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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Kumar Question by Kumar on May 08, 2024Hindi
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Dear Sir, I am 42yrs old and a regular investor of MF SIP plan. As of now I am investing 1 lakh per month in various MF SIP schemes and am willing to continue this for next 18 years till i retire. Apart from this I have below corpus available with myself FD - 2.83 cr MF - Fund value as of now - 70 lakh PPF + EPF - 45 lakh Loans - Nil House - 2 houses already (1 i stay and from another i get 23k rent per month) Medical Insurance - 10 lakh for family floater + corporate insurance from my company Life Insurance - Please advise will it be sufficient enough to accumulate a corpus of INR 10 cr by the next 18 years when i am retiring so that I can use the SWP method and live my life peacefully.

Ans: Financial Assessment and Recommendations

Current Financial Snapshot:

At 42 years old, you're making substantial investments in Mutual Fund SIPs, totaling 1 lakh per month. Additionally, you have a significant corpus from Fixed Deposits (FD), Mutual Funds (MF), Public Provident Fund (PPF), and Employees' Provident Fund (EPF). You also benefit from rental income and have adequate insurance coverage.

Goal Analysis:

Your primary goal is to accumulate a corpus of INR 10 crores by the time you retire in 18 years. This corpus will be used for a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) to maintain your lifestyle post-retirement.

Assessment and Recommendations:

SIP Investments:

Your consistent investment of 1 lakh per month in MF SIPs is commendable. Continue this disciplined approach as it will significantly contribute to your retirement corpus.
Corpus Analysis:

Your current corpus, including FDs, MFs, PPF, and EPF, is substantial and will continue to grow over the next 18 years.
Review the performance of your MF investments periodically and consider rebalancing if necessary to optimize returns.
Rental Income:

The rental income from your second house adds to your cash flow and can be reinvested to boost your retirement corpus further.
Insurance Coverage:

Your medical and life insurance coverage appears adequate for your family's needs. However, periodically review your policies to ensure they keep pace with inflation and changing life circumstances.
SWP Strategy:

When you retire, consider implementing a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from your accumulated corpus to generate regular income.
Calculate the SWP amount based on your estimated expenses and projected returns from your investment portfolio.
Regular Review:

Continuously monitor the performance of your investments and adjust your strategy as needed to stay on track towards your retirement goal.
Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) periodically to fine-tune your financial plan and ensure you're on the right path.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of living expenses in a liquid instrument to cover any unforeseen expenses.
Final Thoughts:

Given your disciplined savings, diversified investment portfolio, and rental income, you're well-positioned to achieve your retirement goal of accumulating a corpus of INR 10 crores. Stay focused on your long-term objectives, regularly review your financial plan, and seek professional guidance when needed to navigate any challenges along the way.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 12, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir, I'm 43+, Monthly take home is around 3.20 Lacs, Currently i have invested in Shares (Current Portfolio is around 1.55 Crs). EMI is around 1.1 lacs P/m, Recently i have started investing in SIP 1 lacs P/M, and balance 1.20 lacs goes in house, kids education expense. Have EPF balance of 40 lacs as on date. As mentioned above recently i have started investing in SIP (From Oct 2023 onwards), which is at the tune of 1 lacs per month. SIP are Franklin India Prima Fund regular Plan - Growth - 25K, ICICI Prudential Small cap fund retail plan G - 25K, Kotak Multicap fund regular plan growth - 15K, DSP Blackrock mid cap fund regular plan growth - 10 K, and Parag Parikh Flexi Cap fund - Regular plan growth - 25 K. Will increase the SIP investment by 10% every year going forward. Sir, My question is with current SIP investment will i be able to generate 8~10 Cr corpus fund by retirement (Assuming that i will be in Job and working for next 15 years). Current Share portfolio is for long term investment only (assuming i get 12~15% of return every year).
Ans: Analysis of Retirement Corpus Target

Considering your current financial situation and investment strategy, let's evaluate whether your SIP investments can help you achieve a corpus of 8-10 crores by retirement in the next 15 years.

Assessment of Current Investments

Shares Portfolio: With a current portfolio value of 1.55 crores and assuming an annual return of 12-15%, your shares portfolio has the potential to grow significantly over the long term.

EPF Balance: Your EPF balance of 40 lakhs provides a solid foundation for retirement savings and adds to your overall retirement corpus.

SIP Investments: Your SIP investments totaling 1 lakh per month are diversified across various mutual funds, including Franklin India Prima Fund, ICICI Prudential Small Cap Fund, Kotak Multicap Fund, DSP Blackrock Mid Cap Fund, and Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund. The plan to increase SIP investments by 10% annually demonstrates a commitment to long-term wealth accumulation.

Estimation of Future Corpus

To estimate the potential corpus accumulated through SIP investments, let's assume an average annual return of 12% over the next 15 years. With an initial SIP investment of 1 lakh per month and an annual increase of 10%, the future value of SIP investments can be calculated using a future value of annuity formula.

Considering the monthly SIP investments and their projected growth, you can accumulate a substantial corpus over the next 15 years. However, the final corpus will depend on various factors such as market performance, investment discipline, and economic conditions.

