Home > Money > Question
Need Expert Advice?Our Gurus Can Help

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 20, 2024Hindi

I am 32 years old, me and my wife together draw a salary of 2Lac after taxes. We do not have any investments till now(Car EMI and Maternity expenses till now had costed most of our income which used to be 1.2Lac before). Our monthly expenses range upto 75k(22k+ rent) with a toddler which may increase to 90k once he starts schooling in 3 years. I came from middle class background so don't have any properties or other income sources. If we want to retire at or around 55Yrs of age how much should i invest per month from now and what kind of investments should i do?

Ans: Planning for a Comfortable Retirement
Understanding Your Financial Situation
Your combined monthly salary is ?2 lakhs after taxes, and your current expenses are ?75,000, which might increase to ?90,000 in three years when your toddler starts schooling.

Setting Your Retirement Goal
You wish to retire at the age of 55. Considering your current age of 32, you have 23 years to build your retirement corpus.

Estimating Monthly Investments
To retire comfortably, you need to estimate your future expenses. Assuming your monthly expenses will increase due to inflation, we can estimate a required corpus.

Investment Strategy
Start Early and Stay Consistent:

Starting your investments early gives you the advantage of compounding. Consistency is key to achieving your goals.
Diversify Your Investments:

A balanced portfolio of equity and debt funds can provide growth and stability.
Equity Mutual Funds:

Equity mutual funds can offer high returns over the long term. Consider large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.
Advantages of Regular Funds:
Regular funds provide expert management and personalized advice from Certified Financial Planners.
Debt Mutual Funds:

Debt funds provide stability and reduce risk. They are suitable for medium-term goals and provide steady returns.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP):

SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly. This helps in rupee cost averaging and compounding over time.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a safe, long-term investment option with tax benefits. It is ideal for risk-averse investors.
National Pension System (NPS):

NPS provides a mix of equity and debt investments with additional tax benefits. It is a good option for retirement planning.
How Much to Invest Monthly
Calculate Future Expenses:

Estimate your future monthly expenses considering inflation. For example, if your current expenses are ?75,000, they might double by the time you retire.
Estimate Required Corpus:

Calculate the corpus needed to cover your future expenses for 25-30 years post-retirement.
Determine Monthly Investment:

Use a retirement calculator to determine the monthly investment needed to achieve your corpus.
Example Calculation
Current Monthly Expense: ?75,000
Future Monthly Expense (with inflation): ?1.5 lakhs
Estimated Corpus Needed: ?3-5 crores
Monthly Investment Required: ?40,000-?50,000 (adjust based on calculations and investment returns)
Reviewing and Adjusting Your Plan
Regular Reviews:

Review your investment portfolio annually to ensure it aligns with your goals.
Adjust Investments:

Adjust your investments based on market performance and changing financial goals.
Stay Informed:

Keep yourself updated with financial news and trends to make informed decisions.
By starting early and investing consistently, you can achieve your retirement goal. Diversify your investments across equity and debt funds, and regularly review your portfolio.

Your commitment to securing your financial future is commendable. Stay focused and disciplined in your investment journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

You may like to see similar questions and answers below


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 30, 2024

My age is 47 years and retirement will be at 58th age. I have 2 daughters one at college and second is school level studying. My current monthly minimum required expenses is Rs.30000/-. Currently my investment in EPF is Rs.25 L, Mutual fund Rs.10 L, Leave encashment balance is Rs.6 L, Gratuity Rs.5 L approx., FDs Rs.3 L, life Insurance saving Rs.2 L. My question is apart from above additionally how much should I invest per month to keep my current lifestyle aftery retirement. I am residing at my own home but though building is strong age has reached 30 years old.
Ans: Considering your current expenses, age, and retirement goals, it's essential to plan your investments carefully to maintain your lifestyle post-retirement. Here's a rough estimate to help you determine how much you should invest monthly:

Calculate your post-retirement expenses: Estimate your expenses after retirement, factoring in inflation, healthcare costs, and any additional expenses you may incur.
Determine your retirement corpus: Based on your post-retirement expenses and expected lifespan, calculate the corpus you'll need to support yourself and your family during retirement.
Assess your existing investments: Take stock of your current investments and determine how much they are likely to grow by the time you retire. Consider consulting a financial planner for a detailed analysis.
Calculate the shortfall: After considering your existing investments, calculate how much additional corpus you need to accumulate by the time you retire.
Determine monthly investment required: Based on the shortfall and the number of years until your retirement, calculate the monthly investment required to bridge the gap and achieve your retirement corpus goal.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Hi I am 42 years old and am married with 2 daughters. My monthly take home is 1.8 lakhs and have an additional fixed income of 1 lakh. I need 1 lakh for monthly maintenance of my home including my car loan of 40 thousand. Can you please share me a investment plan for the future. When can I have enough investment to retire.
Ans: You are 42 years old. You are married with two daughters. Your monthly take-home pay is Rs. 1.8 lakhs. You also have a fixed income of Rs. 1 lakh. Your monthly expenses are Rs. 1 lakh, which includes a car loan of Rs. 40,000.

