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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 04, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 30, 2024Hindi
Money

I am 56 Year old . I have 3 properties with Market vale of 2 Cr. FD of Rs 30 Lacs , PF 8 Lacs NPS of 8.5 Lacs + LIc Insurance of getting Matured by 2027 combined 50 Lacs and Term Insurance of 1 Cr. MF of 10 Lacs and Equity investment of 6 Lacs . Is the investment is sufficient for next 15 years ? I have 2 Daughters to get married as one daughter completed BE and working and Second Daughter going to Complete in next year . Medical Insurance of 50 Lacs . RCL Mumbai

Ans: Your financial portfolio appears to be well diversified and thoughtfully managed. Let’s delve into an in-depth assessment and provide guidance for ensuring your financial stability for the next 15 years, considering your goals and responsibilities.

Current Financial Overview
Real Estate
You own three properties with a combined market value of Rs 2 crore. Real estate can offer stable returns but lacks liquidity. Consider the potential income from rental yields, which can supplement your retirement income.

Fixed Deposits (FD)
Your FD of Rs 30 lakhs provides safety and assured returns. However, interest rates on FDs are typically low, which might not outpace inflation in the long term.

Provident Fund (PF)
Your Provident Fund balance of Rs 8 lakhs is a reliable retirement corpus. PF offers tax benefits and steady returns.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS of Rs 8.5 lakhs is a good addition to your retirement savings. It allows for tax benefits and regular pension income post-retirement.

Life Insurance Policies
Your LIC insurance policies maturing in 2027 with a combined value of Rs 50 lakhs will provide a significant lump sum. However, traditional insurance plans often offer low returns.

Term Insurance
Your term insurance cover of Rs 1 crore is crucial for protecting your family in case of any unfortunate event. Term insurance is essential for risk management.

Mutual Funds (MF)
Your mutual funds worth Rs 10 lakhs provide growth potential. Actively managed funds can outperform passive options like index funds.

Equity Investments
Equity investments of Rs 6 lakhs can offer high returns. Equities are suitable for long-term growth but come with higher risks.

Medical Insurance
A medical insurance cover of Rs 50 lakhs is substantial. It will help cover any significant medical expenses.

Future Financial Goals and Responsibilities
Daughters' Marriage
You have two daughters, with one already working and the other completing her BE next year. Marriage expenses can be substantial. Early planning and specific investments can help manage these costs without impacting your retirement corpus.

Financial Assessment and Recommendations
Liquidity Management
Maintaining liquidity is essential. Consider keeping a portion of your investments in easily accessible instruments. FD and a portion of your mutual funds can serve this purpose. Ensure that you have an emergency fund covering at least 6-12 months of expenses.

Insurance Policies Review
Your LIC policies maturing in 2027 will provide Rs 50 lakhs. Consider surrendering any low-return LIC or ULIP policies and reinvesting the proceeds in mutual funds. Actively managed funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can offer better returns.

Investment Rebalancing
Regularly rebalance your portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and financial goals. A CFP can help you adjust the mix of equities, mutual funds, and fixed income investments.

Equity and Mutual Fund Investments
Your current equity investments are Rs 6 lakhs. Increase exposure to equity mutual funds for better long-term returns. Avoid direct equity investment risks by opting for actively managed funds through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials.

Retirement Planning
Your retirement planning involves NPS, PF, and mutual funds. Consider gradually increasing contributions to these instruments. Ensure that your retirement corpus can sustain you through your non-earning years.

Tax Efficiency
Tax planning is crucial. Utilize the tax benefits offered by NPS, PF, and specific mutual funds. A CFP can provide guidance on optimizing your tax liabilities while maximizing returns.

Estate Planning
Prepare a comprehensive estate plan. Ensure that your properties and other assets are appropriately documented and passed on to your heirs without legal complications.

Detailed Financial Plan
Short-term Goals
Emergency Fund: Keep Rs 6-8 lakhs liquid for emergencies.

Insurance Review: Review and surrender low-return LIC policies. Reinvest proceeds in high-performing mutual funds.

Daughters' Marriage: Start a dedicated fund for your daughters' marriage. Consider equity mutual funds for long-term growth.

Medium-term Goals
Portfolio Rebalancing: Review your portfolio semi-annually. Adjust allocations with a CFP to maintain desired risk levels.

