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Sanjeev Govila  |458 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jul 27, 2023

Colonel Sanjeev Govila (retd) is the founder of Hum Fauji Initiatives, a financial planning company dedicated to the armed forces personnel and their families.
He has over 12 years of experience in financial planning and is a SEBI certified registered investment advisor; he is also accredited with AMFI and IRDA.... more
BIKRAM Question by BIKRAM on Jun 12, 2023Hindi

I am 56 completed and working in an MNC.With 3-4 years of active life left out , what type of Pension plan I can adopt. Please guide me. Bikram K.Giri

Ans: There are various types of pension plans available in the market like those offered by Insurance companies, National Pension Scheme and Mutual Funds.

Insurance offered pension plans could be Immediate Annuity Plan, Guaranteed Period Annuity Plan, Life annuity plan etc which generally offer assured income to you. However, the returns are very low and high taxability make them quite expensive. I feel that the lure of assured income does not fully compensate you for what you lose in the bargain.

I feel that using Mutual Funds to create retirement income is much better alternative since it gives you far greater flexibility of investment, withdrawal, changing course any time as per your requirements and very high tax-efficiency.

Before choosing an option for your retirement, I suggest you to consult with a good financial advisor for the best suitable advice.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Sanjeev Govila  |458 Answers  |Ask -

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 18, 2024Hindi
I am 55 years old, having NPS Corpus of 1.06 crore, PPF Rs. 12lakhs, MF Rs. 23lakhs, Equity 11.6 lakhs, FD 4 lakhs. I will retire (under New Pension Scheme) at the age of 62 years. How to plan my retirement ?
Ans: Congratulations on building a substantial retirement corpus. Your diversified investments show prudent financial planning.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
NPS Corpus
Your NPS corpus of ?1.06 crore is a significant asset. It will provide regular income after retirement.

PPF, Mutual Funds, Equity, and FD
You have diversified investments in PPF (?12 lakhs), mutual funds (?23 lakhs), equity (?11.6 lakhs), and fixed deposits (?4 lakhs). This is a balanced mix of assets.

Defining Retirement Goals and Timeline
Retirement Age and Lifestyle
You plan to retire at 62 years. Define your desired lifestyle and estimate monthly expenses post-retirement.

Corpus Utilization
Determine how much of your corpus will be used for regular income and how much will remain invested for growth.

Creating a Retirement Corpus Strategy
NPS Strategy
Regular Income from NPS
At retirement, you can use a portion of the NPS corpus to purchase an annuity for regular income. The remaining can be withdrawn lump sum.

Optimal Annuity Plan
Choose an annuity plan that offers a steady income and matches your financial needs. Consider inflation-adjusted options.

PPF Utilization
Safety and Growth
PPF provides safe returns and tax benefits. Upon maturity, you can reinvest the amount in safe, income-generating instruments.

Mutual Funds
Equity and Debt Allocation
Your mutual funds should have a balanced mix of equity and debt to ensure growth and stability. Adjust the allocation based on risk tolerance.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Use SWPs for regular income from your mutual fund investments. This provides a steady cash flow while keeping the principal invested.

Equity Investments
Long-Term Growth
Continue holding your equity investments for long-term growth. Rebalance your portfolio as you approach retirement.

Fixed Deposits
Stability and Liquidity
FDs offer guaranteed returns and liquidity. Use them for immediate expenses and as a safety net.

Estimating Retirement Corpus Needs
Monthly Expenses
Calculate your expected monthly expenses post-retirement. Consider inflation and potential medical costs.

Inflation Adjustment
Ensure your retirement corpus can withstand inflation. A 6-7% inflation rate can erode purchasing power over time.

Diversifying Your Investment Portfolio
Balanced Portfolio
Maintain a diversified portfolio to balance risk and return. Include a mix of equity, debt, and fixed-income instruments.

Equity Funds
Invest in equity funds for growth. Adjust the risk based on your comfort level and investment horizon.

Debt Funds
Invest in debt funds for stability and regular income. Choose funds with a good track record.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Portfolio Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your retirement goals. Adjust allocations as needed.

