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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 04, 2024Hindi
Money

I m a single mother of 8year baby boy. I hardly earn around 75k a month and donot get any support from my ex husband. I m only the person who take care of my kid expenses and my expenses. My total expenses for the month is 55k which is excluding my own expenses. I have invested around 5k SIP in PPF and 5K SIP in mutual funds. Can you help me what all ways can I invest for my and my kid future?

Ans: Firstly, let me acknowledge your dedication and strength as a single mother. Managing finances and planning for your future while taking care of your child is no small feat. You’re already making smart moves by investing in SIPs and PPF. Let's explore how you can further optimize your investments and ensure a secure future for you and your son.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
Income and Expenses
You earn Rs 75,000 per month, with total monthly expenses of Rs 55,000. This leaves you with Rs 20,000 for savings and investments.

Monthly Income: Rs 75,000
Monthly Expenses: Rs 55,000
Savings and Investments: Rs 20,000
Current Investments
You are investing Rs 5,000 each in PPF and mutual funds through SIPs. This is a good start, but we need a comprehensive plan.

PPF SIP: Rs 5,000
Mutual Fund SIP: Rs 5,000
Setting Financial Goals
Short-Term Goals
Emergency Fund: Building an emergency fund is crucial. It should cover at least 6-12 months of your expenses.
Insurance: Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage to protect against unforeseen events.
Medium-Term Goals
Child’s Education: Start planning for your son’s higher education. Costs will rise, so early planning is beneficial.
Debt Management: If you have any debts, prioritize paying them off to reduce financial stress.
Long-Term Goals
Retirement Planning: You need a robust plan to ensure financial independence in your later years.
Child’s Marriage: Plan for your son’s marriage expenses, considering inflation and future costs.
Building an Emergency Fund
Importance of an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund acts as a financial cushion during unforeseen events. It prevents you from liquidating long-term investments or taking high-interest loans.

Calculating the Emergency Fund
Your monthly expenses are Rs 55,000. Therefore, you need:

6 Months’ Expenses: Rs 55,000 * 6 = Rs 3,30,000
12 Months’ Expenses: Rs 55,000 * 12 = Rs 6,60,000
How to Build It
Initial Allocation: Start by setting aside a portion of your Rs 20,000 monthly savings.
High-Interest Savings Account: Park these funds in a high-interest savings account or a liquid mutual fund for easy access.
Insurance Coverage
Life Insurance
As the sole breadwinner, having adequate life insurance is essential. Opt for a term insurance plan that provides coverage of at least 10-15 times your annual income.

Current Income: Rs 75,000 * 12 = Rs 9,00,000
Recommended Coverage: Rs 9,00,000 * 10 = Rs 90,00,000 to Rs 1,35,00,000
Health Insurance
A comprehensive health insurance plan is necessary to cover medical emergencies. Ensure the plan covers you and your son adequately.

Optimizing Your Investments
Diversifying Investments
Diversification helps spread risk and maximize returns. Your current investments in PPF and mutual funds are a good start.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and tax-efficient investment option. Continue your Rs 5,000 SIP as it provides guaranteed returns and tax benefits under Section 80C.

Mutual Funds
Your Rs 5,000 SIP in mutual funds should be diversified. Consider a mix of equity and debt funds to balance risk and returns.

Equity Funds: For long-term growth, invest in equity mutual funds. They offer higher returns but come with higher risk.
Debt Funds: For stability and safety, allocate a portion to debt funds. They are less volatile and provide steady returns.
Increasing SIP Contributions
As your income grows, increase your SIP contributions. This will help in accumulating a substantial corpus over time.

Annual Increment: Increase SIPs by 10% annually to keep pace with inflation and enhance your corpus.
Child’s Education Planning
Estimating Future Education Costs
Higher education costs rise significantly over time. Start investing early to build a sufficient corpus.

Current Education Cost: Assume Rs 10 lakhs for higher education.
Future Cost (After 10 Years): At 8% inflation, Rs 10 lakhs will become Rs 21.6 lakhs.
Investment Options for Education
Child-Specific Mutual Funds
These funds are designed to meet education expenses. They offer a mix of equity and debt investments with a lock-in period.