NPS and PF Contributions: Increase contributions to maximize tax benefits and build a robust retirement corpus.

Debt Management: If you have any loans, prioritize paying them off to reduce financial burden during retirement.

Long-term Goals
Retirement Corpus: Aim to accumulate a corpus that can sustain your lifestyle for 15-20 years. Use a mix of NPS, PF, and mutual funds.

Estate Planning: Work with a legal advisor to draft a will. Ensure clear distribution of assets to avoid future disputes.

Medical Insurance: Regularly review your health insurance cover. Ensure it remains adequate to cover potential medical expenses.

Conclusion
Your financial planning needs to balance immediate liquidity with long-term growth. Regularly consult with a Certified Financial Planner to review and adjust your strategy. By focusing on diversified investments, tax efficiency, and clear goal-setting, you can ensure financial stability and achieve your objectives over the next 15 years.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 22, 2024Hindi
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Hi Sir, Im 36 have 4.5 year old daughter and wife (home maker) i'm earning 1.40 lac monthly have a expanses of 70k including rent, daughter fee (UKG) and car loan. My investment: LIC - 70000 yearly 2037 maturity Lic 90000 yearly (2057 maturity) Max life insurance 3.6lac yearly Daughter SSY- 1.5 lac yearly (since 4 year) SIP - 30000 (monthly) axis bluechip 5k, axis mid cap 5k, axis small cap 5k, icici large 5k, icici prudential mid cap 5k, icici small cap 3k, tata small cap 2k. I want to retire in next 15 years. Please help me if my investment is correct or i need to revisit my investment especially SIP. Or any other suggestions you can provide
Ans: You're demonstrating excellent foresight by planning for your future and your family's financial security. Here's an assessment of your current investments and some suggestions:
1. Retirement Planning:
• Your goal to retire in the next 15 years is ambitious and requires careful financial planning to ensure you achieve your desired lifestyle post-retirement.
• Consider factors such as your desired retirement age, anticipated expenses, inflation, healthcare costs, and potential sources of retirement income.
2. Investment Analysis:
• Your current investment portfolio consists of a mix of life insurance policies, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter, and SIPs in various mutual funds.
• Life insurance policies provide financial protection but may have limited investment growth potential compared to other investment options.
3. SIP Review:
• Review your SIP portfolio to ensure alignment with your long-term financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon.
• Consider diversifying across different asset classes and fund categories to spread risk and optimize returns.
• Evaluate the performance of individual funds regularly and make adjustments as needed.
4. Asset Allocation:
• Assess your overall asset allocation to ensure a balanced mix of equity, debt, and other investment instruments based on your risk profile and investment objectives.
• Consider increasing exposure to equity for long-term wealth accumulation, but maintain a diversified portfolio to mitigate risk.
5. Emergency Fund:
• Ensure you have an adequate emergency fund to cover unforeseen expenses and mitigate financial risks. Aim to maintain 6-12 months' worth of living expenses in a liquid savings account or short-term investments.
6. Professional Advice:
• Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to conduct a comprehensive financial review and retirement planning assessment.
• They can provide personalized recommendations tailored to your specific circumstances, goals, and risk tolerance.
7. Regular Monitoring and Adjustment:
• Periodically review your investment portfolio and retirement plan to track progress towards your goals.
• Make adjustments as needed based on changes in income, expenses, market conditions, and personal circumstances.
In summary, while your current investments show prudent planning, it's essential to periodically reassess your financial strategy to ensure it remains aligned with your evolving goals and circumstances. By staying proactive and seeking professional guidance, you can optimize your investments and work towards achieving a comfortable retirement for yourself and your family.

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 07, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
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I would like to know whether my investment are appropriate or need any changes. My investment plan is for long term (20 - 30 years) Current age is 30. My Investments: 1. Monthly SIP 30k (Large & Index: 30%, Mid: 40%, Small: 30%). Increment of 10% annually. 2. PPF: Yearly 1.5 lacs 3. EPF: 35k/month (Employee + Employer) 4. LIC: 20 lacs sum isnured whole life 5. Term Insurance: 1 crore 6. Mediclaim: 20 lacs 7. Fixed Deposit: 1 lac/month 8. Share: 10k/month I dont have any asset or any liability at present.
Ans: You've put together a well-rounded investment plan with a focus on long-term wealth accumulation. Let's assess your current investments and see if any adjustments are needed:

Monthly SIP: Your SIP allocation across large, mid, and small-cap funds is balanced and aligned with your long-term investment horizon. The incremental increase of 10% annually demonstrates a commitment to growing your investments over time.
PPF: Investing in PPF provides stability and tax benefits. Your yearly contribution of 1.5 lacs is commendable and will help build a corpus for your future financial needs.
EPF: EPF contributions are mandatory for salaried individuals and provide a secure avenue for retirement savings. Your monthly contribution of 35k, including both employee and employer contributions, ensures a steady buildup of your retirement corpus.
LIC: While having life insurance coverage is essential, the sum insured of 20 lacs may be inadequate considering your long-term financial goals and dependents. You may want to review your insurance needs periodically and consider increasing coverage if necessary.
Term Insurance: Your term insurance coverage of 1 crore is substantial and provides financial security to your loved ones in case of an unfortunate event. Ensure that the coverage amount is sufficient to meet your family's future financial requirements.
Mediclaim: A mediclaim policy with coverage of 20 lacs offers comprehensive health protection for you and your family. Regularly review the policy to ensure it remains adequate as medical costs rise over time.
Fixed Deposit: Investing in fixed deposits provides stability to your portfolio, but the returns may be relatively lower compared to equity investments. Consider diversifying into other asset classes for potentially higher returns over the long term.
Shares: Investing in shares can be rewarding but comes with higher risk. Ensure you have a diversified portfolio and invest based on thorough research or seek advice from a financial expert.
Overall, your investment plan is well-structured and aligned with your long-term goals. However, periodically review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it remains in line with your risk tolerance and financial objectives. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to fine-tune your strategy and make any necessary adjustments. Keep up the disciplined approach to investing, and you're on track to achieve financial success over the next 20-30 years. Best of luck on your financial journey!

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 14, 2024Hindi
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I am 31 years old ,I have 17.5 lacs in equity, investing 12000 in lic jeevan umang 20 yr plan, 10000 in icic prudential long term gift plan for 10 year , 5000 sip in mutalfund and sometimes lumpsum when I have extra money, I have 12 lacs in FD. I have family health insurance of 10 lacs , I have no major emi at present. Is my investment ok ?
Ans: As a Certified Financial Planner, I commend you for taking steps towards securing your financial future. Let's assess your current investment strategy to ensure it aligns with your long-term goals.

Appreciating Your Financial Savvy
At 31, you've demonstrated prudence by diversifying your investments across various asset classes. Your approach reflects a blend of risk management and wealth accumulation, laying a solid foundation for financial stability.

Analyzing Your Investment Allocation
Equity Investments
With ?17.5 lakhs in equity, you've positioned yourself to potentially benefit from the growth potential of the stock market. Equity investments can offer higher returns over the long term, albeit with higher volatility.

Insurance-Linked Savings
Investing ?12,000 monthly in a life insurance plan and ?10,000 in a long-term gift plan exhibits a focus on risk mitigation and long-term savings. However, it's crucial to evaluate the terms, returns, and suitability of these plans in achieving your financial objectives.

Insurance-cum-investment schemes
Insurance-cum-investment schemes (ULIPs, endowment plans) offer a one-stop solution for insurance and investment needs. However, they might not be the best choice for pure investment due to:
• Lower Potential Returns: Guaranteed returns are usually lower than what MFs can offer through market exposure.
• Higher Costs: Multiple fees in insurance plans (allocation charges, admin fees) can reduce returns compared to the expense ratio of MFs.
• Limited Flexibility: Lock-in periods restrict access to your money, whereas MFs provide more flexibility.
MFs, on the other hand, focus solely on investment and offer:
• Potentially Higher Returns: Investments in stocks and bonds can lead to higher growth compared to guaranteed returns.
• Lower Costs: Expense ratios in MFs are generally lower than the multiple fees in insurance plans.
• Greater Control: You have a wider range of investment options and control over asset allocation to suit your risk appetite.
Consider your goals!
• Need life insurance? Term Insurance plans might be suitable.
• Focus on growing wealth? MFs might be a better option due to their flexibility and return potential.