Rebalancing Strategy
Rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation. This helps manage risk and optimize returns.

Emergency Fund
Importance of Liquidity
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This provides liquidity and financial stability during unforeseen events.

Tax Planning
Efficient Tax Strategies
Consider the tax implications of your investments. Utilize tax-saving options like PPF and ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme) to maximize tax benefits.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor an investment strategy based on your specific needs. Professional advice can help optimize your portfolio for early retirement.

Early retirement is achievable with disciplined planning and investing. Balance your investments across equity funds, debt funds, PPF, and balanced advantage funds. Regularly review and adjust your portfolio to stay aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 29, 2024

I work for PSU and still have 20 years of service. Annual package is 14 lacs. I have NPS corpus of around 22 lacs and monthly addition of 35000/- till retirement. I have housing loan 40 lacs and car loan 5 lacs and investing in mutual funds 20000/- per month in 4 different small cap, gold fund and debt fund. Also invested in Bank fd, RBI bond and SGB and for daughter 07 years in sukanya scheme 30000/- per year. I don't have pension scheme which was removed by government. How can I further plan for my retirement.
Ans: Thank you for sharing your financial details and goals. It's great that you are thinking ahead about your retirement planning. With a structured approach, you can achieve a secure and comfortable retirement. Let's analyze your current situation and devise a comprehensive plan.

Current Financial Overview
Your annual package is Rs. 14 lakhs, and you have 20 years of service left in your Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) job. Here’s a summary of your current financial status:

NPS Corpus: Rs. 22 lakhs with a monthly addition of Rs. 35,000 until retirement.
Housing Loan: Rs. 40 lakhs.
Car Loan: Rs. 5 lakhs.
Mutual Funds Investment: Rs. 20,000 per month in small-cap, gold fund, and debt fund.
Bank FD, RBI Bond, and SGB: Additional investments.
Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme: Rs. 30,000 per year for your daughter.
No Pension Scheme: Government pension scheme removed.
Retirement Planning Strategy
To achieve a comfortable retirement, follow these strategic steps:

1. Increase NPS Contributions
Your NPS contributions are substantial, but maximizing them can enhance your retirement corpus. NPS offers tax benefits and is a low-cost investment option. Given the power of compounding, increasing your monthly contributions, if feasible, will significantly boost your retirement savings.

2. Manage Your Loans Effectively
Focus on repaying your housing and car loans efficiently. High-interest loans can eat into your savings. Consider these strategies:

Prepay Your Loans: Use any surplus funds or bonuses to prepay a portion of your loans. This reduces the principal amount and interest burden.
Increase EMI Payments: If possible, increase your EMI payments to shorten the loan tenure and reduce overall interest.
3. Diversify Your Mutual Fund Investments
Your current investment in mutual funds is a good start. However, diversification is key to balancing risk and returns. Here’s a suggested allocation:

Equity Funds: Allocate a portion to large-cap and mid-cap funds. These offer stability and growth potential.
Debt Funds: Continue investing in debt funds for stability and lower risk.
Gold Fund: Gold is a good hedge against inflation but limit exposure to 5-10% of your portfolio.
4. Evaluate and Rebalance Your Portfolio
Regularly evaluate the performance of your investments. Rebalancing ensures your portfolio aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Aim to review your portfolio at least once a year.

5. Maximize Tax Savings
Utilize all available tax-saving instruments under Section 80C and 80CCD:

PPF: Consider additional investments in PPF for tax benefits and secure returns.
ELSS Funds: Equity-Linked Savings Schemes offer tax benefits and potential for high returns.
6. Increase Investments Gradually
As your income grows, gradually increase your investments. Aim to increase your SIPs in mutual funds and contributions to PPF and NPS. This disciplined approach ensures steady growth in your investment corpus.

7. Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your expenses. This provides a financial cushion in case of unexpected events. Keep this fund in a liquid, easily accessible form like a savings account or liquid fund.

8. Plan for Daughter’s Education and Marriage
The Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme is a great start for your daughter's future. Additionally, consider investing in a child education plan or dedicated mutual funds for her education and marriage expenses.