Monthly SIP: Start a dedicated SIP for your son’s education. Aim for Rs 5,000 to Rs 10,000 depending on your capacity.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
Although SSY is primarily for girl children, consider similar schemes offering high returns and tax benefits.

Retirement Planning
Assessing Retirement Needs
To maintain your current lifestyle post-retirement, you need a substantial corpus.

Current Monthly Expenses: Rs 55,000
Inflation-Adjusted Expenses (25 Years Later): At 6% inflation, Rs 55,000 will become approximately Rs 2,37,000.
Retirement Corpus Calculation
Assuming you retire at 60 and live till 85, you need:

Annual Expenses: Rs 2,37,000 * 12 = Rs 28,44,000
Total Corpus Needed: Rs 28,44,000 * 25 = Rs 7.1 crores approximately
Investment Strategy for Retirement
Equity Mutual Funds: Continue and increase SIPs in equity funds for long-term growth.
PPF and EPF: Maintain and maximize contributions to PPF and Employee Provident Fund (EPF) for guaranteed returns.
Child’s Marriage Planning
Estimating Marriage Expenses
Marriage expenses can be significant, considering inflation and future costs.

Current Marriage Cost: Assume Rs 10 lakhs.
Future Cost (20 Years Later): At 6% inflation, Rs 10 lakhs will become approximately Rs 32 lakhs.
Investment Options for Marriage
Balanced Mutual Funds
Balanced funds provide a mix of equity and debt, suitable for long-term goals like marriage expenses.

Monthly SIP: Start a dedicated SIP for marriage planning. Aim for Rs 3,000 to Rs 5,000 depending on your capacity.
Recurring Deposits
For additional safety, consider recurring deposits with banks. They provide guaranteed returns and can be easily liquidated.

Regular Review and Rebalancing
Importance of Portfolio Review
Regularly reviewing your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals. Rebalancing helps maintain the desired asset allocation.

Quarterly Review: Assess the performance and make necessary adjustments.
Annual Review: Reevaluate your financial plan based on changes in income, expenses, or goals.
Professional Guidance
Benefits of Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP provides personalized advice, helping you achieve your financial goals efficiently.

Tailored Strategies: CFPs design investment strategies based on your specific needs and risk tolerance.
Regular Monitoring: They monitor your portfolio and suggest timely adjustments to optimize returns.
Comprehensive Planning: CFPs assist in tax planning, retirement planning, and estate planning, ensuring holistic financial health.
Actively Managed Funds vs Direct Funds
Disadvantages of Index Funds
While index funds offer low costs, they may not provide the best returns. Actively managed funds, despite higher fees, aim to outperform the market.

Expert Management: Fund managers actively select stocks to generate higher returns.
Flexibility: Actively managed funds can adapt to market changes, potentially reducing losses.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct mutual funds require investor expertise and regular monitoring. Without professional guidance, there’s a risk of poor investment decisions.

Complexity: Direct funds demand more time and knowledge to manage effectively.
Risk of Underperformance: Investors may not achieve optimal returns without proper guidance.
Final Insights
Your dedication to securing a better future for yourself and your son is commendable. By building an emergency fund, optimizing insurance coverage, and diversifying investments, you can achieve financial stability. Regular reviews and professional guidance will further enhance your financial journey. Stay focused on your goals, and continue to invest wisely for a bright future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 06, 2024Hindi
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I am a 38 year old working woman with a toddler and aged mom to look after. Current income is around 15lac per annum and m living in metro city. Currently I have around 10lac as savings. I want to invest the same for the future of my kid and myself.I have started SSY child, PPF and NPS too. plz suggest good way of investing the above said amount.
Ans: Given your current situation and financial goals, here's a suggested approach to investing your savings:

Emergency Fund: Ensure you have a sufficient emergency fund equivalent to at least 6-12 months of your expenses. This fund should be easily accessible in case of unexpected expenses or emergencies.

Child's Future: Continue contributing to the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your child's future education and other needs. Additionally, consider investing in other child-specific investment options like education savings plans or mutual funds.

