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Nayagam P

Nayagam P P  |1797 Answers  |Ask -

Career Counsellor - Answered on Jun 14, 2024

Nayagam is a certified career counsellor and the founder of EduJob360.
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He also counsels students on how to prepare for entrance exams for getting admission into reputed universities /colleges for their graduate/postgraduate courses.
He has guided both fresh graduates and experienced professionals on how to write a resume, how to prepare for job interviews and how to negotiate their salary when joining a new job.
Nayagam has published an eBook, Professional Resume Writing Without Googling.
He has a postgraduate degree in human resources from Bhartiya Vidya Bhavan, Delhi, a postgraduate diploma in labour law from Madras University, a postgraduate diploma in school counselling from Symbiosis, Pune, and a certification in child psychology from Counsel India.
He has also completed his master’s degree in career counselling from ICCC-Mindler and Counsel, India.
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Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
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Dear Sir, How is Christ Kengeri for engineering streams?? Considering that it is much recent as compared to many other established colleges in the south how is it rated academically??

Ans: For the last 5-year, its NIRF Ranking has been improving. Based on any Entrance Exam, if you get admission into into this Campus for Engineering (if you have no other option), you can still go ahead as this Campus also has good placement records. All The BEST for your Bright Future. To know more on ‘ Careers | Education | Jobs | Resume Writing | Profile Building | Salary Negotiation Skills | Building Professional LinkedIn Profile | Choosing Right School Board (State | Matriculation | CBSE | ICSE |International Board) | Student Psychological Counselling | Exam Preparation Techniques (Board | Entrance & Competitive)| Job Interview Skills | Skill Upgrading | Parenting & Child Upbringing Skills | Career Transition | Abroad Education | Education Loan (India | Abroad) | Scholarship (India | Abroad) | SOP Writing Tips’, please FOLLOW me in RediffGURU here.

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Asked on - Jun 14, 2024 | Answered on Jun 14, 2024
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Thanks for the response.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4600 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Money
I am 45 years my name is U K Singh I have MF of 2000000 and SIP of 6500/ Month PPF Value 1500000 NPS Value 500000 by monthly contribution of 5K FD of 2000000 NSC of 1000000 My wife is also 45 years Her MF Value is of 500000 PPF Value 2100000 NPS Value 500000 by monthly contribution of 5K FD of 500000 3 Plots of 1 Cr My current monthly expenses are 30K. For my son’s medical education from 2029 to 2034 I will need money and for our retirement phase we will need money. Please suggest what we have to do
Ans: Your current investments are well-diversified across various instruments. These include mutual funds (MF), Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Pension System (NPS), Fixed Deposits (FD), and National Savings Certificates (NSC). Additionally, you have significant investments in real estate through plots.

You and your wife both have substantial PPF and NPS investments, which is a good strategy for long-term savings and tax benefits. Your monthly expenses are Rs. 30,000, and you will need funds for your son's medical education from 2029 to 2034 and for your retirement.


Your diversified portfolio shows a good understanding of risk management. The regular contributions to NPS and PPF are commendable as they offer long-term benefits. Your investment discipline is evident from your systematic investment plans (SIPs) and regular savings.

Understanding Your Goals
Let's break down your financial goals into two primary categories:

Funding Your Son's Medical Education (2029-2034)

Retirement Planning

Funding Your Son's Medical Education
Your son's education is a short to medium-term goal. To meet this goal, you need to ensure liquidity and safety of principal.

Recommendations:

Continue Your SIPs: Keep your SIPs in mutual funds going. These will help accumulate a significant corpus over time.

Allocate a Separate Fund for Education: Consider creating a separate investment portfolio for your son's education. You could increase your SIP amount or start a new SIP specifically for this goal.

Invest in Debt Funds: Given the shorter time frame, consider debt mutual funds. They offer better returns than FDs and are more tax-efficient.

Recurring Deposits (RDs): RDs can also be considered for medium-term goals. They are safe and offer guaranteed returns.

Partial Withdrawal from PPF: Since your PPF accounts have substantial balances, you can consider partial withdrawals when required. PPF allows withdrawals after the 7th year.