Calculating Future Corpus
With disciplined saving and investment, you can build a substantial corpus. Let’s project your NPS corpus and mutual fund investments:

NPS Corpus Growth
Assuming a conservative annual return of 8% and continuing your monthly contribution of Rs. 35,000:

Your NPS corpus can grow significantly over 20 years.
Mutual Funds Growth
With an average annual return of 12% from mutual funds:

Your monthly SIPs of Rs. 20,000 can accumulate a substantial amount in 20 years.
Additional Investments
Your investments in PPF, FDs, RBI Bonds, and SGBs will also contribute to your retirement corpus. Ensure these investments are aligned with your overall financial goals.

Generating Post-Retirement Income
To achieve financial security post-retirement, create a diversified income stream:

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Use SWPs in mutual funds to generate a regular income.
Annuity Plans: Consider investing a portion of your corpus in annuity plans for a steady income.
Interest and Dividends: Income from fixed deposits, bonds, and SGBs will add to your monthly cash flow.
Regular Monitoring and Adjustment
Regularly monitor your portfolio and adjust based on market conditions and life changes. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner ensures your strategy remains effective and aligned with your goals.

Importance of Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner can provide tailored advice, helping you optimize your investment strategy. Their expertise ensures you make informed decisions, maximizing returns while managing risk.

You are on the right track with your current investments and financial discipline. By increasing your NPS contributions, managing loans effectively, diversifying your portfolio, and maximizing tax savings, you can build a substantial retirement corpus. Regular monitoring and professional guidance will further ensure financial security. With a strategic approach, you can achieve your retirement goal of Rs. 2 crore and enjoy a comfortable post-retirement life.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

I am 54 year old and planning for retirement in another 4 years. at present I have FD-- 70 lac. MF- 25 lac, Post office MIS : 15 lac. KVP- 5 Lac. LIC : 32 lac. what could be my retirement plan ? I have one daughter age 19 yrs. for my daughter.. I have invested.. LIC -16 lac, PPF ; 14 lac, FD : 5.5 lac, please advice
Ans: Retirement planning is a crucial phase in one’s financial journey. As you plan to retire in four years, it’s essential to create a robust plan that ensures financial security and stability. You have diligently saved and invested over the years, and now it’s time to optimize those investments to ensure a comfortable retirement. Let's delve into a comprehensive retirement strategy tailored to your needs.

Current Financial Position
You have done a commendable job with your savings. Here’s a summary of your current financial status:

For Yourself:

Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 70 lakh
Mutual Funds (MF): Rs 25 lakh
Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS): Rs 15 lakh
Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP): Rs 5 lakh
Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Policies: Rs 32 lakh
For Your Daughter:

LIC Policies: Rs 16 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 14 lakh
Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 5.5 lakh
You’ve built a solid financial foundation, ensuring both your retirement and your daughter’s future needs are considered. Let’s analyze and optimize this portfolio for maximum benefit.

Diversification and Liquidity
Diversification is key to a well-rounded retirement portfolio. Your current investments are diversified across various instruments. However, ensuring sufficient liquidity is equally important. Liquidity means having access to cash when needed, without significant losses.

Fixed Deposits (FDs):

FDs offer security and assured returns but have lower liquidity. Upon maturity, reinvest them in a mix of debt and equity mutual funds for better returns and liquidity.

Mutual Funds (MFs):

Your mutual fund investments provide growth potential. Review your portfolio to ensure a balanced mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds. Focus on actively managed funds for better returns.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS):

MIS is a reliable source of regular income. Upon maturity, consider investing the proceeds in hybrid funds, which offer a balance of equity and debt.

Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP):

KVP is a long-term investment with tax benefits. Hold it until maturity to benefit from its assured returns. Upon maturity, reinvest in balanced mutual funds.

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Policies:

LIC policies provide security but might not yield high returns. Evaluate if surrendering or continuing them aligns with your goals. Surrender and reinvest in mutual funds for potentially higher returns, if it fits your risk profile.

Planning for Retirement Income
A successful retirement plan ensures regular income to meet expenses. Let’s create a sustainable income plan from your existing assets.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs):

Utilize SWPs from your mutual funds for regular income. This ensures a steady cash flow while keeping your capital invested for growth.

