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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3722 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 10, 2024Hindi

I am looking to invest a lumpsum or STP in a fixed income mutual fund. Can you please suggest me a good fund which can yield me a reasonable returns going long term.( for a min span of 2 years or above)

Ans: Exploring investment opportunities in fixed income mutual funds is a prudent step towards building a diversified portfolio with stable returns. Let's delve into the characteristics of these funds and identify a suitable option for your long-term investment horizon.

Understanding Fixed Income Mutual Funds:
Fixed income mutual funds primarily invest in debt instruments such as government securities, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. These funds aim to generate stable returns while preserving capital, making them suitable for investors seeking steady income and capital preservation.

Evaluating Investment Criteria:
Before selecting a fixed income mutual fund, consider the following criteria:

Investment Horizon: Given your minimum investment horizon of 2 years or above, opt for funds with a track record of consistent performance over the long term.

Risk Appetite: Assess your risk tolerance and opt for funds that align with your comfort level. Fixed income funds typically carry lower risk compared to equity funds, offering stability and income generation.

Identifying Suitable Funds:
Based on your investment criteria, consider the following types of fixed income mutual funds:

Short-Term Debt Funds: These funds invest in debt securities with shorter maturities, offering relatively stable returns over a short to medium-term horizon. They are ideal for investors seeking liquidity and lower interest rate risk.

Corporate Bond Funds: Corporate bond funds primarily invest in bonds issued by corporate entities, offering higher yields compared to government securities. These funds may carry slightly higher risk but can potentially deliver attractive returns over the long term.

Dynamic Bond Funds: Dynamic bond funds have the flexibility to adjust their portfolio duration and allocation based on interest rate movements and market conditions. They offer the potential for higher returns but may be subject to higher volatility.

Selecting the Right Fund:
After evaluating different types of fixed income mutual funds, choose a fund that aligns with your investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. Consider factors such as fund manager expertise, expense ratio, and historical performance while making your decision.

Commitment to Financial Growth:
As you embark on your investment journey, rest assured that I'm committed to providing ongoing guidance and support. Your proactive approach to wealth creation sets the stage for long-term financial success and security.

Conclusion: Empowering Your Investment Decision
In conclusion, investing in a fixed income mutual fund can provide stability and steady returns over the long term, making it a valuable addition to your investment portfolio. By selecting a fund that matches your investment criteria and risk profile, you pave the way for financial growth and security in the years to come.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3722 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 26, 2024

suggest mutual fund for long term for good returns
Ans: Selecting Mutual Funds for Long-Term Growth

Investing in mutual funds for long-term growth requires careful consideration of various factors to ensure the suitability of the funds for your financial goals and risk tolerance. Here's a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the selection process:

Understanding Long-Term Investment Objectives:

Before choosing mutual funds, it's essential to define your long-term investment objectives, such as wealth accumulation, retirement planning, or funding a specific financial goal. Understanding your investment horizon, risk tolerance, and return expectations will guide you in selecting suitable funds aligned with your objectives.

Analyzing Fund Performance and Track Record:

Evaluate the historical performance and track record of mutual funds over long-term periods, preferably five to ten years or more. Look for funds that have consistently outperformed their benchmarks and peers, demonstrating strong fund management capabilities and investment strategies conducive to long-term growth.

Assessing Fund Management Team:

Examine the expertise and experience of the fund management team responsible for making investment decisions. A skilled and seasoned fund manager with a proven track record of delivering consistent returns can significantly impact the long-term performance of the fund.

Examining Fund Portfolio and Strategy:

Review the composition of the fund's portfolio, including asset allocation, sectoral exposure, and diversification across stocks or securities. A well-diversified portfolio with exposure to different sectors and market caps can mitigate risks and enhance long-term growth potential.

Considering Risk Factors and Volatility:

Evaluate the risk profile of mutual funds, considering factors such as volatility, downside protection, and susceptibility to market fluctuations. While higher-risk funds may offer the potential for greater returns over the long term, they also entail increased volatility and downside risk, which may not be suitable for all investors.

Assessing Expense Ratios and Fees:

Compare the expense ratios and fees associated with mutual funds, including management fees, administrative costs, and other expenses. Lower expense ratios translate to higher returns for investors over the long term, as less of the fund's assets are consumed by fees and charges.

Choosing Fund Categories and Investment Styles:

Select mutual funds from different categories and investment styles to build a diversified portfolio that balances growth potential with risk mitigation. Consider allocating investments across equity funds, debt funds, hybrid funds, and thematic funds based on your risk appetite and investment objectives.

Seeking Professional Advice and Guidance:

Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) who can provide personalized advice and guidance tailored to your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment preferences. A CFP can help you navigate the mutual fund landscape, select suitable funds, and construct a diversified portfolio optimized for long-term growth.


