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Sunil Lala  |193 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Apr 29, 2024

Sunil Lala founded SL Wealth, a company that offers life and non-life insurance, mutual fund and asset allocation advice, in 2005. A certified financial planner, he has three decades of domain experience. His expertise includes designing goal-specific financial plans and creating investment awareness. He has been a registered member of the Financial Planning Standards Board since 2009.... more
Anup Question by Anup on Apr 29, 2024Hindi

Hi sir, I am 26 years old. My in-hand salary is 75K, and I am contributing 10K to PF every month. Currently, I have 3 lakh in FD, 2.4 lakh in PF, and 50K in stocks. I aim to retire by 40 or 45 at the latest. Could you please suggest how I can achieve this? I can save 50K every month and i have no plan to buy any house

Ans: Start investing in equity mutual funds through monthly investment called systematic investment plan
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 30, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Dec 18, 2023Hindi
Hi, I am 40 year old with my wife and 3yr old son. I have already invested 780000 in various mfs and currently sip of 29000 pm. Also I am investing 20000 per year in ppf. I have invested 18 units in SGB as of now. I want to retire at age of 52 year. My current expense is 35000 pm. Please suggest me for my retirement goal.
Ans: Based on the information you've provided, you seem to be on a good track for retirement planning. Here's a breakdown to help you analyze your current situation and suggest some improvements for your retirement goals:

Current Scenario Analysis:

Total Invested Amount: ?7,80,000 (lump sum)
Monthly SIP: ?29,000
PPF Investment: ?20,000 per year (approx. ?1667 per month)
SGB Investment: 18 units (total investment amount not available)
Retirement Age: 52 years (12 years from now)
Monthly Expenses: ?35,000
Points to Consider:

Investment Horizon: 12 years is a good timeframe for investments to grow for your retirement.
Diversification: While details of your mutual funds are not available, aim for a diversified portfolio across asset classes (equity, debt) to manage risk.
Inflation: Inflation can erode the purchasing power of your money over time. Factor in inflation when calculating your retirement corpus.
Retirement Lifestyle: Consider the lifestyle you desire in retirement and estimate the monthly expenses you might have.
Suggestions for Improvement:

Calculate Required Corpus: Use online retirement calculators or consult a financial advisor to estimate the total corpus you'll need based on your desired retirement lifestyle and expected inflation.
Review your SIP: Analyze your existing SIPs and their performance. You can consider increasing the SIP amount gradually as your income grows to reach your target corpus.
Asset Allocation: Ensure your mutual fund portfolio has an appropriate asset allocation based on your risk tolerance and remaining investment horizon. You might need to adjust the mix of equity and debt funds closer to retirement for more stability.
NPS (National Pension System): Consider exploring NPS, which offers tax benefits and a structured approach to retirement savings. However, the investment has a lock-in period until retirement with some exceptions.
Health Insurance: Having adequate health insurance coverage is crucial, especially as medical expenses tend to rise with age. Ensure you and your family have a comprehensive health insurance plan.
Here are some resources that can help you with retirement planning:

Retirement Calculators: Many online financial institutions and investment platforms offer retirement calculators.
SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) - Investor Education on Retirement Planning: [invalid URL removed]
PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority) - NPS Website: https://www.pfrda.org.in/

This is a general overview, and consulting a qualified financial advisor can provide personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances, risk tolerance, and financial goals.
Regularly review your investment portfolio and adjust your strategy as needed based on market conditions and your evolving needs.
By continuing with your current investments, exploring additional options, and carefully planning, you can increase your chances of achieving a comfortable and secure retirement.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 14, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 13, 2024Hindi
I am 35 years old, have close to 70lakhs in stocks for msft, 10 lakhs in MF, monthly SIP of 5000 for Ppf and nps. And close to 5l in savings. I would want to retire in the next couple of years with a corpus of 2-3 Crores. Anything else that I can do differently to achieve this?
Ans: Given your current financial situation and retirement goal, there are a few strategies you can consider to enhance your retirement corpus:

1. Evaluate Stock Holdings:
Review your stock investments in Microsoft (MSFT) and assess whether they align with your risk tolerance and long-term goals. Consider diversifying your stock portfolio to reduce concentration risk.

