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Dev Ashish  |48 Answers  |Ask -

MF Expert, Financial Planner - Answered on Dec 28, 2023

Dev Ashish is a fee-only SEBI-registered investment advisor with over 15 years of active experience in the stock market. In 2011, he founded StableInvestor, a platform for personal finance and financial planning.
He provides professional fee-only investment advisory services to small and high networth individuals in order to help them achieve their financial goals.
Ashish's views are regularly published in national business publications. He has an MBA degree from NMIMS, Mumbai and also holds an engineering degree.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Dec 25, 2023Hindi
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Sir, My monthly income is around 2,00,000 per month and monthly expenditure around 45000. I'm 45 and want to achieve retirement goal in 60. How much asset allocation do you think is right for medium risk to invest in equity, debt, SGB, reit and others etc. I am thinking of starting investing in a large cap index and a flexicap. For protection of volatility, and less risk I should invest in debt mutual funds or should go for nps? Pls suggest any other option you have.

Ans: We dont have information about your risk appetite. But assuming that it is at least moderately aggressive, then for a 15-year remaining investment horizon for retirement goal, you can have an allocation of 60-65% Equity, 30% in debt, 5% in gold. For equity allocation, your choice to start with largecap index fund and a flexicap fund is good enough. For debt for retirement goal, first try to maximize tax-free limit of EPF, and then PPF, and then look at debt mutual funds or NPS (G+C).
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Asked by Anonymous - May 05, 2024Hindi
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Hi.......I am 45 years old. I am making following investments in Mutual Funds:- I have house of my own, with no liability. I have a investment horizon of 15 years, with high risk taking capacity. I am looking for a retirement corpus of 3-4 crores. I am making following investments in Mutual Funds:- UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund Direct Growth 12000 Tata Small Cap Fund Direct - Growth 4000 SBI Contra Direct Plan Growth 5000 Nippon India Growth Fund Direct- Growth 6000 Quant Small Cap Fund 4000 Nippon India Small Cap Fund 5000 ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth 9000 Mahindra Manulife Multi Cap Fund - Direct Plan - Growth 5000 Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund 5000 SBI Large & Midcap Fund Direct Plan-Growth 5000 TOTAL 60000 Please analyse the portfolio and advice accordingly.
Ans: Your portfolio reflects a diversified mix of mutual funds across various categories, indicating a thoughtful approach to long-term wealth accumulation. Here's an analysis and some suggestions to consider:

Diversification:
Your portfolio includes funds from different market segments such as large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, multi-cap, and index funds, providing diversification benefits and exposure to various sectors and themes.
Diversification helps spread risk and can potentially enhance overall returns over the long term.
Index Fund:
UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund offers exposure to the top 50 companies in the Indian equity market, providing stability and consistent returns over time.
Index funds are suitable for investors seeking low-cost, passive investment options that track market performance.
Small and Mid Cap Funds:
Tata Small Cap Fund and Nippon India Small Cap Fund invest in small and mid-cap companies with high growth potential.
While these funds can offer attractive returns, they come with higher volatility and risk. Ensure they align with your risk tolerance and investment horizon.
Contra Fund and Flexi Cap Fund:
SBI Contra Fund and Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund follow contrarian or flexible investment approaches, investing across market caps based on market conditions and valuation metrics.
These funds provide flexibility and active management, potentially outperforming benchmark indices over the long term.
Large Cap and Multi Cap Funds:
ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund, Mahindra Manulife Multi Cap Fund, and SBI Large & Midcap Fund offer exposure to established large-cap and multi-cap companies.
These funds focus on quality stocks with strong fundamentals, providing stability and growth opportunities.
Professional Guidance and Direct Plans:
Instead of investing in direct plans, consider seeking guidance from a Certified Financial Planner or Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) to optimize your investment decisions.
MFDs can provide personalized advice, portfolio reviews, and ongoing support to help you achieve your financial goals effectively.
Regularly review your portfolio with your MFD to ensure it remains aligned with your objectives and market conditions.
Risk Management:
Given your high-risk tolerance and long investment horizon, it's important to periodically assess and rebalance your portfolio to manage risk and capitalize on growth opportunities.
Stay informed about market developments and macroeconomic trends to make informed investment decisions.
Overall, your portfolio demonstrates a well-diversified approach to long-term wealth creation. Consider leveraging professional guidance from an MFD to optimize your investment strategy and achieve your retirement goals effectively. Regular monitoring and adjustments will be key to maintaining the performance and alignment of your portfolio over time.