Investing in mutual funds for long-term growth requires thorough research, careful analysis, and a disciplined approach to portfolio construction. By focusing on fund performance, management expertise, risk factors, and investment objectives, you can identify suitable mutual funds that align with your long-term financial goals and aspirations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3722 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 31, 2024Hindi
I have 2 lakh and wanted to invest in lumpsum mutual fund for 10+ years. I am ready to take 100% risk. Please suggest me some funds
Ans: Long-Term Investment Strategies for High-Risk Appetite
Congratulations on your decision to invest Rs 2 lakh in mutual funds for the long term! Your readiness to take 100% risk suggests you are looking for high-growth opportunities. Let's explore various mutual fund options that align with your risk appetite and investment horizon.

Understanding High-Risk Investments
High-risk investments are typically equity-based. They offer the potential for high returns but come with significant volatility. For a 10+ year horizon, equity mutual funds are ideal. Let's dive into different types of equity funds that can suit your profile.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks. They are categorized based on the market capitalization of the companies they invest in, the sectors they focus on, and their investment strategies.

Large-Cap Funds
Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies with large market capitalizations. These companies have a track record of stability and consistent growth.


Stability: Less volatile compared to mid-cap and small-cap funds.

Reliable Growth: Offer steady returns over the long term.


Large-cap funds are suitable for investors seeking moderate risk with reliable growth. They are less risky than mid-cap and small-cap funds but offer lower potential returns.

Mid-Cap Funds
Mid-cap funds invest in medium-sized companies. These companies have the potential for higher growth compared to large-cap companies but are also more volatile.


Growth Potential: Higher potential for capital appreciation than large-cap funds.

Balanced Risk: Moderate risk, balancing stability and growth.


Mid-cap funds are ideal for investors willing to take on moderate risk for higher returns. They offer a good balance between stability and growth potential.

Small-Cap Funds
Small-cap funds invest in smaller companies with high growth potential. These funds are the most volatile but can offer the highest returns over the long term.


High Returns: Potential for significant capital appreciation.

Growth Opportunities: Invest in emerging companies with high growth prospects.


Small-cap funds are best suited for aggressive investors ready to embrace high volatility for substantial returns. They require patience and a long-term outlook.

Multi-Cap Funds
Multi-cap funds invest in companies across various market capitalizations. They provide diversification by investing in large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap companies.


Diversification: Spread risk across different market capitalizations.

Flexibility: Fund managers can shift investments based on market conditions.


Multi-cap funds are ideal for investors seeking diversification and flexibility. They balance risk and reward by investing across the market spectrum.

Sectoral/Thematic Funds
Sectoral and thematic funds focus on specific sectors or investment themes. These funds can offer high returns if the chosen sector or theme performs well.


Focused Investment: Target high-growth sectors or themes.

High Returns: Potential for significant returns if the sector/theme performs well.


Sectoral/thematic funds are suitable for investors with strong convictions about specific sectors or themes. They carry higher risk due to concentrated exposure.

Active vs. Passive Funds
Active Funds:

Managed by Experts: Fund managers actively select stocks to outperform the market.

Higher Fees: Management fees are higher due to active management.

Passive Funds:

Track Index: Mimic the performance of a market index.

Lower Fees: Management fees are lower due to passive management.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Limited Growth: Passive funds can’t outperform the market.

Missed Opportunities: May miss out on high-growth stocks not in the index.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Higher Effort Required:

Self-Management: Investors need to manage and monitor investments themselves.
Less Guidance:

No Professional Advice: Lack of professional advice can lead to poor investment choices.
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Expert Management: Professional fund managers make informed decisions.

Convenience: Easier to manage with guidance from a certified financial planner (CFP).

Recommended Investment Approach
Given your high-risk appetite and long-term horizon, an aggressive investment approach is suitable. Here's a detailed plan:

Step 1: Allocate Funds Across Different Categories
Diversification: Spread your investment across different types of equity funds to balance risk and return.

Example Allocation:

Large-Cap Funds: 30% for stability and reliable growth.

Mid-Cap Funds: 30% for balanced risk and higher returns.

Small-Cap Funds: 20% for high growth potential.

Multi-Cap Funds: 20% for diversification and flexibility.

Step 2: Research and Select Funds
Performance Analysis: Choose funds with a strong track record of performance over at least five years.

Consistency: Look for consistency in returns and management expertise.

Fund Manager: Evaluate the experience and strategy of the fund manager.

Step 3: Monitor and Review Regularly
Regular Monitoring: Track the performance of your investments periodically.

Rebalance Portfolio: Adjust your portfolio based on performance and changing market conditions.

Stay Informed: Keep abreast of market trends and economic changes.