2. Optimize Mutual Fund Investments:
Review the performance of your mutual fund investments and consider reallocating funds to better-performing funds or those aligned with your retirement timeline and risk profile.

3. Increase Monthly SIPs:
Consider increasing your SIP amounts for PPF and NPS to accelerate wealth accumulation. This will help you build a larger retirement corpus over time, especially considering the tax benefits associated with these investment avenues.

4. Explore Additional Investment Avenues:
Look into other investment options such as debt funds, real estate investment trusts (REITs), or alternative investments to diversify your portfolio further and potentially boost returns.

5. Budgeting and Saving:
Review your monthly expenses and identify areas where you can reduce unnecessary spending. Allocate these savings towards your investment portfolio to accelerate wealth accumulation.

6. Seek Professional Advice:
Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner to develop a customized financial plan tailored to your retirement goals, risk tolerance, and investment preferences. They can provide personalized guidance and recommendations to optimize your investment strategy.

By implementing these strategies and staying disciplined in your savings and investment approach, you can work towards achieving your retirement goal of accumulating a corpus of 2-3 Crores in the next couple of years. Regularly review and adjust your investment plan as needed to stay on track towards financial independence in retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 25, 2024Hindi
Hi Sir, I am 40 years old and working in IT company. My intake monthly salary is 1.10 lakh. I have 6L in PF, 2L in PPF, 4L in stocks, 3.5L in emergency fund inFD and 2.5L in cash. And I have 3L in MF with month sip in 4-4K in HDFC nifty 50 Index fund and HDFC multicap fund and 10k monthly in LIC. I have only 1 child 10 years old and I want to retire with 3-4 crore for my future expenses and for my child education and other things. I can now invest 60k monthly so plz guide me how can I achieve.
Ans: Your goal of accumulating Rs 3-4 crore for future expenses and your child’s education is both achievable and admirable. Given your current savings and investment profile, let’s explore how you can strategically allocate your resources to reach your financial targets.

Assessment of Your Current Financial Position
You have a well-diversified portfolio, which includes provident fund (PF), public provident fund (PPF), stocks, emergency funds in fixed deposits (FD), mutual funds (MF), and life insurance (LIC). Your monthly salary is Rs 1.10 lakh, and you are able to invest Rs 60,000 monthly. Here’s a summary of your current assets:

Provident Fund (PF): Rs 6 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 2 lakh
Stocks: Rs 4 lakh
Emergency Fund in FD: Rs 3.5 lakh
Cash: Rs 2.5 lakh
Mutual Funds: Rs 3 lakh (with SIPs of Rs 4,000 each in HDFC Nifty 50 Index Fund and HDFC Multicap Fund)
LIC: Rs 10,000 monthly
Evaluating Your Investment Options
Mutual Funds: Actively Managed Funds
You already have investments in index funds and multicap funds. However, actively managed funds could offer better returns due to professional management and active stock selection.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds:

Professional Management: Experts manage your investments, making strategic decisions to maximize returns.

Potential for Higher Returns: Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market.

Flexibility: Fund managers can quickly adapt to market changes.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Market-Linked Returns: Index funds merely replicate the market, lacking potential for higher returns.

No Active Management: Index funds don’t benefit from professional stock selection.

Given these points, consider allocating more to actively managed funds for potentially higher growth.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a disciplined approach to investing. It helps in averaging out the cost of investment and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Advantages of SIP:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Reduces the impact of market volatility by averaging out the purchase cost.

Discipline: Ensures regular investment without worrying about market timing.

Compounding: Long-term SIPs benefit from the power of compounding.

You are already investing through SIPs, which is excellent. Increasing your SIP amounts can further accelerate your wealth creation.

