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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 22, 2024Hindi

Sir I am 39 year's old. Don't have much savings. Investing in share market and have accumulated a sum of 1.25 lakhs from it till now. Also have a Sip of Rs 2000 per month. Wanted to increase my SIP to 5000. Suggest few direct schemes which provides better rates of interest.

Ans: Enhancing Your SIP Investments: A Strategic Approach
Current Financial Position and Goals
You are 39 years old with Rs 1.25 lakhs in the share market and a SIP of Rs 2,000 per month. You plan to increase your SIP to Rs 5,000 per month. This shows your dedication to building a strong financial future.

Your commitment to increasing your SIP contributions is commendable. It shows a proactive approach to securing your financial goals.

Importance of Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Consistent Investing
SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, which helps in averaging out the cost of your investments over time. This reduces the impact of market volatility.

Discipline and Convenience
SIPs promote disciplined investing and are convenient as they automate your investment process, ensuring you consistently contribute towards your financial goals.

Direct Funds vs. Regular Funds
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds save on commission fees but lack personalized guidance. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credentials ensures expert advice and strategic insights.

Benefits of Regular Funds
Regular funds offer the expertise of professional advisors who help make informed decisions, optimize your portfolio, and achieve your long-term investment goals.

Choosing the Right SIP Schemes
It's essential to diversify your investments across different types of mutual funds to manage risk and optimize returns. Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.

Fund Performance
Regularly review the performance of mutual funds. Choose funds with a consistent track record of outperforming their benchmarks.

Actively Managed Funds vs. Index Funds
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds lack flexibility to adapt to market changes, potentially leading to lower returns compared to actively managed funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are overseen by professional fund managers who adjust the portfolio based on market conditions, aiming for higher returns and better risk management.

Suggested SIP Schemes
Large-Cap Funds
Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies with a strong market presence. They are relatively stable and provide steady returns.

Mid-Cap Funds
Mid-cap funds invest in medium-sized companies with potential for higher growth. They are riskier than large-cap funds but can offer better returns.

Small-Cap Funds
Small-cap funds invest in smaller companies with high growth potential. They are the riskiest but can provide significant returns over the long term.

Monitoring and Managing Your Investments
Regular Review
Regularly review the performance of your SIPs. Compare their returns with benchmark indices and peer funds. Consistent underperformance might indicate the need for a change.

Professional Guidance
Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). They can help you evaluate fund performance, recommend adjustments, and ensure your investments align with your goals.

Strategic Portfolio Management
Asset Allocation
Maintain a balanced asset allocation across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds. This diversification helps manage risk and optimize returns.

Regular Rebalancing
Periodically rebalance your portfolio to maintain your desired asset allocation. This involves selling overperforming assets and buying underperforming ones, ensuring your portfolio stays aligned with your goals.

Planning for Future Financial Goals
Retirement Planning
Investing in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds can help build a substantial corpus for retirement. Regular contributions and long-term growth ensure financial security in retirement years.

Child’s Education
Long-term investments are ideal for funding your child's education. Starting early and staying invested can generate necessary funds to cover higher education expenses, even for overseas studies.

Managing Market Uncertainties
Staying Invested
Market fluctuations are inevitable. Staying invested through market cycles can yield better long-term returns. Avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Continue investing through SIPs. SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, averaging out the cost of investments and reducing the impact of market volatility.

Building a Contingency Fund
Importance of Liquidity
Ensure you have an adequate contingency fund. This fund provides liquidity for emergencies, reducing the need to withdraw from your long-term investments.

Maintaining a long-term SIP portfolio is a sound strategy for achieving financial goals. Regular monitoring, professional guidance, and a balanced approach can help you optimize returns and manage risks. Your commitment to securing your financial future is commendable, and with the right strategy, you can achieve your retirement and other long-term goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 12, 2024Hindi
Hello sir.. I am 37 years old. Dont have any investiments as of now.. I can invest 15k per month for long term. Please suggest me some SIP OPTIONS Which suits for me
Ans: It's great that you're considering investing for the long term at 37. SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans) are an excellent way to start building wealth gradually. Here are some suggestions for SIP options that could suit you:

Diversified Equity Funds: Opt for SIPs in diversified equity funds that invest across various sectors and market capitalizations. These funds offer growth potential over the long term while spreading risk across different segments of the market.

Large Cap Funds: Consider investing in large-cap funds, which primarily focus on well-established companies with a track record of stable performance. These funds offer relatively lower risk compared to mid and small-cap funds while still providing opportunities for growth.

Multi-Cap Funds: Multi-cap funds invest in companies across the market capitalization spectrum, offering a balance of growth and stability. These funds adapt to changing market conditions, making them suitable for long-term investors seeking diversification.

Balanced Funds: If you prefer a balanced approach, consider SIPs in balanced funds, which invest in both equities and debt instruments. These funds offer a mix of capital appreciation and income generation, making them suitable for conservative investors.

Sectoral Funds (Optional): If you have a strong conviction about a specific sector's growth potential, you may consider SIPs in sectoral funds. However, keep in mind that sectoral funds carry higher risk due to their concentrated exposure.

When selecting SIP options, consider factors such as your risk tolerance, investment goals, and investment horizon. Additionally, review the fund's track record, fund manager's expertise, and expense ratio before making a decision.

Remember, consistency and patience are key when investing through SIPs. Stay committed to your investment plan, and over time, you can potentially build a significant corpus for your future financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3951 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 05, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 05, 2024Hindi
Hi sir am 35yrs old , and i don't have any savings till now. I am planning to do SIP now onwards 30k per month and mai aim is to I need to achieve 1cr till 45yrs. Kindly suggest me some funds were can I invest.
Ans: Starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is a great step towards building wealth for your future goals. Given your goal of reaching 1 crore by the age of 45, it's essential to choose mutual funds that align with your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial objectives. Here are some suggestions for mutual funds to consider for your SIP:

Diversified Equity Funds:
Look for funds that invest across various sectors and market capitalizations to spread risk.
Consider funds with a proven track record of consistent performance and experienced fund managers.
Large Cap Funds:
Large-cap funds invest in established and well-known companies with a track record of stable earnings.
These funds offer relatively lower risk compared to mid and small-cap funds, making them suitable for long-term wealth creation.
Mid and Small Cap Funds:
Mid and small-cap funds have the potential for higher growth but come with higher volatility.
Invest in these funds if you have a higher risk appetite and a longer investment horizon to ride out market fluctuations.
Balanced Funds:
Balanced funds, also known as hybrid funds, invest in a mix of equities and debt instruments.
These funds provide a balance between growth and stability, making them suitable for investors seeking moderate risk with potential for capital appreciation.
Index Funds:
Index funds replicate the performance of a specific market index, such as the Nifty or Sensex.
These funds offer low expense ratios and are ideal for investors looking for passive investment options with diversified exposure to the equity market.
Tax-saving ELSS Funds:
Consider investing in Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS) to benefit from tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
ELSS funds have a lock-in period of three years and invest primarily in equities, offering the potential for higher returns over the long term.
International Funds:
Explore international funds that invest in global markets to diversify your portfolio and access opportunities beyond domestic markets.
These funds provide exposure to sectors and companies not available in the Indian market and can offer diversification benefits.
Before investing, assess your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to create a personalized investment plan tailored to your needs and objectives. Regularly review your portfolio and make adjustments as needed to stay on track towards achieving your goal of 1 crore by the age of 45. Remember, disciplined investing over time can help you achieve your financial aspirations.

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Latest Questions

Moneywize   |122 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.


Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.

...Read more


Mayank Chandel  |1003 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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