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Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
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Hi.......I am 45 years old. I have house of my own, with no liability. I have a investment horizon of 15 years, with high risk taking capacity. I am looking for a retirement corpus of 3-4 crores. I am making following investments in Mutual Funds:- Please analyse the portfolio and advice accordingly. UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund Direct Growth 12000 Tata Small Cap Fund Direct - Growth 4000 SBI Contra Direct Plan Growth 5000 Nippon India Growth Fund Direct- Growth 6000 Quant Small Cap Fund 4000 Nippon India Small Cap Fund 5000 ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth 9000 Mahindra Manulife Multi Cap Fund - Direct Plan - Growth 5000 Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund 5000 SBI Large & Midcap Fund Direct Plan-Growth 5000 TOTAL 60000
Ans: It's wonderful to see your proactive approach towards securing your retirement. At 45, with a clear investment horizon of 15 years and a high-risk tolerance, you're well-positioned to build a robust portfolio that can help you achieve your goal of a 3-4 crore retirement corpus. Let's delve into analyzing your current mutual fund portfolio and provide tailored advice to optimize your investments.

Commendable Initiative

Firstly, kudos on recognizing the importance of retirement planning and taking proactive steps towards building your corpus. Your commitment to investing in mutual funds demonstrates a forward-thinking approach to securing your financial future.

Analyzing Your Portfolio

Let's evaluate each component of your mutual fund portfolio to ensure alignment with your long-term financial goals:

UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund Direct Growth (12,000): While index funds offer low expense ratios and broad market exposure, they lack the potential for outperformance compared to actively managed funds. Consider diversifying into actively managed funds for potential alpha generation.

Tata Small Cap Fund Direct - Growth (4,000): Small-cap funds can be volatile but offer high growth potential over the long term. Given your high-risk tolerance and long investment horizon, maintaining exposure to small-cap stocks is prudent.

SBI Contra Direct Plan Growth (5,000): Contra funds invest in out-of-favor sectors or stocks with the potential for a turnaround. While they can offer value opportunities, ensure sufficient diversification to mitigate risks associated with contrarian investing.

Nippon India Growth Fund Direct- Growth (6,000): Growth-oriented funds focus on companies with high growth potential. Given your long-term horizon, growth funds can help maximize returns by capitalizing on compounding over time.

Quant Small Cap Fund (4,000): Small-cap funds offer exposure to high-growth potential companies, albeit with higher volatility. Monitor the fund's performance and consider rebalancing if necessary to maintain optimal risk-return balance.

Nippon India Small Cap Fund (5,000): Similar to the Tata Small Cap Fund, this investment provides exposure to the small-cap segment. Given the risk associated with small caps, ensure diversification across market caps to manage overall portfolio risk.

ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth (9,000): Bluechip funds invest in large-cap stocks with strong fundamentals and stable performance. While offering stability, ensure diversification across market segments for optimal risk management.

Mahindra Manulife Multi Cap Fund - Direct Plan - Growth (5,000): Multi-cap funds provide flexibility to invest across market capitalizations based on prevailing market conditions. They offer diversification benefits and adaptability to changing market dynamics.

Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund (5,000): Flexi-cap funds have the flexibility to invest across market segments based on the fund manager's discretion. They offer diversification benefits and adaptability to varying market conditions.

SBI Large & Midcap Fund Direct Plan-Growth (5,000): Large & mid-cap funds provide exposure to both large and mid-cap stocks, offering a balanced approach to growth and stability. Monitor the fund's performance relative to its benchmark and peers.

Optimizing Your Portfolio

Diversification: While your portfolio exhibits diversification across market segments, ensure adequate diversification within each category to mitigate concentration risk.

Regular Review: Conduct periodic reviews of your portfolio's performance and rebalance if necessary to maintain alignment with your investment goals and risk tolerance.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Direct funds require investors to independently research, select, and manage their investment portfolios, which can be time-consuming and challenging, especially for novice investors. Lack of professional guidance may lead to suboptimal investment decisions.

Benefits of Regular Funds Investing through MFD with CFP Credential

Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credentialled Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) offers several benefits:

Personalized Advice: A CFP-certified MFD provides tailored investment advice based on your financial goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon, ensuring your portfolio aligns with your objectives.

Diverse Fund Selection: MFDs offer access to a wide range of mutual funds across asset classes and fund categories, enabling you to build a well-diversified portfolio suited to your needs.

Final Words

By optimizing your mutual fund portfolio based on the principles of diversification, risk management, and periodic review, you can enhance the probability of achieving your retirement goal of a 3-4 crore corpus. Stay committed to your investment strategy and seek professional guidance when needed to navigate market fluctuations effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 01, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi
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Hi.......I am 45 years old. I have house of my own, with no liability. I have a investment horizon of 15 years, with high risk taking capacity. I am looking for a retirement corpus of 3-4 crores. I am making following investments in Mutual Funds:- Please analyse the portfolio and advice accordingly. UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund Direct Growth 12000 Tata Small Cap Fund Direct - Growth 4000 SBI Contra Direct Plan Growth 5000 Nippon India Growth Fund Direct- Growth 6000 Quant Small Cap Fund 4000 Nippon India Small Cap Fund 5000 ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct-Growth 9000 Mahindra Manulife Multi Cap Fund - Direct Plan - Growth 5000 Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund 5000 SBI Large & Midcap Fund Direct Plan-Growth 5000 TOTAL 60000
Ans: Investment Portfolio Analysis and Advice

Understanding Your Investment Horizon and Risk Appetite
You are 45 years old with a 15-year investment horizon until retirement.

