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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 27, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Yashpal Question by Yashpal on May 26, 2024Hindi

Hi Expert, I am 39 Years Old and single Earning in family and earn 1 lakh per month. Home Loan 23 lakh ans NPS is 5200 pm and Term plan 1 cr already running. Please suggest some retirement and higher education for child, daughter and son 7 years.

Ans: You are 39 years old, the sole earner in your family, and earn Rs 1 lakh per month. You have a home loan of Rs 23 lakhs and contribute Rs 5200 per month to the NPS. You also have a term plan of Rs 1 crore. Your primary financial goals are planning for retirement and your children’s higher education.

Setting Financial Goals
Retirement Planning: Ensure a comfortable retirement with adequate savings.

Children’s Education: Save for your daughter and son’s higher education.

Monthly Savings and Investments
You need to allocate a portion of your income to systematic savings and investments to meet these goals.

Assessing Current Commitments
Home Loan: You have a home loan of Rs 23 lakhs. Ensure timely EMI payments to manage this debt efficiently.

NPS Contribution: You are already contributing to the NPS, which will aid in your retirement planning.

Retirement Planning
Diversified Retirement Portfolio
Equity Mutual Funds: Allocate a portion of your savings to equity mutual funds. These funds provide high returns over the long term, helping you build a substantial corpus.

Debt Mutual Funds: These funds provide stability and lower risk, balancing your portfolio.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Regular SIPs: Start a SIP in equity mutual funds to build wealth systematically. This approach benefits from rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Increase SIP Amount Annually: Increase your SIP contributions by 5-10% annually to match inflation and income growth.

National Pension System (NPS)
Continue NPS Contributions: The NPS is a good tool for retirement savings. Continue your monthly contributions of Rs 5200.

Review NPS Allocation: Ensure your NPS investments are well-diversified between equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

Children’s Education Planning
Education Savings Plans
Dedicated Education Funds: Invest in plans specifically designed for children’s education. These plans help build a dedicated corpus for your children’s future needs.

Balanced Portfolio: A mix of equity and debt funds can provide growth and stability for education planning.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (for daughters)
Sukanya Samriddhi Account: If you have a daughter, consider investing in this scheme. It offers attractive interest rates and tax benefits.
Calculating Required Corpus
Estimate Education Costs
Higher Education Costs: Estimate the future costs of higher education for both children. This will help in determining the amount you need to save.

Regular Contributions: Make regular contributions to education savings plans to accumulate the required corpus.

Risk Management
Insurance Coverage
Term Insurance: You already have a term insurance plan of Rs 1 crore. Ensure it is adequate to cover your family’s needs in case of unforeseen events.
Emergency Fund
Maintain Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund will provide financial security during emergencies.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management
Expertise: Actively managed funds benefit from the expertise of professional fund managers who make informed investment decisions.

Market Opportunities: Fund managers can exploit market opportunities to achieve higher returns.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Limited Returns: Index funds only aim to match the market returns, not outperform it.

Lack of Flexibility: They lack the flexibility to react quickly to market changes.

Direct Funds vs Regular Funds
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
No Guidance: Direct funds do not offer professional guidance, which is crucial for optimal investment decisions.

Time-Consuming: Managing direct investments can be complex and time-consuming without expert help.

Benefits of Regular Funds via MFD with CFP Credential
Expert Advice: Regular funds provide access to certified financial planners who can offer tailored advice.

Better Performance: Professional management often results in better performance compared to self-managed direct funds.

Comprehensive Planning: Investing through a CFP ensures a holistic approach to financial planning.

Achieving Your Financial Goals
Regular Savings
Discipline: Regular savings and disciplined investments are key to achieving your financial goals.

Review and Adjust: Regularly review your portfolio and adjust based on performance and changing goals.

Increasing Contributions
Annual Increases: Increase your investment contributions by 5-10% annually to keep pace with income growth and inflation.
Professional Guidance
Consult a CFP: Regular consultations with a Certified Financial Planner will help you stay on track and make necessary adjustments.
Final Thoughts
Your financial planning is crucial for a secure future for yourself and your children. By following a disciplined investment strategy and seeking professional advice, you can achieve your retirement and education goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 04, 2024Hindi
Hi sir I am 34 years with take home 75k. Present wife not working and we are having w year daughter and 2 months son. My tax regime is new My expenses as Home loan 11k. Car loan 10.5k. Other expenses 10k. Home expenses and maid 10k. Term insurance yearly 19k with 1 cr coverage. Please suggest me investment of 10-12k Daughter Son Kids higher education Retirement My planning ssy of 50k yearly and nps of 50k Please suggest.
Ans: It's wonderful to see your proactive approach to securing your family's financial future, especially with young children to care for. Let's explore how you can allocate your resources effectively to meet your various financial goals.

Prioritizing Your Investments
Given your income, expenses, and specific financial goals, here's a suggested investment strategy tailored to your needs:

1. Children's Education:
Investing in your children's education is crucial for their future success. Consider opening separate savings accounts or investment plans for your daughter and son. Allocate a portion of your monthly budget (around Rs. 2,000 to Rs. 2,500 each) towards these accounts to accumulate funds over time. Opt for investment options with moderate risk and potential for long-term growth, such as mutual funds or child education plans.

