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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Praveen Question by Praveen on May 30, 2024Hindi

Really after reading comments of yours on this qn "I am 48 years old I am planning to quit. I have 3 lands worth 85 lakhs, FD 15 lakhs, PF 60 lakhs, MF 50, 3 houses"...I think this generation should never ever think of getting retirement...He who takes a knife will die by the knife...such he who learns , who earns, will die by learning continuously earning continuously...funny but true

Ans: It sounds like you're reflecting on the challenges and expectations of retirement in the modern era. Indeed, the notion of retirement has evolved significantly, and for many people, the traditional idea of retiring at a set age and living off savings may seem increasingly out of reach or unappealing.

Here are a few points to consider about retirement and continuous engagement in work or learning:

Lifelong Learning and Adaptation: The rapid pace of technological and societal change means that staying engaged and continuously learning can be crucial for personal and professional growth. Many people find fulfillment in staying active intellectually and professionally.

Financial Security: The financial landscape has shifted, with many facing uncertainties related to pensions, savings, and healthcare costs. Ensuring a stable financial future often requires ongoing income or strategic financial planning.

Purpose and Fulfillment: For some, work provides a sense of purpose and identity. Retirement doesn’t necessarily mean stopping all productive activities; many people transition to new careers, volunteer work, or pursue hobbies and interests that keep them engaged and fulfilled.

Health and Longevity: Advances in healthcare have increased life expectancy, meaning that many people will spend more years in retirement than previous generations. This requires careful financial and lifestyle planning to maintain a good quality of life over a longer period.

Diverse Retirement Goals: Retirement is highly individual. Some may dream of leisure and travel, while others may prefer to start new ventures or continue working part-time. Flexibility in retirement planning can help accommodate diverse goals and lifestyles.

In summary, while the concept of retirement is changing, it doesn't mean that people can't retire; it just means that retirement might look different for each person. Balancing continuous learning and earning with rest and leisure is key to a fulfilling life at any stage.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
I am 48 years old I am planning to quit. I have 3 lands worth 85 lakhs, FD 15 lakhs, PF 60 lakhs, MF 50, 3 houses.
Ans: Retirement Planning at 48 Years Old
Congratulations on your successful investments and planning for retirement. Let's delve into optimizing your assets and ensuring a comfortable retirement.

Assessing Your Assets
Real Estate
You have three lands and three houses, amounting to a substantial asset base of 85 lakhs. However, real estate can be illiquid and may require maintenance costs.

Fixed Deposits (FD) and Provident Fund (PF)
Your FD of 15 lakhs and PF of 60 lakhs provide stability and security. They are essential components of your retirement portfolio.

Mutual Funds (MF)
Investing in MF with 50 lakhs demonstrates a diversified approach to wealth accumulation. MF offers growth potential and flexibility.

Retirement Goals and Lifestyle
Lifestyle Expectations
Define your desired lifestyle post-retirement. Consider travel, hobbies, healthcare, and other expenses.

Retirement Age
Determine the age at which you plan to retire. This will impact your investment strategy and corpus requirements.

Creating a Retirement Investment Strategy
Asset Allocation
Ensure a balanced allocation across asset classes: equities, debt, real estate, and liquid assets.

Real Estate Management
Optimize Returns
Evaluate the potential of your real estate assets. Consider rental income, property appreciation, and market trends.

Fixed Income Instruments
FD and PF Management
Review the interest rates and tax implications of your FD and PF. Explore options for higher-yielding fixed income instruments.

Mutual Funds
Equity and Debt Funds
Continue investing in MF for growth. Consider a mix of equity and debt funds based on your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Risk Management
Insurance Coverage
Ensure adequate health and life insurance coverage for yourself and your family. This provides financial security during emergencies.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This provides liquidity and peace of mind.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Investments
Optimize tax benefits through investments like ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme), tax-free bonds, and NPS (National Pension System).