Retirement Planning: Continue contributing to the Public Provident Fund (PPF) and National Pension System (NPS) for your retirement. Both provide tax benefits and long-term savings opportunities. Ensure you are allocating appropriate amounts to these accounts based on your retirement goals and risk tolerance.

Wealth Creation: With the remaining savings, consider investing in a diversified portfolio of mutual funds. Allocate funds across various categories like large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and balanced funds based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio as needed to stay aligned with your financial goals.

Insurance: Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage for yourself and your family members to provide financial security in case of unforeseen circumstances.

Estate Planning: Consider consulting with a financial advisor or estate planner to create a comprehensive estate plan that addresses your specific needs and ensures the smooth transfer of assets to your beneficiaries.

Remember to regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed based on changes in your life circumstances, financial goals, and market conditions. It's also advisable to seek professional financial advice to optimize your investment strategy and achieve your long-term financial objectives.

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Asked by Anonymous - Apr 11, 2024Hindi
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Hi, I am a single mother. My kid is 6 yrs old and his father is supporting his education till now. I have monthly take home 40K and I am owner of two apartments out of which one is on rent and another where I currently live in with my Mom and kid. I am 35 now. Currently advice what should be my investment plan. I do have PPF and a child education policy which will be around 10lakhs when matured at his 18 yrs of age.
Ans: Given your financial situation and goals, here's a suggested investment plan:

Emergency Fund: Start by building an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your living expenses. Keep this fund in a liquid and easily accessible account like a savings account or a short-term fixed deposit.

Insurance: Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance coverage. Given your responsibilities as a single mother, having a term insurance plan can provide financial security for your child's future.

Investment in Child's Education: Since you already have a child education policy and PPF, consider adding an equity-oriented mutual fund to potentially earn higher returns for your child's education expenses.

Retirement Planning: Start investing in retirement-focused mutual funds or retirement plans. Given your age, investing in equity-oriented retirement funds can provide good returns over the long term.

Real Estate: Since you own two apartments, consider the rental income from one apartment as a source of passive income. Regularly review the rental income and expenses to ensure it aligns with your financial goals.

Additional Investments:

Mutual Funds: Start a monthly SIP in diversified equity funds for long-term wealth creation.
PPF: Continue investing in PPF for tax benefits and fixed returns.
Debt Funds: Consider investing in debt funds for stability and regular income.
Gold or Gold Funds: Allocate a small portion to gold or gold funds for diversification and hedging against inflation.
Financial Planning: Consult a financial advisor to create a personalized financial plan tailored to your needs, goals, and risk tolerance. A professional can help you prioritize investments, optimize tax savings, and achieve your financial objectives.

Remember to regularly review and adjust your investment plan based on changing financial goals, market conditions, and life circumstances. Starting early and maintaining discipline in your investment approach can help you achieve financial security and provide a comfortable future for you and your child.

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 30, 2024Hindi
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Hi, I am 35 years Old and I am new to investment. I can spare about 10k-15k per month after all my expenses and emergency funds. Kindly suggest some ways to invest. Should I go for mutual fund sip if yes which one. I am looking for a balanced to high risk approach of investing in order to create wealth. I am not in hurry, I just want to invest for my kid who is 3 years old. So I can keep investing for more than 20 years.
Ans: It's fantastic that you're considering investing for your child's future at such a young age. Starting early and maintaining a disciplined approach to investing can yield significant benefits over the long term. Here are some suggestions tailored to your preferences:

