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Mayank Chandel  |1455 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 20, 2024

Mayank Chandel has over 18 years of experience coaching and training students for various exams like IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA and CS.
Besides coaching students for entrance exams, he also guides Class 10 and 12 students about career options in engineering, medicine and the vocational sciences.
His interest in coaching students led him to launch the firm, CareerStreets.
Chandel holds an engineering degree in electronics from Nagpur University.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 20, 2024Hindi

Please help me in deciding which is better CSE in KIIT vs CSE in ITER(SoA) for BTech. I got in both the institute but not able to decide which one should go with. Thanks

Ans: KIIT should be preferred if you are looking for exposure, internship & placements
Asked on - Jun 20, 2024 | Not Answered yet
Thank you for the response, i will consider your suggestions.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 04, 2024Hindi
My son is 48 yrs old we have invested some crores in FD and some crores in Mutual Funds kindly advise on how many years he he can get 100 crores ready to invest 20 lacs annually
Ans: First, it’s heartening to see your dedication towards securing your son’s financial future. You've already taken significant steps by investing in Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Mutual Funds. Understanding the nuances of these investments and strategically planning for the future will help you achieve your goal of building a Rs. 100 crore corpus.

Current Investment Overview
You have invested several crores in FDs and Mutual Funds. Each of these investment types has distinct characteristics, benefits, and drawbacks. Let’s explore these in detail.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs offer a guaranteed return, which is beneficial for capital protection. However, the interest rates on FDs are relatively low compared to other investment options. The current rates are often lower than inflation, which can erode the purchasing power of your returns over time.

Advantages of FDs:

Capital safety
Predictable returns
Disadvantages of FDs:

Low returns
Poor inflation hedge
Mutual Funds
Mutual Funds provide a diversified investment option and have the potential to offer higher returns compared to FDs. They come in various types such as equity, debt, and hybrid funds, each catering to different risk appetites and investment horizons.

Advantages of Mutual Funds:

Potential for higher returns
Professional management
Disadvantages of Mutual Funds:

Market risk
Requires careful selection
Evaluating Your Investment Strategy
To accumulate Rs. 100 crores, a strategic approach leveraging the strengths of Mutual Funds while mitigating risks is crucial. Let's evaluate how this can be done.

Setting a Time Frame
You mentioned your son is 48 years old. Assuming a retirement age of 60-65, we have approximately 12-17 years to reach the goal. This time frame is reasonable for a well-planned investment strategy focusing on higher returns.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Here’s a detailed plan to enhance your investment strategy and work towards accumulating Rs. 100 crores.

Increase Equity Exposure
Equity mutual funds have historically provided higher returns compared to other asset classes. Given the long-term horizon, increasing your allocation towards equity funds can be beneficial. This includes:

Large-Cap Funds: These funds invest in well-established companies with a stable growth history. They are less volatile and offer steady returns.

Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Funds: These funds invest in smaller companies with higher growth potential. They are riskier but can provide substantial returns over the long term.

Flexi-Cap Funds: These funds invest in companies across market capitalizations, providing a balanced risk-return profile.

Avoid Index Funds
Index funds track a specific market index and offer average market returns. They lack active management, which can limit their potential in volatile markets. Actively managed funds, guided by experienced fund managers, can outperform indices by making strategic investment decisions.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Average returns
No active management
Limited in volatile markets
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds:

Potential for higher returns
Strategic adjustments
Experienced management
Regular vs. Direct Mutual Funds
Direct funds have lower expense ratios as they do not involve intermediaries. However, this also means you don’t get professional advice, which can be critical in making informed decisions. Regular funds, on the other hand, are managed by Mutual Fund Distributors (MFDs) and Certified Financial Planners (CFPs), who provide valuable insights and strategies tailored to your goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds:

Lack of professional guidance
Requires extensive market knowledge
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Expert advice
Tailored strategies
Comprehensive planning
Systematic Investment Planning
You plan to invest Rs. 20 lakhs annually. A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is an excellent method to invest in mutual funds regularly. SIPs help in averaging the cost of investment and reduce the impact of market volatility.

