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Vivek

Vivek Lala  |246 Answers  |Ask -

Tax, MF Expert - Answered on Mar 11, 2023

Vivek Lala has been working as a tax planner since 2018. His expertise lies in making personalised tax budgets and tax forecasts for individuals. As a tax advisor, he takes pride in simplifying tax complications for his clients using simple, easy-to-understand language.
Lala cleared his chartered accountancy exam in 2018 and completed his articleship with Chaturvedi and Shah. ... more
Asked by Anonymous - Feb 20, 2023Hindi
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Hello sir, my mother died last month as i am only nominee i got @ 11 lacs in my account. I am salaried person of 2.5lacs pa , thus it will tax me please guide and suggest a investment plan.

Ans: The taxation depends on the source of the 11 lakhs. If you are planning to invest this money for long term , you can go for a balanced portfolio of mutual funds.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 30, 2024Hindi
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I am Sankar Roy 45 year old a Junior commission officer of India Army. Plaing to pension out with LMC ground by Apr 25. I will having total amount of Rs 48 Lacs retirement amount by Apr 25. Pension pm Rs 33000/ pm. Monthly expiditute Rs 50000 pm . Want 1 CR after 10 years . LIC will mature by 2032/ 20 Lacs . Health Insurance not required as ECHS facility are given by Govt./Army . Pl advice me how to invest. DA will increase 8% yerly. Will ing to invest Mutual fund with moderate risk. Preference to invest 50 % Govt Bank as no other side income are there. Personal house at Kolkata. Joka . No other liability and loan are their. Two son are studying one in 11th and one in class 1st at KV . Pl sir make my investment profile for my desired 1 CR. With regards Harekrishna. I will be grateful.
Ans: Dear Harekrishna,

First and foremost, I want to commend your dedicated service to our nation. Your efforts and sacrifices are truly appreciated. Let's work towards crafting a financial plan that meets your needs and goals.

You aim to accumulate Rs 1 crore in 10 years and manage your monthly expenses post-retirement. With a retirement corpus of Rs 48 lakhs, monthly pension of Rs 33,000, and expected LIC maturity of Rs 20 lakhs by 2032, we need a balanced approach to investment.

Monthly Expense Management
Your current monthly expenditure is Rs 50,000. After retirement, you will receive Rs 33,000 as a pension, leaving a shortfall of Rs 17,000. This gap can be managed through a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) from your investments.

You will need to invest in a way that ensures a steady income while allowing your corpus to grow.

Investment in Government Bank FDs
Given your preference for safety and 50% allocation to government bank deposits, we can allocate Rs 24 lakhs to Fixed Deposits (FDs). This will provide stable, albeit modest, returns. FDs in government banks are secure and offer interest rates ranging from 5% to 7%.

This conservative portion ensures you have a safety net and liquidity.

Investment in Mutual Funds
With the remaining Rs 24 lakhs, a diversified portfolio in mutual funds can be created. Given your moderate risk appetite, a balanced approach with a mix of equity and debt funds is advisable.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds involve professional management and aim to outperform the market. The fund manager’s expertise can potentially yield higher returns compared to index funds, which simply track the market.

Actively managed funds can adapt to market conditions, manage risk better, and aim for superior performance. This can be particularly beneficial in achieving your long-term goal of Rs 1 crore.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
To accumulate Rs 1 crore in 10 years, a disciplined investment approach is essential. Investing through SIPs in equity-oriented mutual funds can leverage the power of compounding. Starting a SIP with a portion of your savings will gradually build your wealth.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
To cover the Rs 17,000 monthly shortfall, an SWP from your mutual fund investments can be arranged. This will provide a regular income while allowing the remaining corpus to continue growing.

Balancing Risk and Returns
Your portfolio will consist of:

50% in Government Bank FDs for stability.
50% in diversified mutual funds for growth.
This balance ensures you have a mix of safety and growth.

Evaluating Direct vs Regular Mutual Funds
Direct mutual funds have lower expense ratios but require active management by the investor. This can be time-consuming and challenging without expertise. Regular funds, managed through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), provide professional guidance, potentially enhancing returns and ensuring your investments align with your goals.

The additional cost of regular funds is justified by the professional management and peace of mind they offer.

Reviewing and Rebalancing
Regular reviews of your investment portfolio are essential. Market conditions and personal circumstances change, and your investment strategy should adapt accordingly. A CFP can help with periodic rebalancing to maintain the desired asset allocation and risk level.

Additional Considerations
Your LIC maturity of Rs 20 lakhs in 2032 can be reinvested to further boost your corpus. The government’s Dearness Allowance (DA) increase by 8% yearly will help in offsetting inflation and managing expenses.

Your sons' education expenses will gradually increase. Planning for these costs now will ensure their educational needs are met without financial strain.

Summary of Action Plan
Allocate Rs 24 lakhs in Government Bank FDs for stability.
Invest Rs 24 lakhs in diversified mutual funds via SIPs for growth.
Use SWP from mutual funds to cover the monthly shortfall of Rs 17,000.
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio with a CFP’s assistance.
Reinvest LIC maturity amount for continued growth.
By following this plan, you can manage your expenses, grow your corpus, and achieve your goal of Rs 1 crore in 10 years.

Final Thoughts
Your disciplined approach to financial planning is commendable. With careful investment and regular reviews, you can secure your financial future and support your family’s needs.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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Moneywize

Moneywize   |122 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
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Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.

Recommendation:

Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.

...Read more

Mayank

Mayank Chandel  |1003 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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