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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 30, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Amol Question by Amol on Aug 27, 2023Hindi

My age is 47 years and retirement will be at 58th age. I have 2 daughters one at college and second is school level studying. My current monthly minimum required expenses is Rs.30000/-. Currently my investment in EPF is Rs.25 L, Mutual fund Rs.10 L, Leave encashment balance is Rs.6 L, Gratuity Rs.5 L approx., FDs Rs.3 L, life Insurance saving Rs.2 L. My question is apart from above additionally how much should I invest per month to keep my current lifestyle aftery retirement. I am residing at my own home but though building is strong age has reached 30 years old.

Ans: Considering your current expenses, age, and retirement goals, it's essential to plan your investments carefully to maintain your lifestyle post-retirement. Here's a rough estimate to help you determine how much you should invest monthly:

Calculate your post-retirement expenses: Estimate your expenses after retirement, factoring in inflation, healthcare costs, and any additional expenses you may incur.
Determine your retirement corpus: Based on your post-retirement expenses and expected lifespan, calculate the corpus you'll need to support yourself and your family during retirement.
Assess your existing investments: Take stock of your current investments and determine how much they are likely to grow by the time you retire. Consider consulting a financial planner for a detailed analysis.
Calculate the shortfall: After considering your existing investments, calculate how much additional corpus you need to accumulate by the time you retire.
Determine monthly investment required: Based on the shortfall and the number of years until your retirement, calculate the monthly investment required to bridge the gap and achieve your retirement corpus goal.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Sanjeev Govila  |458 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Feb 06, 2024

Hello Hardik Bhai I am at 54 years in MNC. My monthly take home ~ ₹1.4 lacs + I have 2 flats that fetch rental income of ₹ ~ 50000/-. PF accumulation is around 60 lacs. Have home emi of 61000/- monthly and I am in a government flat (my wife government employee she has another 7 years of service). Make all effort to ensure that her salary is not touched.. have a daughter at 22 years. Based on her academic appetite and success have earmarked ~50 lacs for her higher education. Have investment in equity 15 lacs worth and gold around 50 lacs. Assuming I retire in another 6-7 years, how much I should ensure monthly income to maintain a present standard of of life without dependency. Your views on mutual fund etc. will be appreciated.. Thanks
Ans: Considering your profile and aspirations, here's a strategic overview:-

1. Current Income and Assets:
Monthly take-home: ?1.4 lacs
Rental income: ?50,000/-
PF accumulation: ?60 lacs
Equity investment: ?15 lacs
Gold holdings: ?50 lacs
2. Liabilities:- Home EMI: ?61,000/-
3. Future Goals and Commitments:- Daughter's higher education fund: ?50 lacs
4. Retirement Plans:- Target retirement in 6-7 years

Considering your retirement goal, let's outline a strategic approach:-

Monthly Income Requirement:- Assess your current monthly expenses and lifestyle to determine the income needed to maintain your standard of living. Factor in inflation for accurate projections.

Investment Diversification:- Given your time horizon, consider a balanced portfolio across mutual funds, including equity and debt. Diversification helps manage risk.

PF Utilization:- Evaluate the possibility of utilizing PF wisely for retirement income. Understand withdrawal rules and tax implications.

Real Estate Planning:- Given your rental income and property assets, review their potential for contributing to your retirement income.

Daughter's Education Fund:- Ensure your earmarked amount aligns with the expected cost of her education. Consider investment options with a medium-term horizon.

Risk Management:- Review your insurance coverage, including health and life insurance, to safeguard against unforeseen circumstances.

Financial Planner Consultation:- Engage with a certified financial advisor to create a detailed retirement plan. They can tailor strategies based on your unique situation and goals.

It's essential to periodically review and adjust your plan based on evolving circumstances. Connect with your financial planner for goal-based planning and a detailed explanation tailored to your unique situation.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 20, 2024Hindi
I am 32 years old, me and my wife together draw a salary of 2Lac after taxes. We do not have any investments till now(Car EMI and Maternity expenses till now had costed most of our income which used to be 1.2Lac before). Our monthly expenses range upto 75k(22k+ rent) with a toddler which may increase to 90k once he starts schooling in 3 years. I came from middle class background so don't have any properties or other income sources. If we want to retire at or around 55Yrs of age how much should i invest per month from now and what kind of investments should i do?
Ans: Planning for a Comfortable Retirement
Understanding Your Financial Situation
Your combined monthly salary is ?2 lakhs after taxes, and your current expenses are ?75,000, which might increase to ?90,000 in three years when your toddler starts schooling.