Benefits of SIPs:
Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly averages out the purchase cost, mitigating market volatility.

Disciplined Investment: SIPs instill a habit of regular investing, which is essential for long-term wealth creation.

Power of Compounding: Regular investments over a long period benefit from compounding, significantly boosting your corpus.

Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your financial goals. This involves adjusting your asset allocation based on market conditions and your risk tolerance.

Monitoring and Adjusting
Continuous monitoring and timely adjustments are crucial. Market conditions and personal circumstances change, necessitating tweaks in your strategy.

Risk Management
Managing risk is vital in any investment strategy. Diversifying your investments across various asset classes, sectors, and geographies reduces risk. Additionally, maintaining an emergency fund and adequate insurance protects your investments from unforeseen events.

Leveraging Tax Benefits
Utilizing tax-efficient investment options can enhance your returns. Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) mutual funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Also, long-term capital gains from equity funds are taxed at a favorable rate.

Professional Guidance
Engaging a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide you with personalized advice and strategies. A CFP helps in:

Comprehensive Planning: Crafting a detailed financial plan considering all aspects of your finances.
Objective Advice: Providing unbiased recommendations based on your goals.
Regular Review: Periodic reviews and adjustments to keep your investments on track.
Final Insights
Accumulating Rs. 100 crores is an ambitious goal, but with a well-thought-out plan, it is achievable. Your existing investments provide a strong foundation. By enhancing your strategy with increased equity exposure, regular investments, and professional guidance, you can work towards this target. Continuous monitoring, risk management, and leveraging tax benefits will further strengthen your financial journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

I am 54 year old and planning for retirement in another 4 years. at present I have FD-- 70 lac. MF- 25 lac, Post office MIS : 15 lac. KVP- 5 Lac. LIC : 32 lac. what could be my retirement plan ? I have one daughter age 19 yrs. for my daughter.. I have invested.. LIC -16 lac, PPF ; 14 lac, FD : 5.5 lac, please advice
Ans: Retirement planning is a crucial phase in one’s financial journey. As you plan to retire in four years, it’s essential to create a robust plan that ensures financial security and stability. You have diligently saved and invested over the years, and now it’s time to optimize those investments to ensure a comfortable retirement. Let's delve into a comprehensive retirement strategy tailored to your needs.

Current Financial Position
You have done a commendable job with your savings. Here’s a summary of your current financial status:

For Yourself:

Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 70 lakh
Mutual Funds (MF): Rs 25 lakh
Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS): Rs 15 lakh
Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP): Rs 5 lakh
Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Policies: Rs 32 lakh
For Your Daughter:

LIC Policies: Rs 16 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 14 lakh
Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 5.5 lakh
You’ve built a solid financial foundation, ensuring both your retirement and your daughter’s future needs are considered. Let’s analyze and optimize this portfolio for maximum benefit.

Diversification and Liquidity
Diversification is key to a well-rounded retirement portfolio. Your current investments are diversified across various instruments. However, ensuring sufficient liquidity is equally important. Liquidity means having access to cash when needed, without significant losses.

Fixed Deposits (FDs):

FDs offer security and assured returns but have lower liquidity. Upon maturity, reinvest them in a mix of debt and equity mutual funds for better returns and liquidity.

Mutual Funds (MFs):

Your mutual fund investments provide growth potential. Review your portfolio to ensure a balanced mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds. Focus on actively managed funds for better returns.

Post Office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS):

MIS is a reliable source of regular income. Upon maturity, consider investing the proceeds in hybrid funds, which offer a balance of equity and debt.

Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP):

KVP is a long-term investment with tax benefits. Hold it until maturity to benefit from its assured returns. Upon maturity, reinvest in balanced mutual funds.