Retirement Planning
Retirement planning is a long-term goal, and you need to ensure a steady income post-retirement.

Recommendations:

Increase SIP Contributions: If possible, increase your SIP contributions. Equity mutual funds are suitable for long-term goals due to their potential for higher returns.

Balanced Funds: Consider balanced or hybrid funds. These invest in both equity and debt instruments, providing a balance of growth and safety.

Review NPS Contributions: Your NPS contributions are excellent for retirement planning. Ensure that you and your wife continue contributing Rs. 5,000 monthly.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Post-retirement, use SWP from your mutual funds for regular income. SWPs provide a steady income stream and are tax-efficient.

Health Insurance: Ensure you have adequate health insurance. Medical emergencies can significantly impact your savings.

Evaluation of Current Investments
Mutual Funds (MF):

Your MF investments are Rs. 2,000,000 and Rs. 500,000 respectively. Continue these investments and consider increasing your SIPs if possible.
PPF:

Your PPF values are Rs. 1,500,000 and Rs. 2,100,000. PPF is an excellent long-term investment. Avoid withdrawing unless necessary.
NPS:

Both you and your wife have Rs. 500,000 in NPS with monthly contributions of Rs. 5,000. This is a good strategy for retirement savings.
FDs and NSCs:

FDs (Rs. 2,000,000 and Rs. 500,000) and NSCs (Rs. 1,000,000) are safe but offer lower returns. Consider shifting a portion to higher-yielding instruments like debt mutual funds or balanced funds.
Real Estate:

Your three plots valued at Rs. 1 crore are a significant investment. Real estate is illiquid, so avoid relying on it for immediate needs.

We understand the importance of securing your son's future and ensuring a comfortable retirement. Your careful planning and disciplined approach are commendable. Balancing current expenses, future education costs, and retirement savings can be challenging. However, with a structured approach, you can achieve your goals.

Adjusting Your Portfolio
Increase Equity Exposure:

For long-term goals like retirement, increasing equity exposure is advisable. Equity has the potential for higher returns, which can significantly enhance your retirement corpus.
Debt Allocation:

For your son's education, focus more on debt instruments to ensure safety and liquidity. Debt mutual funds, RDs, and PPF withdrawals can be effective.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund equal to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This fund should be in liquid instruments like savings accounts or liquid mutual funds.
Regular Review and Rebalancing
It's crucial to regularly review your portfolio and make necessary adjustments. Market conditions, interest rates, and personal circumstances change over time. Regular reviews ensure that your investments remain aligned with your goals.

Rebalancing Strategy:

Review your asset allocation annually. If equity markets perform well, your equity allocation may exceed your target. In such cases, consider shifting some funds to debt instruments.
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Avoid Over-Reliance on Fixed Deposits:

While FDs are safe, their returns are often lower than inflation. Over-reliance on FDs can erode your purchasing power over time.
Diversify Within Mutual Funds:

Don't concentrate all your mutual fund investments in one category. Diversify across large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds.
Avoid High-Cost Insurance Products:

Avoid insurance products with high premiums and low returns. Focus on pure term insurance for adequate coverage and invest the rest in mutual funds.
Tax Planning
Effective tax planning can enhance your returns. Utilize all available tax-saving instruments.

PPF and NPS:

Both PPF and NPS provide tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD respectively. Maximize these contributions for tax savings.
Mutual Funds:

Equity mutual funds held for more than one year qualify for long-term capital gains tax at 10% for gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh.
Health Insurance:

Premiums paid for health insurance qualify for deductions under Section 80D.
Final Insights
Your disciplined approach to savings and investments is praiseworthy. By fine-tuning your portfolio and aligning it with your goals, you can ensure financial security for your family. Focus on increasing your equity exposure for long-term goals and maintaining liquidity for short-term needs. Regular reviews and rebalancing will keep your investments on track.

Planning for your son's education and your retirement simultaneously is challenging but achievable with a structured plan. Continue your disciplined investment approach, and you will be well-prepared for both.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4600 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 12, 2024

Money
Sir, I have purchaes LIC jeevan Saral policy in the year 2012. I am paying Rs 4083/- towards premium every month. I want to surrender this policy now, but unable to find details about bonus etc. Plz help.
Ans: Surrendering an insurance policy is a major decision. You have consistently paid Rs 4083/- per month since 2012. This dedication shows your commitment to securing your future. Now, let's delve into the specifics of surrendering your policy and its implications.

