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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi

Hello, i am 26 years old i earn 25k per month and i want investment guidance. I feel like stock market is not my thing because i am digital artist and i can't give time so i am planning to start my first mutual fund and my plan is long term investment minimum 10 years. Also what do you suggest me regarding stock market investment. Thank you

Ans: It's great to see you taking charge of your financial future at such a young age. Your decision to start investing for the long term is commendable. Let's dive into how you can effectively begin your investment journey with mutual funds and other options while considering your time constraints as a digital artist.

Understanding Your Financial Goals and Situation
Firstly, let's look at your current situation:

Age: 26 years old
Monthly Income: Rs 25,000
Investment Horizon: Minimum 10 years
Risk Appetite: Likely moderate, given your hesitation towards direct stock market investments due to time constraints.
Advantages of Mutual Funds for Long-Term Investment
Mutual funds are an excellent choice for those who cannot dedicate time to manage their investments actively. Here are some reasons why:

Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who make informed decisions on behalf of investors.
Diversification: Investing in mutual funds allows you to diversify your portfolio across different assets, reducing risk.
Liquidity: You can easily redeem your investments in mutual funds when needed.
Convenience: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, making it easier to budget.
Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Since you are looking for long-term investments, you should focus on equity mutual funds, which generally offer higher returns over a long period. Here’s how you can approach it:

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks and have the potential to provide significant returns over the long term. Here’s why they are suitable for you:

Growth Potential: Equities tend to outperform other asset classes over the long term.
Compounding Benefits: Long-term investments in equity funds benefit from the power of compounding.
Actively Managed Funds vs Direct Funds
While index funds and ETFs are often suggested, actively managed funds might be better for you. Here’s why:

Active Management: Professional fund managers actively pick stocks to beat the market, aiming for higher returns.
Better Risk Management: Active funds can adjust their portfolios based on market conditions to mitigate risks.
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Starting an SIP is a smart way to invest regularly. Here’s why:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly helps average out the purchase cost, reducing the impact of market volatility.
Disciplined Investment: SIPs ensure you invest regularly without worrying about market timing.
Affordability: You can start SIPs with small amounts, making it accessible.
Steps to Start Your Investment Journey
Assess Your Monthly Budget
Understand your monthly expenses and savings. Allocate a portion of your income for investments. Given your monthly income of Rs 25,000, start with what you are comfortable investing.

Set Up an Emergency Fund
Before investing, ensure you have an emergency fund. This should cover 6-12 months of your expenses, kept in a savings account or liquid fund for easy access.

Choose the Right Mutual Funds
Based on your long-term goals, select a mix of equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. Here are some fund types to consider:

Large-Cap Funds: Invest in large, stable companies. Suitable for moderate risk tolerance.
Mid-Cap Funds: Invest in mid-sized companies with higher growth potential but also higher risk.
Balanced Funds: A mix of equity and debt for a balanced risk-reward profile.
Stock Market Investments: An Overview
Although you mentioned that stock market investing might not be your thing, it's worth understanding the basics.

Direct Stock Investments
Investing directly in stocks requires time and effort to research and monitor your investments. It’s not advisable if you cannot dedicate the necessary time.

Why Mutual Funds Over Direct Stocks?
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions, reducing the burden on you.
Diversification: Mutual funds spread risk across various assets.
Convenience: You do not need to track individual stocks actively.
Risk Management
Investing always involves risk, but you can manage it by:

Diversifying Investments: Spread your investments across different asset classes and sectors.
Regular Monitoring: Periodically review your portfolio and make adjustments as needed.
Staying Informed: Keep up with market trends and financial news to make informed decisions.
Tax Benefits
Investing in certain mutual funds can also offer tax benefits. For example:

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): These funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
Regular Review and Rebalancing
Your financial goals and risk tolerance might change over time. Regularly review your portfolio and rebalance it to ensure it aligns with your goals.