Mutual Fund SIPs: Mutual fund systematic investment plans (SIPs) are an excellent choice for long-term wealth creation. Since you're comfortable with a balanced to high-risk approach, you can consider allocating your monthly investment across a mix of equity mutual funds. Look for diversified equity funds or multicap funds that offer exposure to a variety of sectors and market caps.
Diversification: Spread your investments across different types of mutual funds to reduce risk and optimize returns. You can consider allocating a portion of your SIP amount to large-cap funds for stability, mid-cap funds for growth potential, and small-cap funds for higher returns (albeit with increased risk). Additionally, you may explore thematic or sectoral funds for targeted exposure to specific industries or themes.
Risk Management: While a high-risk approach has the potential for higher returns, it's essential to manage risk effectively. Monitor your investments regularly and be prepared for short-term fluctuations in the market. Maintain a long-term perspective and avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements.
Regular Review: Periodically review your investment portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Rebalance your portfolio if necessary, considering changes in market conditions or your personal circumstances.
Financial Advisor Consultation: Consider seeking guidance from a certified financial advisor who can help you design a customized investment plan based on your goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon. An advisor can provide personalized recommendations and valuable insights to optimize your investment strategy.
Stay Informed: Educate yourself about different investment options, market trends, and economic developments. Stay updated on your investments and continuously seek opportunities for growth and optimization.
Remember, investing is a long-term journey, and patience and discipline are key virtues. By starting early and consistently investing over time, you can potentially build a substantial corpus for your child's future needs.

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 25, 2024Hindi
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I am 34 years women having 6th month kid. Currently I have my own house and I have only 1 investment of 5 lacs in LIC . Currently I. Homemaker with monthly income of 23k which comes from my flat which I have given on rent. I want to save money for my baby education in future by investing in MF, Government schemes for baby girl, PF. Please suggest how can I start the investment for child future along with good lifestyle
Ans: It's wonderful that you’re planning for your child's future at an early stage. As a 34-year-old homemaker with a 6-month-old baby girl and a rental income of Rs. 23,000, you have a solid foundation to build on. Let’s craft a comprehensive financial plan to secure your child’s education and maintain a good lifestyle.

Understanding Your Financial Goals
Firstly, let's identify your primary financial goals:

Child's Education: Ensure there are adequate funds for your daughter's education.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses.

Retirement Savings: Even as a homemaker, having a secure retirement plan is essential.

Insurance: Adequate life and health insurance to protect your family’s financial future.

Analyzing Your Current Financial Situation
Income and Investments:

Rental Income: Rs. 23,000 per month.
Current Investment: Rs. 5 lakhs in LIC.
Given your current income, it's crucial to allocate your funds efficiently to achieve your financial goals.

Building an Investment Portfolio
1. Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is the cornerstone of financial planning. It should cover at least 6-12 months of expenses.

Monthly Expenses: Assume Rs. 15,000 (excluding savings and investments).
Emergency Fund Required: Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 1,80,000.
Start by setting aside a portion of your rental income until you build a sufficient emergency fund. You can keep this money in a savings account or a liquid fund for easy access.

2. Child's Education Planning
Investing for your child's education is a long-term goal. Here’s how you can allocate your investments:

A. Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are a great way to build wealth over the long term. Consider the following categories:

Equity Mutual Funds: These funds invest in stocks and have the potential for high returns. They are suitable for long-term goals like education.

Hybrid Mutual Funds: These funds invest in a mix of equity and debt instruments, providing a balance of risk and returns.

B. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

A SIP is a disciplined way of investing in mutual funds. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, thereby averaging the cost of investment and reducing risk.

Start a SIP in equity mutual funds for your child's education. This will take advantage of the power of compounding.
C. Government Schemes for Girl Child

Government schemes like Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) are designed to support the financial future of girl children. They offer attractive interest rates and tax benefits.

Open a Sukanya Samriddhi Account and contribute regularly. The maturity period aligns well with the timing of higher education expenses.
3. Retirement Planning
Although you’re focused on your child's future, it’s also important to think about your retirement. You can consider the following:

A. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a government-backed savings scheme that offers tax benefits and attractive returns. It has a lock-in period of 15 years, making it suitable for long-term goals like retirement.

Open a PPF account and invest regularly. You can invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakhs per year in PPF.
B. Mutual Funds

Apart from education, you can also use mutual funds for retirement planning. A mix of equity and hybrid funds can provide the growth needed for a substantial corpus.

Allocate a portion of your rental income to SIPs in mutual funds targeted at retirement.
Diversifying Your Investments
Diversification is key to managing risk and ensuring steady returns. Here’s how you can diversify your investments:

Equity Mutual Funds: High growth potential but higher risk. Suitable for long-term goals.
Debt Mutual Funds: Stable returns with lower risk. Suitable for short to medium-term goals.
PPF: Government-backed with tax benefits. Suitable for long-term goals.
Gold: Acts as a hedge against inflation. Allocate a small portion of your portfolio to gold.
Risk Management
A. Insurance

Ensure you have adequate insurance coverage to protect your family’s financial future.

