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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 23, 2024Hindi

I am 20 yrs old and I started investing 10k each month in three funds totally. 1. Quant small cap 2. Parag Parikh flexi cap 3. Canara bluechip fund I would like to know if I am going in a right track with these funds and also how can I create 50 crores when I am 50 yrs old?

Ans: It's impressive to see you investing at the age of 20. Starting early is a key advantage in building wealth over time.

Assessing Your Fund Choices
You are investing Rs. 10,000 each month in three funds: a small-cap fund, a flexi-cap fund, and a bluechip fund. This shows good diversification across different market segments.

Quant Small Cap Fund
Small-cap funds can offer high returns but come with higher risk. Investing in small caps at a young age can be beneficial due to your long investment horizon.

Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund
Flexi-cap funds provide a balanced approach by investing in companies of various sizes. This flexibility helps in adjusting to market conditions.

Canara Bluechip Fund
Bluechip funds invest in large, established companies. These funds are generally more stable and less volatile, providing a solid foundation to your portfolio.

Creating a Rs. 50 Crore Corpus by Age 50
Setting Realistic Expectations
Creating a corpus of Rs. 50 crores in 30 years is an ambitious goal. It requires a disciplined approach and strategic planning.

Power of Compounding
Starting early allows your investments to benefit from compounding. This means your returns generate more returns over time.

Regular Investments
Continue investing regularly through SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans). This helps in rupee cost averaging and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Increasing Your Investment Amount
Gradual Increase
As your income grows, consider increasing your monthly investment amount. Even small increases can significantly impact your final corpus due to compounding.

Bonus and Windfalls
Invest any bonuses or windfalls you receive. These additional amounts can accelerate your wealth-building process.

Asset Allocation and Risk Management
Periodic Review
Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Rebalance if necessary to maintain your desired asset allocation.

Risk Tolerance
Adjust your portfolio based on your changing risk tolerance over time. As you age, you might want to reduce exposure to high-risk investments.

Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide personalized advice and help you stay on track to achieve your financial goals.

Tax Planning
Efficient Tax Strategies
Utilize tax-saving investment options to maximize your returns. Tax-efficient investing can significantly enhance your overall portfolio performance.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Emotional Decisions
Avoid making investment decisions based on market emotions. Stick to your investment plan and stay disciplined.

While diversification is important, over-diversification can dilute your returns. Balance is key.

You are on the right track with your current investments. Continue to invest regularly, review your portfolio periodically, and seek professional advice. With discipline and strategic planning, achieving a Rs. 50 crore corpus by age 50 is possible.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Feb 02, 2024Hindi
I am 26 years, I invest 25k in multiple funds, such as ELSS, flexi, mid cap, small cap and larce cap. My Target is to make 50 crores at the age of 40. How much should I invest and what should be my strategy. I can go till 50k for my investment
Ans: At 26, setting an ambitious goal of accumulating ?50 crores by age 40 demonstrates foresight and determination. Let's devise a comprehensive investment strategy to achieve your target while optimizing your monthly investment allocation of up to ?50,000 across various fund categories.

Goal-Based Investment Allocation
To reach your target of ?50 crores by age 40, you'll need to adopt a disciplined and systematic investment approach. Here's a suggested allocation strategy based on your target amount and investment horizon:

Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS): Allocate a significant portion of your investment towards ELSS funds to capitalize on their dual benefit of tax-saving and long-term wealth accumulation. Aim to invest around 40% to 50% of your monthly contribution in ELSS funds to maximize tax benefits and capitalize on equity market growth potential.

Large Cap Funds: Large-cap funds offer stability and growth potential by investing in established companies with strong fundamentals. Allocate approximately 20% to 25% of your monthly investment towards large-cap funds to mitigate risk and ensure consistent returns.

Mid Cap and Small Cap Funds: Allocate a portion of your investment (around 20% to 25%) towards mid-cap and small-cap funds to leverage their potential for higher growth. These funds typically exhibit higher volatility but offer the opportunity for substantial wealth creation over the long term.

Flexi Cap Funds: Flexi cap funds provide flexibility to invest across market capitalizations based on prevailing market conditions. Allocate a smaller portion (around 10% to 15%) of your monthly investment towards flexi cap funds to capitalize on dynamic market opportunities and diversify your portfolio.

Monthly Investment Calculation
To estimate the monthly investment required to achieve your target of ?50 crores by age 40, we'll consider the following factors:

Investment Horizon: 14 years (from age 26 to age 40)
Expected Annualized Return: Assuming a conservative annualized return of 12% to 15% for equity investments
Based on these parameters, you'll need to invest approximately ?2.5 lakhs to ?3 lakhs per month to reach your target of ?50 crores by age 40.

Review and Adjust
Regularly review your investment portfolio, track performance metrics, and adjust your strategy as needed based on market conditions, fund performance, and personal financial goals. Consider consulting a financial advisor to optimize your investment decisions and ensure alignment with your long-term objectives.

