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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Kunal Question by Kunal on May 09, 2024Hindi

Hello Sir, My age is 43, married and having two daughters (age 14 & 6) and have monthly net salary of Rs. 55k and I am saving around 20k per month (various SIPs-10K, NPS 5K & Stocks-5K) My other investments are as follows; • EPF – as of now 4 Lakhs • Post office MIS – 9 Lakhs • Post office NSC – 15 Lakhs • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana – 1 Lakh • Fixed Deposits – 6 Lakhs • PPF – 10 Lakhs • Gold Bond – 3.5 Lakhs • Existing Stock + Mutual fund portfolio – 12 Lakhs • Home Loan outstanding – 7.6 Lakhs (Owned apartment current value is 50 Lakhs) Please let me know whether my current investment is enough for peaceful retirement of do I need to invest more.

Ans: You've made commendable strides in securing your financial future, but let's delve deeper to ensure a comfortable retirement awaits you:

Your current savings strategy, including SIPs, NPS contributions, and investments in various instruments, demonstrates a proactive approach towards wealth accumulation. However, to ascertain whether your current investments suffice for a peaceful retirement, let's analyze your financial position comprehensively.

Your existing investments across EPF, post office schemes, PPF, and other instruments provide a diversified portfolio catering to both short-term liquidity needs and long-term wealth accumulation. Additionally, your allocation towards Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana reflects a thoughtful consideration for your daughters' future financial needs.

Considering your age and retirement horizon, it's crucial to assess the adequacy of your retirement corpus. While your current savings rate is commendable, projecting your future expenses, inflation, and lifestyle expectations is imperative to determine the gap between your current savings and retirement goals.

Factors such as your daughters' education expenses, healthcare needs, inflationary pressures, and desired retirement lifestyle warrant careful consideration. Additionally, factoring in unforeseen circumstances and emergencies is vital to ensure financial resilience during retirement.

Your outstanding home loan adds a liability to your financial equation, albeit a manageable one. It's advisable to assess the impact of loan repayment on your cash flow and retirement savings trajectory. A structured approach to debt repayment, balancing between accelerating loan clearance and boosting retirement savings, can optimize your financial position.

To bridge any potential shortfall in your retirement corpus, consider augmenting your savings rate and exploring investment avenues offering higher returns. Reviewing your asset allocation, optimizing tax-saving strategies, and seeking professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner can provide invaluable insights tailored to your specific circumstances.

