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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 01, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
K Question by K on May 01, 2024Hindi

My age is 55 . Please advise how to make 50 lakhs in next 15 years . Income is 75K Expenses is 35K. No EMI payable.

Ans: Given your age, income, and expenses, accumulating 50 lakhs in the next 15 years is achievable with disciplined savings and investment strategies. Here's a suggested approach:

Budgeting and Saving: Continue managing your expenses efficiently, ensuring that you maintain a healthy balance between income and spending. With a surplus income of 40K per month, prioritize saving a portion of this amount regularly.
Investment Allocation: Allocate a significant portion of your savings towards long-term investment avenues that offer potential growth over time. Consider a diversified portfolio comprising equity mutual funds, debt instruments, and other suitable investment options based on your risk tolerance and investment goals.
Equity Investments: Given your time horizon of 15 years, consider allocating a significant portion of your investment portfolio to equity mutual funds. Equity investments have the potential to generate higher returns over the long term, albeit with higher volatility. Opt for a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and diversified equity funds to spread risk and maximize growth potential.
Debt Instruments: Allocate a portion of your investments to debt instruments like fixed deposits, bonds, or debt mutual funds to provide stability and preserve capital. Debt investments can serve as a cushion during market downturns and provide regular income through interest payments.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Consider investing regularly through SIPs in mutual funds to benefit from rupee-cost averaging and mitigate the impact of market volatility. By investing a fixed amount at regular intervals, you can accumulate wealth steadily over time, regardless of market fluctuations.
Review and Adjust: Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Make adjustments as needed to optimize your portfolio for growth and stability.
Consultation: Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to develop a personalized financial plan tailored to your specific circumstances and goals. A financial advisor can provide valuable insights and guidance to help you achieve your financial objectives effectively.
By implementing these strategies and staying disciplined with your savings and investments, you can work towards accumulating 50 lakhs over the next 15 years to secure your financial future. Remember, consistency, patience, and prudent decision-making are key to achieving long-term financial success
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Dev Ashish  |48 Answers  |Ask -

MF Expert, Financial Planner - Answered on Apr 26, 2023

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 24, 2023Hindi
How do I earn monthly income of 2 lakhs post retirement which is 15 years away? Please suggest options
Ans: If we calculate using a few assumptions, like post-retirement life of 25 years; average inflation of 6% pa during that period, and portfolio returns of about 8% (assuming a judicious mix of equity and debt with a higher allocation to the latter), then you need to have a corpus of about Rs 4.8 Cr. This is to ensure that starting at Rs 2 lakh monthly (after 15 years), your monthly income from there on increases by at least 6% assumed inflation. And starting from zero, you need to invest about Rs 1.1 lakh per month assuming equity:debt 50:50 and this monthly investment amount should increase by at least 5% every year.

To reach this target corpus, you have a sufficiently long runway of 15 years. So you should be willing to invest a major chunk in equities via equity funds if your risk appetite allows for it. You may also have some of the existing assets, which too can be earmarked towards this retirement corpus.

As mentioned, for equity allocation, choose diversified equity funds categories like passive largecap funds, flexicap funds, and large&midcap funds (and if you have a sufficiently high-risk appetite, then mid-and-small cap funds as well). For debt, your EPF+VPF alongwith PPF should be sufficient.

When the time comes for retirement (in 15 years), you may have to divide your portfolio into 2 buckets. One to take care of income needs (via SCSS, debt funds, PPF withdrawals, bonds, etc.) and the other for growth (via equity funds and ETFs)

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 11, 2024


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 15, 2024Hindi
I am 28 year old earning 1.2 lakhs per month. Started my first job and earning. Please suggest me how can I make 5 crore in the next 15 years. Not started any investment yet.
Ans: Building a Wealth Corpus of ?5 Crore in 15 Years
Understanding Your Goal
Congratulations on starting your first job and thinking about your financial future. Accumulating ?5 crore in 15 years is an ambitious yet achievable goal with disciplined investing.

Setting a Clear Plan
Since you earn ?1.2 lakhs per month, you have a significant opportunity to save and invest a substantial portion of your income. Let's break down how to approach this goal.