By adopting a disciplined investment approach, diversifying across fund categories, and committing to regular contributions, you can work towards achieving your ambitious goal of accumulating ?50 crores by age 40. Stay focused on your long-term vision, remain patient during market fluctuations, and seek professional guidance when needed to navigate towards financial success.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP
Chief Financial Planner

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 06, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 35 years old and have an investment goal of 5 crore by the age of 55. I am investing 8000 per month in following mutual funds : ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Direct - Growth - 2000 Mirae Asset ELSS Tax Saver Fund Direct - Growth - 500 SBI Bluechip Direct - Growth - 2000 Axis Midcap Direct - Growth - 500 Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund Direct - Growth - 1000 Axis ELSS Tax Saver Direct Plan - Growth - 500 Axis Small Cap Fund Direct - Growth - 500 Tata Business Cycle Fund Direct - Growth - 500 ICICI money market Direct - Growth - 500 I have accumulated 3.78 lacs till date in last 2 years. Can you tell me if these MFs have growth potential or let me know any other funds that can help me with my goal. I can invest 2000 more by year end in MFs. I also invest 6000 per month in different shares. I have accumulated 2 lacs in that as well. Invest 9000 per month in PPF and currently have 4.6 lacs in there and also have 11.25 lacs in there with monthly contribution of 22k. Invest 4000 per month in NPS. Also, invest 1200 per month in SBI Ulip plan with 12 years more to go. Currently with 8 years of investment, total yield stands at 1.7 lacs. Have 3 different LICs which will give me around 35 Lacs on maturity. I have a property that is around 35 Lacs with home loan pending of 23 lacs to be completed in next 6 years. I also have personal raw gold of around 2.25 lacs Am I on the right track?
Ans: You've embarked on a comprehensive investment journey, which is commendable. Let's delve into your portfolio and discuss its growth potential:

Your monthly SIP investments across various mutual funds demonstrate a diversified approach towards wealth creation.

ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund, Mirae Asset ELSS Tax Saver Fund, and SBI Bluechip Fund are renowned for their stability and consistent returns.

Axis Midcap and Axis Small Cap Funds provide exposure to mid-cap and small-cap segments, respectively, offering growth potential over the long term.

Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund is known for its flexibility and balanced approach, while Tata Business Cycle Fund focuses on economic cycles, offering a unique investment proposition.

Considering your investment horizon and target corpus of 5 crores by the age of 55, these mutual funds align well with your goals.

Adding 2000 more to your monthly SIPs by year-end will further boost your investment corpus and accelerate your wealth accumulation journey.

Your investment in shares, PPF, and NPS complements your mutual fund investments, enhancing diversification and risk management.

Additionally, your investments in ULIP, LIC policies, and real estate add another layer of financial security and asset appreciation potential.

With a clear roadmap and diversified investment portfolio, you're on the right track towards achieving your financial goals.

However, it's essential to periodically review your portfolio's performance, rebalance if necessary, and stay updated with market trends.

Ensure that your asset allocation aligns with your risk tolerance and long-term objectives, and seek professional advice if needed.

Overall, your proactive approach towards financial planning and diverse investment portfolio indicate that you're on the path to financial success.

Moreover, instead of investing directly, consider investing in regular plans through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD). Here's why:

By investing through a Regular Plan, you can access professional advice and guidance from an experienced Mutual Fund Distributor.
MFDs can help you navigate through the complexities of the market, select suitable funds based on your risk profile, and monitor your investments regularly.
Regular plans often offer additional services, such as portfolio reviews, financial planning, and timely updates on market trends and fund performance.
Investing through an MFD ensures that you receive ongoing support and assistance, helping you make informed decisions and stay on track towards your financial goals.

Overall, by diversifying your investments and leveraging the expertise of a Mutual Fund Distributor, you can enhance the effectiveness of your investment strategy and optimize your chances of long-term success.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 17, 2024

Hello Sir, I am 25 years old and currently investing in the following funds for the last 2 years. 1. Uti Nifty 50 index (Rs.7500) 2. SBI Small Cap (Rs.4500). My goal is to create 10cr wealth and I am looking for 25-30 years of investment. Kindly review the funds and suggest if I need to make any adjustments to them or add any new funds in my portfolio. Thank you.
Ans: It's great to see your commitment to long-term wealth creation at such a young age. Let's review your current investments and explore potential adjustments or additions to align with your goal of creating a 10 crore wealth over 25-30 years.

Review of Current Investments
UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund
Objective: This fund aims to replicate the performance of the Nifty 50 index, providing exposure to the top 50 companies in the Indian equity market.
Diversification: Investing in an index fund like UTI Nifty 50 Index offers broad market exposure and diversification across various sectors.
Cost-Effective: Index funds generally have lower expense ratios compared to actively managed funds, making them cost-effective for long-term investing.
Active vs. Passive Management:
While you've included both actively managed mutual funds and index funds (ETFs) in your portfolio, it's important to understand the differences between the two. Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market through active stock selection and portfolio management, while index funds passively track a specific index's performance.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds:
Actively managed funds offer the potential for higher returns compared to index funds, especially during market inefficiencies or when skilled fund managers can identify lucrative investment opportunities. Additionally, active management allows for flexibility in portfolio construction and adjustments based on market conditions.
Potential Disadvantages of Index Funds:
While index funds offer low expense ratios and broad market exposure, they may lack the potential for outperformance compared to actively managed funds. Additionally, they're subject to tracking error, which occurs when the fund's performance deviates from the index it's designed to replicate.