Fixed Deposits (FD) for Emergency Fund
Your emergency fund in FD is well-placed for safety and liquidity.

Advantages of FD:

Safety: FDs are considered very safe.

Guaranteed Returns: FDs offer fixed and guaranteed interest rates.

Disadvantages of FD:

Lower Returns: FD returns are generally lower compared to mutual funds.

Inflation Risk: Returns may not keep up with inflation.

Ensure your emergency fund remains adequate but consider other investment avenues for higher returns on excess funds.

Your investment in stocks shows a higher risk tolerance, which is beneficial for growth.

Advantages of Stocks:

High Returns: Stocks have the potential for high returns over the long term.

Ownership: Provides ownership in companies and benefits from their growth.

Disadvantages of Stocks:

Volatility: Stocks can be highly volatile and risky.

Time-Consuming: Requires constant monitoring and market knowledge.

Continue investing in stocks but balance this with safer options for risk management.

Strategic Allocation to Achieve Your Goal
To accumulate Rs 3-4 crore, you need a balanced approach that maximizes growth while managing risks.

Step 1: Increase SIP in Actively Managed Mutual Funds
Shift Focus: Allocate more funds to actively managed equity mutual funds instead of index funds.

Diversify: Invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds for diversification.

Step 2: Maintain Adequate Emergency Fund
FD for Safety: Keep 6-12 months’ expenses in FD for emergency needs.

Liquid Funds: Consider liquid mutual funds for better returns with liquidity.

Step 3: Continue Investing in Stocks
Balanced Portfolio: Maintain a balanced portfolio of blue-chip and growth stocks.

Regular Review: Periodically review and rebalance your stock portfolio.

Step 4: Utilize PPF and PF Wisely
PPF Contributions: Continue contributing to PPF for tax benefits and safe returns.

PF Growth: Let your PF grow, benefiting from compounded returns.

Step 5: LIC and Insurance Planning
Review Policies: Ensure your LIC policy aligns with your financial goals.

Adequate Coverage: Ensure you have adequate life insurance coverage for your family’s security.
Insurance-cum-investment schemes
Insurance-cum-investment schemes (ULIPs, endowment plans) offer a one-stop solution for insurance and investment needs. However, they might not be the best choice for pure investment due to:
• Lower Potential Returns: Guaranteed returns are usually lower than what MFs can offer through market exposure.
• Higher Costs: Multiple fees in insurance plans (allocation charges, admin fees) can reduce returns compared to the expense ratio of MFs.
• Limited Flexibility: Lock-in periods restrict access to your money, whereas MFs provide more flexibility.
MFs, on the other hand, focus solely on investment and offer:
• Potentially Higher Returns: Investments in stocks and bonds can lead to higher growth compared to guaranteed returns.
• Lower Costs: Expense ratios in MFs are generally lower than the multiple fees in insurance plans.
• Greater Control: You have a wider range of investment options and control over asset allocation to suit your risk appetite.
Consider your goals!
• Need life insurance? Term Insurance plans might be suitable.
• Focus on growing wealth? MFs might be a better option due to their flexibility and return potential.

Planning for Child’s Education and Retirement
Your child’s education and your retirement are your primary goals. Here’s a strategy to address both.

Child’s Education
Education Fund: Start a dedicated fund for your child’s education with equity mutual funds for growth.

Systematic Transfers: As your child approaches college age, systematically transfer funds to safer investments.

Retirement Planning
Retirement Corpus: Focus on building a retirement corpus through a mix of equity and debt mutual funds.

Regular Review: Review your retirement plan annually and adjust contributions as needed.

Estimating Future Value
While specific calculations are beyond this scope, a financial calculator or a Certified Financial Planner can help estimate the future value of your investments. Regularly reviewing and adjusting your strategy is essential to stay on track.

Final Thoughts and Recommendations
Your current financial discipline is commendable. To achieve your goal of Rs 3-4 crore, continue your SIPs, focus on actively managed funds, and maintain a diversified portfolio. Balance risk and safety through strategic asset allocation.