Emergency Fund
Before you begin investing, build an emergency fund. Save at least six months’ worth of expenses. This fund should be kept in a liquid savings account or short-term fixed deposits for easy access.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in Mutual Funds
SIP is a disciplined approach to investing in mutual funds. It helps in averaging out the cost and reduces the impact of market volatility.

1. Equity Mutual Funds
Investing in equity mutual funds can offer high returns over the long term. Allocate a significant portion of your investments here.

Large-Cap Funds: These funds invest in established companies with a stable performance record.

Mid-Cap Funds: These funds have higher growth potential but come with slightly higher risk.

Small-Cap Funds: These funds offer high returns but are more volatile. Invest a smaller portion here.

2. ELSS Funds
Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C and have a lock-in period of three years. They can be a good addition to your portfolio.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe and tax-efficient investment option. It offers good returns with tax benefits under Section 80C. Although it has a lock-in period of 15 years, the safety and tax benefits make it a good long-term investment.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a government-backed retirement savings scheme. It offers tax benefits and a disciplined approach to retirement savings. It is a good way to ensure a steady income post-retirement.

Direct equity investment can provide substantial returns but comes with higher risks. Start small and gradually increase your investments as you gain experience. Focus on fundamentally strong companies with long-term growth potential.

Gold can act as a hedge against inflation. Invest in gold bonds or gold ETFs instead of physical gold. Allocate a smaller portion of your investments here.

Monthly Investment Plan
Since you aim to accumulate ?5 crore, you need to invest a significant portion of your income. Considering you can save ?50,000 to ?60,000 per month, allocate your investments as follows:

Equity Mutual Funds (Large-Cap, Mid-Cap, Small-Cap): ?30,000

ELSS Funds: ?10,000

PPF: ?5,000

NPS: ?5,000

Stocks: ?5,000

Gold: ?5,000

Regular Monitoring and Review
Regularly monitor your investment portfolio. Review your investments every six months to ensure they align with your goals. Adjust allocations based on performance and changes in your financial situation.

Financial Discipline and Learning
Maintain financial discipline by sticking to your investment plan. Continuously educate yourself about personal finance and investments. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to get personalized advice.

By starting early and investing wisely, you can build a substantial corpus for your financial goals. Diversify your investments across mutual funds, PPF, NPS, stocks, and gold. Maintain financial discipline and review your portfolio regularly to stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 01, 2024Hindi
I am 57 years old. After 5 years I want income 5 lakh per month. How and where to invest to get 5 lakh income per month.
Ans: Planning for a secure and comfortable future is essential, especially as you approach retirement. Ensuring a monthly income of Rs. 5 lakh within five years is an ambitious goal, but achievable with the right strategy. Below, we’ll explore various investment options and strategies to help you reach this goal.

Understanding Your Financial Goals
To achieve Rs. 5 lakh per month, you need a clear understanding of your financial goals. This involves assessing your current financial situation, expected expenses, and desired lifestyle post-retirement. It’s important to determine the total corpus required to generate this income through careful planning and projections.

Risk Assessment and Investment Horizon
At 57, your risk tolerance is likely moderate. Balancing risk and returns is crucial. Your investment horizon is five years, meaning you need to invest in options that provide substantial growth without exposing you to excessive risk.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification reduces risk by spreading investments across various asset classes. This ensures that poor performance in one area doesn’t drastically impact your overall portfolio. A well-diversified portfolio is key to achieving stable returns.

Equities: The Growth Engine
Equities can be a significant part of your investment portfolio. They offer the potential for high returns, which is essential to meet your goal. Actively managed equity mutual funds, where a professional fund manager makes investment decisions, can be a good choice. These funds have the potential to outperform the market, providing higher returns than passive index funds.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Professional Management: Fund managers use their expertise to select high-performing stocks.
Potential for Higher Returns: Active funds aim to beat the market, unlike index funds that just track it.
Flexibility: Managers can adjust the portfolio in response to market changes.
Debt Instruments: Stability and Safety
Debt instruments provide stability and lower risk. They should form a significant part of your portfolio to ensure capital preservation and steady income. Examples include government bonds, corporate bonds, and debt mutual funds.

Benefits of Debt Mutual Funds
Regular Income: Debt funds provide regular interest income.
Lower Risk: They are less volatile compared to equities.
Liquidity: Debt funds offer easy liquidity, allowing access to your money when needed.
Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP)
Systematic Withdrawal Plans from mutual funds can provide regular income. You can invest a lump sum in a mutual fund and withdraw a fixed amount monthly. This ensures a steady cash flow while your investment continues to grow.

