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Sunil

Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Apr 18, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Manigandan Question by Manigandan on Apr 17, 2024Hindi
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Hi sir am 33yrd old I have 20lak which I put in FD with interest rate of 7.5% is it ok or I have to change it for better return

Ans: If you understand mutual funds than its advisable to invest in equity mutual funds
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 01, 2024

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I am 63 yrs old i received rs 9 lakhs from fd where to invest for monthly income minimum 5000 pm for personal
Ans: Given your age and the desire for a steady monthly income of Rs. 5,000 from your investment of Rs. 9 lakhs, you may want to consider options that prioritize stability and regular income.

Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS): SCSS is a government-backed savings scheme designed for individuals aged 60 years and above. It offers a fixed interest rate and provides quarterly payouts, making it suitable for generating regular income.
Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (POMIS): POMIS is another government-backed savings scheme that provides monthly interest payments. It offers a fixed interest rate, providing a reliable income source for retirees.
Fixed Maturity Plans (FMPs): FMPs are debt mutual funds that invest in fixed-income securities with a predetermined maturity date. They offer relatively stable returns and can be suitable for generating regular income.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from Debt Mutual Funds: You can consider investing in debt mutual funds and opt for a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) to receive a fixed amount periodically. This allows you to potentially benefit from higher returns compared to traditional fixed-income instruments.
Annuity Plans: Annuity plans offered by insurance companies provide regular income payments in exchange for a lump sum investment. You can explore different annuity options to find one that meets your income requirements and preferences.
Before making any investment decision, carefully assess your income needs, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner who can help you develop a personalized investment strategy tailored to your financial goals and circumstances.

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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Money
Hi Mr. Nikunj, I am 60yr old. One of FD is maturing next month(32lac) Can you advise whether to keep in FD or in Mutual funds. Ashok
Ans: Hello Ashok! It's great that you are thinking carefully about your financial future. At 60, you need to balance between safety and growth. Whether to reinvest your Rs. 32 lakh from a maturing FD into another FD or mutual funds is a significant decision. Let's explore your options.

Evaluating Fixed Deposits (FDs)
Safety and Stability
FDs are known for their safety. Your principal is secure, and you earn a fixed interest. This makes them a low-risk option, which is important at your age.

Guaranteed Returns
FDs offer guaranteed returns. The interest rate is fixed at the time of deposit, ensuring you know exactly how much you will earn.

Liquidity
FDs have a fixed tenure, but you can opt for premature withdrawal, though it may incur a penalty. Some banks also offer special FDs with higher interest rates and more flexibility.

Tax Implications
Interest earned on FDs is taxable. This can reduce your overall returns, especially if you fall into a higher tax bracket. Senior citizens get a higher exemption limit on interest income, but it still impacts your returns.

Inflation Impact
One downside of FDs is that their returns might not always keep pace with inflation. This means your purchasing power might reduce over time, especially in a high inflation environment.

Evaluating Mutual Funds
Potential for Higher Returns
Mutual funds, especially equity or balanced funds, have the potential to offer higher returns compared to FDs. This can help grow your corpus over time.

Diversification
Mutual funds invest in a variety of assets, including equities, debt, and other securities. This diversification helps spread risk and can provide more stable returns over the long term.

Professional Management
Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who make informed investment decisions. This expertise can enhance your investment’s performance.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs)
SWPs in mutual funds allow you to withdraw a fixed amount regularly, providing a steady income. This is especially useful for retirees who need regular cash flow.

Tax Efficiency
Mutual funds can be more tax-efficient compared to FDs. Long-term capital gains on equity mutual funds are taxed at a lower rate after a certain holding period. Debt mutual funds also offer indexation benefits, reducing the tax liability on long-term capital gains.

Risk Factor
While mutual funds offer higher returns, they also come with higher risk. Market fluctuations can impact your investment value. However, choosing the right type of mutual funds can mitigate this risk.

Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Debt Mutual Funds
Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities like bonds and government securities. They offer lower risk and more stable returns, similar to FDs but with better tax efficiency.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds
Balanced funds invest in both equities and debt. They offer a good balance between risk and return, providing growth potential while mitigating risk through debt investments.

Monthly Income Plans (MIPs)
MIPs primarily invest in debt instruments with a small portion in equities. They are designed to provide regular income, making them a suitable option for retirees.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity funds invest in stocks and offer higher returns but come with higher risk. They are suitable if you have a higher risk tolerance and a longer investment horizon.

Transitioning from FDs to Mutual Funds
Assessing Your Risk Tolerance
Given your age and financial goals, it’s crucial to assess your risk tolerance. You should opt for a mix of low-risk and moderate-risk investments to balance safety and growth.

Diversifying Your Investments
Instead of putting the entire Rs. 32 lakh into mutual funds, consider diversifying. You can allocate a portion to FDs for safety and the rest to mutual funds for growth.