In conclusion, while your current investments lay a solid foundation, a comprehensive review considering your financial goals, obligations, and aspirations is essential to ensure a peaceful retirement. By proactively addressing potential gaps and optimizing your savings and investment strategy, you can embark on a journey towards financial security and tranquility in your golden years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, Im 36 have 4.5 year old daughter and wife (home maker) i'm earning 1.40 lac monthly have a expanses of 70k including rent, daughter fee (UKG) and car loan. My investment: LIC - 70000 yearly 2037 maturity Lic 90000 yearly (2057 maturity) Max life insurance 3.6lac yearly Daughter SSY- 1.5 lac yearly (since 4 year) SIP - 30000 (monthly) axis bluechip 5k, axis mid cap 5k, axis small cap 5k, icici large 5k, icici prudential mid cap 5k, icici small cap 3k, tata small cap 2k. I want to retire in next 15 years. Please help me if my investment is correct or i need to revisit my investment especially SIP. Or any other suggestions you can provide
Ans: You're demonstrating excellent foresight by planning for your future and your family's financial security. Here's an assessment of your current investments and some suggestions:
1. Retirement Planning:
• Your goal to retire in the next 15 years is ambitious and requires careful financial planning to ensure you achieve your desired lifestyle post-retirement.
• Consider factors such as your desired retirement age, anticipated expenses, inflation, healthcare costs, and potential sources of retirement income.
2. Investment Analysis:
• Your current investment portfolio consists of a mix of life insurance policies, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter, and SIPs in various mutual funds.
• Life insurance policies provide financial protection but may have limited investment growth potential compared to other investment options.
3. SIP Review:
• Review your SIP portfolio to ensure alignment with your long-term financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
• Consider diversifying across different asset classes and fund categories to spread risk and optimize returns.
• Evaluate the performance of individual funds regularly and make adjustments as needed.
4. Asset Allocation:
• Assess your overall asset allocation to ensure a balanced mix of equity, debt, and other investment instruments based on your risk profile and investment objectives.
• Consider increasing exposure to equity for long-term wealth accumulation, but maintain a diversified portfolio to mitigate risk.
5. Emergency Fund:
• Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses and mitigate financial risks. Aim to maintain 6-12 months' worth of living expenses in a liquid savings account or short-term investments.
6. Professional Advice:
• Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to conduct a comprehensive financial review and retirement planning assessment.
• They can provide personalized recommendations tailored to your specific circumstances, goals, and risk tolerance.
7. Regular Monitoring and Adjustment:
• Periodically review your investment portfolio and retirement plan to track progress towards your goals.
• Make adjustments as needed based on changes in income, expenses, market conditions, and personal circumstances.
In summary, while your current investments show prudent planning, it's essential to periodically reassess your financial strategy to ensure it remains aligned with your evolving goals and circumstances. By staying proactive and seeking professional guidance, you can optimize your investments and work towards achieving a comfortable retirement for yourself and your family.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Hello Sir, My age is 43, married and having two daughters (age 14 & 6) and have monthly net salary of Rs. 55k and I am saving around 20k per month (various SIPs-10K, NPS 5K & Stocks-5K) My other investments are as follows; • EPF – as of now 4 Lakhs • Post office MIS – 9 Lakhs • Post office NSC – 15 Lakhs • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana – 1 Lakh • Fixed Deposits – 6 Lakhs • PPF – 10 Lakhs • Gold Bond – 3.5 Lakhs • Existing Stock + Mutual fund portfolio – 12 Lakhs • Home Loan outstanding – 7.6 Lakhs Please let me know whether my current investment is enough for peaceful retirement of do I need to invest more. Kunal
Ans: Assessing Your Retirement Readiness
Current Financial Status
Congratulations on taking proactive steps towards securing your financial future. Your current investments reflect a disciplined approach towards wealth accumulation.

Evaluating Retirement Goals
To determine if your current investments are sufficient for a peaceful retirement, we must assess your retirement goals, expected expenses, and desired lifestyle.

Analyzing Retirement Corpus
Considering your age, family size, and current investments, we'll estimate the corpus required to sustain your lifestyle post-retirement.

Estimating Retirement Expenses
We'll evaluate your projected retirement expenses, including living costs, healthcare, children's education, and any other financial obligations.

Identifying Retirement Income Sources
Besides your existing investments, we'll explore other potential income sources during retirement, such as pension, rental income, or part-time work.

Conducting Retirement Gap Analysis
After assessing your retirement corpus requirements and income sources, we'll identify any shortfall or surplus in meeting your retirement goals.

Recommendations for Retirement Planning
Increase Monthly Savings: Given your current savings rate, consider boosting your monthly contributions to SIPs, NPS, and stocks to bridge the retirement gap.

Diversify Investment Portfolio: Explore diversification opportunities by investing in a mix of equity, debt, and balanced funds to optimize returns and manage risk.

Review Asset Allocation: Rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain an appropriate asset allocation aligned with your risk tolerance and retirement timeline.

Consider Retirement-oriented Funds: Evaluate the option of investing in retirement-oriented mutual funds or pension plans to enhance retirement savings.

Pay off Home Loan: Aim to clear your home loan outstanding to reduce financial liabilities and free up cash flow for retirement savings.

Monitor and Adjust: Regularly monitor your investments' performance and make necessary adjustments to stay on track towards your retirement goals.

While your current investments demonstrate prudent financial planning, it's essential to reassess your retirement strategy periodically. By implementing the recommended measures and staying committed to your financial goals, you can enhance the likelihood of enjoying a peaceful and financially secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 23, 2024Hindi
I am 54 year old single lady. Have no loan or liability. I have one house to stay. My current investments are Ppf 22 lakh Pf 15 lakh Equity 48 lakh Mf 58 lakh Fd 22 lakh Lic 12 lakh Ulip 20 lakh Am i financially ready to retire As of now i save and invest almist a lakh per month
Ans: You are a 54-year-old single lady with no loans or liabilities. You own a house, which is great. Your current investments are diversified across different asset classes, which is excellent. Let’s break down your investments:

PPF: Rs. 22 lakh

PF: Rs. 15 lakh

Equity: Rs. 48 lakh

Mutual Funds: Rs. 58 lakh

Fixed Deposits: Rs. 22 lakh

LIC: Rs. 12 lakh

ULIP: Rs. 20 lakh

You also save and invest nearly Rs. 1 lakh per month. This disciplined approach is commendable and sets a strong foundation for your retirement planning.