SBI Small Cap Fund
Objective: SBI Small Cap Fund invests primarily in small-cap companies with high growth potential. These companies may offer significant growth opportunities but also come with higher volatility.
High Growth Potential: Small-cap companies have the potential to outperform the broader market over the long term, making SBI Small Cap Fund suitable for aggressive investors with a long investment horizon.
Risk Consideration: It's important to note that small-cap funds can be more volatile and carry higher risk compared to large-cap or index funds.
Suggestions for Portfolio Adjustment/Addition
Consideration for Adjustments
Diversification: While your current portfolio offers exposure to large-cap and small-cap segments, you may consider adding funds from other categories to further diversify your portfolio.
Risk Management: Evaluate your risk tolerance and ensure that your portfolio is well-balanced to withstand market fluctuations over the long term.
Addition of Funds
Mid-Cap Fund: Consider adding a mid-cap fund to your portfolio to complement your large-cap and small-cap investments. Mid-cap funds offer a balance between growth potential and risk.
International Equity Fund: Explore opportunities for international diversification by investing in an international equity fund. This provides exposure to global markets and reduces geographical risk.
Your current investments in UTI Nifty 50 Index Fund and SBI Small Cap Fund reflect a balanced approach with exposure to both large-cap and small-cap segments of the market. However, to achieve your long-term goal of creating a 10 crore wealth over 25-30 years, consider diversifying your portfolio further by adding a mid-cap fund and exploring international equity opportunities. Remember to review your portfolio periodically and make adjustments as needed to stay on track towards your financial objectives.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 14, 2024Hindi
I am 37 year old , I stay in Mumbai I want 1-2 crore down the line 5 years. How much I need to invest and where . Currently I have invested in shares 4 lac ,4 lac in mutual funds , sukanya samridhi account 5k monthly for my daughter , small plot I bought of 5 lac rupees. I have some active mutual funds monthly sip. 1. Parag paraikh flexi cap fund -3.3 k 2.Mirae asset less tax saver fund -6k 3.sundram Nifty 100 equal weight fund -2 k -weekly 4.Nippon India small cap fund -3 k 5.Axis Nifty 100 index fund -3 k 6.Axis blue chip fund -6k 7. safe gold -3k 8. Ssy for daughter -5 k
Ans: Your proactive approach towards financial planning reflects a commendable commitment to securing your future financial goals. Let's explore strategies to help you achieve your target corpus of 1-2 crore within the next 5 years.

Understanding Your Current Financial Landscape:
Your current investment portfolio showcases a diversified mix of assets, including shares, mutual funds, and savings instruments for your daughter's future. Let's evaluate how we can optimize your existing investments and explore additional avenues for wealth accumulation.

Assessing Investment Avenues:
To achieve your target corpus, consider the following investment avenues:

Equity Investments: Given your risk appetite and investment horizon, continue investing in equity through diversified mutual funds. However, ensure adequate research or seek professional advice to select funds with a proven track record of consistent returns.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs): Your existing SIPs in Parag Parikh Flexi Cap Fund, Mirae Asset Tax Saver Fund, Nippon India Small Cap Fund, and others align well with your long-term wealth-building goals. Consider increasing SIP amounts periodically to accelerate wealth accumulation.

Diversification: While equity investments offer the potential for high returns, diversification across asset classes can mitigate risk. Explore avenues such as debt mutual funds or fixed-income securities to balance your portfolio and safeguard against market volatility.

Review and Rebalance: Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure alignment with your financial objectives. Rebalance your portfolio if necessary to maintain an optimal asset allocation strategy.

Calculating Investment Requirements:
To determine the amount you need to invest regularly to achieve your target corpus, consider factors such as expected rate of return, investment horizon, and risk tolerance. Consulting with a financial planner can help you tailor an investment plan suited to your specific needs and goals.

Embracing Financial Discipline:
Building wealth requires discipline and consistency in investment habits. By staying committed to your financial plan and making informed investment decisions, you can progress steadily towards your target corpus.

Conclusion: Charting Your Path to Financial Success
In conclusion, by optimizing your existing investments, diversifying across asset classes, and adhering to a disciplined investment approach, you can work towards realizing your financial aspirations within the stipulated timeframe.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,
Chief Financial Planner,

..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Hello, i am 26 years old i earn 25k per month and i want investment guidance. I feel like stock market is not my thing because i am digital artist and i can't give time so i am planning to start my first mutual fund and my plan is long term investment minimum 10 years. Also what do you suggest me regarding stock market investment. Thank you
Ans: It's great to see you taking charge of your financial future at such a young age. Your decision to start investing for the long term is commendable. Let's dive into how you can effectively begin your investment journey with mutual funds and other options while considering your time constraints as a digital artist.