How to Review Your Portfolio
Performance Analysis: Compare the performance of your investments against benchmarks.
Goal Alignment: Ensure your investments are on track to meet your financial goals.
Rebalancing: Adjust your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
The Role of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP can provide personalized guidance based on your financial situation and goals. Here’s how a CFP can help:

Comprehensive Financial Planning: Create a holistic financial plan considering all aspects of your finances.
Investment Strategy: Develop an investment strategy aligned with your risk tolerance and goals.
Ongoing Support: Provide ongoing support and advice to keep you on track.
Final Insights
Your proactive approach to investing at a young age is commendable. Here’s a summary of steps to set you on the right path:

Understand Your Budget: Know your monthly expenses and savings.
Set Up an Emergency Fund: Ensure you have 6-12 months of expenses saved.
Start SIPs: Begin with an affordable amount in equity mutual funds.
Diversify Investments: Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and balanced funds.
Consult a CFP: Get personalized advice and regular reviews.
By following these steps, you can build a strong financial foundation and achieve your long-term goals with confidence.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Asked by Anonymous - Nov 24, 2023Hindi
Hi Ashish. I have 33 year old. I invest over 1.2 lakhs every month in stocks directly. Should I invest in mutual fund?? I am covered with all other aspects
Ans: It's great to hear that you're actively investing in stocks directly. Investing in mutual funds can complement your existing investment strategy and offer additional benefits such as diversification, professional fund management, and access to a broader range of investment opportunities.

Here are a few reasons why you might consider investing in mutual funds alongside your direct stock investments:

Diversification: Mutual funds allow you to spread your investments across a wide range of stocks, sectors, and asset classes, reducing the risk associated with individual stock selection.
Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by experienced fund managers who conduct research and analysis to make informed investment decisions on your behalf. This can be particularly beneficial if you don't have the time or expertise to actively manage your investments.
Convenience: Investing in mutual funds is relatively convenient compared to direct stock investing. You can invest in a diversified portfolio with a single transaction, making it easier to manage your investments, especially if you have a busy schedule.
Liquidity: Mutual funds offer high liquidity, allowing you to buy and sell units at NAV (Net Asset Value) prices on any business day. This provides flexibility in accessing your investment funds when needed.
Risk Management: Mutual funds offer risk management features such as SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans), which enable you to invest a fixed amount regularly, averaging out the cost of your investments over time and reducing the impact of market volatility.
While investing in mutual funds can offer several benefits, it's essential to assess your investment objectives, risk tolerance, and financial goals before making any decisions. Consider consulting with a certified financial planner or investment advisor who can provide personalized guidance based on your unique financial situation and help you develop a well-rounded investment strategy.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 10, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Dec 26, 2023Hindi
Hello Ulhas, I am 38 and will turn 39 this march. I have not invested in mutual funds and will like to start. My investments will be 15 k a month and could you please guide me. I will be investing for next 20 years
Ans: Starting your mutual fund investment journey at 38 is a great decision for long-term wealth accumulation. Here's a suggested approach for your monthly investment of 15k:

Diversified Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion to diversified equity funds, which invest across market caps and sectors. These funds offer growth potential and help spread risk. Consider allocating around 60-70% of your investment here.

Large Cap Funds: Large-cap funds invest in established companies with stable performance. They provide stability to your portfolio. Allocate around 20-30% of your investment here.

Mid and Small Cap Funds: These funds have higher growth potential but come with higher risk. Allocate a smaller portion, say 10-20%, to mid and small-cap funds for potential higher returns.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider investing through SIPs to benefit from rupee-cost averaging and discipline your investment approach.

Review and Adjust: Regularly review your portfolio's performance and adjust allocations based on changes in your financial goals, risk appetite, and market conditions.

Given your investment horizon of 20 years, you can afford to take moderate to high risks. However, it's essential to choose funds wisely and diversify your investments to mitigate risk. Consider consulting with a financial advisor for personalized recommendations tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 13, 2024Hindi
Hi. I'm 30years old with monthly salary of 60k. Having said, I have savings of 5L in hand and not had any investment so far in mutual fund. Having 2 child to take care with their education after 20 years. Need of advice on where to start in mutual fund. My risk appetite is moderate to high but don't know which fund to choose for long term investment. As well as I need of assured corpus of Rs.1 crore after 12 years to support my investment horizon along with my salary for rest of 8 years as I don't think my salary alone will be suffice to meet the investment journey. Also after 12 years need of an advice on how to get monthly income out of some portion of 1crore to manage family with it and save all my salary to mutual fund. I also want to know what will be the average return I will be getting based on your suggestion with all plannings as I said above after 20years
Ans: Your commitment to securing your family's future and achieving financial stability is commendable. Let's outline a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon.

Assessing Your Financial Goals and Risk Profile
At 30, with a moderate to high risk appetite, you're well-positioned to embark on a long-term investment journey. Your primary objectives include building a substantial corpus for your children's education in 20 years and securing a corpus of ?1 crore in 12 years for additional financial support.