Setting Your Retirement Goal
You wish to retire at the age of 55. Considering your current age of 32, you have 23 years to build your retirement corpus.

Estimating Monthly Investments
To retire comfortably, you need to estimate your future expenses. Assuming your monthly expenses will increase due to inflation, we can estimate a required corpus.

Investment Strategy
Start Early and Stay Consistent:

Starting your investments early gives you the advantage of compounding. Consistency is key to achieving your goals.
Diversify Your Investments:

A balanced portfolio of equity and debt funds can provide growth and stability.
Equity Mutual Funds:

Equity mutual funds can offer high returns over the long term. Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.
Advantages of Regular Funds:
Regular funds provide expert management and personalized advice from Certified Financial Planners.
Debt Mutual Funds:

Debt funds provide stability and reduce risk. They are suitable for medium-term goals and provide steady returns.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly. This helps in rupee cost averaging and compounding over time.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a safe, long-term investment option with tax benefits. It is ideal for risk-averse investors.
National Pension System (NPS):

NPS provides a mix of equity and debt investments with additional tax benefits. It is a good option for retirement planning.
How Much to Invest Monthly
Calculate Future Expenses:

Estimate your future monthly expenses considering inflation. For example, if your current expenses are ?75,000, they might double by the time you retire.
Estimate Required Corpus:

Calculate the corpus needed to cover your future expenses for 25-30 years post-retirement.
Determine Monthly Investment:

Use a retirement calculator to determine the monthly investment needed to achieve your corpus.
Example Calculation
Current Monthly Expense: ?75,000
Future Monthly Expense (with inflation): ?1.5 lakhs
Estimated Corpus Needed: ?3-5 crores
Monthly Investment Required: ?40,000-?50,000 (adjust based on calculations and investment returns)
Reviewing and Adjusting Your Plan
Regular Reviews:

Review your investment portfolio annually to ensure it aligns with your goals.
Adjust Investments:

Adjust your investments based on market performance and changing financial goals.
Stay Informed:

Keep yourself updated with financial news and trends to make informed decisions.
By starting early and investing consistently, you can achieve your retirement goal. Diversify your investments across equity and debt funds, and regularly review your portfolio.

Your commitment to securing your financial future is commendable. Stay focused and disciplined in your investment journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 02, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
Im 42 years old and wife 40 years, my net salary income in hand 5.5 lacs/month + perquisite benefits (car+driver+fuel+others). Additional variable income around 10-15 lacs/year. Current equity (shares+mf) holding value is around 9.5 Cr and dividend income around 6 to 8 lacs/year. We have 2 daughters with 10 years and 1 year. We will need elder daughter higher eduction around 5cr (after 2030) and for younger daughter higher education expense expecting 10 cr (after 2038). I want to retire by age 55 years. I have additional saving in PF+NPS+SGB+SSY is around 1.2 cr. I have 2 flats (total market value 2.5 cr), with total home loan liability 70 lacs and rent inome from another flat is 50,000 per month. My retirement goal with saving of around 15 cr + separate daughters higher education expenses + medical & marriage expense around 5cr. Pls advise, how much saving need to be done per month/year and where to invest next 13 years to acheive above goals.
Ans: It's impressive that you have set clear financial goals for your retirement and your daughters' education. With a structured approach and the right investments, you can achieve your goals. Let's analyze your current financial situation and create a plan to reach your targets.

Current Financial Situation

Net Salary: Rs 5.5 lakhs/month
Perquisite Benefits: Car, driver, fuel, etc.
Variable Income: Rs 10-15 lakhs/year

Equity (Shares + Mutual Funds): Rs 9.5 crores
Dividend Income: Rs 6-8 lakhs/year
PF + NPS + SGB + SSY: Rs 1.2 crores
Two Flats: Market value Rs 2.5 crores, Home loan liability Rs 70 lakhs, Rent income Rs 50,000/month

Retirement at age 55 with Rs 15 crores
Elder Daughter's Higher Education: Rs 5 crores (by 2030)
Younger Daughter's Higher Education: Rs 10 crores (by 2038)
Medical and Marriage Expenses: Rs 5 crores
Analyzing Financial Goals
Retirement Corpus
You aim to retire at 55 with a retirement corpus of Rs 15 crores. This should provide a comfortable lifestyle post-retirement.

Education Funds
Elder Daughter: Rs 5 crores by 2030
Younger Daughter: Rs 10 crores by 2038
These amounts need to be accumulated separately to avoid dipping into your retirement corpus.

