specializes in relationships and domestic violence. They can provide you with guidance, support, and resources to help you make informed decisions about your next steps.

Additionally, you may want to consider reaching out to organizations or hotlines that specialize in supporting individuals experiencing domestic violence. They can offer confidential support, safety planning, and resources to help you leave the abusive situation and rebuild your life.

It's also crucial to recognize that you are not responsible for your husband's abusive behavior, and you deserve to be treated with dignity and respect in your marriage. If your husband is unwilling to seek help or change his behavior, it may be necessary to consider your options for leaving the relationship to ensure your safety and well-being.

Leaving an abusive relationship can be challenging, but you don't have to face it alone. There are people and resources available to support you every step of the way. Please prioritize your safety and take steps to protect yourself from further harm. You deserve to live a life free from abuse and violence.
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Kanchan

Kanchan Rai  |168 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Apr 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 13, 2024Hindi
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Relationship
I am single mother of 12 year old boy and got divorced last year after 7 years of living seperate from my ex husband, I got married in 2010 through matrimonial site and had very toxic and abusive relationship, so I came to my maternal home in 2016 completely. There were many occasions when he approached me and promised to behave properly but failed to do so . He only filed for divorce by making false accusations of being characterless. I gave him divorce and in return I got very less alimony or the amount which was given in cash to them in my marriage. Now I came to know that he remarried and living his life . He is still in contact with my son and sometimes he blame me and my parents for this divorce. My first question is that is he trying to manipulate my son ( he is not bearing any education expenses of my son) And when I ask my son if I can also move on in my life, he refuses and says I don't want to share you with anyone. So I am very confused.
Ans: I'm sorry to hear about the challenges you've been facing. It sounds like you've been through a lot and are trying to navigate a difficult situation for both yourself and your son.

Regarding your ex-husband's behavior, it's possible that he may be trying to manipulate your son, especially if he is blaming you and your parents for the divorce. Children can be susceptible to manipulation, especially when they're caught in the middle of a divorce. It's important to maintain open communication with your son and reassure him that the divorce was not his fault and that both you and your ex-husband still love him.

As for your son's reluctance to see you move on, it's not uncommon for children of divorce to struggle with the idea of one or both parents moving on and forming new relationships. Your son may fear losing the close relationship he has with you or worry about how a new relationship might change his life. It's essential to validate his feelings and reassure him that your love for him will not change, regardless of any new relationships you may have.

It might also be helpful to involve a therapist or counselor who can work with both you and your son to navigate these emotions and provide support during this challenging time. Additionally, continuing to foster a strong, positive relationship with your son and maintaining open communication will be crucial as you both move forward.

Ultimately, while it's important to consider your son's feelings, it's also essential for you to take care of yourself and pursue your own happiness. Balancing your needs with those of your son can be challenging, but with time, patience, and support, you can find a way forward that works for both of you.
(more)
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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