Assessment of Retirement Corpus Target

Achieving a corpus of 8-10 crores by retirement is ambitious but feasible with consistent savings, prudent investment decisions, and disciplined portfolio management. Your combined investments in shares, EPF, and SIPs demonstrate a proactive approach towards building wealth for retirement.

Recommendations

Regular Monitoring: Continuously monitor the performance of your SIP investments and shares portfolio. Periodically review your financial goals and adjust your investment strategy as needed to stay on track towards achieving your retirement corpus target.

Risk Management: Diversify your investment portfolio to manage risk effectively. Consider allocating assets across different asset classes such as equities, debt, and real estate to enhance portfolio resilience.

Professional Guidance: Consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to develop a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your specific needs, goals, and risk tolerance. A financial advisor can provide personalized recommendations and strategies to optimize your investment portfolio for long-term wealth accumulation.

With a disciplined approach to savings and investments, coupled with prudent financial planning, you can work towards achieving your retirement goals and securing a comfortable financial future for yourself and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 23, 2024Hindi
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I am 47 yrs. The present valuation of my MF investment is 53 lakhs and I put in 50k monthly in SIPs. What will be the corpus at my retirement? Apart from this I have a loan free house in Gurgaon. I live in my owned house for which I am paying an EMI of 93k and an outstanding loan of 89lakhs pending against it. I have two term insurance of 99lkhs and 1.5cr. My PPF corpus is 20lakhs and will be maturing in2026. EPF corpus is 3 lakhs with 7000 monthly contribution. I have a son who's will be graduating from school next year.Is my investment plan on track?
Ans: Evaluating Your Investment Plan and Retirement Corpus

You have done a commendable job in planning your finances. Your disciplined approach to SIP investments and maintaining term insurance shows financial prudence.

Current Financial Situation
Mutual Fund Investments
Present Value: Rs. 53 lakhs
SIP: Rs. 50,000 monthly
Real Estate
Loan-free house in Gurgaon
Own house with an EMI of Rs. 93,000
Outstanding loan: Rs. 89 lakhs
Insurance and Provident Funds
Term Insurance: Rs. 99 lakhs and Rs. 1.5 crores
PPF Corpus: Rs. 20 lakhs (maturing in 2026)
EPF Corpus: Rs. 3 lakhs with a monthly contribution of Rs. 7,000
Future Financial Goals
Son’s Education
Your son will be graduating from school next year. Planning for higher education expenses is crucial.

Retirement Planning
You are 47 years old and need to estimate the retirement corpus based on your current investments and contributions.

Estimating Retirement Corpus
Mutual Fund Corpus at Retirement
Assuming an average annual return of 12% on your mutual fund investments:

Current Value: Rs. 53 lakhs
Monthly SIP: Rs. 50,000
Investment Period: 13 years (till age 60)
Using the compound interest formula and considering SIP contributions, the estimated corpus at retirement can be calculated.

PPF Maturity
Your PPF corpus of Rs. 20 lakhs will mature in 2026. Assuming no further contributions, it will be available for reinvestment or expenses.

EPF Corpus
Your EPF contributions and corpus will continue to grow. Assuming an average annual return of 8%, it will add to your retirement corpus.

Managing Existing Loans
Home Loan EMI
You have an outstanding loan of Rs. 89 lakhs with an EMI of Rs. 93,000. Reducing this liability should be a priority to enhance your cash flow.

Prepayment Strategy
Consider prepaying your home loan with any surplus funds or bonuses. This will reduce the interest burden and EMI amount.

Insurance Adequacy
Term Insurance
You have adequate term insurance coverage. Ensure the coverage amount remains sufficient to meet your family’s needs in your absence.

Health Insurance
Review your health insurance coverage. Ensure it is adequate to cover medical emergencies and rising healthcare costs.

Investment Strategy Review
Diversification
Ensure your investments are diversified across different asset classes to manage risk effectively.

Mutual Fund Portfolio
Review your mutual fund portfolio periodically. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to ensure your funds align with your risk profile and financial goals.

Planning for Son’s Education
Education Fund
Start a dedicated education fund for your son. Consider investing in balanced or hybrid funds to manage risk while aiming for growth.

SIP for Education
Continue SIPs specifically earmarked for your son’s higher education. This will help in accumulating the required corpus systematically.

Tax Planning
Efficient Tax Strategies
Utilize tax-saving investment options to maximize returns. Proper tax planning can significantly enhance your overall portfolio performance.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can help you navigate complex financial decisions and achieve your long-term goals.

Conclusion
Your investment plan is on the right track. Continue with disciplined investing, manage your loans, and consult a professional for tailored advice. With strategic planning, you can achieve a comfortable retirement and secure your family’s future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 18, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir, I'm 31 years old and having a monthly take home around 1 Lakh , I have FD of 6 Lakh, PPF of 2.50 L, NPS of 1 Lakh and Mutual Fund of 8 Lakh ( 2 Flexi Fund, 2 Mid Cap Fund, 2 Small Cap, 1 BAF and 1 ELSS) with monthly SIP 55000. I have no loan. I have only two major goals as of now as I don't have any kid: Goal 1. Need to generate a corpus of 1 Cr. In next 5 year to buy a house , will this be possible with this SIP Plan? Goal 2- I need to retire by age 50 with 10 Crores of corpus at present value. Will my SIP suffice if not then by what % I need to increase it YoY if I don't wanna increase the SIP value? Please help me with your invaluable advice :)
Ans: Creating a robust financial plan to achieve your goals of buying a house and retiring early is essential. At 31 years old with a strong monthly income and substantial investments, you are well-positioned to reach your financial objectives. Let's analyze your current financial situation and strategize to meet your goals of buying a house worth Rs. 1 crore in the next five years and retiring by 50 with a corpus of Rs. 10 crores.