Medical and Marriage Expenses
You plan to set aside Rs 5 crores for medical and marriage expenses. This should be part of your overall financial planning.

Monthly/Yearly Savings Needed
To achieve these goals, you need to save and invest strategically over the next 13 years. Here's a plan to help you stay on track:

Step-by-Step Plan
Increase Equity Investments:

Equity investments offer high returns over the long term.
Continue investing in diversified equity mutual funds.
Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

SIPs in equity mutual funds are an effective way to build wealth over time.
Increase your SIP contributions as your income grows.
Debt Investments for Stability:

Balance your portfolio with debt investments.
Invest in Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and Debt Mutual Funds.
Review and Adjust:

Regularly review your investments.
Adjust your portfolio based on market conditions and life changes.
Investment Strategies
Equity Mutual Funds
Diversification: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions based on market analysis.
Potential for High Returns: Equities tend to outperform other asset classes over the long term.
Debt Mutual Funds
Stability: Less volatile compared to equity funds.
Regular Income: Can provide regular income through interest payments.
Diversification: Adds stability to your overall portfolio.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Tax Benefits: Contributions are eligible for tax deduction under Section 80C.
Safe Investment: Government-backed, risk-free investment.
Compounding Benefits: Interest earned is compounded annually.
National Pension System (NPS)
Tax Benefits: Additional deduction under Section 80CCD(1B) up to Rs 50,000.
Retirement Corpus: Helps build a substantial retirement corpus.
Investment Options: Choose between equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.
Power of Compounding
Start Early: The earlier you start, the more you benefit from compounding.
Stay Invested: Avoid premature withdrawals to maximize compounding benefits.
Reinvest Earnings: Reinvest dividends and interest to enhance growth.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Higher Returns: Potential to outperform index funds through active management.
Expert Management: Fund managers make strategic decisions to maximize returns.
Flexibility: Ability to adjust the portfolio based on market conditions.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Time-Consuming: Requires significant time and effort to manage.
Lack of Expertise: Individual investors may not have the necessary expertise.
Higher Risk: Direct investments carry higher risk due to lack of diversification and professional management.
Regular Reviews and Rebalancing
Periodic Reviews: Regularly review your portfolio to ensure alignment with goals.
Rebalancing: Adjust your asset allocation based on market conditions and life changes.
Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends and economic conditions.
Emergency Fund
Maintain Liquidity: Ensure you have sufficient liquid assets for emergencies.
Safety Net: An emergency fund provides a financial cushion during unforeseen events.
Review Periodically: Assess your emergency fund needs periodically and adjust as necessary.
Health and Life Insurance
Health Insurance: Ensure adequate coverage for medical emergencies.
Life Insurance: Consider term insurance for financial protection of your family.
Review Coverage: Periodically review your insurance coverage to ensure it meets your needs.
Final Insights
Your current financial situation is robust, and you are on the right path to achieving your goals. Here are some final insights:

Increase SIP Contributions: Increase your SIP contributions to build a larger corpus.
Tax Planning: Utilize all available tax-saving options to reduce your tax liability.
Regular Reviews: Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed.
Professional Guidance: Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and to fine-tune your financial strategy.
By following this plan, you can achieve your retirement goals, ensure your daughters' education expenses are covered, and have a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 26, 2024Hindi
Hi, My age is 32 now unmarried. Am earning around 2.5 lakhs per month. I have 50K home loan and my monthly expenses come around 30K. I have 2 lakhs Fixed deposit , 7 lakhs in PPF ,3 lakhs in NPS and 2 lakhs invested in stock market. Please guide me how much we need for retirement and child's education in future and how to invest for the same from now on.
Ans: It’s great to see you planning your financial future early. Let’s break down your current financial status and develop a strategy to secure your retirement and future child’s education.

Understanding Your Current Financial Status
Income and Expenses

Monthly income: Rs. 2.5 lakhs
Monthly expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Current Investments

Fixed deposit: Rs. 2 lakhs
PPF: Rs. 7 lakhs
NPS: Rs. 3 lakhs
Stock market: Rs. 2 lakhs
Your financial discipline and savings are commendable. Let's build on this to achieve your goals.

Estimating Future Needs
Retirement Corpus
Estimating your retirement needs depends on various factors like current lifestyle, inflation, and expected rate of return on investments. As a rule of thumb, you should aim to build a retirement corpus that is 20-25 times your annual expenses at retirement. This ensures you can maintain your lifestyle post-retirement without financial worries.