Term Insurance: Provides financial security to your family in case of your untimely demise. Ensure your coverage is sufficient to cover your family's needs.

Health Insurance: Covers medical expenses and protects your savings. Consider a family floater plan to cover yourself and your child.

B. Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This provides financial stability and peace of mind.

Tax Planning
Maximize tax-saving investments to reduce your tax liability and boost your savings.

Section 80C: Invest in PPF, SSY, ELSS, and other tax-saving instruments to avail tax benefits under Section 80C.
Section 80D: Avail tax benefits on health insurance premiums under Section 80D.
Regular Review and Adjustment
Financial planning is an ongoing process. Regularly review and adjust your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Annual Review: Review your financial plan at least once a year.
Adjust Investments: Adjust your investments based on changes in your financial goals, market conditions, and risk tolerance.
Power of Compounding
The power of compounding works best when you start investing early and stay invested for a long time. The interest earned on your investments gets reinvested, which in turn earns more interest. This cycle continues, leading to exponential growth of your investment over time.

Final Insights
Achieving your financial goals requires disciplined saving and investing. Here are some final insights to help you stay on track:

Start Early: The earlier you start investing, the more time your money has to grow.

Be Disciplined: Stick to your investment plan and avoid unnecessary expenditures.

Diversify: Diversify your investments to manage risk and ensure steady returns.

Seek Professional Advice: Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized financial advice.

By following this comprehensive financial plan, you can ensure a secure future for your child and maintain a good lifestyle.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

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I am 61 years and retired from central government. Getting 48000 and 30000 as pension and rent. All my retirement benefits are exhausted on building of house and education loan. I need 5000000 fifty lakhs in seven years. What i should do. This amoint to be given to my son and what way i accummulate.
Ans: I appreciate your commitment to helping your son. Let's explore ways to accumulate Rs 50 lakhs in seven years.

Evaluate Current Income and Expenses

Track your monthly income of Rs 78,000. Prioritise your essential expenses and find areas to save.

Create an Investment Plan

Consider investing in mutual funds. Actively managed funds often outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are handled by expert fund managers. They can adapt strategies based on market conditions.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Start a SIP to invest regularly. This helps in averaging costs and reduces market risk.

Consider Balanced Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt. This provides growth and stability.

Emergency Fund

Set aside a small amount each month for emergencies. This ensures financial security without touching investments.

Avoid Real Estate and Annuities

Real estate can be illiquid and risky. Annuities often have high fees and low returns.

Seek Professional Advice

Consult a Certified Financial Planner. They can tailor a plan to help you achieve your goal.

Stay Committed and Review Regularly

Monitor your investments and make adjustments if needed. Stay focused on your goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 30, 2024Hindi
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Hi I am a working women at 40. I have about 50 lacs debt in home loan. I have a house worth 2.0 crs and gold around 1 crore. I want to plan my retirement fund as I m in a high burnt out corporate job. My retirement age is 50 years. I can invest 75k monthly comfortably apart from my house emi and monthly expenses. What split do you suggest for me so that I have 4 crs corpus at the time of retirement. Thanks
Ans: You're a working woman at 40, aiming to retire at 50 with a target corpus of Rs. 4 crores. Here’s a strategic approach to achieve your goal:

Current Financial Overview
Assets: House worth Rs. 2 crores, gold valued at Rs. 1 crore.
Liabilities: Home loan debt of Rs. 50 lakhs.
Monthly Investment Capacity
Comfortable monthly investment capacity of Rs. 75,000, excluding home loan EMIs and regular expenses.
Investment Strategy
Diversified Portfolio: Allocate investments across equity and debt instruments.
Equity Allocation: Consider equity mutual funds for growth potential.
Debt Allocation: Allocate a portion to debt instruments like debt mutual funds or fixed income options for stability.
Risk Management
Diversification: Spread investments to mitigate risks associated with any single asset class.
Regular Review: Periodically review and rebalance portfolio based on market conditions and financial goals.
Retirement Corpus Projection
Target Corpus: Aim for Rs. 4 crores by age 50.
Investment Horizon: Plan investments with a focus on long-term growth and compounding.
Financial Discipline
Expense Management: Monitor and control discretionary expenses to maximize savings.
Debt Repayment: Continue servicing home loan while focusing on wealth accumulation for retirement.
Final Insights
By adopting a disciplined approach to investment, balancing risk with growth potential, and staying committed to your financial plan, you can build a substantial retirement corpus by age 50. Seek professional guidance to tailor an investment strategy aligned with your specific financial circumstances.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

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I am a Civil engineer working in esteemed Construction Company of the country having 11 years of experience. My current take home salary is 91,000 and due to some experiences of my life all my decision went bad and I have to pay almost 80 percent of my salary into Personal loan EMIs. I have exhausted the amount which is got from my last organization which was around 2 lakhs and I am running into huge trouble with almost no savings. I am living with my wife and 9 month old baby boy. I am Trapped in debt. How should I come of from this? Anyone please guide.
Ans: You're a Civil Engineer with significant experience, facing a tough financial situation. Here's a holistic approach to tackle your debt:

Assessing the Debt Situation
Understand the total debt burden and prioritize repayments.
Evaluate personal loan terms and conditions for possible restructuring.
Managing Current Expenses
Budget meticulously to cover essential expenses for your family.
Minimize discretionary spending to allocate more towards debt repayment.
Maximizing Income Opportunities
Explore opportunities for additional income leveraging your engineering skills.
Consider freelance projects or consulting work to boost earnings.
Debt Repayment Strategy
Focus on paying off high-interest loans first to reduce overall interest burden.
Negotiate with lenders for feasible repayment schedules or interest rate reductions.
Emergency Fund Creation
Start building an emergency fund gradually, even with small amounts.
Ensure it covers at least 3-6 months' worth of living expenses.
Family Financial Security
Review insurance coverage for health and life to protect against unforeseen events.
Plan for your child's future needs, such as education and upbringing costs.
Long-Term Financial Planning
Once debt is under control, prioritize systematic savings and investments.
Avoid high-risk investments; opt for diversified options suited to your risk tolerance.
Final Insights
By strategically managing your debts, expenses, and income, you can gradually regain financial stability. Seek professional advice if needed to tailor a plan that fits your specific circumstances.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 16, 2024Hindi
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Hello Experts, I am currently working in pvt sector and am 32 years old. My current in hand salary is 1.45lac per month. I am currently paying off my father's home loan of 38lacs, with current outstanding of 24lacs. I have bought a flat back in 2021, for which the loan is of 70lac for 30years.I have a loan insurance for this loan. The EMI for this has not been started yet. It will start once the builder will provide possession of the same. I am paying 15500 monthly rent and apart from that monthly expenses amounts to 30k a month. I am married and my wife is a homemaker and I have a baby girl 2months old. Could you please guide me.
Ans: You are 32 years old, earning Rs. 1.45 lakh per month in hand, and managing several financial responsibilities. Here's a comprehensive plan:

Managing Home Loans
Continue paying off your father's home loan of Rs. 24 lakhs.
Prepare for the upcoming EMI on your flat's loan of Rs. 70 lakhs once possession is granted.
Monthly Expenses and Rent
Maintain your budget with Rs. 30,000 monthly expenses and Rs. 15,500 rent.
Plan for future expenses considering your growing family.
Financial Security for Family
Ensure your loan insurance covers the Rs. 70 lakh flat loan adequately.
Plan for contingencies with health insurance for your family.
Savings and Investments Strategy
Allocate surplus funds towards investments that balance risk and returns.
Avoid index funds; prefer actively managed funds for better returns.
Planning for Child's Future
Start planning early for your baby girl's education and future needs.
Consider setting up a dedicated fund or investment plan.
Retirement Planning
Begin building a retirement corpus through systematic investments.
Aim for a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks.
Final Insights
Focus on balancing loan repayments, savings, and investments to secure your family's future amidst current and upcoming financial obligations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