Capital Gains Tax
Understand the tax implications of selling real estate or MF units. Plan strategically to minimize tax outflows.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consult a Certified Financial Planner to customize your retirement plan. They can provide personalized advice and strategies.

Retirement Transition
Phased Retirement
Consider a phased approach to retirement if you wish to gradually reduce work commitments. This can ease the financial transition.

Financial Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio and retirement plan. Adjustments may be needed based on changing financial goals or market conditions.

Your diversified asset portfolio lays a strong foundation for retirement. Focus on optimizing returns, managing risks, and aligning investments with your retirement goals. Seek professional guidance for a comprehensive retirement plan.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 20, 2024

I’m divya!!my age is29 I earn around 99000 per month ,my husband age is 37 and he is earning around 135000 per month, we have the housing loan of 18 lakhs and we have 2 lakks in stocks ! We want to retire at the age of 50 of my husband with 15 crore !tell us ur opinion
Ans: Hello Divya!

It's great that you're thinking ahead about retirement. Planning for your future is essential, especially if you want to retire at 50. Let's dive into your financial situation and goals to create a comprehensive plan.

Understanding Your Current Financial Status
First, let's summarize your current financial situation:

You earn Rs 99,000 per month.
Your husband earns Rs 1,35,000 per month.
You have a housing loan of Rs 18 lakhs.
You have Rs 2 lakhs invested in stocks.
Together, your household income is Rs 2,34,000 per month, which is a strong financial foundation. You aim to accumulate Rs 15 crores by the time your husband reaches 50, which gives you about 13 years to achieve this goal.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
Retiring with Rs 15 crores is a significant and ambitious goal. It's important to understand the purpose behind this number. Is it to maintain a certain lifestyle? Ensure long-term financial security? Or perhaps to leave a legacy for your children? Clarifying these aspects will help shape your investment strategy.

Income and Expense Analysis
With your combined monthly income of Rs 2,34,000, it's essential to track your expenses.

Housing loan EMI
Household expenses
Savings and investments
Emergency funds
Discretionary spending
Creating a detailed budget will help identify areas where you can save more and invest wisely. Aim to save and invest at least 30-40% of your monthly income.

The Importance of Diversified Investments
Diversification is key to managing risks and maximizing returns. You currently have Rs 2 lakhs in stocks, which is a good start. However, relying solely on stocks can be risky. Here are some options to consider:

1. Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are a great way to diversify. They are managed by professionals and offer exposure to various sectors. Actively managed funds, in particular, have the potential for higher returns compared to index funds, which simply track the market. An experienced fund manager can make strategic decisions to outperform the market.

2. Debt Instruments

Include debt instruments in your portfolio to balance risk. Fixed deposits, bonds, and government schemes offer stable returns and lower risk compared to equities. This ensures a steady income stream during volatile market conditions.

3. Equity Funds

Equity mutual funds can provide high returns over the long term. These funds invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks, offering the potential for capital appreciation. Choose funds with a good track record and managed by reputable fund managers.

4. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Investing in mutual funds through SIP is a disciplined way to build wealth over time. It allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly, averaging out the purchase cost and reducing the impact of market volatility.

Debt Management
Your housing loan of Rs 18 lakhs needs to be managed efficiently. Paying off high-interest debt should be a priority, but since home loans typically have lower interest rates and offer tax benefits, you can balance between paying off the loan and investing. Ensure you’re not over-leveraged and keep your debt-to-income ratio healthy.

Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial. It acts as a financial safety net for unexpected expenses. Ideally, it should cover 6-12 months of living expenses. This fund should be easily accessible, so consider keeping it in a high-interest savings account or liquid fund.

Insurance Planning
Adequate insurance coverage is vital to protect your family's financial future. Ensure you have sufficient life insurance and health insurance. Avoid mixing insurance with investment. Traditional policies like endowment or ULIPs often offer lower returns compared to pure investment products. Focus on term insurance for life cover and invest the rest in mutual funds.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can save you a substantial amount of money. Utilize tax-saving instruments like ELSS mutual funds, PPF, and NPS. These not only help in reducing your taxable income but also contribute to your long-term wealth accumulation.