Evaluating Your Current Financial Situation
Income and Investments
Your monthly take-home salary is Rs. 1 lakh. Here's a breakdown of your current investments:

Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs. 6 lakhs
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 2.5 lakhs
National Pension System (NPS): Rs. 1 lakh
Mutual Funds (MF): Rs. 8 lakhs across various funds
Monthly SIP: Rs. 55,000
Your disciplined investment approach is commendable and sets a solid foundation for achieving your financial goals.

Goal 1: Generating a Corpus of Rs. 1 Crore in 5 Years
Current SIP Analysis
To determine if your current SIP of Rs. 55,000 per month can help you achieve a corpus of Rs. 1 crore in five years, let's consider the potential growth of your investments. Assuming an average annual return of 12% on your mutual funds, the future value of your SIPs can be estimated.

With a consistent SIP of Rs. 55,000 per month, you are on track to achieve substantial growth. However, it's important to regularly review and adjust your investments based on market performance and your financial goals.

Additional Strategies
If your current SIP falls short of the Rs. 1 crore target, consider these strategies:

Increase SIP Contributions: If feasible, gradually increase your SIP contributions each year. A 10-15% annual increase can significantly boost your corpus.

Lump Sum Investments: Allocate a portion of your FD or other savings to a lump sum investment in equity mutual funds. This can provide higher returns compared to traditional savings instruments.

Review and Rebalance Portfolio: Ensure your portfolio is well-diversified and aligned with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Rebalance your portfolio periodically to optimize returns.

Goal 2: Retiring by Age 50 with a Corpus of Rs. 10 Crores
Assessing Your Retirement Goal
To retire by age 50 with a corpus of Rs. 10 crores, you need to ensure that your investments are growing at a healthy rate. Considering you have 19 years until you reach 50, let's evaluate if your current SIPs and investments are sufficient.

Calculating Required SIP Growth
Assuming an average annual return of 12% on your mutual funds, let's estimate the future value of your current SIPs and the additional contributions needed:

Current SIP of Rs. 55,000 per month:

Projected Future Value (FV) at 12% annual return over 19 years can be significant but may need a boost.
Increasing SIP Contributions Annually:

To avoid increasing the SIP value drastically, you can opt for a systematic increase of 10-15% per year. This approach leverages the power of compounding and incremental growth.
Additional Investments and Strategies
To bridge any gaps and ensure you meet your retirement goal, consider the following:

Utilize Annual Bonuses and Increments: Allocate any annual bonuses, increments, or windfalls towards your investment corpus.

Optimize Tax Savings: Maximize contributions to tax-saving instruments like PPF, NPS, and ELSS. This not only reduces your tax liability but also boosts your investment corpus.

Diversify Investments: Ensure a mix of equity and debt investments. Equity funds provide growth, while debt funds offer stability and risk mitigation.

Detailed Investment Plan and Strategies
Fixed Deposits (FD)
Your current FD of Rs. 6 lakhs is a safe but low-return investment. Consider reallocating a portion of this to higher-yield investments like mutual funds or direct equity. Retain some amount in FD for emergency liquidity.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a long-term investment with tax benefits. Continue your annual contributions to PPF, as it provides stable returns and tax-free maturity. Aim to maximize your yearly contribution limit to Rs. 1.5 lakhs.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a good retirement savings tool. Continue your contributions to NPS, considering the tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD. You can increase your contributions periodically to enhance your retirement corpus.

Mutual Funds
Your current mutual fund portfolio is well-diversified across flexi, mid-cap, small-cap, BAF, and ELSS funds. Here's a detailed strategy to optimize your mutual fund investments:

Flexi Funds: Continue your investments in flexi funds as they provide flexibility to invest across market capitalizations, offering balanced risk and return.

Mid and Small Cap Funds: These funds have high growth potential but come with higher risk. Maintain a balanced allocation and review performance periodically.

Balanced Advantage Fund (BAF): BAFs provide a balanced approach with a mix of equity and debt. Continue your SIP in BAF for risk management and steady returns.

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): ELSS offers tax benefits under Section 80C and good returns. Continue your SIP in ELSS for tax-efficient growth.

Future Strategy and Incremental SIP Increase
To achieve your long-term goal of Rs. 10 crores by retirement, an annual incremental increase in SIPs is advisable. Assuming a 10-15% annual increase in SIPs, you can significantly enhance your investment corpus. Here's how:

Year 1: Rs. 55,000
Year 2: Rs. 60,500 (10% increase)
Year 3: Rs. 66,550 (10% increase)
Year 4: Rs. 73,205 (10% increase)
Year 5: Rs. 80,526 (10% increase)
By following this incremental approach, your SIP contributions will grow substantially, leveraging the power of compounding to reach your financial goals.