Understanding Your Financial Goals and Situation
Firstly, let's look at your current situation:

Age: 26 years old
Monthly Income: Rs 25,000
Investment Horizon: Minimum 10 years
Risk Appetite: Likely moderate, given your hesitation towards direct stock market investments due to time constraints.
Advantages of Mutual Funds for Long-Term Investment
Mutual funds are an excellent choice for those who cannot dedicate time to manage their investments actively. Here are some reasons why:

Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who make informed decisions on behalf of investors.
Diversification: Investing in mutual funds allows you to diversify your portfolio across different assets, reducing risk.
Liquidity: You can easily redeem your investments in mutual funds when needed.
Convenience: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, making it easier to budget.
Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Since you are looking for long-term investments, you should focus on equity mutual funds, which generally offer higher returns over a long period. Here’s how you can approach it:

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks and have the potential to provide significant returns over the long term. Here’s why they are suitable for you:

Growth Potential: Equities tend to outperform other asset classes over the long term.
Compounding Benefits: Long-term investments in equity funds benefit from the power of compounding.
Actively Managed Funds vs Direct Funds
While index funds and ETFs are often suggested, actively managed funds might be better for you. Here’s why:

Active Management: Professional fund managers actively pick stocks to beat the market, aiming for higher returns.
Better Risk Management: Active funds can adjust their portfolios based on market conditions to mitigate risks.
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Starting an SIP is a smart way to invest regularly. Here’s why:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly helps average out the purchase cost, reducing the impact of market volatility.
Disciplined Investment: SIPs ensure you invest regularly without worrying about market timing.
Affordability: You can start SIPs with small amounts, making it accessible.
Steps to Start Your Investment Journey
Assess Your Monthly Budget
Understand your monthly expenses and savings. Allocate a portion of your income for investments. Given your monthly income of Rs 25,000, start with what you are comfortable investing.

Set Up an Emergency Fund
Before investing, ensure you have an emergency fund. This should cover 6-12 months of your expenses, kept in a savings account or liquid fund for easy access.

Choose the Right Mutual Funds
Based on your long-term goals, select a mix of equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. Here are some fund types to consider:

Large-Cap Funds: Invest in large, stable companies. Suitable for moderate risk tolerance.
Mid-Cap Funds: Invest in mid-sized companies with higher growth potential but also higher risk.
Balanced Funds: A mix of equity and debt for a balanced risk-reward profile.
Stock Market Investments: An Overview
Although you mentioned that stock market investing might not be your thing, it's worth understanding the basics.

Direct Stock Investments
Investing directly in stocks requires time and effort to research and monitor your investments. It’s not advisable if you cannot dedicate the necessary time.

Why Mutual Funds Over Direct Stocks?
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions, reducing the burden on you.
Diversification: Mutual funds spread risk across various assets.
Convenience: You do not need to track individual stocks actively.
Risk Management
Investing always involves risk, but you can manage it by:

Diversifying Investments: Spread your investments across different asset classes and sectors.
Regular Monitoring: Periodically review your portfolio and make adjustments as needed.
Staying Informed: Keep up with market trends and financial news to make informed decisions.
Tax Benefits
Investing in certain mutual funds can also offer tax benefits. For example:

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): These funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
Regular Review and Rebalancing
Your financial goals and risk tolerance might change over time. Regularly review your portfolio and rebalance it to ensure it aligns with your goals.

How to Review Your Portfolio
Performance Analysis: Compare the performance of your investments against benchmarks.
Goal Alignment: Ensure your investments are on track to meet your financial goals.
Rebalancing: Adjust your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
The Role of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP can provide personalized guidance based on your financial situation and goals. Here’s how a CFP can help:

Comprehensive Financial Planning: Create a holistic financial plan considering all aspects of your finances.
Investment Strategy: Develop an investment strategy aligned with your risk tolerance and goals.
Ongoing Support: Provide ongoing support and advice to keep you on track.
Final Insights
Your proactive approach to investing at a young age is commendable. Here’s a summary of steps to set you on the right path:

Understand Your Budget: Know your monthly expenses and savings.
Set Up an Emergency Fund: Ensure you have 6-12 months of expenses saved.
Start SIPs: Begin with an affordable amount in equity mutual funds.
Diversify Investments: Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and balanced funds.
Consult a CFP: Get personalized advice and regular reviews.
By following these steps, you can build a strong financial foundation and achieve your long-term goals with confidence.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
I’m 36year old working female. I’m living a comfortable life and ensure one international vacation annually. I plan to retire by 45 years of age and continue with similar lifestyle. I have following savings, please suggest what adjustments should I make and whether my savings are reasonable for my age. I have no kids, no loans and no property in my name. I live in my family home. Equity- 88lac Savings account- 48lac PF+EPF- 35 lac Gold 9 lac Insurance policy - 2.5 lac Crypto 1.5 lac
Ans: Firstly, it’s fantastic to see you so proactive about your financial future. Your current financial position and the clarity about your retirement goals are commendable. Living a comfortable life, enjoying annual international vacations, and planning for early retirement at 45 is ambitious but achievable with the right strategy. Let’s assess your current savings and suggest adjustments to help you meet your goals.

Current Financial Snapshot
Let’s summarize your current financial position:

Equity Investments: Rs 88 lakhs
Savings Account: Rs 48 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF) + Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Rs 35 lakhs
Gold: Rs 9 lakhs
Insurance Policy: Rs 2.5 lakhs
Cryptocurrency: Rs 1.5 lakhs
Analysis of Current Savings
Equity Investments
You have Rs 88 lakhs in equity investments. This is a strong component of your portfolio, given its potential for high returns over the long term.

