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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Subhankarpal Question by Subhankarpal on Jun 17, 2024Hindi

Hi !!! This is joydev baneree.My per month income is around 1.5 L take home . As on date I have ... Ppf : investing 1.5 L per year Lic : 1.5 L per year Hdfc life insurance : 90 k per year Mutual fund just started with lumsum 50k Home loan : 50 L ( pre emi going on around 40 k per month ) Please advise what should be my best plan to achieve a healthy financial situation after 55 yrs . I am also going to be a Father ( with in 1 month ) . Looking for your kind advise .

Ans: Hi Joydev! First of all, congratulations on the upcoming arrival of your child. This is an exciting time, and it’s great that you’re thinking about securing your financial future as well. With a monthly take-home income of Rs 1.5 lakhs and your current investments and liabilities, you have a solid foundation to build upon. Let’s explore how you can optimize your finances to achieve a healthy financial situation by the time you’re 55.

Assessing Your Current Financial Landscape
Before diving into detailed planning, let’s take a snapshot of your current financial situation:

Your monthly take-home salary is Rs 1.5 lakhs. This provides a strong base for saving and investing.

Your major monthly expense is the home loan EMI, which is Rs 40,000 during the pre-EMI period.


PPF: You’re investing Rs 1.5 lakhs annually.
LIC: Annual premium of Rs 1.5 lakhs.
HDFC Life Insurance: Annual premium of Rs 90,000.
Mutual Funds: You’ve started with a lump sum of Rs 50,000.
Your home loan balance is Rs 50 lakhs, with a pre-EMI of Rs 40,000 per month.

Creating a Robust Financial Plan
To secure your financial future, especially with a child on the way, you need a comprehensive plan that covers savings, investments, insurance, and debt management.

Evaluating Your Insurance and Investment Choices
You’re currently contributing to LIC and HDFC Life Insurance, which are traditional insurance-cum-investment plans. Let’s assess these:

Insurance Policies:

LIC and HDFC Life: These plans typically combine insurance and investment. However, they often offer lower returns compared to mutual funds and have high costs.
Action Step:

Reassess Insurance Needs: Since these policies are not the most efficient for investment, consider surrendering them. Reinvest the funds into higher-return mutual funds.
Get Term Insurance: Pure term insurance is more cost-effective and provides adequate life cover for your family.
Optimizing Your Investments
You have already started investing in mutual funds, which is excellent. Here’s how to enhance your investment strategy:

Mutual Funds:

Actively Managed Funds: These funds are managed by professionals who aim to outperform the market. They are better suited for higher returns compared to index funds.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider setting up a SIP to invest regularly. This will help in averaging your investment cost and building wealth steadily.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

Safe and Secure: PPF is a secure investment with tax benefits. Continue with this for a portion of your savings as it provides stable returns.

Balance Risk and Return: Diversify your investments across different types of mutual funds like equity, debt, and hybrid funds. This will help manage risk while aiming for higher returns.
Managing Debt Efficiently
Your home loan is a significant commitment. Here’s how to manage it effectively:

Pre-EMI Phase:

Understand Pre-EMI: During this phase, you’re paying only the interest on the loan amount disbursed. This will convert to full EMI once the loan is fully disbursed.
Prepayment Strategy:

Make Prepayments: Whenever possible, make additional payments towards the principal. This reduces the loan tenure and the total interest paid.
EMI Management:

Budget for EMIs: Ensure that your monthly budget comfortably accommodates the full EMI when it starts. This will be higher than the pre-EMI.
Planning for Your Child’s Future
With a child on the way, planning for future expenses is crucial. Here’s how to prepare:

Education and Other Costs:

Estimate Future Expenses: Consider costs for education, healthcare, and other child-related expenses. These can be significant over time.
Children’s Savings Plan:

Start Early: Begin saving for your child’s education and other future needs now. Invest in long-term equity mutual funds to benefit from compounding.
Child-Specific Investments:

Consider Child Plans: Some mutual funds are designed for child-specific goals. These can provide a good mix of growth and safety.
Building a Strong Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is essential, especially with a growing family. Here’s how to build and manage it:

Determine the Fund Size:

Aim for 6 Months: Save enough to cover at least six months of living expenses. This provides a buffer for unexpected situations.