Benefits of SWPs
Regular Income: Provides a fixed monthly income.
Tax Efficiency: Capital gains are taxed favorably compared to interest income.
Flexibility: You can adjust the withdrawal amount as needed.
Balancing Equity and Debt
A balanced approach is crucial. Typically, a 60:40 or 50:50 equity-to-debt ratio is advisable for someone close to retirement. This provides growth potential while ensuring stability and safety.

Mutual Funds: A Closer Look
Mutual funds offer a range of options suitable for different risk profiles and investment goals. Actively managed funds, including equity and balanced funds, can provide the growth needed to achieve your goal. Debt funds offer the stability and regular income required for retirement.

Benefits of Mutual Funds
Professional Management: Fund managers have the expertise to make informed investment decisions.
Diversification: Mutual funds invest in a variety of securities, spreading risk.
Flexibility: They offer different schemes to suit various investment needs and risk appetites.
Importance of Regular Reviews
Regularly reviewing your investment portfolio ensures it remains aligned with your goals. Markets and personal circumstances change, and your portfolio should be adjusted accordingly. This involves assessing the performance of your investments and rebalancing the portfolio if necessary.

Tax Planning
Effective tax planning is essential to maximize your returns. Different investment options have different tax implications. Understanding these can help you make tax-efficient investment decisions.

Tax-Efficient Investment Strategies
Equity Mutual Funds: Long-term capital gains (LTCG) up to Rs. 1 lakh are tax-free. Gains above this are taxed at 10%.
Debt Mutual Funds: LTCG from debt funds are taxed at 20% with indexation benefits, reducing the tax liability.
SWPs: Provide regular income while being tax-efficient due to favorable treatment of capital gains.
Contingency Planning
Having an emergency fund is crucial. It ensures you have access to funds in case of unexpected expenses without disrupting your investment plan. Typically, an emergency fund should cover 6-12 months of expenses.

Professional Guidance
Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. A CFP can help create a comprehensive financial plan, select appropriate investments, and provide ongoing support.

Achieving a monthly income of Rs. 5 lakh in five years requires careful planning, disciplined investing, and regular reviews. By understanding your financial goals, assessing your risk tolerance, and diversifying your investments, you can create a robust investment strategy.

Key Takeaways
Diversify Your Portfolio: Spread investments across equities and debt.
Opt for Actively Managed Funds: Leverage professional expertise for higher returns.
Utilize SWPs: Ensure regular income through systematic withdrawals.
Regularly Review Your Portfolio: Adjust investments as needed.
Plan for Taxes and Contingencies: Maximize returns through tax-efficient strategies and maintain an emergency fund.
Action Plan
Assess Your Financial Situation: Understand your current assets, liabilities, and income needs.

Set Clear Goals: Define your desired monthly income and the total corpus required.

Create a Diversified Portfolio: Invest in a mix of equities and debt instruments.

Opt for Actively Managed Funds: Choose funds managed by professionals for better returns.

Implement SWPs: Set up systematic withdrawals to ensure regular income.

Review and Adjust Regularly: Monitor your portfolio and make necessary adjustments.

Seek Professional Advice: Work with a Certified Financial Planner for personalized guidance.

By following these steps, you can work towards achieving your goal of Rs. 5 lakh monthly income. Stay committed to your plan, make informed decisions, and adjust as needed. Your financial future can be secure and comfortable with the right approach.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 06, 2024

I'm 33 years old, working with private company, 1 kid girl, current salary 50k per month. Please give your suggestions to get 2 crore in 15 years
Ans: At 33 years old, working in a private company, and with a monthly salary of Rs 50,000, you have a great opportunity to build a substantial financial future. Your goal of accumulating Rs 2 crore in 15 years is ambitious but achievable with the right strategy. Let’s break it down step by step.

Understanding Your Current Financial Situation
Age: 33 years

Monthly Salary: Rs 50,000

Family: One daughter

Setting Clear Financial Goals
Reaching Rs 2 crore in 15 years requires disciplined saving and smart investing. The main strategies will involve:

Investing in Mutual Funds
Maintaining a Balanced Portfolio
Regular Review and Rebalancing
Why Mutual Funds?
Mutual funds are an excellent way to grow your wealth due to their potential for high returns, diversification, and professional management.