Thank you for seeking my guidance. Your proactive approach to securing your financial future and your child’s education is admirable. Feel free to reach out for further personalized advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4605 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 34 years old married and have one kid 1 year of age. I have invested about 1.8 lakhs in mutual funds which currently stands at 2.05 lakhs. I have a PPF savings of 10 lakhs and invest full amount of 1.5 lakhs per year. I have invested 2 lakhs in equities. I have FDs worth 30 lakhs and my salary is 1.10 lakhs. I wish to retire by 40 years of age. Kindly me suggest me.
Ans: Firstly, congratulations on having a disciplined approach to your finances. At 34, you are already investing in various avenues, which is commendable. You have a diversified portfolio comprising mutual funds, PPF, equities, and fixed deposits. Let's evaluate your current financial standing and plan for an early retirement by the age of 40.

Mutual Funds Investment
Your mutual funds have grown from Rs 1.8 lakhs to Rs 2.05 lakhs. This indicates a healthy appreciation.

However, to retire early, you need to increase your investment in mutual funds.

Actively managed mutual funds could be a better choice compared to index funds. Actively managed funds often outperform the market due to professional fund management. They can adapt to market changes quickly and optimize your returns.

Consider investing through a certified financial planner who can guide you on the best mutual funds. They can provide personalized advice and help you achieve your retirement goals.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your PPF savings stand at Rs 10 lakhs, and you are investing the full amount of Rs 1.5 lakhs per year.

PPF is a great investment for tax-saving and securing your future. It offers a stable and assured return, which is crucial for your retirement plan.

Continue with your current PPF contributions. This will create a significant corpus by the time you retire. Given the tax benefits and guaranteed returns, PPF is a robust component of your retirement plan.

Equities Investment
Your investment in equities is Rs 2 lakhs. Equities can provide high returns, but they come with higher risks.

For early retirement, you need a balanced approach in your equity investments. Diversify your equity portfolio to mitigate risks. Invest in blue-chip stocks and sectors with strong growth potential.

Regularly review and adjust your equity portfolio with the help of a certified financial planner. This ensures that you are on track with your financial goals and minimizes potential risks.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
You have FDs worth Rs 30 lakhs, which is substantial. FDs are safe investments but offer lower returns compared to mutual funds and equities.

Since you wish to retire early, it's essential to balance safety and growth. While FDs provide safety, they might not generate the necessary returns for early retirement.

Consider reallocating a portion of your FDs into higher-yield investments like mutual funds and equities. This can enhance your overall returns while maintaining some level of safety in your investments.

Monthly Salary
Your monthly salary is Rs 1.10 lakhs. It is crucial to allocate a portion of your salary towards investments.

Follow the 50-30-20 rule:

50% for necessities
30% for discretionary spending
20% for investments
This ensures a disciplined approach to saving and investing, helping you build a retirement corpus.

Setting a Retirement Corpus
To retire by 40, estimate your retirement corpus based on current expenses, inflation, and lifestyle aspirations. This will give you a clear target to aim for.

Consult a certified financial planner to help you set realistic financial goals and create a roadmap to achieve them. They can provide insights into how much you need to save and where to invest.

Increasing Investments
To achieve early retirement, increase your investments gradually. Allocate more towards high-growth avenues like mutual funds and equities.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) are a great way to invest in mutual funds. They provide the benefit of rupee cost averaging and disciplined investing.

Evaluate and adjust your investments regularly to stay aligned with your goals.

Risk Management
Early retirement requires careful risk management. While investing in high-return avenues, ensure you have adequate insurance coverage.

Life insurance, health insurance, and critical illness cover are essential. They protect your financial plan against unforeseen events.

Review your insurance policies regularly and make adjustments as needed.

Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for financial security. Aim to have 6-12 months' worth of expenses in a liquid fund.

This provides a safety net for any unexpected expenses and ensures you don’t need to dip into your retirement savings.

Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning can boost your savings. Utilize tax-saving instruments like PPF, EPF, and ELSS.