Assessing Your Monthly Expenses

Knowing your monthly expenses is crucial. Let’s assume your monthly expenses are Rs. 50,000. This includes all your living costs, healthcare, and leisure activities. Planning for retirement means ensuring that you have enough to cover these expenses for the rest of your life.

Evaluating Your Current Investments

You have a diversified portfolio, which is excellent. Diversification reduces risk and can lead to more stable returns over time. Let’s examine each component of your portfolio:

PPF and PF

Your PPF and PF investments total Rs. 37 lakh. These are safe investments with decent returns. They also offer tax benefits. Keep contributing to these as long as possible.

Equity and Mutual Funds

You have Rs. 48 lakh in equities and Rs. 58 lakh in mutual funds. This is a significant portion of your portfolio. Equities can offer high returns but come with higher risk. Mutual funds, especially those managed by professionals, can balance this risk.

Fixed Deposits

You have Rs. 22 lakh in fixed deposits. These are safe but offer lower returns compared to equities and mutual funds. Ensure these deposits are spread across different maturities to manage interest rate risk.

Insurance Policies

You have Rs. 12 lakh in LIC and Rs. 20 lakh in ULIP. These products combine insurance with investment. However, they often have high costs and lower returns compared to mutual funds. Consider surrendering these policies and reinvesting in mutual funds for better returns.

Healthcare and Emergency Funds

Healthcare costs increase with age. Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance. Also, maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of your living expenses.

Pension or Regular Income

You need a steady income stream in retirement. This can come from pensions, rental income, or systematic withdrawals from your investments. Plan for a mix of income sources to ensure stability.

Calculating Retirement Corpus

Your retirement corpus should cover your expenses for the rest of your life. Let’s assume you need Rs. 50,000 per month for the next 30 years. This means you need a substantial corpus to ensure financial stability.

Role of Inflation

Inflation reduces purchasing power over time. Plan for rising expenses by investing in assets that grow with inflation. Equities and mutual funds are good options for this purpose.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds are managed by professionals aiming to outperform the market. They can offer higher returns compared to index funds, which simply track the market. This makes them a good option for retirement planning.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds follow the market index and cannot outperform it. They lack the strategic approach of actively managed funds. Actively managed funds can adapt to market changes and provide better returns.

Risks of Direct Funds

Direct funds require you to manage investments yourself. This needs time, knowledge, and experience. Without proper expertise, you might make poor investment choices. Investing through a CFP ensures professional management and better results.

Creating a Diversified Portfolio

A diversified portfolio spreads risk and can lead to stable returns. Consider a mix of equities, mutual funds, fixed deposits, and other financial instruments. This balance helps in managing market volatility and achieving consistent growth.

Balancing Risk and Return

Your investments should balance risk and return. Higher returns often come with higher risks. Align your investment strategy with your risk tolerance and financial goals. A CFP can help in creating this balance.

Regular Review and Rebalancing

Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals. Rebalancing helps in adjusting investments according to market changes. This keeps your portfolio healthy and on track.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)

An SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly. This provides a steady income stream, ideal for retirees.

How SWP Works

In an SWP, you invest a lump sum in a mutual fund. You then set up a plan to withdraw a fixed amount at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly, etc.). The remaining investment continues to grow, providing a balance of income and capital appreciation.

Benefits of SWP

SWP offers several benefits:

Regular Income: Provides a steady income stream to meet monthly expenses.

Tax Efficiency: Withdrawals are treated as redemptions. Only the gains portion is taxed, not the principal amount.

Capital Appreciation: Remaining investment continues to grow, ensuring financial stability.

Flexibility: You can start, stop, or modify SWP as per your financial needs.