Risk Management and Contingency Planning
Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund to cover 6-12 months of living expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in liquid assets like savings accounts or short-term FDs.

Insurance
Life Insurance: Adequate life insurance coverage is essential to protect your family’s financial future. Consider term insurance for high coverage at low premiums.

Health Insurance: Ensure you and your family have comprehensive health insurance coverage to safeguard against medical emergencies and expenses.

Tax Planning and Efficiency
Maximize Tax-saving Investments
Utilize the full benefits of Section 80C by contributing to PPF, ELSS, NPS, and other eligible investments. Efficient tax planning reduces your tax liability and increases your investable surplus.

Regular Review and Adjustments
Annual Portfolio Review
Conduct an annual review of your portfolio to assess performance and make necessary adjustments. This ensures your investments remain aligned with your goals and risk tolerance.

Rebalancing
Periodically rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation. This involves selling over-performing assets and reinvesting in underperforming ones to manage risk and optimize returns.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Engaging a CFP can provide expert advice and tailored financial planning. A CFP helps you navigate complex financial decisions and stay on track to achieve your goals.

Final Insights
Achieving your financial goals of buying a house and retiring early requires disciplined planning and strategic investments. By increasing your SIP contributions, optimizing your portfolio, and leveraging tax-efficient investments, you can create substantial wealth.

Regularly review and adjust your financial plan to stay aligned with your goals. Engaging a Certified Financial Planner ensures professional guidance and support in your financial journey.

Your proactive approach to financial planning is commendable. With the right strategies and disciplined execution, you can achieve your goals and secure a prosperous future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 17, 2024Hindi
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Hi Mam, I'm 43+, Monthly take home is around 3.20 Lacs, Currently i have invested in Shares (Current Portfolio is around 1.75 Crs). EMI is around 1.1 lacs P/m (Home loan 1 - 50K per month till 2037, 30K car loan till 2027 (Planning to close this year by paying 13 lacs, please suggest if this option of preclosure is good or EMI is good, will be paying this amount by selling some shares), 30k per month of home 2 till 2040., Recently i have started investing in SIP 1 lacs P/M, and balance 1.20 lacs goes in house, kids education expense. Have EPF balance of 40 lacs as on date. As mentioned above recently i have started investing in SIP (From Oct 2023 onwards), which is at the tune of 1 lacs per month. SIP are Franklin India Prima Fund regular Plan - Growth - 25K, ICICI Prudential Small cap fund retail plan G - 25K, Kotak Multicap fund regular plan growth - 15K, DSP Blackrock mid cap fund regular plan growth - 10 K, and Parag Parikh Flexi Cap fund - Regular plan growth - 25 K. Will increase the SIP investment by 10% every year going forward. Sir, My question is with current SIP investment will i be able to generate 10~12 Cr corpus fund by retirement (Assuming that i will be in Job and working for next 15 years). Current Share portfolio is for long term investment only (assuming i get 12~15% of return every year). Please note : will be spending around 1~1.5 cr for my Son education in engineering from 2027 to 2031, 50% will be spend from savings and balance 50% from education loan.
Ans: Financial Snapshot
Age: 43+
Monthly Take Home Salary: Rs 3.20 lakhs
Current Investment in Shares: Rs 1.75 crores
EMI Payments: Rs 1.1 lakhs per month
Home Loan 1: Rs 50,000 till 2037
Car Loan: Rs 30,000 till 2027 (planning to close this year)
Home Loan 2: Rs 30,000 till 2040
Monthly SIP Investment: Rs 1 lakh (started Oct 2023)
Monthly Household and Education Expenses: Rs 1.20 lakhs
EPF Balance: Rs 40 lakhs
Expected Expenses for Son's Education: Rs 1-1.5 crores (2027-2031)
Assessing Current Investments
Share Portfolio:

Value: Rs 1.75 crores
Assumed Annual Return: 12-15%
Long-term growth potential is strong. Continue holding for compounding benefits.
SIP Investments:

Started in Oct 2023
Current SIP of Rs 1 lakh per month in a diversified mix of funds
Analyzing Loan Preclosure Option
Car Loan Preclosure:

Current EMI: Rs 30,000 per month till 2027
Preclosure Amount: Rs 13 lakhs (consider selling some shares)
Pros of Preclosure:

Reduces monthly EMI burden
Saves interest costs
Cons of Preclosure:

Selling shares might impact portfolio growth
Evaluate if share sale aligns with long-term goals
Recommendation:

If interest rate on car loan is high, preclosure can be beneficial.
Ensure share sale does not significantly affect long-term portfolio growth.
Evaluating SIP Investments
Current SIP Allocation:

Franklin India Prima Fund: Rs 25,000
ICICI Prudential Small Cap Fund: Rs 25,000
Kotak Multicap Fund: Rs 15,000
DSP Blackrock Mid Cap Fund: Rs 10,000
Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 25,000
Plan to Increase SIP by 10% Annually:

This is a good strategy. It helps to combat inflation and increase your corpus over time.
Active vs. Index Funds:

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:
Potential to outperform market
Professional management
Disadvantages of Index Funds:
Passive tracking of the market
No chance to outperform during market rallies
Projected Retirement Corpus
Assumptions:

Monthly SIP: Rs 1 lakh (increasing by 10% annually)
Investment Horizon: 15 years
Average Annual Return: 12-15%
Projection:

Estimated Corpus at Retirement:
With a 12% annual return: Approximately Rs 10-12 crores
With a 15% annual return: Potentially higher than Rs 12 crores
Financial Planning for Son's Education
Expected Expenses:

Rs 1-1.5 crores over 4 years (2027-2031)
Plan to use 50% savings and 50% education loan
Recommendation:

Start a dedicated education fund
Consider balanced or hybrid funds for stability and growth
Ensure this fund aligns with the investment horizon and risk tolerance
Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is strong.
Increasing SIP contributions annually is a prudent move.
Evaluate the car loan preclosure option based on interest rates and long-term goals.
Maintain a diversified portfolio to balance risk and growth.
Regularly review your investments with a Certified Financial Planner to stay on track.
By following these steps, you should be well-positioned to achieve a corpus of Rs 10-12 crores by retirement. Additionally, planning for your son's education expenses with a dedicated fund will ensure financial stability.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

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Hi... I am 48 years of age. Currently in hand salary income is 140000. My total monthly savings is 56000. ie post office RD 25k which is going to mature in Jan 2025, bank RD 30k which is going to mature in Dec 2024, sip in MF 6k (started 6 months back). My total expenses is bank EMI 24k per month, other monthly expenses including children's tuition fee 55k. My investment - 2 flats worth rs. 75k, ppf 2L, insurance 10L, Equity 40k Other income - flat rent 8k monthly. Request for proper planning for investment next 12 yrs to achieve 2cr goal. Regards.. RHP
Ans: Current Financial Overview

You are 48 years old with an in-hand salary of Rs. 1,40,000 per month. Your savings and investments are as follows:

Monthly Savings: Rs. 56,000
Post Office RD: Rs. 25,000 (maturing Jan 2025)
Bank RD: Rs. 30,000 (maturing Dec 2024)
SIP in Mutual Funds: Rs. 6,000 (started 6 months back)
Your expenses include:

Bank EMI: Rs. 24,000 per month
Other Monthly Expenses: Rs. 55,000 (including children's tuition fees)
Your current investments are:

Two Flats: Worth Rs. 75 lakhs
PPF: Rs. 2 lakhs
Insurance: Rs. 10 lakhs
Equity: Rs. 40,000
You also have a rental income of Rs. 8,000 per month from one of your flats.

You aim to achieve a goal of Rs. 2 crores in the next 12 years.

Assessment of Current Investments

You have a mix of real estate, recurring deposits, insurance, and a small amount in mutual funds and equity. While real estate and RDs are safe, they may not provide the high growth needed to achieve your goal. Diversifying into other investment options is crucial.

Diversification Strategy

Mutual Funds for Growth

Increase your SIP contributions in mutual funds. Diversify across large cap, mid cap, and multi cap funds for balanced growth.
Actively managed funds can provide better returns than direct or index funds. They offer professional management and diversification.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)

Continue investing in PPF for tax-free returns. It provides long-term stability and security.
National Pension System (NPS)

Consider increasing your contributions to the NPS. It offers tax benefits and a regular pension post-retirement.
Equity Investments

Gradually increase your equity investments. Equities can provide high returns over the long term, helping you achieve your financial goals.
Debt Funds

Invest in debt funds for stability and regular income. They are less volatile than equities and provide a steady return.
Optimizing Current Savings

Post Office RD and Bank RD Maturity

Once your RDs mature, reinvest the amount in a mix of mutual funds and debt funds. This will provide higher returns and diversification.
Reviewing Real Estate Investments

While real estate can be a good investment, consider its liquidity and return potential. Diversify into more liquid and high-growth options like mutual funds and equities.
Planning for Children's Education

Education Fund

Start a separate education fund for your children. Invest in mutual funds and PPF to accumulate the required corpus.
Insurance and Risk Management

Adequate Insurance

Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance. This protects your family and investments.
Steps to Achieve Your Goal

Increase Monthly SIPs

After your RDs mature, redirect those amounts to mutual funds. Increase your SIP contributions to Rs. 30,000-40,000 per month.
Rebalance Portfolio

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio with a Certified Financial Planner. This ensures alignment with your financial goals and market conditions.
Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund of 6-12 months of expenses. This provides a safety net for unexpected situations.
Final Insights

Your current investments are a good start, but diversification is key. Increase your SIP contributions, invest in PPF and NPS, and consider more equity and debt funds. Regularly review your portfolio with a Certified Financial Planner. This balanced approach will help you achieve your goal of Rs. 2 crores in 12 years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 17, 2024Hindi
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Thankyou for the indepth analysis and encouragement.. im planning to do my sip's in a manner of increasing investment by 15 percent every year .. is it better to do a sip on a mutual fund or begin a tailor-made education policy for an amount of 1 crore for my childs education, within the next 15 years sir? If yes, plz do mention the name of funds, i will do more research
Ans: You have a noble goal to secure your child's education. Increasing SIP investments by 15% annually is a wise approach.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIPs in mutual funds can offer substantial growth over time.

