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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 16, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Karthik Question by Karthik on May 09, 2024Hindi

Hi I'm Karthik, i have 15 lakhs credit and I have 30k salary and I don't have secondary income, please suggest me how to come out this problem.

Ans: Karthik, it's commendable that you're seeking guidance to address your financial challenges. Let's assess your current situation and explore potential solutions.

Analyzing Debt and Income
Debt: You mentioned having a 15 lakh credit, which can be a significant burden. Understanding the nature of this debt, such as its interest rate and repayment terms, is essential.
Income: With a monthly salary of 30,000 and no secondary income, it's vital to evaluate your cash flow and how much of your income is allocated towards debt repayment and living expenses.
Creating a Plan to Overcome Debt
Budgeting: Start by creating a detailed budget to track your income and expenses. Identify areas where you can cut back on spending to allocate more towards debt repayment.
Debt Repayment Strategy: Explore strategies such as the debt snowball or debt avalanche method to prioritize and pay off your debts systematically. Focus on paying off high-interest debt first while making minimum payments on others.
Increasing Income: Consider avenues to increase your income, such as pursuing additional skills or part-time employment. Even small increments in income can significantly impact your ability to repay debt.
Negotiation: Reach out to your creditors to negotiate lower interest rates or flexible repayment terms, especially if you're facing difficulty meeting your current obligations.
Seeking Professional Assistance
Financial Advisor Consultation: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) who can provide personalized advice and help you develop a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your goals and circumstances.
Credit Counseling: Non-profit credit counseling agencies can provide valuable guidance on debt management, budgeting, and negotiating with creditors.
Cultivating Financial Discipline
Mindful Spending: Cultivate habits of mindful spending and avoid unnecessary expenses. Prioritize needs over wants and focus on building a strong financial foundation.
Emergency Fund: Once you've addressed your debt, prioritize building an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses and prevent future reliance on credit.
Karthik, overcoming financial challenges requires patience, discipline, and a proactive approach. By creating a realistic plan, seeking professional guidance, and adopting prudent financial habits, you can work towards achieving financial stability and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 23, 2024

Hi i am 43years old my life going to very very more problem regarding money currently income 40plus per month i heave not money balance every month going to zero please suggested me how can improve
Ans: I'm sorry to hear about your financial challenges. It sounds like you're facing cash flow issues despite a decent income. Let's work on a plan to improve your financial situation:

Budgeting: Start by tracking your expenses meticulously for a month. Identify areas where you can cut back or eliminate unnecessary spending.
Emergency Fund: Build an emergency fund to cover at least 3-6 months of living expenses. This buffer can help you avoid going into debt during unexpected financial setbacks.
Debt Management: If you have high-interest debt, focus on paying it down aggressively. Consider consolidating debts or negotiating lower interest rates with creditors.
Increase Income: Look for ways to increase your income, such as taking on a side hustle or upgrading your skills to qualify for a higher-paying job.
Invest Wisely: Invest in a diversified portfolio that aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals. Consider seeking professional advice to optimize your investments.
Financial Education: Educate yourself about personal finance and money management. Understanding financial principles can help you make informed decisions and avoid common pitfalls.
Seek Professional Help: If you're feeling overwhelmed, consider consulting a financial advisor or counselor who can provide personalized guidance and support.
Remember, improving your financial situation is a journey that requires patience, discipline, and commitment. Start small, set achievable goals, and gradually work your way towards financial stability and prosperity.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 22, 2024

Hi sir i have the loan of 16 lac and income of 54k with monthly emi of 40k how to mangae all???
Ans: Managing a high EMI on a modest income can be challenging. Your current loan of ?16 lakhs with an EMI of ?40,000 on a ?54,000 income requires careful financial planning. Here’s how to manage your finances effectively.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
Income and Expenses
Your monthly income is ?54,000, with an EMI of ?40,000. This leaves you with ?14,000 for all other expenses. This tight margin necessitates a strategic approach.

Loan Details
A loan of ?16 lakhs with a high EMI consumes a significant portion of your income. Evaluating options to reduce the EMI can provide some relief.

Steps to Manage Your Loan and Finances
Track Expenses
Start by tracking all your expenses. Identify areas where you can cut costs. Every rupee saved can help ease your financial burden.