Assessing Your Financial Goals
To create an investment plan, we need to identify your financial goals. Key goals may include:

Children's education and marriage
Retirement planning
Paying off the car loan
Building an emergency fund
Monthly Savings and Investments
Your total income is Rs. 2.8 lakhs per month. After expenses, you have Rs. 1.8 lakhs available for savings and investments.

Investment Strategy
1. Emergency Fund:

First, ensure you have an emergency fund. This should cover 6-12 months of expenses. Set aside Rs. 6-12 lakhs for this purpose. Keep it in a liquid fund or savings account.

2. Debt Repayment:

Your car loan is Rs. 40,000 monthly. Ensure timely repayments to avoid penalties. If possible, consider pre-paying the loan to reduce interest costs.

3. Children's Education and Marriage:

Start investing in child-specific funds. Education and marriage expenses can be high. Estimate the costs and start SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans) in mutual funds.

4. Retirement Planning:

Invest systematically for retirement. Diversify your investments across:

Mutual Funds:
Choose a mix of equity and debt funds.
Actively managed funds can offer better returns than index funds.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):
Offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns.
National Pension System (NPS):
Provides an additional tax benefit and helps build a retirement corpus.
5. Monthly Investment Allocation:

Emergency Fund: Rs. 6-12 lakhs initially
Children's Education and Marriage: Rs. 40,000 per month
Retirement Planning: Rs. 1 lakh per month
Car Loan Repayment: Rs. 40,000 per month
Remaining amount can be allocated to other investment options like mutual funds or debt instruments.
Risk Management
1. Diversification:

Diversify your investments to reduce risk. Invest in a mix of equities, debt, and fixed-income instruments.

2. Insurance:

Ensure adequate insurance coverage. Health insurance and term insurance are essential. They protect your family and assets.

Tax Planning
1. Tax-efficient Investments:

Invest in tax-saving instruments. ELSS funds, PPF, and NPS offer tax benefits.

2. Tax-saving Strategies:

Utilise strategies to reduce tax liability. Plan investments to maximise tax benefits under Section 80C, 80D, and others.

Monitoring and Review
1. Regular Monitoring:

Monitor your investments regularly. Track performance and make adjustments as needed.

2. Annual Review:

Review your financial plan annually. Assess progress towards your goals. Adjust investments based on performance.

When Can You Retire?
To determine your retirement timeline, consider:

Your desired retirement corpus
Your current savings and investments
Your monthly contributions
Expected rate of return on investments
Assuming a balanced portfolio with a mix of equity and debt, you can expect an average annual return of 10-12%. Based on your current savings and investments, a rough estimate can be made. However, consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide a detailed analysis and a more accurate timeline.

Final Insights
Achieving your financial goals requires disciplined planning and regular monitoring. Invest systematically, diversify your portfolio, and utilise tax-saving strategies. With careful planning and professional guidance, you can build a secure financial future and achieve your retirement goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 11, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 26, 2024Hindi
Hi, My age is 32 now unmarried. Am earning around 2.5 lakhs per month. I have 50K home loan and my monthly expenses come around 30K. I have 2 lakhs Fixed deposit , 7 lakhs in PPF ,3 lakhs in NPS and 2 lakhs invested in stock market. Please guide me how much we need for retirement and child's education in future and how to invest for the same from now on.
Ans: It’s great to see you planning your financial future early. Let’s break down your current financial status and develop a strategy to secure your retirement and future child’s education.

Understanding Your Current Financial Status
Income and Expenses

Monthly income: Rs. 2.5 lakhs
Monthly expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Current Investments

Fixed deposit: Rs. 2 lakhs
PPF: Rs. 7 lakhs
NPS: Rs. 3 lakhs
Stock market: Rs. 2 lakhs
Your financial discipline and savings are commendable. Let's build on this to achieve your goals.

Estimating Future Needs
Retirement Corpus
Estimating your retirement needs depends on various factors like current lifestyle, inflation, and expected rate of return on investments. As a rule of thumb, you should aim to build a retirement corpus that is 20-25 times your annual expenses at retirement. This ensures you can maintain your lifestyle post-retirement without financial worries.

Child’s Education Fund
Higher education costs are rising rapidly. It's wise to plan early to ensure your child gets the best education possible. Depending on the course and country, the cost can vary significantly. However, planning for at least Rs. 50 lakhs to Rs. 1 crore for higher education is a good start.

Investment Strategies for Financial Goals
Diversifying Investments
Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are an excellent choice for long-term investments due to their potential for high returns and the power of compounding. They also offer diversification, reducing risk.