Child’s Education Fund
Higher education costs are rising rapidly. It's wise to plan early to ensure your child gets the best education possible. Depending on the course and country, the cost can vary significantly. However, planning for at least Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 1 crore for higher education is a good start.

Investment Strategies for Financial Goals
Diversifying Investments
Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are an excellent choice for long-term investments due to their potential for high returns and the power of compounding. They also offer diversification, reducing risk.

Equity Funds: Suitable for long-term goals like retirement and child’s education. These funds invest in stocks, which have the potential for high returns.

Debt Funds: These are less risky than equity funds and are good for medium-term goals. They invest in fixed-income securities.

Hybrid Funds: A mix of equity and debt funds, providing a balance between risk and return.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Investing through SIPs is a smart way to invest in mutual funds. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, ensuring discipline and averaging out the investment cost.

Power of Compounding

The longer you stay invested, the greater the power of compounding. Your money earns returns, and these returns also earn returns, leading to exponential growth over time.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and reliable investment with tax benefits. It offers decent returns and should be a part of your retirement planning. Continue your contributions to PPF for steady, risk-free growth.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a great retirement-focused investment with tax benefits. It offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. Continue your contributions to NPS for a well-rounded retirement corpus.

Setting Up a Financial Plan
Monthly Budget Allocation
Allocate your monthly income wisely to cover expenses, loan repayment, and investments.

Expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Investments: Rs. 1.7 lakhs
Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures financial stability during unforeseen events. Your current fixed deposit can serve as part of this emergency fund.

Investment Allocation
Short-Term Goals (1-3 years)

Emergency fund
Fixed deposits
Short-term debt funds
Medium-Term Goals (3-5 years)

Debt funds
Hybrid funds
Long-Term Goals (5+ years)

Equity mutual funds
Regular Review and Adjustment
Review your financial plan regularly and adjust based on changes in income, expenses, or goals. Stay updated on market trends and adjust your investment strategy accordingly.

Risk Management

Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance to protect against unforeseen events. This is crucial for safeguarding your financial future.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have professional fund managers making investment decisions to maximize returns. They can potentially outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets. Regularly monitor fund performance and switch if necessary.

Final Insights
Planning for retirement and child’s education requires a disciplined approach. Diversify your investments, utilize the power of compounding, and regularly review your plan. By starting early and staying committed, you can achieve your financial goals comfortably.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 09, 2024Hindi
Hi i am 30 years old and earning 1 lacs per month,....i have two kids ..i started SIP of 30K per month from last one year.....Large cap fund then Middle cap and around 20 % in small cap.....i dont have that much knowledge of MF so i selected SIp....Please suggest how much further i invest to retire around 50
Ans: It’s great that you’re thinking ahead and investing for your future. I understand that you might not have much knowledge about mutual funds, but you've already taken a positive step by starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP). Let's dive into how you can enhance your investment strategy to retire comfortably around the age of 50.

Understanding Your Current Situation
You're 30 years old and earning Rs 1 lakh per month. With two kids, you have important financial responsibilities. You’ve been investing Rs 30,000 per month through SIPs for the past year. You’ve diversified your investments across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. That’s a great start!

The Power of SIPs
SIPs are a disciplined way to invest. They help you avoid market timing and average out the purchase cost of mutual fund units. This is beneficial, especially in volatile markets.

Evaluating Your Current Investments
Your current allocation is into large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. Here’s a brief look at each:

Large-Cap Funds: These funds invest in companies with a large market capitalization. They are generally considered safer than mid-cap and small-cap funds. They offer stable returns over the long term.

Mid-Cap Funds: These funds invest in mid-sized companies. They have the potential for higher returns but come with higher risk compared to large-cap funds.

Small-Cap Funds: These funds invest in smaller companies. They can provide very high returns but also come with significant risk.

Your current strategy is well-rounded, balancing growth potential and risk.

Active vs. Index Funds
While index funds follow a benchmark and provide average market returns, actively managed funds aim to outperform the market. Certified Financial Planners often recommend actively managed funds for their potential to deliver superior returns due to professional management.

Regular vs. Direct Funds
Direct funds have lower expense ratios because they don’t include commission fees. However, regular funds, managed by a Certified Financial Planner, offer professional advice and support. This guidance can help you make informed investment decisions, especially when market conditions change.

Increasing Your Investments
To retire by 50, you need to ensure your investments grow sufficiently. Here are some steps you can take:

Increase SIP Contributions: As your income grows, try to increase your SIP contributions. An annual increment in your SIP amount can significantly boost your corpus over time.