Structuring Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Given your investment horizon and risk tolerance, a diversified portfolio of equity and debt mutual funds is recommended. Equity funds offer growth potential, while debt funds provide stability and income generation. Here's a suggested allocation:

Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion of your investment, considering your moderate to high-risk appetite. Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification and potential returns.

Debt Funds: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to debt funds to mitigate risk and generate stable returns. Opt for a combination of short-term, medium-term, and long-term debt funds based on your risk preference.

Planning for Future Income Streams
After 12 years, when you aim to secure a corpus of ?1 crore, consider investing a portion of this amount in a combination of dividend-paying mutual funds and systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs). This strategy will provide you with a regular monthly income stream while preserving the principal amount for long-term growth.

Estimating Average Returns
While it's challenging to predict exact returns, a well-diversified mutual fund portfolio targeting a moderate to high-risk profile can potentially generate average returns ranging from 10% to 12% annually over the long term. However, returns may vary depending on market conditions and fund performance.

Emphasizing Discipline and Review
Consistency and discipline are key to achieving your financial goals. Review your portfolio regularly, monitor fund performance, and make adjustments as needed to stay aligned with your objectives. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to fine-tune your strategy and navigate market fluctuations effectively.

In conclusion, a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your financial goals, risk profile, and investment horizon can pave the way for long-term wealth creation and financial security. By diversifying your portfolio, planning for future income streams, and maintaining discipline, you can work towards achieving your objectives and securing your family's future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 06, 2024Hindi
I am 26 years old. Right now my salary is 21000/month. My total expenses is around 9~10K per month. So i need an help about investment. I don't have knowledge about MFs so can u tell me how to invest in it or can you suggest me good mutual funds??
Ans: Investing in mutual funds is a great way to grow your wealth over time. At 26 years old, you have a significant advantage: time. Starting early allows you to benefit from compounding returns. Let's explore how you can start investing in mutual funds and suggest some general strategies.

Understanding Mutual Funds
What Are Mutual Funds?
Mutual funds pool money from multiple investors to invest in various securities like stocks, bonds, and other assets. Professional fund managers manage these funds, aiming to achieve the fund's investment objectives.

Types of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks, aiming for high growth. Suitable for long-term goals.
Debt Funds: Invest in bonds and fixed income securities. These are less risky and provide steady returns.
Hybrid Funds: Combine equity and debt investments, offering a balanced approach.
Index Funds: Track a specific market index. Less actively managed and often have lower fees.
Steps to Start Investing in Mutual Funds
Assess Your Financial Situation
Your monthly salary is Rs 21,000, with expenses around Rs 9,000 to Rs 10,000. This allows you to save Rs 11,000 to Rs 12,000 per month. It's crucial to utilize these savings efficiently to build a robust financial future.

Define Your Financial Goals
Identify what you want to achieve with your investments. Common goals include:

Emergency Fund: Save for unexpected expenses.
Short-term Goals: Save for travel or a gadget.
Long-term Goals: Save for a home, retirement, or children's education.
Risk Tolerance
Understand your risk tolerance. At a young age, you can afford to take higher risks for potentially higher returns. However, it’s important to balance this with your comfort level. This ensures you don't panic during market downturns and stay committed to your investment plan.

Choose the Right Mutual Funds
Based on your goals and risk tolerance, you can choose different types of funds:

For Long-term Goals (5+ years): Equity funds and aggressive hybrid funds.
For Medium-term Goals (3-5 years): Balanced hybrid funds and conservative equity funds.
For Short-term Goals (1-3 years): Debt funds and liquid funds.
How to Invest in Mutual Funds
Through Asset Management Companies (AMCs)
Visit the websites of mutual fund companies (AMCs) to invest directly. This approach offers lower expense ratios since there are no intermediaries. However, it requires you to have some knowledge about mutual funds and the discipline to manage your investments.

Through Online Platforms
Online investment platforms and apps provide a user-friendly interface to invest in mutual funds. These platforms offer tools to track and manage your investments, making it easier for beginners to get started. However, be aware of any additional fees they might charge.

Through Mutual Fund Distributors (MFDs)
Consulting with a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) ensures you get professional advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. They can guide you in choosing the right funds, managing your portfolio, and making adjustments as needed. MFDs are well-versed in the market and can provide valuable insights, helping you avoid common pitfalls and optimize your investment strategy.