Mutual Fund SIPs
Allocating ?5,000 monthly to SIPs demonstrates a commitment to systematic investing, harnessing the power of rupee cost averaging. However, ensure your mutual fund selection aligns with your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Fixed Deposits
Maintaining ?12 lakhs in fixed deposits offers stability and liquidity but may not provide optimal returns compared to other investment avenues. Consider reassessing this allocation to potentially enhance returns without compromising safety.

Assessing Your Risk Management
Your family health insurance cover of ?10 lakhs safeguards against unforeseen medical expenses, a crucial aspect of financial planning. However, periodically review your coverage to ensure it remains adequate as your family's needs evolve.

Addressing Potential Considerations
Emergency Fund
While your FDs serve as a form of emergency fund, consider segregating a portion for immediate access in case of unforeseen expenses. Aim for 3-6 months' worth of living expenses in a liquid account for added financial security.

Retirement Planning
As you progress in your career, prioritize building a robust retirement corpus to maintain your desired lifestyle post-employment. Consider exploring retirement-focused investment avenues like provident funds or pension plans to supplement your existing savings.

Regular Portfolio Review
Periodically review your investment portfolio with a Certified Financial Planner to reassess your goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Adjust your strategy as needed to stay on track towards achieving financial independence.

Conclusion
In conclusion, your investment approach reflects a commendable balance of risk management and wealth accumulation. However, continuous monitoring and periodic adjustments are essential to ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your evolving financial aspirations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 23, 2024

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Sir, I am 36. My monthly income is 80k. I have a daughter and my wife is housewife. I have investment with market value of Rs. 13 lakhs. Total 4 nos mutual fund total SIP Rs. 7000 p. m. with current value of Rs. 6 lakhs. My office provides EPF scheme. Where I invest 16% of Basic+DA. Present corpus is around 19 lakhs. Except a personal loan of Rs. 2.50 lakhs, presently I dont have any other loans. I have taken a comprehensive Health insurance policy value of Rs. 5 lakhs plus my office provides medical benefits. I have taken a term policy cover of Rs. 1 cr. Now, i want to have i) Education of my daughter now she is 7m old And ii) Steady cashflow for present and post retirement. I suppose the highest cost of education of IIT will be around 45 lakhs ii) Retirement corpus of Rs. 5 crores. There is no desire to buy car or house in future. Will I be able to cover up my family financially secure by present investment?
Ans: Detailed Financial Review and Strategy for Achieving Goals
Current Financial Status
Monthly Income: Rs. 80,000
Mutual Fund SIPs: Rs. 7,000 per month
Current Value of Mutual Funds: Rs. 6 lakhs
EPF Corpus: Rs. 19 lakhs
Health Insurance: Coverage of Rs. 5 lakhs
Term Insurance: Coverage of Rs. 1 crore
Personal Loan: Rs. 2.5 lakhs
Financial Goals
Daughter’s Education: Rs. 45 lakhs needed in 17 years
Retirement Corpus: Rs. 5 crores needed in 24 years
Detailed Investment and Savings Strategy
Mutual Funds
Current SIPs: Rs. 7,000 per month
Recommendation: Continue with actively managed mutual funds to potentially achieve higher returns. Aim for funds with a strong track record and capable fund managers.
Increase SIPs Gradually: As your income grows, consider increasing your SIPs by at least 10-15% annually to boost your investment corpus.
Employee Provident Fund (EPF)
Current Corpus: Rs. 19 lakhs
EPF Growth: EPF is a low-risk investment with steady growth. Continue contributing regularly as it provides a stable retirement fund base.
Insurance
Term Insurance: The Rs. 1 crore cover is sufficient to secure your family’s future in case of an unforeseen event. Ensure to review and adjust this coverage periodically to match inflation and any changes in financial responsibilities.
Health Insurance: The Rs. 5 lakhs coverage, combined with employer benefits, appears adequate. However, with rising healthcare costs, consider increasing your health insurance cover or adding a top-up plan.
Daughter’s Education Planning
Time Horizon: 17 years
Estimated Cost: Rs. 45 lakhs
Investment Strategy:
Equity Mutual Funds: Start a dedicated SIP in equity mutual funds. Given the long investment horizon, equity funds offer the best potential for high returns.
Target SIP Amount: To accumulate Rs. 45 lakhs in 17 years, assuming an average annual return of 12%, you need to invest approximately Rs. 8,000-10,000 per month.
Retirement Planning
Time Horizon: 24 years
Target Corpus: Rs. 5 crores
Investment Strategy:
Additional SIPs: Besides your existing SIPs and EPF contributions, start additional SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds.
Target SIP Amount: To accumulate Rs. 5 crores in 24 years, assuming an average annual return of 12%, you need to invest approximately Rs. 15,000-20,000 per month. This figure should be periodically reviewed and adjusted based on actual investment performance and any changes in retirement goals.
Debt Management
Current Debt: Rs. 2.5 lakhs personal loan
Strategy: Prioritize paying off this personal loan to free up cash flow for further investments. Consider allocating a portion of your monthly savings towards this debt to clear it as soon as possible.
Ensuring Steady Cash Flow Post-Retirement
Balanced/Hybrid Funds: Invest in balanced or hybrid funds as you approach retirement. These funds offer a mix of equity and debt, providing both growth and stability. They are ideal for generating a steady income post-retirement.
Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP): Consider setting up an SWP in mutual funds to ensure a regular income stream during retirement. This helps in managing monthly expenses without compromising on the principal investment significantly.
Continuous Review and Adjustment
Annual Review: Regularly review your financial plan and investment portfolio at least once a year. Adjust your investments based on market performance, changes in financial goals, or life events.
Professional Guidance: Consider working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to stay on track and make informed decisions. A CFP can provide personalized advice and help in navigating complex financial markets.
Conclusion
You are already on the right path with a disciplined approach to savings and investments. By gradually increasing your SIPs, focusing on equity funds for long-term goals, and efficiently managing debt, you can comfortably achieve your financial objectives. Regular reviews and adjustments, along with professional advice, will further ensure that you stay on track to secure your family’s future and your retirement.

Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Latest Questions
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Money
Hello, i am 26 years old i earn 25k per month and i want investment guidance. I feel like stock market is not my thing because i am digital artist and i can't give time so i am planning to start my first mutual fund and my plan is long term investment minimum 10 years. Also what do you suggest me regarding stock market investment. Thank you
Ans: It's great to see you taking charge of your financial future at such a young age. Your decision to start investing for the long term is commendable. Let's dive into how you can effectively begin your investment journey with mutual funds and other options while considering your time constraints as a digital artist.

Understanding Your Financial Goals and Situation
Firstly, let's look at your current situation:

Age: 26 years old
Monthly Income: Rs 25,000
Investment Horizon: Minimum 10 years
Risk Appetite: Likely moderate, given your hesitation towards direct stock market investments due to time constraints.
Advantages of Mutual Funds for Long-Term Investment
Mutual funds are an excellent choice for those who cannot dedicate time to manage their investments actively. Here are some reasons why:

Professional Management: Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers who make informed decisions on behalf of investors.
Diversification: Investing in mutual funds allows you to diversify your portfolio across different assets, reducing risk.
Liquidity: You can easily redeem your investments in mutual funds when needed.
Convenience: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly, making it easier to budget.
Choosing the Right Mutual Funds
Since you are looking for long-term investments, you should focus on equity mutual funds, which generally offer higher returns over a long period. Here’s how you can approach it:

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest primarily in stocks and have the potential to provide significant returns over the long term. Here’s why they are suitable for you:

Growth Potential: Equities tend to outperform other asset classes over the long term.
Compounding Benefits: Long-term investments in equity funds benefit from the power of compounding.
Actively Managed Funds vs Direct Funds
While index funds and ETFs are often suggested, actively managed funds might be better for you. Here’s why:

Active Management: Professional fund managers actively pick stocks to beat the market, aiming for higher returns.
Better Risk Management: Active funds can adjust their portfolios based on market conditions to mitigate risks.
Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
Starting an SIP is a smart way to invest regularly. Here’s why:

Rupee Cost Averaging: Investing a fixed amount regularly helps average out the purchase cost, reducing the impact of market volatility.
Disciplined Investment: SIPs ensure you invest regularly without worrying about market timing.
Affordability: You can start SIPs with small amounts, making it accessible.
Steps to Start Your Investment Journey
Assess Your Monthly Budget
Understand your monthly expenses and savings. Allocate a portion of your income for investments. Given your monthly income of Rs 25,000, start with what you are comfortable investing.

Set Up an Emergency Fund
Before investing, ensure you have an emergency fund. This should cover 6-12 months of your expenses, kept in a savings account or liquid fund for easy access.