Surrender Value and Its Components
The surrender value is the amount you get when you decide to discontinue your policy before its maturity. This amount includes two main components:

Guaranteed Surrender Value: This is a percentage of the premiums you have paid, minus the first year's premium and any bonuses you might have received.

Special Surrender Value: This is usually higher than the guaranteed surrender value. It takes into account factors like the duration of the policy and the total premiums paid.

Since you have been paying premiums for over a decade, you are likely to receive a special surrender value. This value reflects the time and money invested in the policy.

Evaluating Bonuses
Insurance policies often come with bonuses, which are additional amounts added to the sum assured. These bonuses can significantly impact the surrender value. However, understanding the exact bonus details can be challenging without specific policy documentation. Generally, bonuses accumulate annually and are declared by the insurance company based on their profits.

In your case, given the policy's tenure, there should be a notable bonus component. But, for precise information, it's essential to contact the insurance company directly or refer to your policy documents.

Analyzing Financial Goals
Surrendering a policy is not just about the immediate financial gain. It's crucial to align this decision with your long-term financial goals. Reflect on the reasons for surrendering the policy:

Immediate Financial Needs: If you have urgent financial requirements, surrendering the policy might provide quick funds.

Better Investment Opportunities: You might want to explore other investment avenues that offer higher returns.

Changing Financial Priorities: Your financial goals and priorities might have evolved over time.

Exploring Alternative Investments
Upon surrendering your policy, you might consider reinvesting the proceeds. Here are some options to consider:

Mutual Funds
Mutual funds offer a diverse range of investment opportunities. They are managed by professional fund managers who make investment decisions on your behalf. Here’s why mutual funds can be a good option:

Diversification: Mutual funds invest in a variety of assets, reducing risk.

Professional Management: Experienced fund managers handle your investments.

Liquidity: You can easily buy and sell mutual fund units, providing flexibility.

Potential for Higher Returns: Historically, mutual funds have offered higher returns compared to traditional savings instruments.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
SIPs are a disciplined way to invest in mutual funds. They allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, ensuring you benefit from market fluctuations. This method can help you build a substantial corpus over time.

Debt Instruments
If you prefer lower risk, consider debt instruments like fixed deposits or government bonds. These options provide stability and predictable returns.

Equity Investments
For those comfortable with higher risk, equity investments can offer significant growth potential. Investing in stocks directly can be rewarding but requires careful analysis and monitoring.

Assessing Risks and Benefits
Every investment comes with its own set of risks and benefits. It’s important to evaluate these before making a decision:

Risk Tolerance: Understand your ability to withstand market fluctuations.

Time Horizon: Consider the duration you can keep your money invested.

Financial Goals: Align your investments with your long-term objectives.

Tax Implications: Different investments have varied tax treatments. Understand the tax benefits and liabilities associated with each option.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
To make an informed decision, it’s wise to consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP). A CFP can provide personalized advice based on your financial situation and goals. They can help you:

Analyze Your Current Financial Position: Assess your income, expenses, and savings.

Set Realistic Goals: Define achievable financial objectives.

Create a Customized Investment Plan: Develop a strategy tailored to your needs.

Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review and adjust your plan to stay on track.


Your dedication to paying premiums for over a decade is commendable. This long-term commitment reflects your focus on financial security. When considering policy surrender, it's important to maintain this long-term perspective. Think about how your decisions today will impact your financial future.


We understand that navigating financial decisions can be challenging. It’s normal to feel uncertain about the best course of action. By gathering information and seeking professional advice, you’re taking the right steps toward making an informed decision.

Final Insights
Surrendering your insurance policy is a significant decision with various implications. It's essential to consider the surrender value, bonuses, and your long-term financial goals. Exploring alternative investments can provide opportunities for better returns and financial growth. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner can offer valuable guidance tailored to your needs. Remember to maintain a long-term perspective and make decisions that align with your financial objectives.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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