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Ramalingam Kalirajan5083 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 21, 2024

Asked on - Jun 17, 2024Hindi

Hi !!! This is joydev baneree.My per month income is around 1.5 L take home . As on date I have ... Ppf : investing 1.5 L per year Lic : 1.5 L per year Hdfc life insurance : 90 k per year Mutual fund just started with lumsum 50k Home loan : 50 L ( pre emi going on around 40 k per month ) Please advise what should be my best plan to achieve a healthy financial situation after 55 yrs . I am also going to be a Father ( with in 1 month ) . Looking for your kind advise .
Ans: Hi Joydev! First of all, congratulations on the upcoming arrival of your child. This is an exciting time, and it’s great that you’re thinking about securing your financial future as well. With a monthly take-home income of Rs 1.5 lakhs and your current investments and liabilities, you have a solid foundation to build upon. Let’s explore how you can optimize your finances to achieve a healthy financial situation by the time you’re 55.

Assessing Your Current Financial Landscape
Before diving into detailed planning, let’s take a snapshot of your current financial situation:

Your monthly take-home salary is Rs 1.5 lakhs. This provides a strong base for saving and investing.

Your major monthly expense is the home loan EMI, which is Rs 40,000 during the pre-EMI period.


PPF: You’re investing Rs 1.5 lakhs annually.
LIC: Annual premium of Rs 1.5 lakhs.
HDFC Life Insurance: Annual premium of Rs 90,000.
Mutual Funds: You’ve started with a lump sum of Rs 50,000.
Your home loan balance is Rs 50 lakhs, with a pre-EMI of Rs 40,000 per month.

Creating a Robust Financial Plan
To secure your financial future, especially with a child on the way, you need a comprehensive plan that covers savings, investments, insurance, and debt management.

Evaluating Your Insurance and Investment Choices
You’re currently contributing to LIC and HDFC Life Insurance, which are traditional insurance-cum-investment plans. Let’s assess these:

Insurance Policies:

LIC and HDFC Life: These plans typically combine insurance and investment. However, they often offer lower returns compared to mutual funds and have high costs.
Action Step:

Reassess Insurance Needs: Since these policies are not the most efficient for investment, consider surrendering them. Reinvest the funds into higher-return mutual funds.
Get Term Insurance: Pure term insurance is more cost-effective and provides adequate life cover for your family.
Optimizing Your Investments
You have already started investing in mutual funds, which is excellent. Here’s how to enhance your investment strategy:

Mutual Funds:

Actively Managed Funds: These funds are managed by professionals who aim to outperform the market. They are better suited for higher returns compared to index funds.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider setting up a SIP to invest regularly. This will help in averaging your investment cost and building wealth steadily.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

Safe and Secure: PPF is a secure investment with tax benefits. Continue with this for a portion of your savings as it provides stable returns.

Balance Risk and Return: Diversify your investments across different types of mutual funds like equity, debt, and hybrid funds. This will help manage risk while aiming for higher returns.
Managing Debt Efficiently
Your home loan is a significant commitment. Here’s how to manage it effectively:

Pre-EMI Phase:

Understand Pre-EMI: During this phase, you’re paying only the interest on the loan amount disbursed. This will convert to full EMI once the loan is fully disbursed.
Prepayment Strategy:

Make Prepayments: Whenever possible, make additional payments towards the principal. This reduces the loan tenure and the total interest paid.
EMI Management:

Budget for EMIs: Ensure that your monthly budget comfortably accommodates the full EMI when it starts. This will be higher than the pre-EMI.
Planning for Your Child’s Future
With a child on the way, planning for future expenses is crucial. Here’s how to prepare:

Education and Other Costs:

Estimate Future Expenses: Consider costs for education, healthcare, and other child-related expenses. These can be significant over time.
Children’s Savings Plan:

Start Early: Begin saving for your child’s education and other future needs now. Invest in long-term equity mutual funds to benefit from compounding.
Child-Specific Investments:

Consider Child Plans: Some mutual funds are designed for child-specific goals. These can provide a good mix of growth and safety.
Building a Strong Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is essential, especially with a growing family. Here’s how to build and manage it:

Determine the Fund Size:

Aim for 6 Months: Save enough to cover at least six months of living expenses. This provides a buffer for unexpected situations.

Keep it Accessible: Place your emergency fund in a high-interest savings account or a liquid mutual fund for easy access.
Regularly Review:

Adjust as Needed: Reassess your emergency fund periodically to ensure it remains adequate as your expenses and liabilities grow.
Planning for Retirement
Achieving a healthy financial situation by 55 includes robust retirement planning. Here’s how to ensure you’re on track:

Set Retirement Goals:

Determine Required Corpus: Estimate how much you’ll need to maintain your lifestyle after retirement. Factor in inflation and healthcare costs.
Separate Retirement Savings:

Use Retirement Accounts: Keep your retirement savings separate from other goals. Use PPF and NPS for tax-advantaged retirement savings.
Regular Contributions:

Invest Consistently: Make regular contributions towards your retirement savings. Increase the contribution amounts as your income grows.
Financial Planning with a Certified Financial Planner
Engaging with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable insights and tailored strategies. Here’s why you should consider it:

Expert Guidance:

Personalized Advice: CFPs offer expert advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. They help optimize your investments and savings.
Holistic Planning:

Comprehensive Approach: CFPs create a holistic financial plan that covers all aspects, including insurance, investments, and debt management.
Ongoing Support:

Continuous Review: Regular check-ins with your CFP ensure your financial plan stays aligned with your changing needs and goals.
Staying Financially Disciplined
Discipline is key to achieving your financial goals. Here are some tips to maintain financial discipline:


Create a Monthly Budget: Track your income and expenses. Ensure you allocate funds for savings and investments first.
Avoid Unnecessary Debt:

Be Cautious: Avoid taking on new debts unless absolutely necessary. Keep your debt-to-income ratio low.
Regular Financial Reviews:

Stay Informed: Regularly review your financial plan and make adjustments as needed. This helps you stay on track and adapt to changes.
Leveraging Compounding for Long-Term Growth
Compounding is your best friend when it comes to long-term wealth creation. Here’s how to leverage it:

Start Early:

The Sooner, The Better: Begin investing as early as possible. The longer your money stays invested, the more it compounds.
Consistent Investments:

Regular Contributions: Make consistent investments over time. This maximizes the benefits of compounding.
Reinvest Returns:

Let It Grow: Reinvest any returns from your investments to keep the compounding effect going.
Tax Planning for Optimal Savings
Efficient tax planning can enhance your savings. Here’s how to optimize your tax liability:

Utilize Deductions:

Section 80C: Make use of Section 80C deductions for investments in PPF, ELSS, and insurance premiums to reduce taxable income.
Explore Other Sections:

Other Deductions: Look into deductions under Section 80D for health insurance and Section 24 for home loan interest.
Seek Professional Advice:

Consult a CFP: A CFP can help you navigate tax-saving opportunities effectively.
Final Insights
Joydev, you have a strong financial foundation with a good income and existing investments. By optimizing your insurance and investment choices, managing your debt effectively, and planning for your child’s future, you’re well on your way to securing a healthy financial situation by 55. Regularly review your financial plan, stay disciplined, and seek professional guidance when needed. Your proactive approach and dedication will ensure a prosperous future for you and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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