Savings Account
Having Rs 48 lakhs in a savings account is a significant amount. While it's good to have liquidity, savings accounts offer low returns, which may not keep up with inflation.

Provident Fund and EPF
Your PF and EPF holdings amount to Rs 35 lakhs. These are crucial for your retirement as they provide stability and guaranteed returns.

Gold worth Rs 9 lakhs is a good hedge against inflation and adds diversity to your portfolio. However, its returns are generally lower compared to equities.

Insurance Policy
You have an insurance policy worth Rs 2.5 lakhs. Ensure this is purely a term insurance policy for adequate risk cover.

Your cryptocurrency investment is Rs 1.5 lakhs. This is a highly volatile and unregulated market. It’s essential to be cautious with this part of your portfolio.

Steps to Achieve Your Retirement Goal by 45
Increase Equity Investments
Given your age and the time horizon until retirement, continuing with a strong equity exposure is advisable. Equities generally provide higher returns over the long term.

Diversify Across Sectors: Ensure your equity portfolio is diversified across various sectors and industries to reduce risk.

Regular Monitoring: Keep an eye on the performance of your stocks and make adjustments as needed.

Rebalance Savings Account
Having Rs 48 lakhs in a savings account is quite high. Consider reallocating a portion of these funds to higher-return investments.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund of 6-12 months of your expenses in a savings account or liquid funds.

Invest the Rest: Reallocate excess funds into mutual funds or other diversified investment options for better returns.

Maximize Provident Fund and EPF
Your PF and EPF are safe, low-risk investments. Continue maximizing your contributions to these funds.

EPF Voluntary Contributions: If possible, consider voluntary contributions to EPF for additional tax benefits and secure returns.
Evaluate Gold Holdings
Gold is a good investment for diversification but doesn’t generate income. Consider the following:

Hold or Reallocate: Evaluate if you need to hold the entire amount in gold or reallocate a portion to higher-growth investments.
Review Insurance Policy
Ensure your insurance policy is a term policy providing adequate coverage.

Term Insurance: If it’s not a term insurance policy, consider switching to a term policy with adequate coverage for your needs.
Assess Cryptocurrency Investment
Cryptocurrency is highly volatile and unregulated. While it can offer high returns, it comes with significant risk.

Limit Exposure: Keep your exposure to cryptocurrency minimal to safeguard against potential losses.
Adjustments for Better Financial Health
Consolidate and Reinvest Direct Stocks
Direct stocks can be high-risk if not managed properly. Consider consolidating and reinvesting in mutual funds.

Actively Managed Funds: Invest through mutual funds managed by professional fund managers. This provides better risk management and diversification.

Regular Monitoring: Regularly review and rebalance your mutual fund portfolio to align with your financial goals.

Increase Monthly Investments
If you have surplus income, consider increasing your monthly investments.

SIP in Mutual Funds: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in mutual funds are an excellent way to invest regularly and benefit from rupee cost averaging.

Diversified Portfolio: Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for a balanced portfolio.

Planning for Early Retirement
Estimate Retirement Corpus
To maintain your current lifestyle, estimate the corpus required. Consider factors like inflation, healthcare costs, and lifestyle expenses.

Retirement Corpus: Aim for a retirement corpus that generates enough returns to sustain your lifestyle without depleting the principal amount.
Retirement Investment Strategy
Once you retire, your investment strategy should shift towards preserving capital while generating income.

Balanced Funds: Consider balanced or hybrid funds that offer a mix of equity and debt for stability and growth.

SWP (Systematic Withdrawal Plan): Use SWPs from mutual funds to generate a regular income post-retirement.

Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide tailored advice and help you navigate complex financial decisions.

Customized Plan: A CFP can create a customized retirement plan based on your unique goals and risk tolerance.

Regular Reviews: They can also help in regular monitoring and rebalancing of your portfolio to ensure it stays on track.

Importance of Diversification
Diversifying your investments across different asset classes can reduce risk and improve returns.

Asset Allocation: Maintain a balanced asset allocation between equity, debt, and gold based on your risk profile and time horizon.

Regular Rebalancing: Periodically rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach to financial planning is impressive. To ensure you meet your goal of retiring by 45 with a comfortable lifestyle, consider the following steps:

Increase Equity Investments: Continue focusing on equities for higher long-term returns.
Rebalance Savings: Reallocate excess funds from your savings account to higher-return investments.
Maximize PF and EPF: Continue maximizing your contributions to these secure, low-risk funds.
Evaluate Gold Holdings: Consider if reallocating a portion of your gold investments is necessary.
Review Insurance Policy: Ensure your insurance provides adequate coverage.
Limit Cryptocurrency Exposure: Keep your exposure minimal due to high volatility and risk.
Consolidate Direct Stocks: Reinvest in mutual funds for better risk management and diversification.
Increase Monthly Investments: Consider increasing your SIPs for better long-term growth.
Seek Professional Guidance: A CFP can provide valuable insights and tailored advice.
By following these steps and maintaining your disciplined approach, you can achieve your goal of retiring by 45 and enjoying a comfortable lifestyle.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 41 years old with 1.5lakhs pm salary. Cleared home loan using PF amount, so own a flat in Bangalore. Daughter is 8 years old. Have term (1.5cr) and health insurance (7L), parents covered under corporate insurance. Coming to investments, have 7.5L in mutual funds, 4.5L in stocks, 3L in PF and 3L in NPS. 30k goes for investment, 40k for car emi on 3 year corporate lease, 65k for expences including parents (dependents) staying in another town. I want fo retire at 50 with a retirement corpus of 5 cr. Am i on right track? Please suggest if i have to make any changes to my existing routine.
Ans: First off, congratulations on your disciplined approach to financial planning. Owning a flat in Bangalore, having term and health insurance, and a clear home loan are significant achievements. Let’s evaluate your current financial status and align it with your goal of retiring at 50 with a retirement corpus of Rs 5 crore.

Current Financial Snapshot
Let’s summarize your current financial situation:

Salary: Rs 1.5 lakhs per month
Term Insurance: Rs 1.5 crore
Health Insurance: Rs 7 lakhs (parents covered under corporate insurance)
Mutual Funds: Rs 7.5 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 4.5 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 3 lakhs
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 3 lakhs
Monthly Investments: Rs 30,000
Monthly Car EMI: Rs 40,000
Monthly Expenses: Rs 65,000 (including support for parents)
Retirement Goal Analysis
Goal: Rs 5 Crore Retirement Corpus by Age 50
You have nine years to achieve your retirement goal of Rs 5 crore. Let’s break down the steps needed to reach this target.

Evaluate Current Savings and Investments
1. Mutual Funds: Rs 7.5 lakhs

2. Stocks: Rs 4.5 lakhs

3. Provident Fund (PF): Rs 3 lakhs

4. National Pension System (NPS): Rs 3 lakhs

Total Current Investments: Rs 18 lakhs

Monthly Investment Plan
Increasing Your SIP Contributions
Your current SIP contribution is Rs 30,000 per month. Considering your goal, it’s essential to evaluate whether this amount is sufficient.

Growth Rate: Assume an annual growth rate of 12% for your mutual funds and stocks.

Future Value: Calculate the future value of your current investments and SIP contributions over the next nine years.

Additional Investments
You might need to increase your monthly SIP contributions to bridge any shortfall. Let’s evaluate potential strategies.

Assessing and Adjusting Your Portfolio
Diversifying your investments can help in achieving better returns and reducing risks.

Mutual Funds: Continue investing in diversified equity mutual funds. Consider adding some large-cap and mid-cap funds for a balanced portfolio.

Stocks: Regularly review and rebalance your stock portfolio. Focus on fundamentally strong companies with growth potential.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a good option for long-term retirement planning due to its tax benefits and potential for high returns.

Equity Allocation: Consider increasing the equity allocation in your NPS to maximize growth.
Provident Fund (PF)
Continue contributing to your PF. It’s a safe and tax-efficient investment.

Managing Expenses and EMI
Your monthly car EMI is Rs 40,000. Once the EMI is over, reallocate this amount towards your retirement corpus.

Expense Management
Current Expenses: Rs 65,000 per month
Investment Opportunities: Post EMI period, use the freed-up funds for additional investments.
Insurance and Contingency Planning
Term Insurance
Your term insurance cover of Rs 1.5 crore is adequate. It provides financial security to your family.

Health Insurance
Health insurance of Rs 7 lakhs is good. Ensure it’s sufficient to cover medical emergencies. Review the policy annually.

Additional Steps for Financial Security
Emergency Fund
Ensure you maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This provides a cushion during unexpected situations.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review your financial plan with your Certified Financial Planner. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and life changes.

The Importance of Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner can provide the expertise needed to navigate complex financial decisions.

Customised Strategies: Tailored investment strategies to suit your specific goals and risk tolerance.

Regular Monitoring: Continuous monitoring and rebalancing of your portfolio to ensure alignment with your goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
1. Lack of Professional Guidance: Managing direct funds requires significant time and expertise.

2. Higher Risks: Without professional advice, the risk of making suboptimal investment choices increases.

3. Market Volatility: Direct funds are susceptible to market volatility, which requires constant monitoring and adjustments.

Benefits of Regular Funds
1. Professional Management: Fund managers actively manage the investments to maximize returns and minimize risks.

2. Flexibility: They can adapt to market changes, unlike index funds which passively track market indices.

Future Planning for Your Daughter’s Education
Education Costs
Plan for your daughter’s higher education expenses. Start a dedicated SIP for this goal.

Estimate Costs: Factor in inflation and rising education costs.

Investment Strategy: Choose equity mutual funds for long-term growth.