Implementing SWP in Your Portfolio

Given your investments, SWP can be a part of your retirement strategy. Here’s how you can implement it:

Select Suitable Mutual Funds: Choose funds that align with your risk tolerance and investment goals. Actively managed funds are a good option.

Decide Withdrawal Amount: Determine the monthly amount you need. For instance, Rs. 50,000 per month.

Set Up SWP: Contact your fund house or CFP to set up the SWP. Ensure it starts when you retire.

Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review your SWP. Adjust the withdrawal amount or fund allocation as needed.

Building a Retirement Corpus

Your savings and investments should create a retirement corpus. This corpus should be sufficient to cover your post-retirement life. Consider future expenses, inflation, and healthcare costs while building this corpus.

Emergency Fund Allocation

Allocate a part of your savings to an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least 6-12 months of expenses. It provides financial security during unforeseen events.

Healthcare and Insurance Planning

Ensure comprehensive health insurance. It should cover you adequately. Also, consider long-term care insurance. This covers expenses in case of prolonged illness or disability.

Creating a Financial Plan

A financial plan outlines your financial goals, income, expenses, and investments. It acts as a roadmap for achieving financial security. A CFP can help in creating and managing this plan.

Retirement Planning

Plan your retirement thoroughly. Consider your desired lifestyle, expenses, and healthcare needs. Ensure that your pension and savings cover these aspects. Regular reviews and adjustments keep your retirement plan on track.

Lifestyle Considerations

Your lifestyle affects your retirement plan. Factor in your hobbies, travel plans, and other activities. Ensure that your financial plan supports your desired lifestyle without compromising on essentials.

Debt Management

If you have any debts, plan to repay them before retirement. Debt-free retirement ensures financial freedom and reduces stress. Prioritize high-interest debts and create a repayment plan.

Tax Planning

Effective tax planning reduces your tax burden. Invest in tax-saving instruments and plan your withdrawals wisely. A CFP can guide you in maximizing tax benefits and minimizing liabilities.

Legacy Planning

Legacy planning ensures that your assets are passed on to your heirs smoothly. Create a will and plan for estate management. This avoids legal hassles and ensures your wishes are respected.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan

Regular monitoring of your financial plan is crucial. It helps in identifying any deviations and making necessary adjustments. This ensures that your financial goals remain on track.

Retirement Lifestyle Adjustments

Be prepared to adjust your lifestyle if needed. If your expenses rise significantly, you may need to cut back on non-essential spending. This ensures that your financial plan remains sustainable.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner

A CFP offers expert guidance in financial planning. They help in creating a balanced portfolio, managing risks, and achieving financial goals. Their professional advice ensures financial security and growth.

Benefits of Professional Financial Planning

Professional financial planning offers several benefits. It provides a structured approach to managing finances. It helps in achieving financial goals, managing risks, and ensuring long-term financial security.

Creating a Financial Safety Net

A financial safety net provides security against unforeseen events. It includes emergency funds, insurance, and diversified investments. This safety net protects your finances and provides peace of mind.

Retirement Income Strategies

Your retirement income should come from multiple sources. This includes pension, savings, and investments. Diversified income sources provide financial stability and security.

Adapting to Market Changes

Market changes affect your investments. Stay informed and be ready to adapt your investment strategy. Regular reviews and adjustments help in managing market volatility.

Managing Longevity Risk

Longevity risk is the risk of outliving your savings. Plan your finances to cover a longer life expectancy. This includes considering healthcare costs and inflation.

Ensuring Financial Independence

Financial independence means having enough income to cover your expenses without relying on others. Plan your finances to ensure independence throughout your retirement.

Balancing Present and Future Needs

Balancing present and future needs is crucial in financial planning. Ensure that your current lifestyle does not compromise your future financial security. Create a plan that supports both present and future needs.