Regular Portfolio Review
Your investment portfolio should be reviewed regularly. This ensures your investments are aligned with your goals and risk tolerance. Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time, and your investment strategy should adapt accordingly.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Achieving a retirement corpus of Rs 15 crores requires a strategic approach. Without getting into specific calculations, consider these factors:

Expected Returns: Historically, equity investments have provided higher returns compared to other asset classes. Aim for a balanced portfolio that can offer around 10-12% annual returns.
Inflation: Factor in inflation, which erodes the purchasing power of your money over time. A 6-7% inflation rate should be considered in your calculations.
Savings Rate: Increase your savings rate as your income grows. Bonuses, increments, and windfalls should be directed towards your retirement fund.
Investing Through Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can guide you in creating a personalized investment strategy. Investing through regular funds with the help of an MFD (Mutual Fund Distributor) who has CFP credentials ensures professional management. This approach is beneficial over direct funds, where you might miss out on expert advice.

Risk Management
Understand your risk tolerance. Equities are volatile but can offer high returns. Debt instruments are stable but offer lower returns. A balanced portfolio considers both risk and return, ensuring your investment journey is smooth and less stressful.

Achieving Financial Independence
Retiring at 50 means planning for a longer retirement period. Ensure your investments are sustainable and can provide a steady income post-retirement. Consider the following:

Annuities: Not recommended due to their low returns and inflexibility.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): This allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments regularly, ensuring a steady income.
Building Wealth with Consistency
Consistency is the key to building wealth. Regular investments, disciplined saving habits, and prudent financial decisions will help you achieve your retirement goal. Avoid the temptation of quick-rich schemes and stick to your long-term plan.

Final Insights
Retiring with Rs 15 crores by the age of 50 is achievable with a well-structured plan. Focus on diversified investments, manage your debts, ensure adequate insurance coverage, and regularly review your portfolio. Engaging a Certified Financial Planner can provide the expertise needed to navigate complex financial decisions.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4647 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 30, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 29, 2024Hindi
Dear sir, I am 52 yrs old working in private organization . Due to work pressure and stress , I wish retire now. Having following saving/ investment. LIC - 25L, MF and equity- 20 lacs, real estate- 1 Cr. No EMI. Monthly expenses - 30K. Is it rt decision to retire now? Thank in advance...
Ans: Shiva, I understand that you're considering retiring early due to work pressure and stress. It’s important to ensure your financial stability before making such a big decision. Let's take a closer look at your financial situation and how you can optimize it to make your retirement plan more feasible and comfortable.

Current Financial Overview
Your current assets include:

LIC Policies: Rs. 25 lakhs
Mutual Funds and Equity: Rs. 20 lakhs
Real Estate: Rs. 1 crore
You have no EMIs, and your monthly expenses are Rs. 30,000. This gives you a strong foundation, but there’s room for optimization.

Monthly Expenses and Future Projections
Your monthly expenses are Rs. 30,000, which amounts to Rs. 3.6 lakhs annually. Considering an average inflation rate of 6%, your expenses will increase over time. It’s important to plan for this gradual increase to ensure your savings last throughout your retirement.

Assessing Your Investments
LIC Policies
Surrendering LIC Policies

LIC policies provide security, but they may not offer the best returns compared to other investment options like mutual funds.

Consider surrendering your LIC policies and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds. This can provide better growth and more flexibility.

Mutual Funds and Equity
1. Benefits of Mutual Funds

Mutual funds offer diversification, professional management, and the potential for higher returns. Here’s why mutual funds can be a better option:

Diversification: Spread your investments across different sectors and companies, reducing risk.
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions on where to invest your money.
Compounding: Over time, your investments can grow significantly due to the power of compounding.
2. Types of Mutual Funds to Consider

Invest in a mix of mutual funds to balance risk and returns:

Equity Mutual Funds: These invest in stocks and have the potential for high returns. Suitable for long-term growth.
Debt Mutual Funds: These invest in bonds and are less volatile. They provide stability and regular income.
Balanced or Hybrid Funds: These invest in both equities and debt, providing a balance between growth and stability.
3. Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

A SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly in mutual funds. This instills discipline and benefits from rupee cost averaging, reducing the impact of market volatility.

4. Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)

An SWP provides regular income by withdrawing a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments. This can be a reliable source of income in retirement.

Implementing a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
1. How SWP Works

In an SWP, you invest a lump sum in a mutual fund and withdraw a fixed amount periodically. This provides you with regular income while your remaining investment continues to grow.

2. Setting Up an SWP

Choose the Right Fund: Opt for a balanced or debt mutual fund to ensure stability.
Determine the Withdrawal Amount: Calculate your monthly expenses and set your withdrawal amount accordingly. Ensure it’s sustainable over the long term.
Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review your SWP to ensure it meets your income needs and adjust if necessary.
Managing Real Estate
1. Rental Income

If your real estate can generate rental income, this can be a steady source of funds. Ensure the rental income covers a substantial part of your monthly expenses.

2. Liquidity Considerations

Real estate is not very liquid. If you need cash quickly, selling property might take time. Hence, it’s crucial to have other liquid investments.

Healthcare and Insurance
1. Adequate Health Insurance

Ensure you have sufficient health insurance coverage. Medical emergencies can deplete your savings quickly. Consider enhancing your existing policy if necessary.

2. Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This should be easily accessible and cover at least 6-12 months of living expenses.

Inflation Protection
1. Growth-Oriented Investments

Keep a portion of your portfolio in growth-oriented investments like equity mutual funds. This helps in beating inflation and maintaining your purchasing power.

2. Regular Review

Regularly review and adjust your investments to ensure they are aligned with your financial goals and inflation rate.

Retirement Withdrawal Strategy
1. 4% Rule

A commonly recommended strategy is the 4% rule. Withdraw 4% of your retirement portfolio annually, adjusted for inflation. This strategy helps balance income needs and preserve capital.

2. Diversify Withdrawals

Diversify your withdrawal sources. Combine income from SWPs, rental income, and other investments to ensure stability and sustainability.

Detailed Mutual Fund Strategy
1. Equity Mutual Funds

Invest in large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for growth. Large-cap funds offer stability, while mid-cap and small-cap funds provide higher growth potential.

2. Debt Mutual Funds

Invest in short-term and long-term debt funds for stability. These funds provide regular income with lower volatility.

3. Hybrid Funds

Hybrid funds, which invest in both equity and debt, offer a balanced approach. They provide growth and income stability.

Benefits of Regular Mutual Funds
1. Professional Management

Regular funds are managed by professionals. They make informed investment decisions, helping you achieve better returns.

2. Convenience

Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers convenience. They handle paperwork and provide regular updates.

3. Diversification

Mutual funds offer diversification, spreading investments across different assets, reducing risk.

Avoiding Direct Funds
1. Lack of Guidance

Direct funds require you to choose and manage your investments. This can be challenging without proper knowledge and experience.

2. Time-Consuming

Managing direct funds requires regular monitoring and adjustments. This can be time-consuming and stressful.

Final Insights
Shiva, your decision to retire is significant, and with careful planning, it’s achievable. Here’s a summary to guide you:

Surrender LIC Policies: Reinvest the proceeds in mutual funds for better growth.
Diversify Mutual Fund Investments: Balance between equity, debt, and hybrid funds.
Set Up an SWP: Ensure a regular income stream while keeping your investments growing.
Generate Rental Income: If possible, use rental income to support your expenses.
Maintain Health Insurance and Emergency Fund: Ensure you are covered for unforeseen expenses.
Regular Review and Adjustments: Periodically review your investments and make necessary adjustments.
By following these steps, you can retire comfortably and confidently, knowing that your financial future is secure.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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