Choose the Right Mutual Funds
Based on your long-term goals, select a mix of equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice. Here are some fund types to consider:

Large-Cap Funds: Invest in large, stable companies. Suitable for moderate risk tolerance.
Mid-Cap Funds: Invest in mid-sized companies with higher growth potential but also higher risk.
Balanced Funds: A mix of equity and debt for a balanced risk-reward profile.
Stock Market Investments: An Overview
Although you mentioned that stock market investing might not be your thing, it's worth understanding the basics.

Direct Stock Investments
Investing directly in stocks requires time and effort to research and monitor your investments. It’s not advisable if you cannot dedicate the necessary time.

Why Mutual Funds Over Direct Stocks?
Professional Management: Fund managers make informed decisions, reducing the burden on you.
Diversification: Mutual funds spread risk across various assets.
Convenience: You do not need to track individual stocks actively.
Risk Management
Investing always involves risk, but you can manage it by:

Diversifying Investments: Spread your investments across different asset classes and sectors.
Regular Monitoring: Periodically review your portfolio and make adjustments as needed.
Staying Informed: Keep up with market trends and financial news to make informed decisions.
Tax Benefits
Investing in certain mutual funds can also offer tax benefits. For example:

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): These funds provide tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.
Regular Review and Rebalancing
Your financial goals and risk tolerance might change over time. Regularly review your portfolio and rebalance it to ensure it aligns with your goals.

How to Review Your Portfolio
Performance Analysis: Compare the performance of your investments against benchmarks.
Goal Alignment: Ensure your investments are on track to meet your financial goals.
Rebalancing: Adjust your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.
The Role of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP can provide personalized guidance based on your financial situation and goals. Here’s how a CFP can help:

Comprehensive Financial Planning: Create a holistic financial plan considering all aspects of your finances.
Investment Strategy: Develop an investment strategy aligned with your risk tolerance and goals.
Ongoing Support: Provide ongoing support and advice to keep you on track.
Final Insights
Your proactive approach to investing at a young age is commendable. Here’s a summary of steps to set you on the right path:

Understand Your Budget: Know your monthly expenses and savings.
Set Up an Emergency Fund: Ensure you have 6-12 months of expenses saved.
Start SIPs: Begin with an affordable amount in equity mutual funds.
Diversify Investments: Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and balanced funds.
Consult a CFP: Get personalized advice and regular reviews.
By following these steps, you can build a strong financial foundation and achieve your long-term goals with confidence.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Money
I’m 36year old working female. I’m living a comfortable life and ensure one international vacation annually. I plan to retire by 45 years of age and continue with similar lifestyle. I have following savings, please suggest what adjustments should I make and whether my savings are reasonable for my age. I have no kids, no loans and no property in my name. I live in my family home. Equity- 88lac Savings account- 48lac PF+EPF- 35 lac Gold 9 lac Insurance policy - 2.5 lac Crypto 1.5 lac
Ans: Firstly, it’s fantastic to see you so proactive about your financial future. Your current financial position and the clarity about your retirement goals are commendable. Living a comfortable life, enjoying annual international vacations, and planning for early retirement at 45 is ambitious but achievable with the right strategy. Let’s assess your current savings and suggest adjustments to help you meet your goals.

Current Financial Snapshot
Let’s summarize your current financial position:

Equity Investments: Rs 88 lakhs
Savings Account: Rs 48 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF) + Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Rs 35 lakhs
Gold: Rs 9 lakhs
Insurance Policy: Rs 2.5 lakhs
Cryptocurrency: Rs 1.5 lakhs
Analysis of Current Savings
Equity Investments
You have Rs 88 lakhs in equity investments. This is a strong component of your portfolio, given its potential for high returns over the long term.

Savings Account
Having Rs 48 lakhs in a savings account is a significant amount. While it's good to have liquidity, savings accounts offer low returns, which may not keep up with inflation.

Provident Fund and EPF
Your PF and EPF holdings amount to Rs 35 lakhs. These are crucial for your retirement as they provide stability and guaranteed returns.

Gold
Gold worth Rs 9 lakhs is a good hedge against inflation and adds diversity to your portfolio. However, its returns are generally lower compared to equities.

Insurance Policy
You have an insurance policy worth Rs 2.5 lakhs. Ensure this is purely a term insurance policy for adequate risk cover.