Monthly Income from Post Office MIS:

Continue receiving monthly income from your Post Office MIS. This adds to your regular income stream.

Interest from Fixed Deposits:

Interest from FDs can supplement your income. Reinvest the principal amount wisely upon maturity.

Health Insurance and Emergency Fund
Healthcare expenses can be significant during retirement. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage.

Health Insurance:

Review and enhance your health insurance coverage. Opt for a comprehensive plan that covers hospitalization, critical illness, and outpatient expenses.

Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to six months of expenses. This should be in a liquid asset like a savings account or liquid mutual fund.

Estate Planning and Legacy
It’s essential to have a plan for transferring your wealth to your heirs.

Will and Estate Planning:

Create a will to ensure your assets are distributed as per your wishes. Consider consulting an estate planning professional for a detailed plan.

Nominees and Beneficiaries:

Ensure all your investments have updated nominees and beneficiaries. This simplifies the transfer process.

Investment Strategy for Your Daughter
You’ve made significant investments for your daughter. Let’s optimize these for her future needs.

LIC Policies:

Evaluate the performance of LIC policies. If returns are low, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds for higher growth potential.

Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a great investment for long-term growth and tax benefits. Continue investing in PPF for assured returns and tax benefits.

Fixed Deposits (FDs):

FDs offer safety but lower returns. Upon maturity, consider investing in equity mutual funds for better returns, considering her long-term needs.

Tax Planning and Efficiency
Efficient tax planning enhances your retirement corpus. Utilize tax-saving instruments to minimize tax outgo.

Section 80C Investments:

Continue utilizing Section 80C deductions through PPF, ELSS, and insurance premiums. This reduces your taxable income.

Tax-efficient Withdrawals:

Plan your withdrawals from investments in a tax-efficient manner. Withdraw from tax-free instruments first to minimize tax liability.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regular reviews ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your goals.

Annual Reviews:

Conduct an annual review of your portfolio. Adjust allocations based on performance and changing needs.

Certified Financial Planner:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can help optimize your investments and ensure you stay on track.

You’ve done an excellent job in planning for your future and your daughter’s. Your diversified portfolio shows a good understanding of different investment options. You’ve balanced safety and growth potential well. Your foresight in starting early and choosing varied instruments is commendable.

Final Insights
Retirement planning is an ongoing process that requires careful thought and regular adjustments. With your current assets and strategic adjustments, you’re well-positioned for a secure retirement. Focus on liquidity, regular income, and tax efficiency. Ensure your daughter’s future is well-planned and secure.

Investing wisely, keeping a balanced portfolio, and regular reviews will help you achieve your retirement goals. Continue to stay informed and proactive about your financial health.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4660 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
I am 37 years old and a govt servant.i just recently started sip in four funds 1.Mirae asset large and midcap fund direct growth. _1k 2.quant large and mid cap fund direct growth_1k 3.kotak equity opportunities fund direct growth_1k 4.icici prudential retirement fund pure equity plan direct growth -5k Is it good for a term like 10 years?and if i want to invest 5k more then where should i invest for a term of 15 to 20 years.please advice .thank you
Ans: As a government servant at 37, planning for the future is crucial. Starting SIPs in mutual funds is a wise step, but evaluating and refining your strategy can optimize your returns. This analysis will guide you through your current investments and suggest additional avenues for a long-term horizon.

Current SIP Analysis

You've begun SIPs in four mutual funds with a 10-year perspective:

Mirae Asset Large and Midcap Fund
Quant Large and Midcap Fund
Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund
ICICI Prudential Retirement Fund Pure Equity Plan
Your current allocation in these funds is commendable. Let's evaluate the benefits and potential improvements.

1. Mirae Asset Large and Midcap Fund

This fund invests in both large and midcap stocks. It offers growth potential from midcaps and stability from large caps. This balanced approach can yield good returns over the long term.

2. Quant Large and Midcap Fund

Similar to the Mirae Asset Fund, this fund also diversifies between large and midcap stocks. Diversification is a key strategy to mitigate risk while aiming for growth.

3. Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund

This fund focuses on equity opportunities across market caps. It's known for good management and consistent performance. It adds diversity to your portfolio.

4. ICICI Prudential Retirement Fund Pure Equity Plan

This fund is designed for long-term goals like retirement. It invests primarily in equities, which can offer higher returns over an extended period.

Your portfolio currently has a good mix of large-cap stability and mid-cap growth potential. However, since you're considering a long-term investment horizon of 15-20 years, let's explore where you can invest an additional Rs 5,000 per month.

Evaluating Direct Funds vs Regular Funds

You've invested in direct plans, which typically have lower expense ratios. However, regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) have their advantages. A CFP provides personalized advice, timely reviews, and adjustments to your portfolio. These services can potentially enhance your investment performance, justifying the slightly higher expense ratios.

Long-term Investment Strategy

For a long-term investment horizon of 15-20 years, consider the following factors:

Diversification: Spread investments across different asset classes and sectors.
Risk Tolerance: Understand your risk appetite and invest accordingly.
Consistent Review: Regularly review and adjust your portfolio based on market conditions and personal goals.
Recommended Investment Avenues

To invest an additional Rs 5,000 per month, here are some funds and strategies to consider:

1. Flexi Cap Funds

Flexi cap funds invest in stocks across market capitalizations. They offer flexibility to shift investments between large, mid, and small caps based on market conditions. This dynamic allocation can capture opportunities across the spectrum and provide robust returns over the long term.

2. Mid Cap Funds

Mid cap funds focus on medium-sized companies with high growth potential. These companies often grow faster than large caps and can offer higher returns. However, they come with higher risk, suitable for a long-term horizon.

3. Sectoral or Thematic Funds

These funds invest in specific sectors like technology, healthcare, or financial services. Investing in a growing sector can yield substantial returns. However, they are riskier and require careful selection and timing. For example, the healthcare sector in India is poised for significant growth due to increasing health awareness and spending.

4. International Funds

Investing in international funds provides exposure to global markets. This diversification can reduce risk associated with the Indian market. It also allows you to capitalize on the growth of developed economies and emerging markets. For instance, a fund investing in US technology stocks can offer high growth potential.

5. Balanced or Hybrid Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equity and debt instruments. They provide growth potential with equity and stability with debt. This mix can be suitable for moderate risk tolerance and long-term investment. These funds can provide a cushion during market volatility, ensuring smoother returns.

6. Multi-Asset Funds

Multi-asset funds diversify across various asset classes, including equity, debt, and gold. This diversification reduces risk and can provide steady returns. Investing in multiple assets helps in balancing the portfolio against market fluctuations.

The Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

While index funds passively track market indices, actively managed funds have fund managers making strategic decisions. Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market, providing higher returns. They adjust portfolios based on market trends, economic conditions, and company performance. This active management justifies the slightly higher expense ratios, as it can potentially lead to better returns than passive funds.

Implementing the Strategy

Based on the analysis, here's a suggested allocation for your additional Rs 5,000 investment:

Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 1,500
Mid Cap Fund: Rs 1,000
Sectoral/Thematic Fund: Rs 1,000
International Fund: Rs 1,000
Multi-Asset Fund: Rs 500
This allocation provides a balanced mix of growth potential and risk mitigation.

Regular Review and Adjustment

Investing is not a one-time activity. Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. A Certified Financial Planner can assist in this process, providing insights and adjustments based on market trends and your evolving financial situation.

Final Insights

Investing for the long term requires a strategic approach. Your current SIPs are a good start, and with the additional Rs 5,000 investment, you can further strengthen your portfolio. Diversification across different asset classes and sectors is key to maximizing returns and minimizing risk.

Consider the benefits of regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner. While they have higher expense ratios, the personalized advice and active management can enhance your investment performance.

Focus on a balanced mix of flexi cap, mid cap, sectoral/thematic, international, and multi-asset funds. This diversified approach can capture growth opportunities across markets and sectors, ensuring a robust and resilient portfolio.

Regularly review your investments, adjust based on performance and market conditions, and stay committed to your long-term goals. With careful planning and strategic investments, you can build a substantial corpus for your future needs.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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