Final Insights
Your disciplined approach to financial planning is commendable. You have a solid foundation with your current investments and insurance coverage. To achieve your retirement goal of Rs 5 crore by age 50, consider the following steps:

Increase SIP Contributions: Evaluate and possibly increase your monthly SIP contributions.
Diversify Investments: Ensure your portfolio is well-diversified across different asset classes.
Reallocate Post-EMI Funds: Once your car EMI is completed, redirect this amount towards your retirement corpus.
Regular Reviews: Regularly review and adjust your financial plan with your Certified Financial Planner.
Focus on Long-Term Goals: Stay focused on your long-term goals and make informed investment decisions.
By following these steps and maintaining your disciplined approach, you are well on your way to achieving your retirement goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Sir, I have started two new SIPs ( @4K each) through MF just in last month, namely Quant Mid cap and Quant Large & Mid cap. Including these two presently I am continuing 60K of SIPs in different MFs for last 1 yr. Also had a plan to start a new SIP of 6K through Quant ELSS fund. But, after todays news of SEBI on Quant MF, I am confused. Should I stop the said one month old two funds and not to start ELSS or what? I have partially decided to continue with existing two funds and carefully watch on the situation for one/two year and not to start new MF with Quant. What should I do? Pls suggest.
Ans: First of all, commendations on your dedication to investing and planning for your financial future. Your efforts in consistently investing through SIPs are commendable. I understand your concern regarding the recent SEBI news about Quant Mutual Funds. Let’s address your queries and develop a comprehensive approach to your investment strategy.

Current SIP Investments
Your commitment to Rs 60,000 in SIPs over the last year is a strong start. SIPs offer the advantage of rupee cost averaging and can help in building a substantial corpus over time.

Evaluating Recent Investments
Given your recent start with Quant Mid Cap and Quant Large & Mid Cap funds, and the news about SEBI’s stance on Quant MF, your concerns are valid. Here’s a detailed analysis:

Market and Regulatory Sentiments: Regulatory actions can sometimes create uncertainty. However, it’s important to understand the specifics of SEBI's concerns and how they might impact the fund's performance and management.

Fund Performance: Before making any decisions, evaluate the historical performance of these funds. Look at their consistency, returns, and how they have managed risks.

Fund Management: Assess the expertise and track record of the fund managers. Effective management can often navigate through regulatory and market challenges.

Deciding on Continuation or Stopping SIPs
Continue Monitoring
Your decision to continue with the two existing funds while monitoring the situation is prudent. Here’s why:

Long-Term Perspective: Equity investments, especially in mutual funds, are meant for the long term. Short-term fluctuations or news should not drastically impact long-term strategies.

Performance Review: Regularly review the performance of these funds over the next 6-12 months. Evaluate them against their benchmarks and peer funds.

Adjust if Needed: If you notice consistent underperformance or if regulatory issues significantly impact the fund, consider reallocating to more stable funds.

New SIP in Quant ELSS
Considering the SEBI news, it’s understandable to be cautious about starting a new SIP in Quant ELSS. Here’s an alternative approach:

Diversification: Instead of putting all your SIPs in Quant funds, consider diversifying across different fund houses. This spreads your risk and can provide stability.

Evaluate Other ELSS Funds: Look for other ELSS funds with strong track records, good management, and consistent performance. ELSS not only offers tax benefits but also has the potential for good long-term returns.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are beneficial for several reasons:

Expertise: Fund managers actively make decisions to maximize returns and minimize risks.

Flexibility: These funds can adapt to changing market conditions, unlike index funds which replicate market performance.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
While direct funds have lower expense ratios, there are notable disadvantages:

Lack of Professional Guidance: Without a Certified Financial Planner, managing direct funds can be challenging.

Time-Consuming: Monitoring and adjusting investments require significant time and expertise.

Recommended Strategy for Your SIPs
Diversified Portfolio
A well-diversified portfolio across different fund categories can enhance returns and reduce risks. Consider these steps:

Large Cap Funds: These funds invest in well-established companies with a stable growth trajectory.

Mid Cap Funds: They invest in medium-sized companies with potential for high growth.

Small Cap Funds: Suitable for aggressive investors, these funds can offer high returns but come with higher risks.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds: These funds offer a mix of equity and debt, providing stability and growth.

Regular Reviews
Schedule regular reviews with your Certified Financial Planner to ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals and market conditions. Adjustments may be necessary based on performance and market changes.

Building a Robust Investment Plan
Your goal should be to build a robust investment plan that can withstand market fluctuations and regulatory changes. Here’s how:

Emergency Fund
Maintain your emergency fund of Rs 15 lakhs. This provides a safety net for unexpected expenses and ensures you don’t have to dip into your investments prematurely.

Goal-Based Investments
Children’s Education: Continue investing through SIPs in diversified equity funds for long-term growth. This will help accumulate the required corpus for their education.

Retirement Planning: Invest in aggressive growth funds for your retirement goal. Starting early and maintaining consistency will leverage the power of compounding.

Importance of Staying Informed
Stay informed about market trends and regulatory changes. Knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions and adapt to changes effectively.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner can provide invaluable guidance. They can:

Customise Portfolio: Tailor your investments based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions.

Regular Monitoring: Continuously monitor your portfolio and make necessary adjustments.

Risk Management: Help you navigate market and regulatory risks effectively.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach to investing is commendable. Continuously monitoring and reviewing your investments is crucial. While the SEBI news about Quant MF is concerning, maintaining a long-term perspective is important. Diversify your portfolio to mitigate risks and ensure you are investing in well-managed funds.

