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Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan  |885 Answers  |Ask -

General Physician - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Dr Karthiyayini Mahadevan has been practising for 30 years.
She specialises in general medicine, child development and senior citizen care.
A graduate from Madurai Medical College, she has DNB training in paediatrics and a postgraduate degree in developmental neurology.
She has trained in Tai chi, eurythmy, Bothmer gymnastics, spacial dynamics and yoga.
She works with children with development difficulties at Sparrc Institute and is the head of wellness for senior citizens at Columbia Pacific Communities.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Feb 23, 2024Hindi

I am a60 year old,female.I am getting recurring pneumonia.What will I have to take care

Ans: Recurring pneumonia needs complete evaluation including immuno assays.
But to strengthen your lung and it's functionality, seek yoga therapy. Pranayama helps to improve the lung function and your overall immunity and bring in a positive attitude towards life
DISCLAIMER: The answer provided by rediffGURUS is for informational and general awareness purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical diagnosis or treatment.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4625 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 04, 2024Hindi
My son is 48 yrs old we have invested some crores in FD and some crores in Mutual Funds kindly advise on how many years he he can get 100 crores ready to invest 20 lacs annually
Ans: First, it’s heartening to see your dedication towards securing your son’s financial future. You've already taken significant steps by investing in Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Mutual Funds. Understanding the nuances of these investments and strategically planning for the future will help you achieve your goal of building a Rs. 100 crore corpus.

Current Investment Overview
You have invested several crores in FDs and Mutual Funds. Each of these investment types has distinct characteristics, benefits, and drawbacks. Let’s explore these in detail.

Fixed Deposits (FDs)
FDs offer a guaranteed return, which is beneficial for capital protection. However, the interest rates on FDs are relatively low compared to other investment options. The current rates are often lower than inflation, which can erode the purchasing power of your returns over time.

Advantages of FDs:

Capital safety
Predictable returns
Disadvantages of FDs:

Low returns
Poor inflation hedge
Mutual Funds
Mutual Funds provide a diversified investment option and have the potential to offer higher returns compared to FDs. They come in various types such as equity, debt, and hybrid funds, each catering to different risk appetites and investment horizons.

Advantages of Mutual Funds:

Potential for higher returns
Professional management
Disadvantages of Mutual Funds:

Market risk
Requires careful selection
Evaluating Your Investment Strategy
To accumulate Rs. 100 crores, a strategic approach leveraging the strengths of Mutual Funds while mitigating risks is crucial. Let's evaluate how this can be done.

Setting a Time Frame
You mentioned your son is 48 years old. Assuming a retirement age of 60-65, we have approximately 12-17 years to reach the goal. This time frame is reasonable for a well-planned investment strategy focusing on higher returns.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy
Here’s a detailed plan to enhance your investment strategy and work towards accumulating Rs. 100 crores.

Increase Equity Exposure
Equity mutual funds have historically provided higher returns compared to other asset classes. Given the long-term horizon, increasing your allocation towards equity funds can be beneficial. This includes:

Large-Cap Funds: These funds invest in well-established companies with a stable growth history. They are less volatile and offer steady returns.

Mid-Cap and Small-Cap Funds: These funds invest in smaller companies with higher growth potential. They are riskier but can provide substantial returns over the long term.

Flexi-Cap Funds: These funds invest in companies across market capitalizations, providing a balanced risk-return profile.

Avoid Index Funds
Index funds track a specific market index and offer average market returns. They lack active management, which can limit their potential in volatile markets. Actively managed funds, guided by experienced fund managers, can outperform indices by making strategic investment decisions.

Disadvantages of Index Funds:

Average returns
No active management
Limited in volatile markets
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds:

Potential for higher returns
Strategic adjustments
Experienced management
Regular vs. Direct Mutual Funds
Direct funds have lower expense ratios as they do not involve intermediaries. However, this also means you don’t get professional advice, which can be critical in making informed decisions. Regular funds, on the other hand, are managed by Mutual Fund Distributors (MFDs) and Certified Financial Planners (CFPs), who provide valuable insights and strategies tailored to your goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds:

Lack of professional guidance
Requires extensive market knowledge
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Expert advice
Tailored strategies
Comprehensive planning
Systematic Investment Planning
You plan to invest Rs. 20 lakhs annually. A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is an excellent method to invest in mutual funds regularly. SIPs help in averaging the cost of investment and reduce the impact of market volatility.

Benefits of SIPs:
Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly averages out the purchase cost, mitigating market volatility.

Disciplined Investment: SIPs instill a habit of regular investing, which is essential for long-term wealth creation.

Power of Compounding: Regular investments over a long period benefit from compounding, significantly boosting your corpus.

Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your financial goals. This involves adjusting your asset allocation based on market conditions and your risk tolerance.

Monitoring and Adjusting
Continuous monitoring and timely adjustments are crucial. Market conditions and personal circumstances change, necessitating tweaks in your strategy.

Risk Management
Managing risk is vital in any investment strategy. Diversifying your investments across various asset classes, sectors, and geographies reduces risk. Additionally, maintaining an emergency fund and adequate insurance protects your investments from unforeseen events.

Leveraging Tax Benefits
Utilizing tax-efficient investment options can enhance your returns. Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) mutual funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Also, long-term capital gains from equity funds are taxed at a favorable rate.

Professional Guidance
Engaging a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide you with personalized advice and strategies. A CFP helps in:

Comprehensive Planning: Crafting a detailed financial plan considering all aspects of your finances.
Objective Advice: Providing unbiased recommendations based on your goals.
Regular Review: Periodic reviews and adjustments to keep your investments on track.
Final Insights
Accumulating Rs. 100 crores is an ambitious goal, but with a well-thought-out plan, it is achievable. Your existing investments provide a strong foundation. By enhancing your strategy with increased equity exposure, regular investments, and professional guidance, you can work towards this target. Continuous monitoring, risk management, and leveraging tax benefits will further strengthen your financial journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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