Diversify Further: While you have a good mix, consider adding other types of mutual funds like balanced funds or sectoral funds. They can provide additional growth opportunities and further spread your risk.

Emergency Fund: Ensure you have an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This will protect your investments in case of unforeseen events.

Insurance Coverage: Adequate life and health insurance are crucial. They protect your family and your investments in case of any unfortunate event.

Setting Up A Financial Plan
Creating a comprehensive financial plan with a Certified Financial Planner can provide a clear path to your retirement goals. Here are some key steps:

Define Your Goals: Clearly outline your retirement goals. How much do you need per month post-retirement? What are your children’s educational needs?

Assess Your Risk Appetite: Understand your risk tolerance. This will help in choosing the right mix of funds.

Review and Rebalance: Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance it as per changing market conditions and your life stages.

Calculating the Required Corpus
While avoiding specific calculations, here’s a broad approach to estimate your retirement corpus:

Estimate Monthly Expenses: Calculate your current monthly expenses. Project these into the future, considering inflation.

Future Value Calculation: Determine the future value of these expenses at your retirement age. This gives an idea of your required corpus.

Investment Returns: Assume an average annual return from your investments. Factor in the power of compounding.

Enhancing Returns
To maximize returns:

Long-Term Perspective: Keep a long-term investment horizon. It allows your investments to grow and compound.

Consistent Investing: Continue investing through all market conditions. Consistency is key to wealth creation.

Professional Management: Consider the expertise of actively managed funds. They aim to outperform the market through informed investment decisions.

Preparing for Life Changes
Life is unpredictable. Preparing for major life events can safeguard your financial goals:

Children’s Education: Set aside funds for your children’s education. Education costs are rising, and early planning can ease this burden.

Medical Emergencies: Ensure you have sufficient health insurance. Medical emergencies can drain your savings if not adequately covered.

Major Purchases: Plan for major purchases like a house or car. This planning will help you avoid dipping into your retirement savings.

Tax Efficiency
Utilize tax-efficient investment options to maximize your returns:

ELSS Funds: Equity-Linked Savings Schemes provide tax benefits under Section 80C and potential for higher returns.

PPF and NPS: Public Provident Fund and National Pension System are excellent long-term investment options with tax benefits.

Final Insights
Investing for retirement requires careful planning and disciplined execution. You’re off to a great start with your SIPs and diversified investments. Increasing your contributions, diversifying further, and regularly reviewing your portfolio will set you on the right path.

Remember, the guidance of a Certified Financial Planner can be invaluable. They can help you navigate market complexities, rebalance your portfolio, and ensure you stay on track to meet your retirement goals.

Your proactive approach and commitment to investing are commendable. Keep up the good work, and you’ll achieve your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
Greetings I am retiring in April 2027. I may get a retirement corpus of around 2Cr. I have FDs of around 60 L Mutual Funds 40L. I have two flats and the home loan of one flat will be repaid before my retirement. For the other flat there is no loan. Myself and my wife have ancestors property (land)valued at around 6 Cr. I may need a monthly income of 75 K.Kindly suggest investment options for me
Ans: First, congratulations on your upcoming retirement. You've done a great job building a solid financial foundation. You have a diverse portfolio with fixed deposits, mutual funds, real estate, and ancestral property. This diversification provides stability and potential growth.

Your expected retirement corpus of Rs. 2 crore is substantial. With this, along with your current assets and minimal loan commitments, you are well-positioned for a comfortable retirement. Let's evaluate your options to generate a monthly income of Rs. 75,000 while ensuring your capital grows and remains secure.

Creating a Retirement Income Plan
Fixed Deposits (FDs)
You have Rs. 60 lakhs in fixed deposits. FDs offer security and guaranteed returns. However, their interest rates may not keep pace with inflation. It's wise to keep a portion of your retirement corpus in FDs for liquidity and safety. Allocate around 20-25% of your corpus here.

Mutual Funds
You already have Rs. 40 lakhs in mutual funds. Mutual funds are excellent for growth and can be tailored to match your risk tolerance. Consider the following types of funds:

Balanced Funds

Balanced funds provide a mix of equity and debt. They offer growth potential while minimizing risk. Given your age and risk tolerance, a balanced fund can help maintain stability.

Equity Funds

Equity funds are suitable for long-term growth. They can be volatile, but with a horizon of 10-15 years, they can significantly enhance your returns. Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds to spread risk.