Create a Monthly Budget
Create a detailed budget. Prioritize essential expenses like food, utilities, and transport. Allocate a portion of your income towards savings, even if it's small.

Reducing EMI Burden
Loan Restructuring
Consider restructuring your loan. Extending the loan tenure can reduce the EMI, though it might increase the total interest paid.

Negotiating with Lenders
Talk to your lender about reducing the interest rate. Even a slight reduction can lower your EMI. Lenders may offer better terms based on your repayment history.

Additional Income Sources
Part-Time Jobs
Explore opportunities for part-time work or freelance jobs. This additional income can help cover expenses and reduce reliance on loans.

Monetize Skills
If you have specific skills or hobbies, consider monetizing them. Teaching, consulting, or online gigs can provide extra income.

Managing Expenses
Reduce Non-Essential Spending
Cut down on non-essential expenses like dining out, subscriptions, and luxury items. Focus on saving and reducing debt.

Use Budget-Friendly Alternatives
Opt for budget-friendly alternatives for daily needs. Buying in bulk, using discounts, and choosing generic brands can save money.

Emergency Fund
Building an Emergency Fund
Allocate a small portion of your income to build an emergency fund. This fund can cover unexpected expenses without impacting your EMI payments.

Utilizing Existing Savings
If you have existing savings, consider using a portion to pay down the loan. Reducing the principal can lower your EMI.

Professional Financial Advice
Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner. They can provide tailored solutions to manage your loan and improve your financial health.

Debt Management Programs
Consider enrolling in a debt management program. These programs can negotiate better terms with lenders and provide structured repayment plans.

Investment Strategies
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Consider starting a SIP in a mutual fund. Even a small investment can grow over time and provide financial stability.

Benefits of Regular Mutual Funds
Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers guidance and personalized advice, optimizing your investments.

Avoid Direct Mutual Funds
Direct mutual funds have lower expense ratios but lack advisory services. Regular funds through an MFD provide support and better decision-making.

Financial Discipline
Regular Review
Regularly review your financial situation. Adjust your budget and repayment strategy based on your progress and changes in circumstances.

Set Financial Goals
Set short-term and long-term financial goals. Having clear objectives can motivate you to save and manage your expenses better.

Stress Management
Stay Positive
Financial stress can be overwhelming. Stay positive and focused on your goals. Small steps can lead to significant improvements over time.

Seek Support
Talk to family and friends for support. They can provide emotional backing and sometimes practical advice or assistance.

Managing a high EMI on a modest income is challenging but achievable with careful planning. By budgeting wisely, reducing expenses, seeking additional income, and consulting a Certified Financial Planner, you can navigate this period successfully. Regularly review your financial situation and adjust your strategies as needed to ensure long-term stability and peace of mind.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3200 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 27, 2024

Hi, my age is 40, I want to retire by 50 with Rs. 2 Crore of Corpus, Right Now i have Rs. 17 lacs in PF, Rs. 5 Lacs in NPS, Rs.1 Lacs in PPF and Home loan Completed this year. I have one LIC policy of Premium of Rs. 24000 Yearly. Now I don’t have single saving in my saving account. my monthly expense is 35k. I want to start from Zero. My monthly on hand salary is Rs. 1.5 Lacs and i am ready to take risk for Higher return. I have Jeevan Saral Policy starting from 2010 to still now and its mature on September-2023, I have checked and surrender the value comes to Rs. 6 Lacs, overall, i check and confirm only 5 to 6% comes in LIC Policy. Please advise only 5 years remaining for maturity. Also, in My monthly income i can easily save Rs. 1.05 Lacs if consider Rs. 45k Monthly expense. Issue is I am from Market since long 15 years and Right Now Market is very high so it’s advisable to start a SIP. or invest on safe place like FD & RD. Can I increase NPS contribution Rs 50 k to Rs. 1.50 lacs or invest in PPF account of Rs. 1.5 Lacs annually and also open a PPF account for daughter.
Ans: Building a Robust Retirement Plan: A Strategic Approach
Congratulations on completing your home loan! With no debts and a strong monthly income, you are in a great position to plan for retirement. Here’s a comprehensive strategy to achieve your goal of a Rs. 2 crore corpus by the age of 50.