Advantages of Mutual Funds:

Diversification: Spreads your investment across various sectors and assets.
Professional Management: Managed by financial experts.
Higher Returns: Potential for higher returns compared to traditional savings options.
Flexibility: Various types of funds to match your risk tolerance and goals.
Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track market indices and are passively managed. However, actively managed funds often outperform them by taking advantage of market opportunities.


No Active Management: Can miss out on potential market gains.
Tracking Errors: May not perfectly track the index.
Limited Flexibility: Cannot adapt to changing market conditions.
The Power of Compounding
One of the key benefits of investing in mutual funds is the power of compounding. This means your returns generate more returns over time, leading to exponential growth.

Categories of Mutual Funds
Equity Mutual Funds:

Pros: High growth potential, suitable for long-term goals.
Cons: Market risk, requires patience.
Debt Mutual Funds:

Pros: Stability, lower risk.
Cons: Lower returns compared to equities.
Balanced Funds:

Pros: Combines equity and debt, balanced risk and return.
Cons: Moderate growth, less aggressive than pure equity funds.
Creating a Balanced Portfolio
To reach your Rs 2 crore goal, you need a balanced portfolio. Here’s a suggested allocation:

Equity Funds:

Allocate around 70-80% of your investments to equity funds. This will drive growth and help you achieve your long-term goal.

Debt Funds:

Allocate around 20-30% to debt funds. This will provide stability and reduce overall portfolio risk.

Steps to Achieve Your Goal
Step 1: Calculate Monthly Investment Amount
Determine how much you need to invest each month to reach Rs 2 crore in 15 years. A Certified Financial Planner can help with precise calculations.

Step 2: Start SIPs in Mutual Funds
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in mutual funds are a disciplined way to invest regularly. Choose funds that match your risk tolerance and goals.

Step 3: Increase SIP Amount Annually
Increase your SIP amount each year to match inflation and salary hikes. This ensures your investment keeps growing in real terms.

Step 4: Regularly Review and Rebalance
Monitor your portfolio and rebalance annually. This keeps your investment aligned with your goals and risk profile.

It's commendable that you're planning for your financial future at 33. Your dedication to securing your daughter's future is admirable. Balancing work, family, and investments shows great foresight and maturity.

Aligning Investments with Goals
Aligning your investments with your long-term goals is crucial. Let’s dive into how to manage and optimize your investments.

Equity Mutual Funds
Growth Potential: Equity mutual funds have the potential to deliver high returns. Over a long period, they can significantly increase your wealth.

Diversification: Invest in funds that cover different sectors and geographies. This spreads risk and captures growth from various parts of the economy.

Active Management: Choose actively managed funds to take advantage of market opportunities and achieve better returns.

Debt Mutual Funds
Stability and Income: Debt funds provide regular income and stability to your portfolio. They are less volatile than equity funds.

Risk Management: Including debt funds in your portfolio reduces overall risk. This is essential for achieving long-term financial goals.

Maintaining an Emergency Fund
Before investing heavily, ensure you have an emergency fund. This fund should cover at least 6 months of your expenses and be kept in a liquid asset like a savings account or liquid mutual funds.

Insurance Coverage
Term Insurance: Secure adequate term insurance coverage to protect your family in case of unforeseen events. The coverage should be at least 10-15 times your annual income.

Health Insurance: Comprehensive health insurance for your family is essential. It covers medical expenses and safeguards your savings.

Education Fund for Your Daughter
Starting an education fund for your daughter is a great idea. Use equity mutual funds for long-term growth and achieve this goal.

Retirement Planning
While your current goal is Rs 2 crore in 15 years, also think about your retirement. Continue investing even after achieving this milestone to ensure a comfortable retirement.

Professional Advice
Regular consultations with a Certified Financial Planner can help you stay on track. They provide personalized advice and adjustments based on your changing needs.

Final Insights
Achieving Rs 2 crore in 15 years is a challenging but achievable goal. By investing in mutual funds, maintaining a balanced portfolio, and regularly reviewing your investments, you can reach this milestone. Your foresight and dedication to your family's future are truly inspiring.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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