Equity Funds: Suitable for long-term goals like retirement and child’s education. These funds invest in stocks, which have the potential for high returns.

Debt Funds: These are less risky than equity funds and are good for medium-term goals. They invest in fixed-income securities.

Hybrid Funds: A mix of equity and debt funds, providing a balance between risk and return.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Investing through SIPs is a smart way to invest in mutual funds. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, ensuring discipline and averaging out the investment cost.

Power of Compounding

The longer you stay invested, the greater the power of compounding. Your money earns returns, and these returns also earn returns, leading to exponential growth over time.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and reliable investment with tax benefits. It offers decent returns and should be a part of your retirement planning. Continue your contributions to PPF for steady, risk-free growth.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a great retirement-focused investment with tax benefits. It offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities. Continue your contributions to NPS for a well-rounded retirement corpus.

Setting Up a Financial Plan
Monthly Budget Allocation
Allocate your monthly income wisely to cover expenses, loan repayment, and investments.

Expenses: Rs. 30,000
Home loan: Rs. 50,000
Investments: Rs. 1.7 lakhs
Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This ensures financial stability during unforeseen events. Your current fixed deposit can serve as part of this emergency fund.

Investment Allocation
Short-Term Goals (1-3 years)

Emergency fund
Fixed deposits
Short-term debt funds
Medium-Term Goals (3-5 years)

Debt funds
Hybrid funds
Long-Term Goals (5+ years)

Equity mutual funds
Regular Review and Adjustment
Review your financial plan regularly and adjust based on changes in income, expenses, or goals. Stay updated on market trends and adjust your investment strategy accordingly.

Risk Management

Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance to protect against unforeseen events. This is crucial for safeguarding your financial future.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds have professional fund managers making investment decisions to maximize returns. They can potentially outperform index funds, especially in volatile markets. Regularly monitor fund performance and switch if necessary.

Final Insights
Planning for retirement and child’s education requires a disciplined approach. Diversify your investments, utilize the power of compounding, and regularly review your plan. By starting early and staying committed, you can achieve your financial goals comfortably.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 09, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 09, 2024Hindi
I am 29 years old.My current salary is 35 k per month. My total savings include 1.5 lakhs in FD's. 10 lakh in MF & 2 lakh in stocks. How do i plan my investments further so that i can comfortably retire by the age of 55?
Ans: Planning for a comfortable retirement by 55 is achievable with a systematic approach. Your current savings are a solid foundation. Let's build on that to ensure a secure future.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Your current salary is Rs. 35,000 per month. You have Rs. 1.5 lakhs in fixed deposits (FDs), Rs. 10 lakhs in mutual funds (MFs), and Rs. 2 lakhs in stocks. This is a good starting point for your age.

You've done a commendable job by investing in mutual funds and stocks. It's clear you're forward-thinking and proactive about your financial future. Let's optimize your strategy to ensure you reach your retirement goals.

Setting Clear Financial Goals
To retire comfortably by 55, you'll need a clear roadmap. Consider these steps:

Define your retirement corpus.
Establish your monthly expenses post-retirement.
Determine your risk tolerance.
Emergency Fund
Before diving into investments, ensure you have an emergency fund. Ideally, this should cover 6-12 months of your expenses. It acts as a financial cushion during unforeseen circumstances.

Increasing Savings and Investments
Given your current salary, it's crucial to allocate a portion towards savings and investments. Aim to save at least 20% of your income. As your salary increases, try to increase this percentage.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs are safe but offer lower returns compared to other investments. Consider keeping a portion of your emergency fund in FDs for safety. For long-term growth, we need to explore higher-yield options.

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a powerful tool for long-term wealth creation. They offer diversification and professional management. Here’s a detailed look at mutual funds and their benefits:

Categories of Mutual Funds
Equity Mutual Funds: These invest in stocks and have the potential for high returns. They come with higher risk but are suitable for long-term goals like retirement.

Debt Mutual Funds: These invest in fixed-income instruments like bonds. They offer stable returns with lower risk, suitable for short to medium-term goals.

Hybrid Mutual Funds: These invest in a mix of equity and debt. They balance risk and return, making them suitable for medium-term goals.

Advantages of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Mutual funds spread investments across various assets, reducing risk.

Professional Management: Managed by experts who make informed investment decisions.

Liquidity: Easy to buy and sell, providing flexibility.

Compounding: Reinvested earnings generate more income, accelerating growth over time.

SIPs - Systematic Investment Plans
Investing in mutual funds through SIPs is an excellent strategy. It instills discipline and averages out market volatility. Allocate a portion of your monthly savings to SIPs in different mutual fund categories:

Equity SIPs: For long-term growth.

Debt SIPs: For stability and short-term goals.