Setting Up Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
If you are new to mutual funds, consider starting with Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs). SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, reducing the impact of market volatility.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
To tailor your investment strategy to your specific needs, consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). They can help create a diversified portfolio aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Implementing Your New Investment Strategy
Gradual Transition
Move your funds gradually from FDs to mutual funds to minimize risk. This phased approach allows you to benefit from potential market gains without exposing your entire corpus to volatility.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Regularly monitor your mutual fund portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals. Rebalance your portfolio periodically to maintain the desired asset allocation.

Leveraging SWPs for Regular Income
Set up SWPs in your mutual fund investments to provide a steady stream of income. This ensures you have regular cash flow while your remaining investment continues to grow.

Advantages of Mutual Funds Over FDs
Potential for Higher Returns
Mutual funds offer the potential for higher returns, which can help you build a larger corpus over time. This is particularly beneficial in a low-interest-rate environment.

Better Tax Efficiency
Mutual funds offer better tax efficiency compared to FDs. Long-term capital gains on equity mutual funds are taxed at a lower rate, and debt mutual funds offer indexation benefits.

Flexibility and Liquidity
Mutual funds offer greater flexibility and liquidity compared to FDs. You can redeem your units anytime, though it’s advisable to stay invested for the recommended period to maximize returns.

Professional Management and Diversification
Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers and offer diversification, which can reduce risk and enhance returns. This professional management ensures your investments are actively monitored and adjusted as needed.

Disadvantages of Mutual Funds
Market Risk
Mutual funds are subject to market risk, and the value of your investment can fluctuate based on market conditions. This can impact the returns, especially in the short term.

Management Fees
Mutual funds charge management fees, which can eat into your returns. It’s important to choose funds with reasonable expense ratios to maximize your net returns.

Lack of Guaranteed Returns
Unlike FDs, mutual funds do not offer guaranteed returns. The returns are market-linked, and there’s no assurance of the principal amount, though the risk can be mitigated with proper planning and diversification.

Final Insights
Ashok, transitioning from FDs to mutual funds can be a strategic move to enhance your retirement corpus. While FDs offer safety and guaranteed returns, they may not keep pace with inflation and can be tax-inefficient. Mutual funds, on the other hand, provide the potential for higher returns, better tax efficiency, and professional management.

By evaluating your risk tolerance, diversifying your investments, and leveraging systematic plans, you can create a balanced portfolio that ensures safety and growth. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized guidance to help you navigate this transition effectively.

Remember, the goal is to secure a comfortable and worry-free retirement. With careful planning and the right investment strategy, you can achieve financial stability and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

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Latest Questions
Maxim

Maxim Emmanuel  |288 Answers  |Ask -

Soft Skills Trainer - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 23, 2024Hindi
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Hello sir my name is Santu Chakraborty.I am 34 year old now unmarried. My qualification is Bsc botany honours with 2nd class +diploma in mechanical engineering with distinction +btech in mechanical engineering from government engineering college west Bengal with 7.5 dgpa.I have 6 years of teaching experience in private diploma engineering college and now I working as a vocational teacher in automobile engineering department in gov high school.In my early phase of life I am going through lots of Misguide,seveare Anxiety issue. Nobody can help me on that phase.I recover mostly by my own after various dillema.I want to work in mechanical r and d company, Mechanical design basis company and also upgrade my teaching carrier. How can I start my journey at this age ?what is the risk factor also? Please tell me. I am very enthusiastic dedicated person. I have no guide in my home. My father is vegetable seller.
Ans: Hi Santu Chakraborty,

This is a really exhaustive query.

The journey thru' your acquisition of qualifications has been vast!

In the course of your life you are now suffering from SNIOP (SUSCEPTIBLE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OTHER PEOPLE) this happens when you let others control your life.

I have this poem.. Especially for one's like you!

The Guy in the Glass

When you get what you want in your struggle for pelf,
And the world makes you King for a day,
Then go to the mirror and look at yourself,
And see what that guy has to say.
For it isn't your Father, or Mother, or Wife,
Who judgement upon you must pass.
The feller whose verdict counts most in your life
Is the guy staring back from the glass.
He's the feller to please, never mind all the rest,
For he's with you clear up to the end,
And you've passed your most dangerous, difficult test
If the guy in the glass is your friend.
You may be like Jack Horner and "chisel" a plum,
And think you're a wonderful guy,
But the man in the glass says you're only a bum
If you can't look him straight in the eye.
You can fool the whole world down the pathway of years,
And get pats on the back as you pass,
But your final reward will be heartaches and tears
If you've cheated the guy in the glass.

Dale Wimbrow (c) 1934

Get the enthusiasm going, don't get embroiled in what life has been before!

Take a stranglehold of your life and make it BIG!

The opportunities are.. Miracles waiting to happen, what are you waiting for.. You are the catalyst!?
Maxim Emmanuel.

Pick up yourself don't be a victim of self pity.

If you do need further professional advice happy to assist
https://m.me/maxim.emmanuel.2024

...Read more

Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1830 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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