Your high-risk appetite is suitable for potentially high-return investments.

Aiming for a retirement corpus of Rs 3-4 crores is achievable with strategic planning.

Current Portfolio Overview
Your portfolio consists of a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, multi-cap, and flexi-cap funds.

The monthly investment of Rs 60,000 is well-distributed across various funds, providing diversification.

Diversification and Risk Management
Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across different asset classes.

Your portfolio includes a variety of funds, which is good for managing risk and enhancing returns.

However, having multiple small-cap funds can increase risk due to their volatile nature.

Active vs. Index Funds
You have invested in an index fund. While index funds track market indices, they lack the potential for outperformance.

Index funds simply replicate the market, offering average returns, which may not be enough to meet your high-return expectations.

Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform the market through expert management and stock selection.

Certified Financial Planners often recommend actively managed funds for their flexibility and higher return potential.

Actively managed funds can adapt to market changes, making them suitable for high-risk, high-return strategies.

Direct vs. Regular Funds
Direct funds may have lower expense ratios but lack professional guidance.

Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credential can offer valuable advice and portfolio management.

Professional guidance helps navigate market volatility and aligns investments with financial goals.

Regular funds, through an MFD and CFP, provide personalized advice, ensuring your investments remain on track.

Fund Performance and Allocation
Assessing the performance of each fund in your portfolio is crucial.

Evaluate historical returns, fund manager expertise, and consistency in performance.

Consider reallocating investments from underperforming funds to those with a proven track record.

A Certified Financial Planner can assist in analyzing fund performance and making informed decisions.

Sector and Market Capitalization Allocation
Ensure a balanced allocation across different market capitalizations – large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap.

Large-cap funds offer stability, mid-cap funds provide growth potential, and small-cap funds bring high returns with high risk.

Balance your portfolio to mitigate risk and maximize returns.

Certified Financial Planners can help create a balanced portfolio tailored to your risk appetite and financial goals.

Regular Portfolio Review
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals.

Market conditions change, and periodic reviews help in making necessary adjustments.

Consult with a Certified Financial Planner for professional insights and adjustments.

Regular reviews with a CFP can optimize your portfolio and ensure it adapts to market changes.

Retirement Planning and Future Projections
Calculate the future value of your current investments considering an average return rate.

Evaluate if the projected corpus meets your retirement goal of Rs 3-4 crores.

Adjust your investment strategy if necessary to stay on track with your goals.

A Certified Financial Planner can help project future values and adjust strategies to meet your retirement goals.

Tax Efficiency and Expense Management
Consider the tax implications of your investments to maximize post-tax returns.

Evaluate the expense ratios of your funds, as high expenses can erode returns over time.

Opt for tax-efficient investment options and monitor fund expenses regularly.

Consulting with a CFP ensures you choose tax-efficient investments and manage expenses effectively.

Conclusion
Your portfolio is well-diversified and aligned with your high-risk appetite.

Focus on the performance of actively managed funds and consider professional guidance.

Regular reviews and adjustments will help you achieve your retirement corpus goal.

Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner ensures personalized advice, helping you stay on track and adapt to changes.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5260 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 22, 2024

Money
Hello Anil Ji i am 58yr of age retiring in Dec 24. My family is myself wife 55yr , unmarried daughter 29yr working since last four yr in reputed MNC with good salary and career prospects. My investment are 1.09 cr of equity, 2.37cr MF equity, 0.56cr MF Debt funds. 65lacs Ulip all premium paid maturing in sept 24. FD in bank 20lacs. Total of 4.82cr. Own 3 Bhk apartment in Metro city where i live approx value 1.45cr. No loans no debts. My question is what should be my asset allocation after retirement my monthly requirement is 1.25lacs and one time expense of daughter marriage in next 1-2 yrs of 30lacs. Thanks
Ans: I appreciate the clarity and the thoroughness with which you've provided your details. It sounds like you have done a fantastic job building your assets. Let's explore how to best allocate your resources after retirement to meet your needs.

Understanding Your Financial Position
Firstly, congratulations on reaching a well-diversified asset base. Here's a summary of your assets:

Equity Investments: Rs 1.09 crore
Mutual Funds (Equity): Rs 2.37 crore
Mutual Funds (Debt): Rs 0.56 crore
ULIP: Rs 65 lakhs (maturing soon)
Fixed Deposit: Rs 20 lakhs
Real Estate: 3 BHK apartment (Rs 1.45 crore)
Your total financial assets come to around Rs 4.82 crore. You have no loans, which is excellent. Your monthly requirement is Rs 1.25 lakhs, and you have a one-time expense of Rs 30 lakhs for your daughter's marriage.