Investment Strategies
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
A SIP allows you to invest a fixed amount regularly (monthly or quarterly). This approach helps in averaging out the purchase cost and instills disciplined investing. SIPs are particularly beneficial for young investors with a steady income, as they automate the investment process and reduce the impact of market volatility.

Lump Sum Investment
Investing a large sum of money at once is suitable when you have a substantial amount saved. It works well in a bullish market but carries higher risks. Lump sum investments require a good understanding of market conditions and timing, which can be challenging for beginners.

Diversify your investments across different types of funds and sectors. This strategy reduces risk and increases the potential for returns. By spreading your investments, you protect your portfolio from the adverse performance of a single asset class or sector.

Monitoring and Reviewing Your Investments
Regular Reviews
Review your portfolio regularly (at least once a year). Ensure it aligns with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Regular reviews help you stay on track and make necessary adjustments based on market performance and changes in your financial situation.

Adjust your portfolio periodically to maintain the desired asset allocation. Rebalancing ensures you are not overly exposed to any one type of asset, helping you manage risk and optimize returns. This process involves selling some assets and buying others to maintain your target allocation.

Tax Implications
Tax on Equity Funds
Long-term capital gains (LTCG) from equity funds (held for more than one year) are taxed at 10% if they exceed Rs 1 lakh in a financial year. Short-term capital gains (STCG) are taxed at 15%. Understanding these tax implications helps you plan your investments more efficiently.

Tax on Debt Funds
LTCG from debt funds (held for more than three years) are taxed at 20% with indexation benefits. STCG are taxed as per your income tax slab. Proper planning and choosing the right investment horizon can optimize your post-tax returns.

Building a Robust Financial Plan
Emergency Fund
Set aside 3-6 months of expenses in a liquid fund or savings account. This fund acts as a financial cushion during emergencies. Having an emergency fund ensures you don't have to dip into your investments for unexpected expenses.

Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance. These policies protect you and your family from unforeseen events. Insurance is a crucial part of a comprehensive financial plan, providing peace of mind and financial security.

Retirement Planning
Start planning for retirement early. Investing in equity mutual funds can help build a substantial corpus over time. The earlier you start, the more you benefit from compounding, making it easier to achieve your retirement goals.

Investing in mutual funds is a smart way to grow your wealth. With a salary of Rs 21,000 and monthly savings of Rs 11,000 to Rs 12,000, you are in a good position to start. Understand the types of mutual funds, assess your financial goals, and choose funds that align with your risk tolerance. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to stay on track.

Remember, investing is a journey. Patience and discipline are key. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized guidance and ensure your investments are well-aligned with your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Is unrated safe to invest Sbi advantage Icici pru opportunities????
Ans: Unrated funds, like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities, lack official ratings from agencies. This doesn't necessarily mean they are bad options. It simply means they haven't been evaluated by rating agencies yet. This could be due to the funds being relatively new or less popular.

Risks and Considerations
Higher Risk
Unrated funds come with higher uncertainty. They do not have a track record to assess their performance and risk profile. This makes it challenging to predict their future performance.

Potential Rewards
Despite the higher risk, unrated funds can offer potential rewards. New funds often aim to attract investors by performing well initially. However, this is not guaranteed and requires careful consideration.

Investing in Funds with Better Track Records
Proven Performance
It is advisable to invest in funds with a proven track record. These funds have historical data showing how they perform in different market conditions. This provides more confidence in their future performance.

Stability and Reliability
Funds with better track records have demonstrated their ability to manage market volatility. They offer more stability and reliability, which is crucial for long-term investment goals.

Active vs. Index Funds
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform the market. Skilled fund managers make strategic decisions based on market conditions. This can lead to higher returns, especially in volatile markets.

Regular vs. Direct Funds
Advantages of Regular Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides professional guidance. CFPs help with fund selection and portfolio management. This ensures your investments align with your financial goals.

Final Insights
Investing in unrated funds like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities carries higher risk due to the lack of track record. It is generally safer to invest in funds with proven performance and a stable track record. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can help you make informed decisions and build a diversified portfolio.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
I am 30, married 2 years back. I earn around 1.08 lacs and wife earns around 70k. House rent is 30k. Car rent is 18k pending for 4 years more.Have almost no savings just emergency fund of 3L. Invest only in MF 18k pm and LIC 5k per month. Give 30-40k to parents monthly. Possible to generate 2 cr in 15 years? If yes then pls suggest
Ans: Current Financial Situation

You and your wife have a combined monthly income of Rs. 1.78 lakhs. Your monthly expenses include house rent of Rs. 30,000 and car rent of Rs. 18,000 for the next four years. You have an emergency fund of Rs. 3 lakhs and invest Rs. 18,000 per month in mutual funds and Rs. 5,000 per month in LIC. Additionally, you provide Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 to your parents monthly.