Pls elaborate by including mf sip
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Financial Guidance for Your Current Situation
You are 32 years old, earning Rs. 1.45 lakh per month in hand, and managing several financial responsibilities. Here's a comprehensive plan:

Managing Home Loans
Continue paying off your father's home loan of Rs. 24 lakhs.
Prepare for the upcoming EMI on your flat's loan of Rs. 70 lakhs once possession is granted.
Monthly Expenses and Rent
Maintain your budget with Rs. 30,000 monthly expenses and Rs. 15,500 rent.
Plan for future expenses considering your growing family.
Financial Security for Family
Ensure your loan insurance covers the Rs. 70 lakh flat loan adequately.
Plan for contingencies with health insurance for your family.
Savings and Investments Strategy
Allocate surplus funds towards investments that balance risk and returns.
Consider investing Rs. 5,000 monthly in Mutual Fund SIPs for wealth creation.
Avoid index funds; prefer actively managed funds for better returns.
Planning for Child's Future
Start planning early for your baby girl's education and future needs.
Consider setting up a dedicated fund or investment plan.
Retirement Planning
Begin building a retirement corpus through systematic investments.
Aim for a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks.
Final Insights
Focus on balancing loan repayments, savings, and investments to secure your family's future amidst current and upcoming financial obligations. Regularly review your financial plan and adapt as your circumstances evolve.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

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Hi. I have a gold finance business and it's generates around 15%annum . I haven't done any SIPs in mutual funds .. We have PPF and Jeevan Anand Plans for the family ..Should I start SIPs at this moment when index is above 24000 and 80000 ?
Ans: You have a gold finance business generating 15% per annum.

You have investments in PPF and Jeevan Anand plans.

Investment in SIPs
Starting SIPs is advisable. They help in averaging out market volatility.

Don't worry about the index levels. SIPs work on the principle of Rupee Cost Averaging.

Surrender Jeevan Anand
Consider surrendering your Jeevan Anand plans. The returns are typically lower.

Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better growth.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds offer professional management. They can outperform indices in different market conditions.

They have the potential for higher returns compared to index funds.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds mimic the market. They can't outperform the index.

They don't adapt to changing market conditions.

Benefits of Regular Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers guidance. CFPs help in selecting the right funds.

Regular funds also provide better customer service and support.

Diversification Benefits
SIPs in mutual funds diversify your portfolio. This reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Final Insights
Starting SIPs is a smart move. It complements your existing investments.

Seek advice from a CFP for a balanced portfolio.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

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I am 51 now and want to retire now. What should be retirement corpus i need if my current monthly expenditure is 75000.
Ans: You want to retire now at 51. Your current monthly expenditure is Rs. 75,000. Let's determine the retirement corpus needed.

Inflation Consideration
Consider inflation, which will increase your expenses over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, expenses will double in about 12 years.

Longevity Planning
Plan for a retirement period of 30 years. This ensures you have enough funds even if you live longer.

Safe Withdrawal Rate
A safe withdrawal rate is around 4% per year. This helps preserve your capital while providing regular income.

Calculating the Corpus
To generate Rs. 75,000 monthly, you need Rs. 9 lakhs annually. With a 4% withdrawal rate, the corpus required is Rs. 2.25 crores.

Investing for Retirement
Invest in a mix of equity and debt funds. Actively managed funds provide better returns than index funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice.

Healthcare and Emergencies
Set aside funds for healthcare and emergencies. Health insurance and an emergency fund are essential.

Reviewing and Adjusting
Regularly review your investments. Adjust them based on market conditions and personal needs.

Final Insights
A corpus of Rs. 2.25 crores should be adequate for your retirement. Focus on inflation, longevity, and a safe withdrawal rate. Invest wisely and review regularly.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
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Hi, i will retire at 60 years, i am 42 and my monthly income is 91k and i am expecting the monthly income to be at 2 lakhs. I live in own house. Need suggestion to have a secured retired life.
Ans: You are 42 and plan to retire at 60.

Your current monthly income is Rs 91,000.