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) Policies:

LIC policies provide security but might not yield high returns. Evaluate if surrendering or continuing them aligns with your goals. Surrender and reinvest in mutual funds for potentially higher returns, if it fits your risk profile.

Planning for Retirement Income
A successful retirement plan ensures regular income to meet expenses. Let’s create a sustainable income plan from your existing assets.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs):

Utilize SWPs from your mutual funds for regular income. This ensures a steady cash flow while keeping your capital invested for growth.

Monthly Income from Post Office MIS:

Continue receiving monthly income from your Post Office MIS. This adds to your regular income stream.

Interest from Fixed Deposits:

Interest from FDs can supplement your income. Reinvest the principal amount wisely upon maturity.

Health Insurance and Emergency Fund
Healthcare expenses can be significant during retirement. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage.

Health Insurance:

Review and enhance your health insurance coverage. Opt for a comprehensive plan that covers hospitalization, critical illness, and outpatient expenses.

Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to six months of expenses. This should be in a liquid asset like a savings account or liquid mutual fund.

Estate Planning and Legacy
It’s essential to have a plan for transferring your wealth to your heirs.

Will and Estate Planning:

Create a will to ensure your assets are distributed as per your wishes. Consider consulting an estate planning professional for a detailed plan.

Nominees and Beneficiaries:

Ensure all your investments have updated nominees and beneficiaries. This simplifies the transfer process.

Investment Strategy for Your Daughter
You’ve made significant investments for your daughter. Let’s optimize these for her future needs.

LIC Policies:

Evaluate the performance of LIC policies. If returns are low, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds for higher growth potential.

Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a great investment for long-term growth and tax benefits. Continue investing in PPF for assured returns and tax benefits.

Fixed Deposits (FDs):

FDs offer safety but lower returns. Upon maturity, consider investing in equity mutual funds for better returns, considering her long-term needs.

Tax Planning and Efficiency
Efficient tax planning enhances your retirement corpus. Utilize tax-saving instruments to minimize tax outgo.

Section 80C Investments:

Continue utilizing Section 80C deductions through PPF, ELSS, and insurance premiums. This reduces your taxable income.

Tax-efficient Withdrawals:

Plan your withdrawals from investments in a tax-efficient manner. Withdraw from tax-free instruments first to minimize tax liability.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regular reviews ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your goals.

Annual Reviews:

Conduct an annual review of your portfolio. Adjust allocations based on performance and changing needs.

Certified Financial Planner:

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can help optimize your investments and ensure you stay on track.

You’ve done an excellent job in planning for your future and your daughter’s. Your diversified portfolio shows a good understanding of different investment options. You’ve balanced safety and growth potential well. Your foresight in starting early and choosing varied instruments is commendable.

Final Insights
Retirement planning is an ongoing process that requires careful thought and regular adjustments. With your current assets and strategic adjustments, you’re well-positioned for a secure retirement. Focus on liquidity, regular income, and tax efficiency. Ensure your daughter’s future is well-planned and secure.

Investing wisely, keeping a balanced portfolio, and regular reviews will help you achieve your retirement goals. Continue to stay informed and proactive about your financial health.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 03, 2024Hindi
I m 42 years old having 5.25 CR of mutual funds and including 2 PMS , want to work till max 52, so next 10 years, i need 25 CR of my corpous for retirement , i am having a sip of 4 lakhs per month, what you suggest what extra should i do to make it happen in 8 years
Ans: You have a clear goal: to accumulate Rs. 25 crores in 10 years for retirement. This is ambitious but achievable with a well-planned strategy. You currently have Rs. 5.25 crores in mutual funds, including two Portfolio Management Services (PMS). You also have a substantial SIP of Rs. 4 lakhs per month.

Let’s break down the approach to achieve your goal, considering the current assets, investments, and strategies you might need to employ.