Benefits of SIPs
Compounding: Regular investments compound over time. This leads to exponential growth.

Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly reduces the impact of market volatility.

Flexibility: You can start with a small amount and increase it. This matches your plan to increase investments by 15% yearly.

Liquidity: Mutual funds offer easy liquidity. You can withdraw funds when needed for your child's education.

Professional Management: Actively managed funds have professional fund managers. They aim to outperform the market.

Disadvantages of SIPs
Market Risk: SIPs are subject to market risks. However, long-term investments typically smooth out these risks.
Education Policy
Education policies are often insurance products combined with investment.

Benefits of Education Policy
Guaranteed Returns: They offer guaranteed returns. This provides a sense of security.

Insurance Coverage: They often include insurance. This can be beneficial in case of unforeseen circumstances.

Disadvantages of Education Policy
Lower Returns: Returns are usually lower compared to mutual funds. This affects the overall growth of your investment.

Less Flexibility: These policies are less flexible. Early withdrawal may incur penalties.

High Costs: They come with higher costs and charges. This reduces the net returns.

Why SIPs are Better
Higher Returns: Mutual funds, especially equity funds, offer higher returns. This helps in achieving the 1 crore goal faster.

Flexibility and Liquidity: SIPs provide flexibility in investments. They also offer easy liquidity when needed.

Professional Management: Actively managed funds can outperform market indices. This leads to better growth.

Investing Through a Certified Financial Planner
Professional Guidance: A CFP can guide you to choose the best mutual funds. They provide valuable insights and manage your investments.

Regular Funds: Investing through a CFP offers advisory services. Direct funds lack this professional guidance.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Lack of Advice: Direct funds do not offer advisory services. This can lead to mismanagement of funds.

Higher Effort: Managing direct funds requires more effort and knowledge. It may not be suitable for everyone.

Avoid Index Funds
Disadvantages: Index funds simply mimic the market. They lack professional management.

Lower Returns: Actively managed funds often outperform index funds. Fund managers adjust for market conditions.

Final Insights
Increasing SIP investments by 15% annually is a wise decision. SIPs in mutual funds offer higher returns, flexibility, and professional management. Education policies, while secure, provide lower returns and less flexibility. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can help create a tailored plan to achieve your goal of 1 crore for your child's education.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 18, 2024Hindi
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Hello Gurus, I need one investment strategy. I am 31 years old. Having 1 kid and home maker wife. I am continuously investing 1.5LPA in PPF. In EPF I put 1.44LPA . I have SIPs 17k per month in blue chip, debt fund, equity one. 12.5k RD is also there. I also invested regularly in SGB. I am having 50 unit SGB. I am not having any loan right now. Planning to take a term plan shortly for securing future of my family and kid. Having 2 inherited flat. Having good mediclaim of my whole family and parents. Kindly let me know if i am in right way! Having wish of investing in real estate soon. Pls let me know.
Ans: Let's assess your current investments and provide a strategy to ensure you are on the right track.

Current Financial Overview
Age: 31 years

Family: Homemaker wife and one child

PPF Contribution: Rs 1.5 lakh per annum

EPF Contribution: Rs 1.44 lakh per annum

SIPs: Rs 17,000 per month (blue chip, debt fund, equity fund)

Recurring Deposit (RD): Rs 12,500 per month

SGB Investment: 50 units

Loans: None

Insurance: Planning to take a term plan

Mediclaim: Good coverage for family and parents

Real Estate: Two inherited flats

Assessment of Current Investments
1. PPF and EPF:

These provide stable, long-term, tax-free returns.

Continue maxing out contributions to these accounts.

2. SIPs in Mutual Funds:

Diversified across blue chip, debt, and equity funds.

Ensures balanced risk and potential for growth.

3. Recurring Deposit:

Provides stable and guaranteed returns.

Good for short to medium-term goals.

4. Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB):

Provides safety and steady returns.

Acts as a hedge against inflation.

Recommendations
1. Continue Current Investments:

Maintain contributions to PPF and EPF.

Keep SIPs in mutual funds for diversified growth.

Continue investing in RD and SGB for stability and security.

2. Term Plan:

A term plan is essential for securing your family's future.

Ensure coverage is adequate to meet future financial needs.

3. Increase SIP Amounts:

As income grows, increase SIP contributions.

This enhances the growth potential of your investments.

4. Avoid Real Estate:

Real estate involves high costs and liquidity issues.

Focus on liquid and high-growth investments instead.

Additional Investment Strategies
1. Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equal to 6 months of expenses.

This provides a financial cushion against unforeseen events.

2. Child's Education and Marriage:

Start an SIP in a diversified equity mutual fund.

This will cater to long-term goals like education and marriage.

3. Retirement Planning:

Consider starting an NPS account.

It offers additional tax benefits and supports retirement goals.

4. Health Insurance:

Ensure your mediclaim policy covers all critical health needs.

Review the policy regularly for adequate coverage.

Risk Management
1. Diversification:

Ensure your portfolio is diversified across asset classes.

