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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Aurther Question by Aurther on Jun 08, 2024Hindi

Hi Sir, I am 40 years old, I am investing 4-4k in MF HDFC Multicap & HDFC index fund nifty 50 from last 3 years and now both MF are around 3.20 L value. Last month I got new job with 100% hike in pay and I am getting 1.10 L monthly salary and I can invest 60 K in MF now. But I am worrying to invest now as Market is too high. So kindly suggest me if I have to wait or I can start ne SIP 60k monthly now onwards.. Also plz suggest me good MF in which I can do SIP.

Ans: Understanding the Current Market Scenario

Congratulations on your new job and the significant pay hike! I understand your concern about investing in a market that appears to be at a high point. It's a common apprehension among investors. However, markets naturally fluctuate, and predicting exact highs and lows is challenging even for seasoned professionals. It's essential to adopt a disciplined approach to investing rather than trying to time the market.

Benefits of Systematic Investment Plans (SIP)

SIPs help mitigate market volatility by spreading your investments over time. This method, known as rupee-cost averaging, allows you to buy more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high. Over time, this strategy can help smooth out the effects of market volatility and reduce the impact of short-term market fluctuations.

Analyzing Your Current Investments

Your existing investments in HDFC Multicap and HDFC Index Fund Nifty 50 have grown to Rs 3.20 lakh over three years, reflecting your disciplined approach. However, diversifying your portfolio further can provide a better risk-adjusted return. Multicap funds offer diversification across market capitalizations, but adding more varied equity funds can enhance your portfolio.

Evaluating Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have the potential to outperform index funds, especially in dynamic markets like India. Experienced fund managers can identify opportunities and risks, making informed decisions to optimize returns. While index funds simply track a market index, actively managed funds aim to beat the index through strategic stock selection and timing.

Disadvantages of Index Funds

Index funds are passively managed and aim to replicate the performance of a market index. They do not take advantage of market inefficiencies and opportunities that skilled fund managers might exploit. Consequently, they often deliver average market returns, which may not be optimal for long-term wealth creation.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Direct funds bypass intermediaries, offering a slightly lower expense ratio compared to regular funds. However, this small cost saving comes at the expense of professional advice and personalized financial planning. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures you receive tailored advice, aligning your investments with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

Why Choose Regular Funds?

Regular funds, accessed through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials, offer the advantage of expert guidance. These professionals can help you navigate complex investment decisions, rebalance your portfolio, and adapt your strategy as your financial situation evolves. The value of personalized advice often outweighs the marginally higher expense ratios.

Strategic Asset Allocation

Given your increased investment capacity, it's crucial to allocate your funds strategically. Diversifying across various asset classes such as equity, debt, and gold can enhance your portfolio's stability and growth potential. A well-diversified portfolio can weather market fluctuations more effectively, providing a balance between risk and reward.

Selecting Suitable Mutual Funds

Consider including a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds in your portfolio. Large-cap funds invest in well-established companies with stable performance, while mid-cap and small-cap funds offer higher growth potential with increased risk. Sectoral or thematic funds focusing on specific industries can also provide opportunities for higher returns, though they come with higher risk.

Benefits of Debt Funds

Incorporating debt funds into your portfolio can provide stability and regular income. Debt funds invest in fixed-income securities like government bonds, corporate bonds, and money market instruments. They are less volatile than equity funds and can act as a cushion during market downturns, preserving your capital while generating steady returns.

Hybrid Funds for Balanced Growth

Hybrid funds, which invest in both equity and debt instruments, offer a balanced approach. They provide exposure to the growth potential of equities while mitigating risk through debt investments. Hybrid funds come in various forms, such as aggressive hybrid funds with a higher equity component and conservative hybrid funds with a higher debt component.

Importance of Regular Monitoring and Review

Investing is not a one-time activity but an ongoing process. Regularly monitoring and reviewing your portfolio is essential to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Periodic reviews with your CFP can help identify underperforming investments, rebalance your portfolio, and adjust your strategy in response to changing market conditions.

Emergency Fund Allocation

Before increasing your investment amount, ensure you have an adequate emergency fund. An emergency fund should cover at least six months of living expenses, providing a financial safety net in case of unexpected events like job loss, medical emergencies, or major repairs. This fund should be easily accessible, preferably in a savings account or a liquid fund.

Tax Considerations

Mutual fund investments come with tax implications that should be considered when planning your investments. Equity funds held for more than one year qualify for long-term capital gains (LTCG) tax, currently set at 10% on gains exceeding Rs 1 lakh per annum. Debt funds held for more than three years qualify for LTCG tax at 20% with indexation benefits, which can significantly reduce the taxable amount.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)

In the future, if you need a regular income stream, consider a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP). SWPs allow you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments at regular intervals, providing a steady income while keeping the remaining amount invested. This strategy can be particularly useful during retirement, supplementing your pension or other income sources.