Final Insights

You have done an excellent job with your investments. However, careful planning is essential for a secure retirement. Diversify your investments, seek professional advice from a CFP, and ensure that your financial plan covers all aspects of retirement. Incorporating an SWP into your retirement strategy can provide a steady income stream. With the right strategy, you can enjoy a comfortable and financially secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
I am 44 years old. I have 34 lac in MF, 4 Lac in NPS, 1.06 Cr in PPF, 50 Lac in PF, 1 Lac in stock and 22 Lac in post office Fixed deposit.Monthly income 1.2 Lac. I am investing 26500 Monthly in MF SIP and 15000 towards post office RD, also in VPF 21000 and PPF yearly 450000 (In 3 account). My monthly expense is 60000 and planing to retire at 50. I have school going child studing in class 7. Is my investment is sufficient for retirement planning.
Ans: Your current financial situation shows a strong foundation, and your disciplined approach to saving and investing is commendable. Let’s dive deeper into your investments and see if they align with your retirement goals at age 50, while ensuring your child's education and other expenses are covered.

Evaluating Your Current Financial Status
You have a diversified portfolio, which is excellent for mitigating risks and optimizing returns. Here’s a summary:

Mutual Funds (MF): Rs 34 lakhs
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 4 lakhs
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 1.06 crores
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 50 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 1 lakh
Post Office Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 22 lakhs
Monthly Income: Rs 1.2 lakhs
Monthly Investments: Rs 26,500 in MF SIPs, Rs 15,000 in post office RD, Rs 21,000 in VPF, and Rs 4,50,000 annually in PPF
Monthly Expenses: Rs 60,000
Financial Goals and Challenges
Retirement at Age 50: Ensuring a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.
Child’s Education: Saving for higher education expenses.
Emergency Fund: Maintaining liquidity for unforeseen circumstances.
Health Insurance: Securing health coverage to avoid high medical costs.
Assessing Retirement Corpus
Calculating Required Corpus
To retire comfortably at 50, you need to ensure that your investments can sustain your lifestyle. With your current expenses at Rs 60,000 per month, let’s consider inflation and increased medical costs as you age.

Inflation Impact
Inflation will erode the value of your savings over time. Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, your current monthly expenses of Rs 60,000 could significantly increase by the time you retire. Planning for a higher monthly expense post-retirement, say Rs 1 lakh, will be prudent.

Estimating Corpus
For a retirement period of 30 years (assuming a lifespan of 80 years), a rough estimate suggests you might need a corpus that can generate Rs 1 lakh per month. Considering inflation and a conservative withdrawal rate, a corpus of around Rs 6-7 crores would be required.

Strengthening Your Investment Portfolio
Mutual Funds
Your current SIP of Rs 26,500 in mutual funds is a strong commitment.

Actively Managed Funds: Actively managed funds can outperform index funds, especially in emerging markets like India. They offer potential for higher returns due to professional fund management.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS provides a good mix of equity and debt, which is beneficial for long-term growth.

Continue Contributions: Consider increasing your contributions to NPS if possible. NPS also provides additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B).

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and reliable investment.

Regular Contributions: Your substantial investment in PPF is good, considering its tax-free interest. Continue maxing out your contributions annually.

Provident Fund (PF) and Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)
Your PF and VPF contributions ensure steady and safe growth.

Maximize Contributions: Continue maximizing VPF contributions, as they offer higher interest rates and tax benefits.

While your current investment in stocks is minimal, direct equity investments can offer significant returns.

Consider Equity Mutual Funds: If you’re not comfortable picking individual stocks, consider equity mutual funds for diversified exposure.

Fixed Deposits and Recurring Deposits
Your investments in post office FDs and RDs provide safety but offer lower returns.

Shift to Higher Returns: Gradually shift a portion of these funds to higher-return investments like debt mutual funds or balanced funds for better growth potential.

Planning for Child’s Education
Education Corpus
Your child is in class 7, and you have about 5-6 years before college expenses start. Higher education costs can be substantial, so planning early is crucial.

Education Funds: Consider dedicated education funds or balanced funds, which provide a mix of safety and growth.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Continue or increase SIPs in diversified mutual funds earmarked for education.

Health Insurance
Health insurance is crucial to protect your savings from medical emergencies.

Family Floater Plan: Ensure you have a comprehensive family floater plan that covers all members adequately.

Critical Illness Cover: Consider adding a critical illness cover to safeguard against severe health issues.

Emergency Fund
An emergency fund acts as a financial buffer for unforeseen expenses.