This reduces risk and improves potential returns.

2. Regular Review:

Review your investment portfolio every 6 months.

Adjust based on performance and changing financial goals.

Tax Planning
1. Tax-Saving Investments:

Utilize Section 80C to its fullest with PPF, EPF, and ELSS.

Explore other tax-saving instruments like NPS and health insurance.

2. Efficient Withdrawal Strategy:

Plan withdrawals from investments to minimize tax liability.
Final Insights
You are on the right track with diversified investments and no debt. Focus on increasing SIP contributions, maintaining emergency funds, and securing adequate insurance. Avoid real estate and continue with your current strategy for steady growth and financial security.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 17, 2024Hindi
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Hi Mam, I'm 43+, Monthly take home is around 3.20 Lacs, Currently i have invested in Shares (Current Portfolio is around 1.75 Crs). EMI is around 1.1 lacs P/m (Home loan 1 - 50K per month till 2037, 30K car loan till 2027 (Planning to close this year by paying 13 lacs, please suggest if this option of preclosure is good or EMI is good, will be paying this amount by selling some shares), 30k per month of home 2 till 2040., Recently i have started investing in SIP 1 lacs P/M, and balance 1.20 lacs goes in house, kids education expense. Have EPF balance of 40 lacs as on date. As mentioned above recently i have started investing in SIP (From Oct 2023 onwards), which is at the tune of 1 lacs per month. SIP are Franklin India Prima Fund regular Plan - Growth - 25K, ICICI Prudential Small cap fund retail plan G - 25K, Kotak Multicap fund regular plan growth - 15K, DSP Blackrock mid cap fund regular plan growth - 10 K, and Parag Parikh Flexi Cap fund - Regular plan growth - 25 K. Will increase the SIP investment by 10% every year going forward. Sir, My question is with current SIP investment will i be able to generate 10~12 Cr corpus fund by retirement (Assuming that i will be in Job and working for next 15 years). Current Share portfolio is for long term investment only (assuming i get 12~15% of return every year). Please note : will be spending around 1~1.5 cr for my Son education in engineering from 2027 to 2031, 50% will be spend from savings and balance 50% from education loan.
Ans: Financial Snapshot
Age: 43+
Monthly Take Home Salary: Rs 3.20 lakhs
Current Investment in Shares: Rs 1.75 crores
EMI Payments: Rs 1.1 lakhs per month
Home Loan 1: Rs 50,000 till 2037
Car Loan: Rs 30,000 till 2027 (planning to close this year)
Home Loan 2: Rs 30,000 till 2040
Monthly SIP Investment: Rs 1 lakh (started Oct 2023)
Monthly Household and Education Expenses: Rs 1.20 lakhs
EPF Balance: Rs 40 lakhs
Expected Expenses for Son's Education: Rs 1-1.5 crores (2027-2031)
Assessing Current Investments
Share Portfolio:

Value: Rs 1.75 crores
Assumed Annual Return: 12-15%
Long-term growth potential is strong. Continue holding for compounding benefits.
SIP Investments:

Started in Oct 2023
Current SIP of Rs 1 lakh per month in a diversified mix of funds
Analyzing Loan Preclosure Option
Car Loan Preclosure:

Current EMI: Rs 30,000 per month till 2027
Preclosure Amount: Rs 13 lakhs (consider selling some shares)
Pros of Preclosure:

Reduces monthly EMI burden
Saves interest costs
Cons of Preclosure:

Selling shares might impact portfolio growth
Evaluate if share sale aligns with long-term goals
Recommendation:

If interest rate on car loan is high, preclosure can be beneficial.
Ensure share sale does not significantly affect long-term portfolio growth.
Evaluating SIP Investments
Current SIP Allocation:

Franklin India Prima Fund: Rs 25,000
ICICI Prudential Small Cap Fund: Rs 25,000
Kotak Multicap Fund: Rs 15,000
DSP Blackrock Mid Cap Fund: Rs 10,000
Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund: Rs 25,000
Plan to Increase SIP by 10% Annually:

This is a good strategy. It helps to combat inflation and increase your corpus over time.
Active vs. Index Funds:

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:
Potential to outperform market
Professional management
Disadvantages of Index Funds:
Passive tracking of the market
No chance to outperform during market rallies
Projected Retirement Corpus
Assumptions:

Monthly SIP: Rs 1 lakh (increasing by 10% annually)
Investment Horizon: 15 years
Average Annual Return: 12-15%
Projection:

Estimated Corpus at Retirement:
With a 12% annual return: Approximately Rs 10-12 crores
With a 15% annual return: Potentially higher than Rs 12 crores
Financial Planning for Son's Education
Expected Expenses:

Rs 1-1.5 crores over 4 years (2027-2031)
Plan to use 50% savings and 50% education loan
Recommendation:

Start a dedicated education fund
Consider balanced or hybrid funds for stability and growth
Ensure this fund aligns with the investment horizon and risk tolerance
Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is strong.
Increasing SIP contributions annually is a prudent move.
Evaluate the car loan preclosure option based on interest rates and long-term goals.
Maintain a diversified portfolio to balance risk and growth.
Regularly review your investments with a Certified Financial Planner to stay on track.
By following these steps, you should be well-positioned to achieve a corpus of Rs 10-12 crores by retirement. Additionally, planning for your son's education expenses with a dedicated fund will ensure financial stability.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

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How to invest money in mutual fund and stock market
Ans: Investing in mutual funds and the stock market can be rewarding. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started.