Goal Assessment

You aim to generate Rs. 2 crores in 15 years. This is achievable with disciplined savings and strategic investments.

Income and Expenses Analysis

Your combined income is Rs. 1.78 lakhs per month. After deducting rent (Rs. 48,000) and parental support (Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000), you have around Rs. 1 lakh left for other expenses, savings, and investments.

Current Investments

Mutual Funds: Rs. 18,000 per month
LIC: Rs. 5,000 per month
Investment Strategy Recommendations

Increase Monthly Savings

Try to increase your savings rate. Even a small increase in monthly savings can significantly impact your long-term goals.

Maximise Mutual Fund Investments

Continue with your mutual fund investments. Consider increasing the amount gradually. Mutual funds, especially equity funds, can offer higher returns over the long term.

Review LIC Policy

Review your LIC policy. If it is not yielding good returns, consider surrendering it. Reinvest the amount in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner before making any decisions.

Emergency Fund

Maintain your emergency fund. Ensure it covers 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a liquid or easily accessible account.

Debt Management

Car rent will continue for four more years. Once completed, redirect this amount to your savings and investments. Reducing debt will free up more funds for investments.

Retirement and Contingency Planning

Consider investing in a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced portfolio. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor this mix to your risk tolerance and goals.

Action Plan to Achieve Rs. 2 Crores

Increase Mutual Fund SIPs: Gradually increase your monthly SIPs in mutual funds. Aim to invest a higher portion of your surplus income.

Review Insurance Needs: Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance coverage. Review and adjust your policies as needed.

Long-term Investments: Focus on long-term equity investments. These can provide higher returns compared to other instruments.

Monitor and Rebalance Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance it to align with your financial goals and market conditions.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Control Discretionary Spending: Reduce unnecessary expenses. This will help you save more.

Joint Planning with Spouse: Work together with your spouse on financial planning. Joint efforts can amplify your savings and investments.

Final Insights

Achieving Rs. 2 crores in 15 years is possible. Increase your savings and strategic investments. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalised advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
I am 41 years old , with In-hand salary of 1.26L , Wife salary 79K , Home loan remaining 22 Laks for 11 years , Started Saving recently in Mutual Funds with Target of 40-50K investment per month , Invested 40K in HDFC small cap fund direct , Quant Focused 30K , Quant infrastructure 35K , quant small cap 60K , 50K in Quant ELss. Please suggest the Investment proportion and suggestive investment amount for comfortable retirement and Child Higher education
Ans: Overview of Current Financial Situation
You are 41 years old with an in-hand salary of Rs. 1.26 lakhs and your wife earns Rs. 79,000. You have a home loan balance of Rs. 22 lakhs for 11 years. You have recently started investing in mutual funds with a target of Rs. 40-50k per month. Your current investments are:

Rs. 40k in a small cap fund
Rs. 30k in a focused fund
Rs. 35k in an infrastructure fund
Rs. 60k in a small cap fund
Rs. 50k in an ELSS fund
Investment Proportion Analysis
Your portfolio is heavily skewed towards small cap and sector-specific funds. This strategy can be risky. Diversification is essential to balance risks and returns. Consider a mix of large cap, mid cap, and hybrid funds. This approach provides stability and growth.

Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to index funds. Fund managers use expertise to navigate market conditions. This advantage can outweigh the typically higher expense ratios.

Regular vs Direct Funds
Investing in regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) has benefits. CFPs offer professional advice, ongoing support, and portfolio adjustments. This guidance can help you achieve your financial goals effectively. Direct funds lack this personalized service and can be challenging to manage alone.

Suggested Investment Allocation
Large Cap Funds
Large cap funds provide stability. Allocate 25-30% of your monthly investment here. They are less volatile and offer steady returns over time.

Mid Cap Funds
Mid cap funds offer a balance between risk and return. Allocate 20-25% here. They have the potential for higher growth compared to large caps.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds
These funds combine equity and debt. They provide a cushion against market volatility. Allocate 15-20% of your investments in hybrid funds.