Setting the Foundation: Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for financial security. Ensure you have at least 6 to 12 months of expenses in a liquid, low-risk account. This fund should cover unexpected expenses without disturbing your investments.

Recommended Emergency Fund: Rs 15 lakhs (12 months of expenses)
Asset Allocation Strategy Post-Retirement
Let's break down a suitable asset allocation strategy:

1. Debt Instruments for Stability
Debt instruments provide stability and regular income. They are less volatile and suitable for your monthly needs. Considering your requirement of Rs 1.25 lakhs per month, prioritize these investments:

Mutual Funds (Debt): Rs 56 lakhs already allocated. Consider adding more to this to ensure stable returns.
Fixed Deposit: Rs 20 lakhs is a good buffer. Keep this as part of your emergency fund and for short-term liquidity.
2. Equity Investments for Growth
Equity investments are essential for growth and to combat inflation. However, post-retirement, the exposure should be balanced:

Equity Investments: Rs 1.09 crore
Mutual Funds (Equity): Rs 2.37 crore
While these investments have higher returns, they come with higher risks. Consider reallocating some equity to balanced or conservative funds to reduce volatility.

3. ULIP as a Diversification Tool
Your ULIP maturing soon will provide a lump sum. ULIPs combine insurance and investment but may not always offer the best returns. Since all premiums are paid and it’s maturing, use the maturity amount wisely.

ULIP Maturity: Rs 65 lakhs. Reinvest this in safer debt funds or balanced funds for moderate growth with lower risk.
Creating a Monthly Income Stream
To generate Rs 1.25 lakhs per month, a mix of Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWPs) from mutual funds and interest from fixed deposits can be considered.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
SWP allows you to withdraw a fixed amount from mutual funds periodically. This can provide regular income without selling your investments entirely.

SWP from Debt Mutual Funds: Utilize debt funds to withdraw a steady amount monthly.
SWP from Balanced Funds: For a balanced risk approach, include some withdrawals from balanced funds.
Interest from Fixed Deposits
Interest from fixed deposits can supplement your monthly income. Ensure the interest aligns with your monthly needs and reinvest any excess for future use.

Planning for One-Time Expenses
For your daughter’s marriage, earmark Rs 30 lakhs from your existing assets. Consider using the maturity proceeds of your ULIP or liquidating some of your fixed deposits for this purpose.

Adjusting Your Portfolio
Rebalancing Equity and Debt
After ensuring your monthly needs and one-time expenses are covered, rebalance your portfolio to maintain a suitable risk level. Post-retirement, a common approach is to have a 40-60% allocation in equities and 60-40% in debt:

Equity Allocation: Aim for around 40% of your portfolio.
Debt Allocation: Aim for around 60% of your portfolio.
This balance provides growth potential while ensuring stability and regular income.

Diversifying within Debt and Equity
Within debt and equity, diversify to manage risk better:

Debt Funds: Include short-term, medium-term, and income funds.
Equity Funds: Include large-cap, mid-cap, and balanced funds.
Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning ensures you retain more of your income. Post-retirement, tax planning involves:

Tax-Exempt Instruments: Use the tax benefits of PPF and other exempt instruments.
Long-Term Capital Gains: Equity investments held for over a year have favorable tax treatment.
Tax-Efficient Withdrawals: Plan withdrawals from funds in a tax-efficient manner.
Monitoring and Review
Regular monitoring and review of your investments are crucial. Assess your portfolio at least once a year and adjust as needed to align with your goals and market conditions.

Genuine Compliments and Empathy
You've done a remarkable job in securing a diversified asset base. Managing your finances prudently has given you a solid foundation. Your focus on family and ensuring their well-being is commendable. It’s understandable to want to ensure your assets are well-managed post-retirement. I'm here to help guide you through this transition.

Final Insights
Retirement planning is about securing your future while enjoying the present. You've built a strong portfolio, and with the right adjustments, you can ensure a stable, comfortable retirement.

Emergency Fund: Keep Rs 15 lakhs for unexpected needs.
Debt Instruments: Use debt funds and FDs for stability and regular income.
Equity Investments: Maintain equity for growth but balance with lower-risk options.
ULIP Maturity: Reinvest in safe or balanced funds.
SWP: Generate monthly income through systematic withdrawals.
Tax Planning: Optimize withdrawals to minimize tax impact.
By following these steps, you can maintain your lifestyle and meet your financial goals post-retirement. Regular review and adjustments will keep you on track. Wishing you a fulfilling and stress-free retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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