Understanding Mutual Funds
Mutual funds pool money from many investors. Professional managers invest this money in stocks, bonds, or other assets.

Benefits of Mutual Funds
Diversification: Reduces risk by spreading investments.

Professional Management: Experts manage your money.

Flexibility: Various types to suit different goals.

Steps to Invest in Mutual Funds
Define Your Goals: Know your financial goals and time frame.

Assess Risk Tolerance: Understand your risk capacity.

Choose the Right Fund: Based on your goals and risk tolerance.

KYC Compliance: Complete Know Your Customer (KYC) process.

Open an Account: With a mutual fund company or a certified financial planner.

Start SIP: Set up a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) for regular investments.

Monitor and Review: Regularly check and adjust your portfolio.

Types of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks. Suitable for long-term goals.

Debt Funds: Invest in bonds. Suitable for short-term goals.

Hybrid Funds: Combine stocks and bonds. Balanced approach.

ELSS Funds: Equity Linked Savings Scheme. Offers tax benefits.

Understanding Stock Market Investments
Investing in stocks means buying shares of companies. You become a partial owner of the company.

Benefits of Stock Market Investments
High Returns: Potential for significant gains.

Ownership: You own a part of the company.

Liquidity: Easy to buy and sell shares.

Steps to Invest in the Stock Market
Educate Yourself: Learn about the stock market and how it works.

Open a Demat and Trading Account: With a brokerage firm.

Research Stocks: Study companies, their performance, and future prospects.

Start Small: Begin with a small investment to understand the process.

Diversify: Don’t put all your money in one stock.

Regular Monitoring: Keep track of your investments.

Stay Informed: Follow market news and trends.

Disadvantages of Direct Stocks Over Mutual Funds
High Risk: Individual stocks are more volatile and can lead to significant losses.

Time-Consuming: Requires constant research and monitoring.

Lack of Diversification: Investing in a few stocks doesn’t spread risk effectively.

Emotional Decisions: Investors may make impulsive decisions based on market swings.

Requires Expertise: Understanding the market and picking the right stocks needs knowledge.

Tips for Successful Investing
Long-Term Focus: Avoid short-term market fluctuations.

Consistent Investing: Regular investments yield better results.

Avoid Herd Mentality: Don’t follow the crowd blindly.

Stay Informed: Keep learning and adapting to market changes.

Seek Professional Advice: A certified financial planner can provide valuable guidance.

Final Insights
Investing in mutual funds and the stock market requires knowledge, discipline, and regular monitoring. By following these steps and staying informed, you can make sound investment decisions and achieve your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5281 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 25, 2024

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Im 32 year old working with a companty. I ve started two sips ( 5000 each from May 2024) both in Small Cap ( Nippon Small Cap and Tata Ethical Fund . Is this correct way to do inveor i need diversification.
Ans: Current Investment Overview

You are 32 years old and working with a company. You have started two SIPs of Rs. 5,000 each, both in small cap funds: Nippon Small Cap and Tata Ethical Fund, since May 2024. It's great that you have taken the initiative to invest regularly through SIPs.

Need for Diversification

Investing in small cap funds can offer high returns but also comes with higher risk. It's important to diversify your investments to reduce risk and achieve more balanced growth. Here's why and how you can diversify:

1. Diversification Benefits

Risk Reduction: Diversification helps spread risk across different asset classes.

Balanced Growth: Different types of funds perform well at different times. Diversification ensures you benefit from various market conditions.

Stability: A diversified portfolio provides more stability and consistent returns over the long term.

2. Suggested Diversification Strategy

To achieve diversification, consider adding funds from different categories:

Large Cap Funds

Why: Large cap funds invest in well-established companies. They offer more stability and lower risk compared to small cap funds.

Suggested Allocation: Allocate around 30-40% of your monthly investment to large cap funds.

Mid Cap Funds

Why: Mid cap funds invest in medium-sized companies. They provide a balance between the high growth potential of small caps and the stability of large caps.

Suggested Allocation: Allocate around 20-30% of your monthly investment to mid cap funds.

Multi Cap or Flexi Cap Funds

Why: These funds invest across large, mid, and small cap stocks, providing diversification within the equity segment.

Suggested Allocation: Allocate around 20-30% of your monthly investment to multi cap or flexi cap funds.

Debt Funds

Why: Debt funds offer stability and regular income. They reduce the overall risk of your portfolio.

Suggested Allocation: Allocate around 10-20% of your monthly investment to debt funds.

3. Reviewing Your Portfolio

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and market conditions. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help you optimize your investment strategy.

Final Insights

Your current investment in small cap funds shows a willingness to take on higher risk for potential high returns. However, it's important to diversify your portfolio to achieve balanced growth and reduce risk. Add large cap, mid cap, multi cap, and debt funds to your investment mix. This will provide stability and help you achieve your financial goals more effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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