Keep it Accessible: Place your emergency fund in a high-interest savings account or a liquid mutual fund for easy access.
Regularly Review:

Adjust as Needed: Reassess your emergency fund periodically to ensure it remains adequate as your expenses and liabilities grow.
Planning for Retirement
Achieving a healthy financial situation by 55 includes robust retirement planning. Here’s how to ensure you’re on track:

Set Retirement Goals:

Determine Required Corpus: Estimate how much you’ll need to maintain your lifestyle after retirement. Factor in inflation and healthcare costs.
Separate Retirement Savings:

Use Retirement Accounts: Keep your retirement savings separate from other goals. Use PPF and NPS for tax-advantaged retirement savings.
Regular Contributions:

Invest Consistently: Make regular contributions towards your retirement savings. Increase the contribution amounts as your income grows.
Financial Planning with a Certified Financial Planner
Engaging with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable insights and tailored strategies. Here’s why you should consider it:

Expert Guidance:

Personalized Advice: CFPs offer expert advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. They help optimize your investments and savings.
Holistic Planning:

Comprehensive Approach: CFPs create a holistic financial plan that covers all aspects, including insurance, investments, and debt management.
Ongoing Support:

Continuous Review: Regular check-ins with your CFP ensure your financial plan stays aligned with your changing needs and goals.
Staying Financially Disciplined
Discipline is key to achieving your financial goals. Here are some tips to maintain financial discipline:


Create a Monthly Budget: Track your income and expenses. Ensure you allocate funds for savings and investments first.
Avoid Unnecessary Debt:

Be Cautious: Avoid taking on new debts unless absolutely necessary. Keep your debt-to-income ratio low.
Regular Financial Reviews:

Stay Informed: Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed. This helps you stay on track and adapt to changes.
Leveraging Compounding for Long-Term Growth
Compounding is your best friend when it comes to long-term wealth creation. Here’s how to leverage it:

Start Early:

The Sooner, The Better: Begin investing as early as possible. The longer your money stays invested, the more it compounds.
Consistent Investments:

Regular Contributions: Make consistent investments over time. This maximizes the benefits of compounding.
Reinvest Returns:

Let It Grow: Reinvest any returns from your investments to keep the compounding effect going.
Tax Planning for Optimal Savings
Efficient tax planning can enhance your savings. Here’s how to optimize your tax liability:

Utilize Deductions:

Section 80C: Make use of Section 80C deductions for investments in PPF, ELSS, and insurance premiums to reduce taxable income.
Explore Other Sections:

Other Deductions: Look into deductions under Section 80D for health insurance and Section 24 for home loan interest.
Seek Professional Advice:

Consult a CFP: A CFP can help you navigate tax-saving opportunities effectively.
Final Insights
Joydev, you have a strong financial foundation with a good income and existing investments. By optimizing your insurance and investment choices, managing your debt effectively, and planning for your child’s future, you’re well on your way to securing a healthy financial situation by 55. Regularly review your financial plan, stay disciplined, and seek professional guidance when needed. Your proactive approach and dedication will ensure a prosperous future for you and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 01, 2024Hindi
I am 53 years now . I have 70L in PF. 27L in Mutual funds and 6L in stocks and Two flats .but one running on loan with 57K EMI(principal outstanding - 50L). Going to have one edu loan for my daughter for 20L. In the next 7 years - major expenses will be my son and daughters marriage .( Around 30 L) . I should complete my house loan liability before my age of 58/60 with periodical /partial pre closure through annual bonus . I may need 85K per month post my retirement ( 15K rental income ) Please advice on my financial position
Ans: It sounds like you have been diligent in building your financial assets and preparing for future expenses. Let's assess your current financial position and outline a plan to address your goals and concerns:

Asset Allocation:
Your portfolio includes a mix of PF, mutual funds, stocks, and real estate, which provides diversification and stability.
Consider reviewing your asset allocation to ensure it aligns with your risk tolerance, investment horizon, and financial goals.
As you approach retirement, you may gradually transition to a more conservative allocation to preserve capital and generate steady income.
House Loan Liability:
With a principal outstanding of 50 lakhs on your house loan, it's advisable to prioritize paying off this debt before retirement.
Utilize periodic bonuses and surplus funds to make partial prepayments and reduce the loan burden. This will help you achieve financial freedom and peace of mind in retirement.
Upcoming Expenses:
Plan for your children's marriage expenses and the education loan for your daughter by setting aside funds in advance. Consider earmarking a portion of your savings or investments for these specific goals.
Since the marriages are expected within the next 7 years, assess your cash flow and investment returns to ensure you have sufficient funds when needed.
Retirement Income:
Aim for a retirement corpus that can generate 85,000 per month post-retirement, supplemented by rental income from your property.
Estimate your retirement expenses and calculate the required corpus based on your desired income level, life expectancy, and inflation.
Review and Adjust:
Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed to stay on track towards your goals.
Consider consulting with a financial advisor or planner to optimize your investment strategy and retirement planning based on your specific circumstances and objectives.
Overall, your financial position appears solid, but it's essential to remain proactive in managing your assets and addressing upcoming expenses. With careful planning and disciplined execution, you can navigate through these milestones and achieve financial security in retirement.

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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