Avoiding Common Investment Pitfalls

Emotional investing, market timing, and chasing past performance are common pitfalls that can hinder your investment success. Stick to your investment plan, maintain discipline, and avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements. Your CFP can help you stay focused on your long-term goals, providing rational advice during market turbulence.

Investing in International Funds

To further diversify your portfolio, consider investing in international funds. These funds provide exposure to global markets, reducing your dependence on the Indian economy alone. International funds can offer growth opportunities in developed markets and emerging economies, adding a layer of diversification and potential for higher returns.

Benefits of Goal-Based Investing

Investing with specific financial goals in mind can provide clarity and motivation. Define your short-term, medium-term, and long-term goals, such as buying a house, funding children's education, or planning for retirement. Aligning your investments with these goals can help you stay committed to your investment strategy and measure your progress effectively.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner

A CFP can provide personalized financial advice, taking into account your unique financial situation, goals, and risk tolerance. They can help you create a comprehensive financial plan, covering aspects like retirement planning, tax planning, and estate planning. Regular consultations with your CFP ensure your investments remain aligned with your evolving financial needs and market conditions.

Final Insights

Investing is a journey that requires patience, discipline, and strategic planning. While market conditions may seem daunting, adopting a systematic approach and diversifying your portfolio can help you achieve your financial goals. Leverage the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner to navigate complex investment decisions and stay focused on your long-term objectives. Remember, investing is not just about returns; it's about achieving financial security and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 27, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jan 28, 2024Hindi
I am 38 yr old with 2 daughters 14 n 7 yrs old. I earn a monthly salary of 50k per month.I have invested in SIP just since last 4 months. Aditya Birla Sun Life digital India fund growth: 3000/- ICICI prudential commodities fund direct growth: 500/- Quant small cap : 1000/- SSY: 1000/- I have a monthly emi of 15k. And other expenses of 15k Please help with me know if the MF are fine to go ahead or should I stop. If so...pl suggest better ones.
Ans: At 38, with two daughters and a monthly salary of 50k, your commitment to investing for your family's future is commendable. Let's review your current SIP investments:

Aditya Birla Sun Life Digital India Fund: This fund offers exposure to the digital revolution, which can be a high-growth sector. Given the increasing digitalization trend, it's a promising choice for long-term growth.
ICICI Prudential Commodities Fund: Commodities can be volatile and subject to market fluctuations. While they offer diversification benefits, they may not be suitable for all investors due to their inherent risk.
Quant Small Cap: Small-cap funds can offer high growth potential, but they also come with higher volatility. They're best suited for investors with a high-risk tolerance and a long-term investment horizon.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): This government-backed scheme is an excellent choice for securing your daughters' future education and marriage expenses. It offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns, making it a reliable investment option.
Given your financial responsibilities and investment horizon, it's essential to ensure that your portfolio is well-balanced and aligned with your risk tolerance. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner who can assess your financial goals and recommend suitable investment options.

While your current SIPs show diversity, you may want to review the ICICI Prudential Commodities Fund due to its higher risk profile. Instead, you could consider adding a diversified equity fund or a balanced fund to your portfolio for stability and growth potential.

Remember, regular review and adjustment of your investment strategy are essential to ensure it remains in line with your financial goals and risk tolerance. With careful planning and professional guidance, you can build a robust investment portfolio that secures your family's future aspirations.

..Read more

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Chocko Valliappa  |356 Answers  |Ask -

Tech Entrepreneur, Educationist - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
A doctorate from IIT Bombay in Metallurgy and masters from NIT in Manufacturing with 5 years of experience including 2 years in academics and currently working from past 3 years in industry where I work mostly on finite element analyst of forging and bulk extrusion process and New product development as manager heading a team of 5 people. I have working knowledge of 3-4 FE software related to metal forming domain along with ANSYS STRUCTURAL. Despite that I am not getting any interview calls as I am currently looking for a job switch and have put up my profile both on NAUKRI AND LINKEDIN. Some calls are coming to me but that are all irrelevant profiles in which my expertise is not there. I have been trying for the past 6 months but have not got any positive response. Despite such a highly educated person from premier institute and not getting any response is highly depressing. Could you suggest how to apply and where to apply and any other website where I shall make my profile to get a positive response ? Thanks. .................
Ans: You have accomplished academic background and work in a very specialised area. You may have to expand your job search to a broader field of Metalurgy, Product Managment, Operations and not be limited to Finite Element analysis. Think through again and look for companies active in the field of metallury and users and producers of Steel, Metals. You may also look at academics. Use your academic contacts in the two IIT--IIT B and NIT, previous employers and seek their help in connecting you with possible openings. You also need to give yourself more time and be optimistic.