Assessing Your Current Financial Health
Here’s a summary of your current financial standing:

Provident Fund (PF): Rs. 17 lakh
National Pension System (NPS): Rs. 5 lakh
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs. 1 lakh
LIC Policy: Surrender value Rs. 6 lakh
You have a solid foundation but need to optimize your investments to reach your goal.

Evaluating Your Current Investments
You have Rs. 6 lakh in an LIC policy with a return of 5-6%. Considering its low return, it might be wise to redirect this amount into higher-yielding investments. Surrendering it and reinvesting in better options could be beneficial.

Creating a Diversified Investment Strategy
Given your readiness to take risks for higher returns, a diversified approach is ideal. Here's how you can structure your investments:

Increasing Contributions to NPS and PPF
NPS: Increasing your contribution to Rs. 1.5 lakh annually can provide additional tax benefits and long-term growth. NPS is a good mix of equity and debt.
PPF: Maximizing your PPF contribution to Rs. 1.5 lakh annually ensures risk-free returns with tax benefits. Opening a PPF account for your daughter is also a good long-term strategy.
Investing in Mutual Funds
Starting a Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in mutual funds is advisable despite current market levels. SIPs average out the cost over time, reducing market volatility risk. Actively managed funds can offer better returns than index funds due to professional management and strategic asset allocation.

Liquid Savings and Emergency Fund
Maintaining liquidity is crucial. Since you can save Rs. 1.05 lakh monthly, allocate a portion to build an emergency fund. Aim for 6-12 months' worth of expenses, i.e., Rs. 2.7 lakh to Rs. 5.4 lakh. This fund should be easily accessible, such as in a high-interest savings account or liquid mutual funds.

Tax Planning and Optimization
Maximize tax-saving investments to enhance returns. Utilize Section 80C benefits with investments in PPF, NPS, and ELSS funds. Consider tax-efficient investment options that offer higher post-tax returns.

Reviewing Insurance Coverage
You have term insurance for family protection, which is excellent. Ensure the coverage amount is adequate considering inflation and future needs. Health insurance provided by your company is beneficial, but consider a separate policy for comprehensive coverage during job transitions or retirement.

Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and financial goals. As you approach retirement, gradually shift from high-risk equity investments to safer debt instruments to protect your corpus.

Financial Discipline and Monitoring
Maintain financial discipline by sticking to your savings plan. Regularly monitor your investments and adjust strategies as needed based on market conditions and life changes.

Retirement Corpus Calculation
Estimate the corpus required for a comfortable retirement by considering inflation, life expectancy, and desired lifestyle. Use retirement planning tools or consult a Certified Financial Planner for precise calculations.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Upon retirement, implement a Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from your mutual fund investments. SWPs provide a steady income stream and tax efficiency, ensuring your corpus lasts longer.

Continuous Learning and Adaptation
Stay informed about financial markets and investment opportunities. Financial planning is dynamic; adapt your strategy based on changing economic conditions and personal circumstances.

Your financial health is solid with no debts and a high savings potential. By following a diversified investment strategy and maintaining financial discipline, you can achieve your goal of retiring with a Rs. 2 crore corpus by 50. Optimize tax savings, regularly review your portfolio, and adjust as necessary to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Kanchan Rai  |211 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on May 27, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 26, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 31 year old with 1.5 year old son. I am leaving in joint family. I am a working woman. The problem with me is I feel the only person giving 100% in our relationship is me. Its been 2.5 years we got married, i am handling my expenses as I am working, i am not dependent on him but he never asks for my wishes. He never bough me anything not a single gifts, cakes anything even on special days like birthdays and our anniversaries. I am helping him in his EMIs of loan payments as well but i am not getting phisical or emotional support from him. He even gets angry when i ask for hugs. Sometimes if he gives hug he behaves like he is doing favour. Sometimes i cried at night but he didn't care and goes to sleep peacefully. When my mother in law and i got in argument he supports me less and everytime supports his mom. I helped him in paying in his sister's marriag also. He never takes mr to dates. Whenever we go outside everytime he take his family with us. He never talks to me or asks mr if I need anything. Even after coming from office he spends most of time on mobilr and watching tv. He didn't even take me to small trips, in last 2.5 year we haven't done any trips. He never tries to make me feel special. The worst part was i was alone every night during my pregnancy as hi was having night shifts at that time. When i cried infront of him that i need you tonight i am not feeling well, i am pregnant please be here with me, his answer was work is more important. Who is going to make money for our future and he left me crying at that day. I am feeling like i am the only one who is trying to keep this relationship alive. I am not getting what i expects from him. What to do in this situation.
Ans: I'm truly sorry to hear about the difficulties you're experiencing in your marriage. It sounds incredibly challenging and painful to feel unsupported and neglected, especially when you're putting so much effort into your relationship.