Current Investments and Strategy
Mutual Funds and SIPs
You already have a significant investment in mutual funds. Mutual funds are a reliable way to grow wealth over time due to their diversified nature and professional management. However, it is crucial to assess whether the current funds align with your risk tolerance and goals.

Your SIP of Rs. 4 lakhs per month shows strong commitment. SIPs help in averaging out market volatility and providing disciplined investment.

Portfolio Management Services (PMS)
PMS offers personalized investment solutions tailored to your financial goals. However, PMS typically involves higher fees compared to mutual funds. It’s important to ensure that the returns justify these costs.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Assessing Risk Tolerance
At 42, with a goal to retire by 52, you still have a moderate investment horizon. It’s essential to balance between growth and capital preservation. Consider diversifying your investments further into mid-cap and small-cap funds for potentially higher returns, but be mindful of the associated risks.

Active vs. Passive Management
You currently hold active funds through your mutual funds and PMS. Active management can potentially offer higher returns as fund managers actively seek to outperform the market. This is crucial in your case, given the aggressive target you have set.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds simply replicate market indices and do not aim to outperform. They lack flexibility in volatile markets. For your goal, actively managed funds can be more suitable as they aim for higher returns and adapt to market conditions.

Reviewing Direct Funds
Direct mutual funds offer lower expense ratios as they do not involve distributor commissions. However, the disadvantage is the lack of advisory services. For high-stakes goals like yours, having a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable insights and adjustments to your portfolio.

Additional Investment Avenues
Equity and Equity-related Investments
Equities have the potential for high returns but come with higher risk. Given your investment horizon, allocating a higher portion of your portfolio to equities could be beneficial. Ensure a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap equities to balance risk and returns.

Debt Instruments
While equities can offer higher returns, including debt instruments in your portfolio can help in balancing the risk. Consider investing in high-quality corporate bonds or debt mutual funds. These provide regular income and are relatively safer.

Gold and Commodities
Allocating a small percentage of your portfolio to gold or commodities can provide a hedge against market volatility. Gold has historically maintained its value over time and can be a safe investment during economic downturns.

Regular Portfolio Review and Rebalancing
Importance of Monitoring
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Market conditions change, and your portfolio should adapt accordingly. A CFP can help you with periodic reviews and necessary adjustments.

Rebalancing your portfolio ensures you maintain the desired asset allocation. If equities outperform and grow beyond the intended allocation, selling a portion and reinvesting in underperforming assets can help maintain balance and manage risk.

Tax Planning
Efficient Tax Strategies
Investments in mutual funds and other instruments have tax implications. Equity mutual funds held for over a year qualify for long-term capital gains tax benefits. Understanding and planning for these can help in maximizing returns.

Tax-efficient Withdrawals
Planning your withdrawals to minimize tax impact is crucial. Consider systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs) from mutual funds as they can provide regular income with tax efficiency.

Emergency Fund and Insurance
Maintaining Liquidity
Ensure you have an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This provides financial stability in case of unforeseen events and prevents you from liquidating long-term investments.

Adequate Insurance
Review your insurance coverage to ensure it is adequate. Health insurance, term insurance, and critical illness cover are essential to protect your financial goals from unexpected events.

Estate Planning
Securing Your Legacy
Estate planning ensures your assets are distributed as per your wishes. Having a will, and considering trust funds or other instruments, can help in smooth transfer of wealth to your heirs.

Nomination and Beneficiary Details
Ensure all your investments have updated nomination details. This simplifies the process for your family in case of any eventuality.

Final Insights
Reaching Rs. 25 crores in 10 years is challenging but achievable with disciplined and strategic investing.

Ensure a balanced portfolio with a mix of equities, debt, and alternative investments.

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your goals and market conditions.

Tax planning, maintaining liquidity, and having adequate insurance are crucial to protect your financial future.

Estate planning ensures your wealth is transferred smoothly to your heirs.

Stay committed to your SIPs and consider additional investments if your cash flow permits.

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable insights and help in navigating this journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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