...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 21, 2024Hindi
Meri umar 46 sal hai 60ke bad 2lak rs mahine ka inkam chahta hun sip me ktane investment karu
Ans: Planning for Post-Retirement Income
You are 46 years old and want a monthly income of Rs 2 lakh after 60. Let's create a strategy to achieve this goal through SIP investments.

Assessing Your Current Situation
Current Age: 46 years
Retirement Age: 60 years
Target Monthly Income Post-Retirement: Rs 2 lakh
Time Horizon: 14 years
Estimating Required Corpus
To generate a monthly income of Rs 2 lakh, you need a substantial retirement corpus. Let's estimate the corpus required using a safe withdrawal rate of 4%.

Annual Income Required: Rs 2 lakh x 12 = Rs 24 lakh
Corpus Needed: Rs 24 lakh / 4% = Rs 6 crore
SIP Investment Strategy
To accumulate Rs 6 crore in 14 years, consistent SIP investments are crucial. Let's determine the monthly SIP amount needed.

Calculate Monthly SIP Amount
The calculation involves assumptions about expected returns. Assume an annual return of 12% from equity mutual funds.

Using an online SIP calculator:

Corpus Required: Rs 6 crore
Time Horizon: 14 years
Expected Annual Return: 12%
The estimated monthly SIP amount needed is around Rs 1 lakh.

Recommendations for SIP Investments
Diversify Your Portfolio
Equity Funds: Focus on diversified equity funds for higher growth.
Balanced Funds: Include balanced funds for stability and moderate returns.
Debt Funds: Allocate a portion to debt funds for lower risk.
Regularly Review and Adjust
Monitor Performance: Regularly review your portfolio's performance.
Adjust Allocations: Adjust allocations based on market conditions and goals.
Gradually Increase SIP Amount
Step-Up SIP: Increase your SIP amount annually to boost corpus growth.
Bonus or Increment: Use bonuses or salary increments to increase investments.
Final Insights
To achieve a post-retirement income of Rs 2 lakh per month, you need to accumulate around Rs 6 crore.

Start with a monthly SIP of around Rs 1 lakh.
Diversify your investments across equity, balanced, and debt funds.
Regularly review and adjust your portfolio.
Gradually increase your SIP amount over time.
By following this strategy, you can achieve your retirement income goal. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor the plan to your specific needs and circumstances.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 03, 2024Hindi
Hi My per annum package is around Rs. 21 lacs. I have a home loan EMI of Rs. Rs. 2.28 lacs. I have investment of Rs. 3.6 lacs in various insurance schems. Apart from that I have some investment of Rs. 200000 in MF. Please guide me how much investment I need to do for tax savings ?
Ans: Income and Existing Investments
Annual Package: Rs 21 lakhs
Home Loan EMI: Rs 2.28 lakhs per annum
Insurance Investments: Rs 3.6 lakhs
Mutual Fund Investments: Rs 2 lakhs
Tax Saving Investments Under Section 80C
To maximize tax savings under Section 80C, you can invest up to Rs 1.5 lakhs per annum. Here’s a breakdown:

Existing Eligible Investments
Home Loan Principal Repayment: Part of your home loan EMI goes towards principal repayment, which qualifies under Section 80C.
Insurance Premiums: The Rs 3.6 lakhs in insurance schemes might include premium payments that are eligible under Section 80C.
Additional Investments Required
Calculate Existing Deductions: First, identify the portion of your EMI and insurance premiums that qualify for Section 80C. Let's assume your home loan principal repayment is Rs 1 lakh per annum and the insurance premiums are Rs 50,000 per annum.
Investment Suggestions for Additional Tax Savings
To fully utilize the Rs 1.5 lakhs limit, you need to invest an additional Rs 50,000.

Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS)
Benefits: ELSS funds offer tax savings and have the potential for high returns.
Lock-in Period: They come with a 3-year lock-in period, the shortest among all tax-saving options under Section 80C.
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Benefits: PPF offers tax-free returns and is a safe investment option.
Lock-in Period: 15-year lock-in, but partial withdrawals are allowed after the 7th year.
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
Benefits: If you have a daughter, SSY is a good option with attractive interest rates and tax benefits.
Lock-in Period: Till the daughter turns 21 or gets married after the age of 18.
National Savings Certificate (NSC)
Benefits: NSC is a safe investment option with a fixed interest rate.
Lock-in Period: 5 years.
Voluntary Provident Fund (VPF)
Benefits: You can contribute more than your mandatory EPF contribution.
Returns: Similar to EPF returns and safe.
Other Tax-Saving Sections
Section 80D - Health Insurance Premium
Benefits: Deduction up to Rs 25,000 for self, spouse, and children. Additional Rs 25,000 for parents under 60 and Rs 50,000 if they are over 60.
Section 80E - Education Loan Interest
Benefits: Deduction on interest paid on education loans for higher studies.
Section 24 - Home Loan Interest
Benefits: Deduction up to Rs 2 lakhs on interest paid on home loan.
Review and Reallocate Existing Investments
Insurance Policies
Evaluation: Assess if your insurance policies are purely for investment or provide adequate life cover.
Reallocation: Consider surrendering or reducing investment-cum-insurance policies and reallocating to mutual funds.
Mutual Funds
Focus on Growth: Since your goal is wealth creation, consider allocating more to equity funds for higher growth potential.
Final Insights
Maximize Section 80C: Utilize the full Rs 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C with a mix of ELSS, PPF, and SSY.
Diversify: Ensure your portfolio is diversified across different asset classes for balanced growth and risk management.
Regular Monitoring: Periodically review and adjust your investments to stay aligned with your financial goals.
Certified Financial Planner: Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and strategy.
Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5108 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 22, 2024

I have invested 10L in Mutual Fund through Lumpsum mode. The 4 schemes which I have invested in are PPFAS FLEXI CAP REG-G (2.5L), ICICI PRU equity & Debt-G (2.2L), ICICI PRU Large & Mid Cap-G (2.2L), SBI long term Equity Reg-G (2L), SBI contra -G (1.10L). Investment objective is long term wealth creation and time frame is 15 years. Kindly Suggest if choice of funds is good and what could be potential return.
Ans: Let's review your mutual fund choices and assess their suitability for your long-term wealth creation goal.

Current Investment Overview
Total Investment: Rs 10 lakhs
Investment Mode: Lumpsum
Time Frame: 15 years
Fund Allocation
PPFAS Flexi Cap Reg-G: Rs 2.5 lakhs
ICICI Pru Equity & Debt-G: Rs 2.2 lakhs
ICICI Pru Large & Mid Cap-G: Rs 2.2 lakhs
SBI Long Term Equity Reg-G: Rs 2 lakhs
SBI Contra-G: Rs 1.1 lakhs
Evaluation of Fund Choices
PPFAS Flexi Cap Reg-G
Flexibility: Invests across market capitalizations and sectors.
Potential: Good for capturing diverse market opportunities.
Long-Term Suitability: Suitable for long-term wealth creation.
ICICI Pru Equity & Debt-G
Balanced Approach: Mix of equity and debt.
Stability: Provides a cushion against market volatility.
Long-Term Suitability: Suitable for balancing risk and returns.
ICICI Pru Large & Mid Cap-G
Growth Potential: Invests in large and mid-cap companies.
Risk-Return Balance: Good for capturing growth in established and growing companies.
Long-Term Suitability: Suitable for long-term capital appreciation.
SBI Long Term Equity Reg-G
ELSS Fund: Offers tax benefits under Section 80C.
Equity Focus: High equity exposure for potential high returns.
Long-Term Suitability: Suitable for long-term wealth creation with tax benefits.
SBI Contra-G
Contrarian Strategy: Invests in undervalued stocks.
Potential: Can yield high returns if the strategy pays off.
Long-Term Suitability: Suitable for long-term investors willing to take higher risks.
Potential Returns
Assuming an average conservative annual return of 10-12% for a diversified portfolio, your potential return over 15 years could be significant. However, mutual funds are subject to market risks, and actual returns may vary.

Diversification: Your portfolio is well-diversified across different fund types and strategies, which is good for risk management.

Fund Performance Review: Regularly review the performance of your funds. Consider reallocating if any fund consistently underperforms its benchmark.

Stay Invested: For long-term wealth creation, stay invested for the entire 15-year period to benefit from compounding.

Avoid Index Funds: Actively managed funds like yours can potentially offer better returns than index funds.

Additional Considerations
Regular Monitoring: Keep an eye on your portfolio and the market trends.
Certified Financial Planner: Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice and adjustments.
Final Insights
Balanced Portfolio: Your fund choices provide a good mix of growth, stability, and potential tax benefits.
Long-Term Focus: Stay focused on your long-term goal and avoid frequent changes based on short-term market fluctuations.
Potential for Growth: With disciplined investing and regular monitoring, your portfolio has the potential to achieve significant growth over 15 years.
Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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