First, it's essential to acknowledge your feelings and needs. Reflect on what you truly desire from your marriage. What specific actions or behaviors do you need from your husband to feel loved and supported? Understanding your needs will help you communicate them more clearly.

When you're ready, find a calm and private moment to talk with your husband. Approach the conversation with the intention of expressing your feelings and needs without blaming or accusing him. You could say something like, "Over the past few years, I've been feeling very lonely and unsupported in our marriage. I know you work hard, and I appreciate that, but I also need emotional support and affection from you. It hurts when my needs are not acknowledged, and I feel like I'm the only one putting effort into our relationship."

Using "I" statements can help focus on your feelings without sounding accusatory, which can make your partner less defensive. For example, "I feel neglected when my emotional needs are not met," or "I feel hurt when you don't acknowledge my birthday or special occasions." This way, you're communicating your feelings without placing blame directly on him.

Be specific about what you need from him. Instead of making general statements, provide clear examples of what would make you feel better. For instance, you might say, "It would mean a lot to me if we could have some alone time, maybe go on a date once a month," or "I would love it if you could ask how my day was and really listen."

If talking to your husband directly doesn’t lead to any changes, consider seeking couples counseling. A therapist can provide a neutral space where both of you can express your feelings and work on improving your relationship. Counseling can help you both understand each other better and develop strategies to meet each other's needs more effectively.

Remember, it's crucial to take care of yourself during this process. Lean on friends or family for support, and consider speaking with a therapist on your own to help navigate these feelings and challenges. You deserve to feel loved, respected, and supported in your marriage, and it's important to advocate for your own well-being.

...Read more


Kanchan Rai  |211 Answers  |Ask -

Relationships Expert, Mind Coach - Answered on May 27, 2024

Ours is a middle class joint family and my sister is willing to go for MBBS (on payment seat) upon dropping 2 years consequently, with a low score, but now as I mentioned above she is willing to go for MBBS on payment, which is very costly. As ours is joint family all the children are studying along with us and the fee is disturbed by combining all our family income irrespective of the share from each brothers of my father, but now the real problem is my sister is urging like anything to go and my father is supporting her like anything even though my whole family is upset about this decision my father is not ready to realise our family conditions and stop encouraging my sister and turn her attention to different fields, so my question is what advice should I give to my father and sister about this???
Ans: I understand the complexity and emotional weight of your situation. In a middle-class joint family, making significant financial decisions, such as funding an expensive MBBS seat, can have a substantial impact on everyone. It's essential to approach this conversation with empathy, understanding, and clear communication.Then gently introduce the family’s financial situation. "However, our family finances are already stretched with everyone’s education costs. An expensive payment seat for MBBS might put a strain on our resources and affect the entire family."

Suggest exploring alternatives. "Could we consider other medical fields that might be more affordable or look into scholarships and financial aid options? I think it’s important to find a way that supports her dreams but also considers our family’s overall financial health."Start by acknowledging her efforts. "I know you’ve worked so hard and you’re passionate about becoming a doctor. I really respect your determination."

Share your concerns about the financial impact. "But I’m worried about the cost of the payment seat for MBBS. It’s very expensive and our family might struggle with it, impacting everyone’s education."

Encourage exploring other options. "Maybe we can look into less expensive medical schools, or even consider other healthcare careers that you might enjoy. We can also look for scholarships or financial aid. I believe in your dream, and I think we can find a way to achieve it without putting so much financial pressure on the family." Suggest a family meeting to discuss this openly. "Can we all sit down and talk about this together? It’s important for us to find a solution that supports her dream and also keeps our family financially stable."

By approaching the conversation with empathy, respect, and a focus on practical solutions, you can help your father and sister understand the need to balance individual aspirations with the family’s financial reality.

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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