Debt Funds

Debt funds are less risky and provide regular income. They are good for short-term needs. Invest in high-quality debt funds to ensure safety and reasonable returns.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Use an SWP from your mutual fund investments to generate a regular income. It allows you to withdraw a fixed amount monthly, providing you with Rs. 75,000. This method ensures that your capital continues to grow while providing you with the needed income.

Additional Investment Options
Senior Citizens' Saving Scheme (SCSS)
SCSS is a government-backed scheme offering attractive interest rates and regular income. It's safe and suitable for retirees. You can invest up to Rs. 15 lakhs individually or Rs. 30 lakhs jointly. The interest is paid quarterly, providing a steady income.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS)
POMIS is another secure option. It offers a fixed monthly income and is backed by the government. You can invest up to Rs. 4.5 lakhs individually or Rs. 9 lakhs jointly. The interest rate is competitive, and the monthly payout can supplement your income.

Corporate Bonds and Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs)
Investing in high-rated corporate bonds and NCDs can provide higher returns than traditional FDs. They come with a fixed tenure and interest rate, offering a predictable income stream. Ensure to choose high-rated instruments to minimize risk.

Dividend-Paying Stocks
Investing in blue-chip companies that pay regular dividends can provide a steady income. Dividends are usually paid quarterly and can supplement your monthly income. Choose companies with a strong track record of consistent dividends.

Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)
MIPs offered by mutual funds invest predominantly in debt instruments with a small portion in equity. They aim to provide regular income and capital appreciation. MIPs can be a good option for generating monthly income with moderate risk.

Assessing Risks and Diversification
Risk Assessment
Retirement planning requires balancing risk and returns. While you need growth to beat inflation, capital preservation is equally crucial. Assess your risk tolerance and align your investments accordingly. A mix of safe and growth-oriented investments will ensure stability and growth.

Diversification reduces risk and enhances returns. Spread your investments across different asset classes like FDs, mutual funds

, government schemes, and stocks. This strategy ensures that poor performance in one area does not significantly impact your overall portfolio.

Tax Efficiency and Planning
Tax-Saving Instruments
Maximize your tax benefits by investing in tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, such as Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) and SCSS. These instruments help reduce your taxable income while offering growth and regular income.

Tax on Returns
Understand the tax implications of your investments. For instance, interest from FDs and SCSS is taxable, while long-term capital gains from equity mutual funds enjoy favorable tax treatment. Plan your withdrawals and investments to minimize tax liabilities.

Health Insurance
Ensure you and your wife have adequate health insurance coverage. Medical expenses can erode your retirement corpus quickly. A comprehensive health insurance plan will provide peace of mind and financial security.

Estate Planning
Wills and Trusts
Estate planning is essential to ensure your assets are distributed according to your wishes. Draft a will to specify how your properties and investments should be allocated. Consider setting up a trust for efficient estate management and to minimize disputes among heirs.

Nomination and Succession
Ensure all your financial instruments have updated nominations. This simplifies the process for your heirs and ensures that your assets are transferred smoothly. Discuss your plans with your family to avoid confusion and misunderstandings later.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a liquid instrument like a savings account or a liquid mutual fund. It provides a financial cushion for unexpected expenses.

Reviewing and Adjusting Your Plan
Regular Reviews
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals and risk tolerance. Financial markets and personal circumstances change, so adjust your plan accordingly. Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner to stay on track.

Rebalancing your portfolio periodically is crucial to maintain your desired asset allocation. If your equity investments perform well, they might constitute a larger portion of your portfolio, increasing risk. Rebalance by selling a portion of equity and investing in debt to restore balance.

Stay Informed
Keep yourself informed about financial markets and new investment opportunities. Continuous learning helps make informed decisions and adapt to changing market conditions. Subscribing to financial newsletters and attending seminars can enhance your knowledge.

Long-Term Growth Strategies
Equity Investments
For long-term growth, maintain a portion of your portfolio in equity investments. Equities have historically outperformed other asset classes over the long term. However, they come with higher risk, so balance your equity exposure based on your risk tolerance.

Real Assets
While you've asked not to consider real estate, it's worth mentioning that your ancestral property is a significant asset. Ensure it is well-maintained and consider potential income streams from it, such as renting or leasing, to supplement your retirement income.

Genuine Compliments and Appreciation
You have done an admirable job of planning and saving for your retirement. Your diverse portfolio, debt-free lifestyle, and significant assets reflect careful planning and financial discipline. It’s evident that you have a clear vision for a comfortable and secure retirement.

Your meticulous approach towards ensuring a regular income and safeguarding your assets for the future is commendable. You’ve laid a strong foundation for your golden years, and with a few strategic adjustments, you can enjoy a financially worry-free retirement.