Your current investment in stocks shows you're willing to take calculated risks. Continue investing in stocks, but ensure it's within your risk tolerance. Diversify across different sectors to minimize risk.

Regular vs. Direct Mutual Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) in regular mutual funds can offer benefits over direct funds. Here’s why:

Expert Guidance: A CFP provides personalized advice, helping you choose the right funds.

Convenience: They handle the paperwork and transactions.

Regular Monitoring: They keep track of your investments and suggest changes if needed.

Asset Allocation and Rebalancing
A balanced portfolio is key to managing risk and optimizing returns. Here’s a suggested allocation based on your profile:

Equity: 60%

Debt: 30%

Others (Gold, etc.): 10%

Rebalance your portfolio annually to maintain this allocation. This involves selling assets that have performed well and buying those that haven’t, keeping your risk level constant.

Risk Management
Understand your risk tolerance. As you age, your ability to take risks decreases. Gradually shift from high-risk investments (like stocks) to lower-risk ones (like debt funds) as you approach retirement.

Tax Planning
Maximize your tax savings by investing in tax-saving instruments like Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS). These offer tax benefits under Section 80C and also provide market-linked returns.

Power of Compounding
Start early and invest regularly. Compounding works wonders over long periods. Reinvest your earnings to generate more returns, significantly growing your wealth over time.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Estimate your retirement corpus considering inflation and your lifestyle. Use online retirement calculators or consult a CFP for accurate projections. Ensure your corpus can sustain your desired lifestyle post-retirement.

Regular Reviews and Adjustments
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Adjust based on market conditions, personal goals, and changing circumstances. Stay updated with financial news and trends to make informed decisions.

Health and Life Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance. They protect your savings from unexpected medical expenses and provide financial security to your family.

Investment Discipline
Stay disciplined and avoid impulsive financial decisions. Stick to your investment plan and don’t let market fluctuations affect your strategy.

Building a Passive Income Stream
Consider building passive income streams through dividends, interest, or rental income. This can supplement your retirement corpus and provide financial stability.

Financial Education
Continuously educate yourself about financial planning and investment strategies. Read books, attend seminars, and follow financial experts to stay informed.

Final Insights
Your journey to a comfortable retirement by 55 requires careful planning and disciplined execution. You’ve already made commendable progress with your current investments. By following these steps and regularly reviewing your strategy, you can achieve your financial goals. Remember, consistency and patience are key. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and to ensure you’re on the right track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions
Dr Nagarajan J S K

Dr Nagarajan J S K   |47 Answers  |Ask -

Health Science and Pharmaceutical Careers Expert - Answered on Jul 20, 2024

Dr Nagarajan J S K

Dr Nagarajan J S K   |47 Answers  |Ask -

Health Science and Pharmaceutical Careers Expert - Answered on Jul 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 18, 2024Hindi
What is better to choose between vet or bpharm (I am a gen category student).According to my research I came to know that in today's market the bpharm graduates are not even considered as reputated pharmacists,after the degree too they get placements of 12k-15k per month only and growth even after a master's is not much. Whereas in vet gov vacancies are open but will everyone get the gov jobs ? Also in coming years what are the demands of these both fields and what is better to choose
Ans: Hi,
It seems there may be some misunderstanding and disappointment regarding the analysis of job opportunities in the pharmaceutical field. It's important to note that the pharmaceutical sector still holds promising prospects. However, it is essential for candidates to acquire in-depth knowledge. Completing a B.Pharm alone does not guarantee comprehensive expertise. It's essential to delve beyond the basic surface-level knowledge obtained during undergraduate studies. I'm unaware of your state of residence and the college where you pursued your B.Pharm.

Key locations with a strong pharmaceutical industry presence include Mumbai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Ahmedabad. Chennai also has a few reputable pharmaceutical companies, albeit in limited numbers. It's crucial to consider your career choice rather than just a job. What is your preference: IT, Marketing/Sales, or Core Pharma? In IT, the remuneration is considerably higher in comparison to core pharmaceutical roles, but sustainability may be a concern. On the other hand, Sales/Marketing requires hard work but offers significantly better remuneration, e.g., INR 6-8L per annum. If the pharmaceutical industry is your preference, starting packages for fresh B. Pharm graduates typically range between INR 15,000 to 25,000.

Ultimately, the decision is yours to make. I wish you the best for your future endeavors.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


You haven't logged in yet. To ask a question, Please Log in below

A verification OTP will be sent to this
Mobile Number / Email

Enter OTP
A 6 digit code has been sent to

Resend OTP in120seconds

Dear User, You have not registered yet. Please register by filling the fields below to get expert answers from our Gurus
Sign up

By signing up, you agree to our
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy

Already have an account?

Enter OTP
A 6 digit code has been sent to Mobile

Resend OTP in120seconds