2. Retirement Planning:
It's never too early to start planning for your retirement. Allocate a portion of your monthly budget (around Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 4,000) towards retirement savings. Maximize contributions to your NPS account, taking advantage of the tax benefits offered under the new tax regime. Additionally, consider investing in equity mutual funds or voluntary provident fund (VPF) to supplement your retirement corpus further.

3. Term Insurance:
You've already taken a significant step by securing term insurance coverage of Rs. 1 crore. Ensure that your coverage amount is sufficient to meet your family's financial needs in case of any unfortunate event. Review your insurance needs periodically, especially as your family and financial responsibilities evolve.

4. Emergency Fund:
Building an emergency fund is essential to handle unexpected expenses or financial setbacks. Aim to set aside an amount equivalent to 3 to 6 months' worth of living expenses in a high-yield savings account or liquid mutual fund. Start with a small portion of your monthly budget (around Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 2,000) towards this fund and gradually increase it over time.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan
Regularly review your financial plan to track progress towards your goals and make any necessary adjustments. As your income increases or expenses change, you may need to reallocate your resources accordingly. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to ensure that your investment strategy remains aligned with your long-term objectives.

By following this investment plan and staying disciplined in your approach, you can build a solid financial foundation for your family's future. Remember that consistency and patience are key to achieving your financial goals over time.

Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
Am 33 yrs old female, married, have no kids now. Earning 1.40 cash in hand every month. Have got emi s 35k per month for 3 yrs. Expenses of 30k. Ppf and nps of 12k per month together. And 16k per month into cashback policy commited for 10yrs and pays back from 11th year. Want to plan a home and also retirement plans. Suggest a few
Ans: It’s great that you’re proactively planning for your financial future. At 33, you have a solid income and are managing your expenses and savings well. With Rs. 1.40 lakh in hand monthly and committed investments, you’re on the right path. Let’s take a closer look at how you can achieve your goals of buying a home and planning for retirement effectively.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
You’re already juggling multiple financial responsibilities. Here’s a breakdown:


Monthly take-home pay is Rs. 1.40 lakh.
Monthly Obligations:

EMI of Rs. 35,000 for the next three years.
Monthly expenses of Rs. 30,000.
PPF and NPS contributions totaling Rs. 12,000.
A commitment of Rs. 16,000 per month in a cashback policy for 10 years.
Let’s sum up your current cash flows:

Income: Rs. 1,40,000
Expenses and commitments: Rs. 93,000
EMI: Rs. 35,000
Monthly expenses: Rs. 30,000
PPF and NPS: Rs. 12,000
Cashback policy: Rs. 16,000
This leaves you with a surplus of Rs. 47,000 each month.

Prioritizing Your Goals: Home and Retirement
To make a robust plan, we need to prioritize your goals. Here’s a step-by-step approach:

Short-Term Goal - Buying a Home:

You may want to buy a home in the near future, especially considering the EMI burden you’re managing now.
Let’s plan to save effectively for a down payment and subsequent EMIs.
Long-Term Goal - Retirement Planning:

Retirement is a crucial long-term goal. You’re already contributing to PPF and NPS, which is a good start.
We need to ensure that you have a diversified investment strategy for a comfortable retirement.
Evaluating Your Existing Investments
Your current investments and commitments include:

PPF and NPS (Rs. 12,000/month):

These are excellent for long-term savings and provide tax benefits.
Cashback Policy (Rs. 16,000/month):

This policy gives returns after 10 years. It’s good to reassess its value as it might not provide the best returns.
Monthly EMI (Rs. 35,000):

It’s important to clear this debt to free up cash flow for future investments.
Given these, let’s look at how to optimize your savings and investments.

Streamlining Investments for Better Returns
You’ve got a good base with PPF and NPS, but there are ways to optimize your portfolio further:

Reevaluate the Cashback Policy:

Traditional insurance plans like cashback policies often provide lower returns.
Consider surrendering this policy and redirecting funds into higher-yield investments such as mutual funds.
Focus on High-Growth Investments:

Consider equity mutual funds for higher growth potential over the long term.
Actively managed funds can provide better returns than index funds and are worth considering for diversification.
Maintain Liquidity:

Ensure you have adequate emergency savings. Six months' worth of expenses (Rs. 1,80,000) should be kept in easily accessible accounts.
Strategic Planning for Your Home Purchase
Buying a home is a significant financial commitment. Here’s how you can plan for it:

Down Payment Savings:

Start saving specifically for the down payment. Aim for at least 20% of the property value to avoid high-interest EMIs.
Future EMI Planning:

Once your current loan is paid off, you’ll have Rs. 35,000 more available monthly. Plan to use this for new EMIs.
Dedicated Savings Fund:

Set up a dedicated savings account for your home purchase. Allocate a portion of your monthly surplus (e.g., Rs. 20,000) into this fund.
Enhancing Your Retirement Plan
To ensure a comfortable retirement, consider the following:

Diversify Retirement Investments:

Beyond PPF and NPS, invest in mutual funds through SIPs. Equity funds can offer high returns over long periods.
Increase Retirement Contributions:

As your salary grows, increase your contributions to retirement funds.
Monitor and Rebalance:

Regularly review your investment portfolio. Rebalance as needed to stay aligned with your retirement goals.
Crafting a Balanced Investment Portfolio
To balance growth and stability in your investments, here’s a suggested approach:

Equity Mutual Funds:

Allocate a portion of your monthly surplus to equity mutual funds. These funds offer higher growth potential, especially if you start early.
Debt Instruments:

Continue investing in PPF and NPS for stable, long-term returns.
Balanced Funds:

Consider balanced funds that invest in both equity and debt. They offer a good mix of growth and stability.
Financial Discipline and Monitoring
Maintaining financial discipline is key to achieving your goals:

Budget and Save:

Stick to a budget to manage expenses and savings effectively. Allocate funds specifically for your goals.
Automate Investments:

Set up automated transfers to your savings and investment accounts. This ensures consistency and removes the temptation to spend.
Regular Reviews:

Review your financial plan regularly. Adjust based on changes in income, expenses, and goals.
Planning for Future Expenses
You’ve mentioned no kids currently, but future family planning could impact your finances:

Plan for Child Expenses:

If you plan to have children, consider the additional expenses and savings needed for education and upbringing.
Insurance Needs:

Ensure adequate health and life insurance coverage. This protects your family and assets in case of unforeseen events.
Leveraging Tax Benefits
Maximize your tax savings to enhance your investment returns:

Utilize Section 80C:

Contributions to PPF, NPS, and ELSS funds qualify for deductions under Section 80C. Ensure you’re using this to your advantage.
Home Loan Benefits:

When you buy a home, home loan EMIs provide tax benefits on both principal and interest components under Sections 80C and 24(b).
Tax-Efficient Investments:

Consider investments that offer tax-free returns or lower tax liability, like PPF and long-term capital gains on equity mutual funds.
Building a Comprehensive Financial Plan
To summarize, your comprehensive financial plan should include:

Debt Management:

Focus on clearing your existing EMIs to free up cash flow for future investments.
Savings and Investments:

Create a balanced portfolio with a mix of equity and debt. Focus on high-growth investments for long-term goals.
Home Purchase Plan:

Save diligently for a home down payment. Plan your future EMIs to fit within your budget.
Retirement Planning:

Diversify your retirement savings and increase contributions as your income grows. Review and adjust your retirement plan regularly.
Tax Optimization:

Maximize your tax savings through strategic investments and utilizing tax benefits on loans and savings schemes.
Final Insights
You’re on a promising path with your current financial discipline. With a strategic approach, you can achieve both your home purchase and retirement goals effectively. Simplify your investments, focus on high-growth opportunities, and maintain financial discipline to ensure a secure and prosperous future.

Streamline and Focus:

Simplify your portfolio to focus on high-growth, well-diversified investments.
Plan for the Long Term:

Keep your retirement and home purchase goals in sight. Regularly update your plan to stay on track.
Stay Disciplined:

Maintain a disciplined approach to budgeting, saving, and investing. This is key to achieving your financial goals.
If you have any questions or need further guidance, feel free to reach out. I’m here to help you navigate your financial journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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Dr Nagarajan J S K   |47 Answers  |Ask -

Health Science and Pharmaceutical Careers Expert - Answered on Jul 20, 2024

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Health Science and Pharmaceutical Careers Expert - Answered on Jul 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 18, 2024Hindi
What is better to choose between vet or bpharm (I am a gen category student).According to my research I came to know that in today's market the bpharm graduates are not even considered as reputated pharmacists,after the degree too they get placements of 12k-15k per month only and growth even after a master's is not much. Whereas in vet gov vacancies are open but will everyone get the gov jobs ? Also in coming years what are the demands of these both fields and what is better to choose
Ans: Hi,
It seems there may be some misunderstanding and disappointment regarding the analysis of job opportunities in the pharmaceutical field. It's important to note that the pharmaceutical sector still holds promising prospects. However, it is essential for candidates to acquire in-depth knowledge. Completing a B.Pharm alone does not guarantee comprehensive expertise. It's essential to delve beyond the basic surface-level knowledge obtained during undergraduate studies. I'm unaware of your state of residence and the college where you pursued your B.Pharm.

Key locations with a strong pharmaceutical industry presence include Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Chennai also has a few reputable pharmaceutical companies, albeit in limited numbers. It's crucial to consider your career choice rather than just a job. What is your preference: IT, Marketing/Sales, or Core Pharma? In IT, the remuneration is considerably higher in comparison to core pharmaceutical roles, but sustainability may be a concern. On the other hand, Sales/Marketing requires hard work but offers significantly better remuneration, e.g., INR 6-8L per annum. If the pharmaceutical industry is your preference, starting packages for fresh B. Pharm graduates typically range between INR 15,000 to 25,000.

Ultimately, the decision is yours to make. I wish you the best for your future endeavors.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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