The Importance of Long-Term Investment
Compounding Returns: Long-term investments benefit from compounding, leading to significant growth.

Market Cycles: Staying invested through market cycles helps in averaging returns.

Patience Pays: Long-term investments mitigate short-term volatility and provide higher returns.

Tax Implications
Equity Funds: Long-term capital gains (LTCG) on equity funds are taxed at 10% if gains exceed Rs 1 lakh in a financial year.

Tax Planning: Consider tax-saving mutual funds (ELSS) for additional benefits.

Investing Rs 2 lakh in lumpsum mutual funds for a 10+ year horizon with a high-risk appetite is a prudent decision. Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, small-cap, and multi-cap funds to balance risk and maximize returns. Regularly monitor your portfolio and stay informed about market trends.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized guidance and ensure your investments align with your financial goals. With patience and disciplined investing, you can achieve significant growth over the long term.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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Ravi Mittal  |224 Answers  |Ask -

Dating, Relationships Expert - Answered on Jun 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
Hi I am a 35-year-old woman and my husband is 45. we are made for each other couple. we love each other and we do not have any compatibility issues except in romance. he is not very romantic and even throughout my younger years I was also not very romantic and immersed myself in studies and career. He is not very active in sex also. A few years back I told him that I wanted to be romantic after marriage and now we are not, so I missed my college and early office days when I was in my prime and could have been romantically involved with guys. Since I look very young even at 35, he suggested that I still can move around with guys and get romantic and I need not miss anything even now. though initially declining the offer, I moved a little freely toward men, mostly colleagues, and a few social club members. I encouraged late-night messages, coffee meets, movies, etc. I update my husband on every single event that happens. ex, if I went to a movie with a colleague, I will message my hubby " We kissed", if that happened. he encourages me so much and is happy with whatever is happening, cutting a long story short. though I didn't think it would go so far, I am now romantically very active. soft romance-like messages I do with many. Dating I don't say no to my known circle like colleagues, ex-colleagues, college mates, etc and almost 2-3 times a week I end up dating someone in a coffee shop, pub, or a long drive. A few times I initiate a date too. and I must confess that I have regular intimacy with four young men, all from the same office where I work. I have never hidden anything from my hubby and give a complete account every day. I offered to stop everything any moment he said. but he told me till age is there enjoy life!. I am emotionally connected to my husband only and I do all my responsibilities as a woman. Our relationship has grown manifold. My only question is, am I exploiting my husband's innocence or does he have a cuckold fantasy? If I continue the way I continue with no harm to anyone, can I keep doing it ( I love to). or I should stop at once?
Ans: Dear Anonymous,

After reading your question I understood that your partner and you have, what we call, an open relationship. As long as both partners are okay with the dynamics of it, and no one is emotionally hurt, or resisting, it should be okay. It isn't exploitation if your husband himself encourages you. You are both consenting adults and not harming each other or anyone else. As for your question, if he has a cuckold fantasy, that is something you should discuss with your husband. An open discussion is better than speculation. Also, at any time if you suspect that your husband is growing concerned about the nature of your relationship, ask him directly. It can help avoid misunderstandings.

Best Wishes

...Read more


Ravi Mittal  |224 Answers  |Ask -

Dating, Relationships Expert - Answered on Jun 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 16, 2024Hindi
Hello sir mai 28 year ki hoo mai abhi llb kar rahi hoo mai last 7 year se relationship mai hoo vo mujse 25 year bade hai saruaat 1 to 2 year inhone muje bhot priorities di ab hum 3 to 4 month mai kabhi milte hai hum dono alag alag city mai hai unki bhot badi family hai or finincially bhi problem chal rahi hai last 3 yaer se vo.muje priority nai de rahe hum.roj bat karte hai vo mera khyal bhi rakhte hai lekin muje unse ab dur nai hona mene sadi na karne ka decisions Liya hai lekin kitni bar bhot akela feel karti hoo vo muje itna time nai dete phele jaisa nai hai aisa lagta hai.fir vo ku6 help kar de ya pyar se bat bhi kar le.to.lagta hai sab theek hai mai.bhot confused hoo mai.kya karu muje kya karna chahiye ..
Ans: Dear Anonymous,

Dating someone older than you is not the problem, but the fact that you are making major life decisions based on what he wants and doesn't want is concerning. I am guessing that you decided to not get married because he doesn't want it either. Is that fair to you? You yourself mentioned that you often feel lonely. Don't you think you deserve better? Don't you deserve someone who would love you and would like to spend the rest of their life with you? Please reconsider this relationship. Speak to your partner and ask him what his plans are for the future. Does he want to settle down with you? How will you two continue this relationship in the future? There are many important questions that need answering. Sort them out and you will have the solution to your dilemma.

Best Wishes.

...Read more


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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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