Final Insights
Retirement planning is a continuous process that requires regular monitoring and adjustments. Your primary goal should be to ensure a stable and sufficient income while preserving your capital. Diversify your investments, assess risks carefully, and make informed decisions.

Utilize safe investment options like SCSS, POMIS, and high-rated corporate bonds for regular income. Consider mutual funds for growth, and always keep an emergency fund. Regular reviews and rebalancing will keep your portfolio aligned with your goals.

Stay informed, and don’t hesitate to seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner to optimize your strategy. Your proactive approach and diversified portfolio set you up for a successful and enjoyable retirement. Keep up the good work and continue to make prudent financial decisions.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4631 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
Hello sir, I am 36 years old ,single working woman. My monthly oncomebis 2 lakhs 23 thousand. I have a home loan with 73K emi. I have about 6.5 in PPF and about 3 lakhs in PF. Currently I work directly with a Canadian company that puts me in a tax bracket of Consultants. I have NPS of 4 lakhs and annually invest in NPS, PPF and home loan. I want to create a savings of 10 lakhs in the next 3 years and pay off my home loan in the next 7 year. Please advise
Ans: Creating a financial plan that aligns with your goals is crucial. Your situation is unique, and your aspirations of saving Rs. 10 lakhs in the next three years and paying off your home loan in seven years are commendable. Let's outline a strategy to help you achieve these objectives.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Income and Expenses

Your monthly income is Rs. 2.23 lakhs, with an EMI of Rs. 73,000 for your home loan. This leaves you with Rs. 1.5 lakhs to manage your other expenses, savings, and investments.

Existing Investments

You have Rs. 6.5 lakhs in PPF, Rs. 3 lakhs in PF, and Rs. 4 lakhs in NPS. These are stable and relatively low-risk investments.

Tax Considerations

As you work for a Canadian company, you fall into the consultant tax bracket, which may offer different tax advantages. Utilizing tax-saving investments efficiently can help reduce your tax burden.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Savings Goal

You aim to save Rs. 10 lakhs in the next three years. This is achievable with disciplined planning.

Home Loan Repayment

Your goal to repay your home loan in the next seven years requires a structured approach. Accelerating loan repayment will save interest over time.

Creating a Structured Savings Plan
Monthly Savings Target

To save Rs. 10 lakhs in three years, you need to save about Rs. 27,777 per month. This should be manageable with your current income and expenses.

Emergency Fund

Before anything else, ensure you have an emergency fund. This fund should cover 6-9 months of expenses. It acts as a safety net against unexpected financial shocks.

Investment Strategies
PPF and PF Contributions

Continue your contributions to PPF and PF. These provide stability and tax benefits.

Mutual Funds

Consider investing in actively managed mutual funds. These funds are managed by professional fund managers who can adjust the portfolio to maximize returns.


Diversify your investments across different asset classes. This reduces risk and can enhance returns. You might consider a mix of equity and debt funds.

Tax Efficiency
Tax-Saving Investments

Maximize your contributions to tax-saving instruments like PPF, NPS, and ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme). These can reduce your taxable income.

Home Loan Interest Deduction

Utilize the tax benefits on home loan interest payments under Section 24(b). This can significantly reduce your taxable income.

Accelerating Home Loan Repayment
Prepayment Strategy

Consider making prepayments on your home loan when possible. Even small prepayments can reduce the principal and, consequently, the interest burden.

Increase EMI Amount

If possible, increase your EMI amount annually. This will help reduce the loan tenure and save on interest.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Annual Financial Review

Review your financial plan annually. Adjust your strategies based on changes in income, expenses, and goals.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner

A certified financial planner can provide personalized advice. They can help optimize your investment and savings strategies.

Smart Budgeting and Expense Management
Track Your Expenses

Use budgeting tools to track your monthly expenses. Identify areas where you can cut back and save more.

Prioritize Spending

Prioritize essential expenses and limit discretionary spending. This will help you save more towards your goals.

Leveraging NPS for Long-Term Goals
NPS Contributions

Continue contributing to your NPS. It’s a robust tool for long-term retirement planning.

Tax Benefits

NPS contributions offer additional tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B), up to Rs. 50,000.

Maximizing Returns on Existing Investments
Regular Monitoring

Monitor your PPF and PF investments. Ensure they are aligned with your overall financial goals.