Maximize your tax deductions under Section 80C, 80D, and other relevant sections. This increases your investable surplus and helps in faster wealth accumulation.

Lifestyle and Spending Habits
Retiring early requires a frugal lifestyle and disciplined spending habits.

Evaluate your discretionary expenses and identify areas where you can save more. Redirect these savings into your investment portfolio.

Small changes in spending habits can have a significant impact on your savings and investments over time.

Regular Financial Review
Regularly review your financial plan and investment portfolio.

Market conditions and personal circumstances change over time. A certified financial planner can help you navigate these changes and keep your plan on track.

Periodic reviews ensure that you are progressing towards your retirement goal and allow for timely adjustments.

Benefits of Professional Guidance
Working with a certified financial planner offers several advantages. They provide personalized advice, keeping your goals and risk tolerance in mind.

They help you create a diversified investment portfolio, optimize tax savings, and manage risks effectively. Their expertise can significantly enhance your chances of achieving early retirement.

Final Insights
Your goal of retiring by 40 is ambitious but achievable with a strategic approach.

Focus on increasing your investments in high-growth avenues like mutual funds and equities. Maintain a balance between safety and growth by reallocating your FDs.

Continue your disciplined approach towards PPF and ensure you have adequate insurance coverage. Build a robust emergency fund and practice efficient tax planning.

Adopt a frugal lifestyle and disciplined spending habits to maximize your savings. Regularly review your financial plan with the help of a certified financial planner.

Your dedication and disciplined approach are commendable. With strategic planning and professional guidance, you can achieve your dream of early retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Latest Questions

Maxim Emmanuel  |288 Answers  |Ask -

Soft Skills Trainer - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 23, 2024Hindi
Hello sir my name is Santu Chakraborty.I am 34 year old now unmarried. My qualification is Bsc botany honours with 2nd class +diploma in mechanical engineering with distinction +btech in mechanical engineering from government engineering college west Bengal with 7.5 dgpa.I have 6 years of teaching experience in private diploma engineering college and now I working as a vocational teacher in automobile engineering department in gov high school.In my early phase of life I am going through lots of Misguide,seveare Anxiety issue. Nobody can help me on that phase.I recover mostly by my own after various dillema.I want to work in mechanical r and d company, Mechanical design basis company and also upgrade my teaching carrier. How can I start my journey at this age ?what is the risk factor also? Please tell me. I am very enthusiastic dedicated person. I have no guide in my home. My father is vegetable seller.
Ans: Hi Santu Chakraborty,

This is a really exhaustive query.

The journey thru' your acquisition of qualifications has been vast!

In the course of your life you are now suffering from SNIOP (SUSCEPTIBLE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OTHER PEOPLE) this happens when you let others control your life.

I have this poem.. Especially for one's like you!

The Guy in the Glass

When you get what you want in your struggle for pelf,
And the world makes you King for a day,
Then go to the mirror and look at yourself,
And see what that guy has to say.
For it isn't your Father, or Mother, or Wife,
Who judgement upon you must pass.
The feller whose verdict counts most in your life
Is the guy staring back from the glass.
He's the feller to please, never mind all the rest,
For he's with you clear up to the end,
And you've passed your most dangerous, difficult test
If the guy in the glass is your friend.
You may be like Jack Horner and "chisel" a plum,
And think you're a wonderful guy,
But the man in the glass says you're only a bum
If you can't look him straight in the eye.
You can fool the whole world down the pathway of years,
And get pats on the back as you pass,
But your final reward will be heartaches and tears
If you've cheated the guy in the glass.

Dale Wimbrow (c) 1934

Get the enthusiasm going, don't get embroiled in what life has been before!

Take a stranglehold of your life and make it BIG!

The opportunities are.. Miracles waiting to happen, what are you waiting for.. You are the catalyst!?
Maxim Emmanuel.

Pick up yourself don't be a victim of self pity.

If you do need further professional advice happy to assist

...Read more

Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1830 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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