3-6 Months Expenses: Ensure you have 3-6 months’ worth of expenses set aside in a liquid fund or savings account for easy access.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning helps maximize your savings.

Section 80C
Maximize 80C Benefits: Your investments in PPF, PF, and life insurance already provide tax benefits under Section 80C. Ensure you’re maximizing these benefits.

Section 80CCD
NPS Contributions: Contributions to NPS provide additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B).

Diversification and Rebalancing
A diversified portfolio minimizes risks and maximizes returns.

Asset Allocation
Diversify Across Asset Classes: Allocate your investments across equities, debt, and fixed income instruments. Consider a mix of 60% equity and 40% debt for balanced growth.

Regular Rebalancing
Periodic Review: Review your portfolio periodically and rebalance to maintain your desired asset allocation. This ensures your portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals.

Professional Guidance
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized advice and help you stay on track.

CFP Benefits
Expert Guidance: A CFP provides expert advice on investment strategies, tax planning, and retirement planning.

Regular Reviews: Regular reviews with a CFP can help you adjust your strategy as needed.

Final Insights
Your disciplined approach to saving and investing has put you on a solid financial footing. With your current investments and income, you’re well-positioned to achieve your retirement goals.

However, ensuring your corpus grows sufficiently to sustain your post-retirement life is crucial. By optimizing your investment strategy, managing risks, and planning for inflation, you can build a secure future.

Consider increasing your contributions to equity mutual funds and NPS for better growth. Ensure you have adequate health insurance and maintain a robust emergency fund.

With careful planning and regular reviews, you can achieve your goal of retiring at 50 comfortably and ensure your child's education expenses are covered. Keep up the good work and stay committed to your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 16, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
Dear Sir, My age is 42, my current savings are 1) FD: 70 lakhs 2) MF: 5 lakhs 3) Equity: 10 lakhs 4) EPF: 80 lakhs 5) PPF: 20 lakhs(another 5 years to mature . 1.5 lacs per year is investment amount) I am planning to retire by 58. I need a monthly retirement amount of 2 lakhs per month. I don't have any loans at the moment. I have two kids studying in 8th and 4th. Please let me know if the current investment is sufficient enough to generate this income. Thank you sir.
Ans: Firstly, I must commend you for your diligent saving and planning. You have built a solid financial foundation with significant investments in Fixed Deposits (FD), Mutual Funds (MF), Equity, Employee Provident Fund (EPF), and Public Provident Fund (PPF). Your financial discipline is truly admirable.

Evaluating Your Current Investments
Let's evaluate your current investments:

FD: Rs 70 lakhs
MF: Rs 5 lakhs
Equity: Rs 10 lakhs
EPF: Rs 80 lakhs
PPF: Rs 20 lakhs, with Rs 1.5 lakhs per year investment for the next five years
You have a total of Rs 185 lakhs (Rs 1.85 crores) in savings and investments.

Retirement Goals and Planning
You aim to retire by 58, which gives you 16 more years to save and invest. Your goal is to have a monthly retirement income of Rs 2 lakhs. To achieve this, a well-planned investment strategy is crucial.

Assessing the Required Retirement Corpus
Given your goal of Rs 2 lakhs per month, your annual requirement will be Rs 24 lakhs. Considering a retirement period of 25-30 years, you need a substantial retirement corpus to ensure a comfortable life.

Investment Strategies to Achieve Your Retirement Goals
Diversification and Asset Allocation
Equity Investments:

Equities offer high returns over the long term, essential for building a large corpus. Consider increasing your equity exposure. Actively managed funds with a track record of strong performance can be a good choice. Avoid index funds due to their average performance in fluctuating markets.

Mutual Funds:

Increase your investments in mutual funds. Choose diversified mutual funds with a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Actively managed funds can outperform the market, offering higher returns than passive index funds.

Debt Investments:

Maintain a balance with debt investments for stability and regular income. Your FDs and PPF fall into this category. Consider debt mutual funds for potentially higher returns than traditional FDs.

EPF and PPF:

Continue your contributions to EPF and PPF. These provide a stable and tax-efficient return. The EPF offers a good interest rate and tax benefits, making it a valuable part of your retirement planning.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Regular Investments:

Start a SIP in mutual funds to benefit from rupee cost averaging and the power of compounding. Regular investments, even in small amounts, can grow significantly over time.