Rebalancing Portfolio

Periodically rebalance your investment portfolio. This ensures it remains aligned with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Building a Contingency Plan
Insurance Coverage

Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance. This protects your financial plan against unforeseen events.

Creating a Will

Consider creating a will to ensure your assets are distributed according to your wishes. This provides peace of mind and security for your loved ones.

Final Insights
Your financial goals are achievable with careful planning and disciplined execution. By saving systematically, optimizing your investments, and efficiently managing your debt, you can create a secure financial future. Regular reviews and adjustments to your plan will ensure you stay on track towards achieving your aspirations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1884 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1884 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Dear Sir, I have an offer from Manipal Udupi (main campus) in joining Mechanical (from 3rd round of counseling). I am not interested on Mechanical, and I do not have any other offers in hand. I am thinking of dropping this year and preparing of JEE next year. Please note, my JEE result was below 80% percentile and PCM at 80% this year. Is it advisable to drop a year or going with Mech in Manipal-U (I am hearing that there would be few more intra-campus counselling rounds which might change my position from mech to other streams like electrical or electronics.
Ans: Bibek, what are you are referring is sliding / upgrading to other streams. Please note this depends upon the demands by other students belonging to Mechanical for ECE/CSE/EEE etc. and also your academic performance in 1st year. I normally do not recommend 'drop'. Besides, keeping in view your score in Board/JEE, it is not advisable. Better to join Manipal-Main Campus for Mechanical & try for sliding.

Some suggestions before / after joining Manipal. (1) Have a thorough research about Manipal Main Campus about its culture, hostel facilities, internship opportunities, placement records, infrastructure, faculties, quality of teaching etc. to yourself get mentally prepared (2) Keep upgrading your skills (3) Create a Professional LinkedIn Profile and keep updating it every 3-months, using keywords related to your domain / skills (4) Put Job Alerts in LinkeIn to get notifications to know about Job Market Trends to keep yourself updated (5) Connect with Professionals of your domain (not to ask for jobs) to gain knowledge from them and their views. All the Best for Your Bright Future.

To Know More on 'Education | Careers | Jobs', Ask / Follows us in RediffGURUS.

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Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |64 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

I had requested a company to provide internship plus project for my regular M.Tech course, instead i was offered internship plus job and contribution to pf was also there. In 3rd Sem we need to do internship which ended at Jan 2021, pf contribution started for month of October 2020. In 4th sem, no subject only project and i continued my job and project parallely This was during covid time, will this be a problem to work in IT gaint like TCS, If Yes, what best can i do ?
Ans: Having both an internship and a job during your M.Tech is commendable. It shows your commitment and multitasking abilities. The contribution to your provident fund (PF) is an added benefit. Remember, many successful professionals have navigated similar situations. Your dedication and adaptability will be valuable assets.

The pandemic accelerated the move toward hybrid workplaces, combining remote and in-person work. IT companies are increasingly open to flexible arrangements. Highlight your adaptability and remote work experience during interviews.

Update your resume and LinkedIn profile to reflect your internship, job, and project experience. Emphasize the skills you gained during your job and project. Showcase any relevant technologies or tools. Connect with professionals in your field. Attend virtual events and webinars. Prepare for technical interviews. Practice coding, algorithms, and system design. Understand TCS’s work culture, values, and projects. During interviews, explain your situation honestly. Highlight your achievements and how you managed both work and studies.

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Aasif Ahmed Khan

Aasif Ahmed Khan   |64 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Career Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

My son recently completed his Btech Mechanical at Thapar Institute but still waiting for placement.He got 8.5 cg till 7th sem and cg of 8th sem not declared yet and I hope he will not get less than previous cg. Please guide us about his placement. Can he placed of campus? or but about his study now.
Ans: Job searches can be challenging, but persistence pays off. Remind your son to stay positive, keep refining his approach, and learn from any setbacks. Remember that every student’s journey is unique, and there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. Encourage your son to explore both on-campus and off-campus options, and support him throughout the process. Your son’s strong CGPA can certainly attract recruiters during these placement drives.

If on-campus placements don’t yield immediate results, off-campus placements are an alternative. Off-campus placements involve applying directly to companies outside the college. Your son can explore job portals, company websites, and networking platforms to find relevant job openings. Tailor his resume, write personalized cover letters, and apply proactively.

While waiting for placements, your son can enhance his skills. Consider certifications, online courses, or projects related to mechanical engineering. Practical experience and domain-specific knowledge can make him more attractive to employers. Networking plays a crucial role in off-campus placements. Encourage your son to connect with alumni, industry professionals, and attend job fairs or industry events.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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