Stay informed, regularly review your portfolio, and seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner. This comprehensive approach will help you achieve your financial goals and secure your future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Hi..I'm 37Y old with monthly salary of 1.5lkhs after tax. I have 3 kids and the eldest is in LKG/PP1. My monthly expenses are around 30000 without any EMIs. My investments/savings include: Real Estate : 50lakhs Gold: 500 grms Equity/Stocks: 4 Lakhs Mutual funds: 1 lkhs Savings/emergency fund: 15 lkhs PF: 9 lkhs SIP: none As you may notice, I think I'm already very late to the stock market or mutual funds. I would like to start SIPs for the education of my kids and my retirement by 50 years with monthly income of 1.5 lakhs. I'm able to save/invest 1 lkh every month. Would you please suggest a plan following which can fulfill the aboveentioned ask?
Ans: First, it’s great to see your proactive approach towards securing your kids' education and your retirement. Your financial discipline is admirable. Let's dive into an in-depth plan tailored for your goals.

Current Financial Overview
Your current assets and savings are impressive. Here’s a snapshot:

Real Estate: Rs 50 lakhs
Gold: 500 grams
Equity/Stocks: Rs 4 lakhs
Mutual Funds: Rs 1 lakh
Savings/Emergency Fund: Rs 15 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 9 lakhs
Monthly Savings Potential: Rs 1 lakh
Your monthly expenses are well-managed at Rs 30,000, leaving substantial room for investments. Now, let's focus on structuring your investments to meet your goals.

Education Planning for Your Kids
Education costs are rising rapidly. Starting early with a systematic investment plan (SIP) will help in accumulating the required corpus.

Assess Future Education Costs: Estimate the future costs of education for your three kids. Factor in inflation, which averages around 6-7% per year.

Divide Investments for Each Child: Allocate investments based on the timelines for each child's education. For example, higher education might be needed in 15 years for your eldest child and later for the younger ones.

Choose SIPs Wisely: Consider diversified equity mutual funds. They have the potential to offer higher returns over the long term. Since you are starting now, the power of compounding will work in your favor.

Retirement Planning by Age 50
Retiring by 50 with a monthly income of Rs 1.5 lakhs requires careful planning and disciplined investing. Here’s how you can approach it:

Calculate Retirement Corpus: Estimate the amount needed to generate a monthly income of Rs 1.5 lakhs. Factor in inflation and life expectancy. Typically, this could be around Rs 4-5 crores.

Maximize EPF Contributions: Your PF balance is Rs 9 lakhs. Continue maximizing your contributions. It’s a secure and tax-efficient way to grow your retirement savings.

Increase SIP Investments: Start SIPs in aggressive growth mutual funds. These funds have the potential to offer substantial returns over the next 13 years. Given your high savings rate, this strategy can significantly boost your retirement corpus.

Investment Strategy and Asset Allocation
Now, let’s discuss how to allocate your monthly savings of Rs 1 lakh:

Mutual Funds
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Professional Management: Fund managers with expertise can navigate market volatility.

Consistent Monitoring: Regular reviews and rebalancing ensure alignment with your goals.

Support: A Certified Financial Planner can provide guidance and adjust strategies as needed.

SIPs for Long-term Goals
Educational Goals: Invest Rs 40,000 monthly in diversified equity mutual funds.

Retirement Goals: Invest Rs 60,000 monthly in aggressive growth mutual funds.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund is crucial for financial security. You already have Rs 15 lakhs, which is excellent. Ensure it’s easily accessible and parked in liquid or ultra-short-term debt funds for better returns than a savings account.

Reassessing Existing Investments
Equity and Stocks
Your Rs 4 lakhs in stocks should be reviewed. Ensure they are diversified and align with your risk tolerance and financial goals. If needed, shift underperforming stocks to more promising mutual funds.

500 grams of gold is a solid asset. However, gold doesn’t generate regular income. Consider maintaining it as a hedge against inflation but avoid additional investments in gold for now.

Avoiding Direct Funds and Index Funds
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Lack of Guidance: Without professional advice, managing direct funds can be challenging.

Time-Consuming: Monitoring and rebalancing your portfolio regularly requires significant time and effort.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Market Mimicking: Index funds aim to replicate market indices, which may lead to average returns.

No Flexibility: They lack the flexibility to adapt to market changes or capitalize on specific opportunities.

Importance of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, guided by professional managers, can outperform the market through strategic investments and timely decisions. They provide the potential for higher returns, especially crucial for your aggressive retirement goals.

Regular Reviews and Adjustments
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. Regularly review your portfolio with your Certified Financial Planner. Adjust your investments based on life changes, market conditions, and evolving financial goals.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach and high savings rate set a strong foundation for achieving your financial goals. By strategically investing in SIPs for your kids' education and your retirement, you can build a substantial corpus.

Seek the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner to navigate the complexities of investment management. Their guidance will ensure your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance. Regular reviews and adjustments will keep your financial plan on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Moneywize   |122 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.


Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.

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Mayank Chandel  |1003 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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