Review and Adjust:

Regularly review your SIP portfolio and adjust based on performance and changing financial goals. Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help optimize your SIP strategy.

Risk Management and Insurance
Health Insurance:

Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage for your family. Medical emergencies can deplete your savings if not adequately insured.

Life Insurance:

Consider term life insurance to cover financial risks. It provides a high coverage amount at a lower premium, ensuring your family's financial security in case of unforeseen events.

Children's Education Planning
Education Fund:

Start an education fund for your children. Invest in child-specific mutual funds or a mix of equity and debt funds. This ensures you have sufficient funds when they pursue higher education.

Systematic Withdrawals:

Plan for systematic withdrawals from your education fund as required. This avoids sudden large expenses disrupting your financial plans.

Maximizing Tax Efficiency
Tax-efficient Investments:

Utilize tax-efficient investments like PPF, EPF, and ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) mutual funds. These offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

Tax Planning:

Regularly review and adjust your investments to maximize tax efficiency. Consult a CFP for personalized tax planning strategies.

Regular Financial Review
Annual Review:

Conduct an annual review of your financial plan. Assess the performance of your investments, adjust for market changes, and ensure alignment with your goals.

Professional Guidance:

Work with a CFP for regular financial reviews and adjustments. Their expertise can help navigate market complexities and optimize your financial strategy.

Saving and Investing for Retirement
Building a Retirement Corpus
Target Corpus:

Based on your goal of Rs 2 lakhs per month, calculate the target retirement corpus. Considering inflation and a retirement period of 25-30 years, a substantial corpus is needed.

Investment Growth:

Invest in a mix of equity, debt, and mutual funds to grow your corpus. Equities offer high returns, while debt investments provide stability.

Withdrawal Strategy
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP):

Use an SWP in mutual funds to generate regular income during retirement. This allows for periodic withdrawals while keeping the principal invested.

Bucket Strategy:

Divide your retirement corpus into different buckets based on time horizons. Short-term needs are met with liquid funds, while long-term needs are invested in equities and debt.

Future-Proofing Your Finances
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund covering at least six months of expenses. This provides a safety net for unexpected financial challenges.

Inflation Protection:

Invest in assets that protect against inflation. Equities and inflation-indexed bonds can help maintain purchasing power over time.

Health and Longevity:

Plan for healthcare costs and longer life expectancy. Adequate health insurance and a well-funded retirement plan are crucial.

You have done an excellent job of saving and planning for your future. Your disciplined approach to managing finances is commendable. With a few adjustments and a well-planned investment strategy, you can achieve your retirement goals and secure a comfortable future for your family.

Final Insights
Financial planning for retirement requires a comprehensive approach. By diversifying investments, increasing equity exposure, and optimizing tax efficiency, you can build a substantial retirement corpus. Regular reviews and professional guidance from a Certified Financial Planner will ensure you stay on track. Your commitment to saving and investing will pay off, providing financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 20, 2024Hindi
Sir, i have completed my bachelors (BCA) in India in an engineering college and wishes to pursue my masters in a foreign country.My family is'nt well off so iam looking into schlorships.can you suggest some courses with good scope. Also which countries are best for IT field that provide great schlorship oppurtunities.
Ans: As far as Scholarships for Abroad Universities are concerned, you should have good scores from the entrance tests (whichever will be applicable according to the University's admission criteria), good past academic records, your extra and co-curricular activities, additional certifications, your Statement of Purpose (SOP), Letter of Recommendation etc. Those who have gained work experience of a minimum 2-3 years after graduation get preference in admission.

And most of the Universities do not provide 100% scholarships. You will have to bear some expenses (depends upon which University / College you get admission into & what all expenses only it will cover?) .

As you have mentioned that your parents NOT well-off financially, it is suggested to work for 2-3 years, earn some money and also gain work experience, then go for further education abroad.

Before approaching any Professional Abroad Education Consultant, do a thorough research about the Countries/Universities/Programs, shortlist those which you think will be most suitable, apply to 5-6 top Univerities offering Scholarships and finalize one best University/College for you.

All the BEST for Your Bright Future.

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