You expect this to grow to Rs 2 lakhs.

Current Investments
You live in your own house, which is an asset.

However, don't rely on real estate for liquid investments.

Retirement Planning
To secure your retired life, diversify investments.

Invest in a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity funds provide high growth potential.

Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and flexi-cap funds.

These offer balanced risk and return.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds offer stability and moderate returns.

They are less risky than equity funds.

They ensure a steady income during retirement.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Start SIPs in both equity and debt mutual funds.

Invest a fixed amount monthly for disciplined saving.

SIPs help in rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds aim to beat the market.

Professional managers make strategic decisions.

They adapt to market changes better than index funds.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds lack expert guidance.

Regular funds with CFP advice provide better returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6 months of expenses.

This ensures liquidity during unexpected events.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance.

This reduces medical expenses burden post-retirement.

Final Insights
Your current plan is on the right track.

Diversify your investments for balanced growth and stability.

Plan with a Certified Financial Planner for best results.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 03, 2024Hindi
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together me and my wife earn 95K a month, i am hardly able to save 5K a month from last 6 months which i am putting in Mutual Fund. i want to earn more, but not able to get clients to earn more. I have skills of building static websites and basic IT services, but i am still not able to earn more than my salary, worried about my child future financially. Help me Please!
Ans: You and your wife earn Rs. 95,000 a month. Saving Rs. 5,000 monthly for the last six months is a good start. You are concerned about your child's future.

Income Diversification
You have skills in building static websites and basic IT services. These can generate additional income. Let's explore how to enhance these skills and attract more clients.

Enhancing Your Skills
Consider learning advanced web development skills. Online courses and certifications can improve your skill set. Higher skills often lead to better-paying projects.

Networking and Marketing
Promote your services on social media. Join online forums and communities related to web development. Networking can help you find potential clients and build your reputation.

Creating a Portfolio
Build a portfolio showcasing your best work. A strong portfolio can attract clients. Include testimonials from satisfied customers.

Pricing Your Services
Research the market rates for web development. Price your services competitively. Offering quality work at a reasonable price can attract more clients.

Financial Planning
Review your monthly expenses. Look for areas where you can cut costs. Redirect these savings towards investments or skill development.

Investing Wisely
Continue investing in mutual funds. Actively managed funds offer better returns. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized investment advice.

Child's Future
Start a dedicated savings plan for your child's education. Consider PPF or Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana for long-term growth. These options provide tax benefits and security.

Final Insights
Focus on enhancing your skills, networking, and marketing to increase your income. Review expenses to find additional savings. Invest wisely for long-term growth and security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

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Anu Krishna  |1040 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4802 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
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I am 28 years old. Have 3 lakhs in PF and 2 lakhs in PPF ,5 lakhs in Share and 2 Lakhs in mutual fund. My monthly salary is 1 lakhs could you please suggest me investment plans that will help me to create 1 crore corpse and buy a house in Mumbai.
Ans: You have Rs 3 lakhs in PF, Rs 2 lakhs in PPF.

You also have Rs 5 lakhs in shares and Rs 2 lakhs in mutual funds.

Your monthly salary is Rs 1 lakh.

Creating a Rs 1 Crore Corpus
Start a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in equity mutual funds.

Invest Rs 20,000 monthly in equity funds for high growth.

Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and flexi-cap funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Fund managers make strategic decisions for better returns.

They adapt to market changes more effectively than index funds.

Avoid Direct Funds
Direct funds lack professional management.

Regular funds with CFP guidance provide better returns.

Professional fund managers offer expertise and strategic insights.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) and Employee Provident Fund (EPF)
Continue contributing to PPF and EPF for tax benefits.

They offer safe and guaranteed returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund of at least 6 months of expenses.

This ensures liquidity during unexpected events.

Buying a House in Mumbai
Create a separate savings plan for the house.

Consider debt funds for moderate returns and low risk.

Avoid real estate investments to keep liquidity.

Final Insights
Your current portfolio is balanced.

Increase equity exposure for higher growth.

Plan your investments with a Certified Financial Planner for the best outcomes.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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