Small Cap and Sectoral Funds
Limit your exposure to small cap and sectoral funds to 20-25%. They can be volatile and should be balanced with more stable investments.

ELSS Funds
ELSS funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C. They also provide growth opportunities. Allocate 10-15% here, considering your tax-saving needs.

Monthly Investment Plan
Given your target of Rs. 40-50k per month, here is a suggested allocation:

Large Cap Funds: Rs. 10-12k
Mid Cap Funds: Rs. 8-10k
Balanced or Hybrid Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Small Cap and Sectoral Funds: Rs. 8-10k
ELSS Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Planning for Retirement and Child's Education
Retirement Planning
Estimate your retirement corpus based on your current lifestyle. Aim for a corpus that can sustain you comfortably. Consider inflation and rising expenses. Start a systematic investment plan (SIP) in diversified funds. Regular reviews with a CFP can keep your plan on track.

Child's Higher Education
Calculate the future cost of education. Consider inflation and rising fees. Start an SIP in diversified funds focused on education goals. ULIPs or other insurance-linked investments may not be ideal. Mutual funds offer better returns and flexibility.

Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is aggressive. Balancing it with large cap and hybrid funds will reduce risk. Investing regularly and reviewing your portfolio periodically is crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice. This ensures your goals of comfortable retirement and child's education are met.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Hello Sir I am Naveen and i am 31 years old, I am planning to retire at the age of 50 with 5 Cr and monthly income 1 L My Investment is PPF 400000 ULIP 250000 FD 100000 EPF 300000 NPS 200000(every year 50000 ) Stock 800000 MF 700000 Child plan Own house, taken Health insurance 20 L and Term insurance 1 Cr . Please advise me how much i need to increase my investment for my better retirement
Ans: Assessment of Current Financial Situation

You have diversified your investments across various financial instruments. Your goal to retire at 50 with Rs. 5 crore and a monthly income of Rs. 1 lakh is achievable with proper planning.

Current Investments

PPF: Rs. 4,00,000
ULIP: Rs. 2,50,000
FD: Rs. 1,00,000
EPF: Rs. 3,00,000
NPS: Rs. 2,00,000 (Rs. 50,000 yearly)
Stock: Rs. 8,00,000
Mutual Funds: Rs. 7,00,000
Child Plan: Amount not specified
Own House
Health Insurance: Rs. 20 lakh
Term Insurance: Rs. 1 crore
Financial Goals Analysis

Your goal requires disciplined saving and strategic investments. Let’s evaluate each aspect:

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a safe investment. It offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns. However, its limit restricts the amount you can invest yearly.

Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP)

ULIP combines insurance and investment. It may not be the best for high returns. Consider reviewing its performance and charges.

Fixed Deposit (FD)

FDs provide security but lower returns. Inflation can erode their value. Consider keeping only a portion in FDs.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF)

EPF is a stable option for long-term savings. It provides decent returns and tax benefits. Continue contributing.

National Pension System (NPS)

NPS is beneficial for retirement. It offers market-linked returns and tax benefits. Your current contribution of Rs. 50,000 yearly is good.

Stock Market

Stocks can yield high returns but come with risks. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. Diversify to mitigate risks.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are good for wealth creation. Choose funds based on your risk appetite. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for advice on fund selection.

Child Plan

Ensure the plan meets your child’s future education needs. Evaluate its performance and adjust if necessary.

Health and Term Insurance

You have sufficient coverage. Ensure to review and increase if needed with inflation.

Additional Investment Recommendations

To achieve your retirement goal, you need to increase investments. Here’s how:

Increase Mutual Fund Investments

Mutual funds offer potential for high returns. Increase SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to choose the best funds.

Review and Adjust ULIP

Evaluate the charges and performance of ULIPs. If returns are low, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for advice.

Maximize NPS Contributions

Increase your NPS contributions. It will enhance your retirement corpus and provide tax benefits.

Invest in Stocks Wisely

Continue investing in stocks. Diversify across sectors and regularly review. Stay updated with market trends.

Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund. Ensure it’s 6-12 months of your expenses. Park it in liquid funds for easy access.

Retirement Corpus Calculation

Without specific calculations, aim to increase your investments by 10-15% annually. This will help you reach your Rs. 5 crore goal.

Final Insights

Your current investment strategy is strong. However, regular review and adjustments are crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. Stay disciplined and focused on your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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