Cryptocurrency
Your cryptocurrency investment is Rs 1.5 lakhs. This is a highly volatile and unregulated market. It’s essential to be cautious with this part of your portfolio.

Steps to Achieve Your Retirement Goal by 45
Increase Equity Investments
Given your age and the time horizon until retirement, continuing with a strong equity exposure is advisable. Equities generally provide higher returns over the long term.

Diversify Across Sectors: Ensure your equity portfolio is diversified across various sectors and industries to reduce risk.

Regular Monitoring: Keep an eye on the performance of your stocks and make adjustments as needed.

Rebalance Savings Account
Having Rs 48 lakhs in a savings account is quite high. Consider reallocating a portion of these funds to higher-return investments.

Emergency Fund: Maintain an emergency fund of 6-12 months of your expenses in a savings account or liquid funds.

Invest the Rest: Reallocate excess funds into mutual funds or other diversified investment options for better returns.

Maximize Provident Fund and EPF
Your PF and EPF are safe, low-risk investments. Continue maximizing your contributions to these funds.

EPF Voluntary Contributions: If possible, consider voluntary contributions to EPF for additional tax benefits and secure returns.
Evaluate Gold Holdings
Gold is a good investment for diversification but doesn’t generate income. Consider the following:

Hold or Reallocate: Evaluate if you need to hold the entire amount in gold or reallocate a portion to higher-growth investments.
Review Insurance Policy
Ensure your insurance policy is a term policy providing adequate coverage.

Term Insurance: If it’s not a term insurance policy, consider switching to a term policy with adequate coverage for your needs.
Assess Cryptocurrency Investment
Cryptocurrency is highly volatile and unregulated. While it can offer high returns, it comes with significant risk.

Limit Exposure: Keep your exposure to cryptocurrency minimal to safeguard against potential losses.
Adjustments for Better Financial Health
Consolidate and Reinvest Direct Stocks
Direct stocks can be high-risk if not managed properly. Consider consolidating and reinvesting in mutual funds.

Actively Managed Funds: Invest through mutual funds managed by professional fund managers. This provides better risk management and diversification.

Regular Monitoring: Regularly review and rebalance your mutual fund portfolio to align with your financial goals.

Increase Monthly Investments
If you have surplus income, consider increasing your monthly investments.

SIP in Mutual Funds: Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in mutual funds are an excellent way to invest regularly and benefit from rupee cost averaging.

Diversified Portfolio: Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for a balanced portfolio.

Planning for Early Retirement
Estimate Retirement Corpus
To maintain your current lifestyle, estimate the corpus required. Consider factors like inflation, healthcare costs, and lifestyle expenses.

Retirement Corpus: Aim for a retirement corpus that generates enough returns to sustain your lifestyle without depleting the principal amount.
Retirement Investment Strategy
Once you retire, your investment strategy should shift towards preserving capital while generating income.

Balanced Funds: Consider balanced or hybrid funds that offer a mix of equity and debt for stability and growth.

SWP (Systematic Withdrawal Plan): Use SWPs from mutual funds to generate a regular income post-retirement.

Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide tailored advice and help you navigate complex financial decisions.

Customized Plan: A CFP can create a customized retirement plan based on your unique goals and risk tolerance.

Regular Reviews: They can also help in regular monitoring and rebalancing of your portfolio to ensure it stays on track.

Importance of Diversification
Diversifying your investments across different asset classes can reduce risk and improve returns.

Asset Allocation: Maintain a balanced asset allocation between equity, debt, and gold based on your risk profile and time horizon.

Regular Rebalancing: Periodically rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach to financial planning is impressive. To ensure you meet your goal of retiring by 45 with a comfortable lifestyle, consider the following steps:

Increase Equity Investments: Continue focusing on equities for higher long-term returns.
Rebalance Savings: Reallocate excess funds from your savings account to higher-return investments.
Maximize PF and EPF: Continue maximizing your contributions to these secure, low-risk funds.
Evaluate Gold Holdings: Consider if reallocating a portion of your gold investments is necessary.
Review Insurance Policy: Ensure your insurance provides adequate coverage.
Limit Cryptocurrency Exposure: Keep your exposure minimal due to high volatility and risk.
Consolidate Direct Stocks: Reinvest in mutual funds for better risk management and diversification.
Increase Monthly Investments: Consider increasing your SIPs for better long-term growth.
Seek Professional Guidance: A CFP can provide valuable insights and tailored advice.
By following these steps and maintaining your disciplined approach, you can achieve your goal of retiring by 45 and enjoying a comfortable lifestyle.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi, I am 41 years old with 1.5lakhs pm salary. Cleared home loan using PF amount, so own a flat in Bangalore. Daughter is 8 years old. Have term (1.5cr) and health insurance (7L), parents covered under corporate insurance. Coming to investments, have 7.5L in mutual funds, 4.5L in stocks, 3L in PF and 3L in NPS. 30k goes for investment, 40k for car emi on 3 year corporate lease, 65k for expences including parents (dependents) staying in another town. I want fo retire at 50 with a retirement corpus of 5 cr. Am i on right track? Please suggest if i have to make any changes to my existing routine.
Ans: First off, congratulations on your disciplined approach to financial planning. Owning a flat in Bangalore, having term and health insurance, and a clear home loan are significant achievements. Let’s evaluate your current financial status and align it with your goal of retiring at 50 with a retirement corpus of Rs 5 crore.

Current Financial Snapshot
Let’s summarize your current financial situation:

Salary: Rs 1.5 lakhs per month
Term Insurance: Rs 1.5 crore
Health Insurance: Rs 7 lakhs (parents covered under corporate insurance)
Investments:
Mutual Funds: Rs 7.5 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 4.5 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 3 lakhs
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 3 lakhs
Monthly Investments: Rs 30,000
Monthly Car EMI: Rs 40,000
Monthly Expenses: Rs 65,000 (including support for parents)
Retirement Goal Analysis
Goal: Rs 5 Crore Retirement Corpus by Age 50
You have nine years to achieve your retirement goal of Rs 5 crore. Let’s break down the steps needed to reach this target.

Evaluate Current Savings and Investments
1. Mutual Funds: Rs 7.5 lakhs

2. Stocks: Rs 4.5 lakhs

3. Provident Fund (PF): Rs 3 lakhs

4. National Pension System (NPS): Rs 3 lakhs

Total Current Investments: Rs 18 lakhs

Monthly Investment Plan
Increasing Your SIP Contributions
Your current SIP contribution is Rs 30,000 per month. Considering your goal, it’s essential to evaluate whether this amount is sufficient.

Growth Rate: Assume an annual growth rate of 12% for your mutual funds and stocks.

Future Value: Calculate the future value of your current investments and SIP contributions over the next nine years.

Additional Investments
You might need to increase your monthly SIP contributions to bridge any shortfall. Let’s evaluate potential strategies.

Assessing and Adjusting Your Portfolio
Diversification
Diversifying your investments can help in achieving better returns and reducing risks.

Mutual Funds: Continue investing in diversified equity mutual funds. Consider adding some large-cap and mid-cap funds for a balanced portfolio.

Stocks: Regularly review and rebalance your stock portfolio. Focus on fundamentally strong companies with growth potential.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a good option for long-term retirement planning due to its tax benefits and potential for high returns.

Equity Allocation: Consider increasing the equity allocation in your NPS to maximize growth.
Provident Fund (PF)
Continue contributing to your PF. It’s a safe and tax-efficient investment.

Managing Expenses and EMI
Your monthly car EMI is Rs 40,000. Once the EMI is over, reallocate this amount towards your retirement corpus.

Expense Management
Current Expenses: Rs 65,000 per month
Investment Opportunities: Post EMI period, use the freed-up funds for additional investments.
Insurance and Contingency Planning
Term Insurance
Your term insurance cover of Rs 1.5 crore is adequate. It provides financial security to your family.

Health Insurance
Health insurance of Rs 7 lakhs is good. Ensure it’s sufficient to cover medical emergencies. Review the policy annually.

Additional Steps for Financial Security
Emergency Fund
Ensure you maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This provides a cushion during unexpected situations.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review your financial plan with your Certified Financial Planner. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and life changes.

The Importance of Professional Guidance
A Certified Financial Planner can provide the expertise needed to navigate complex financial decisions.

Customised Strategies: Tailored investment strategies to suit your specific goals and risk tolerance.

Regular Monitoring: Continuous monitoring and rebalancing of your portfolio to ensure alignment with your goals.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
1. Lack of Professional Guidance: Managing direct funds requires significant time and expertise.

2. Higher Risks: Without professional advice, the risk of making suboptimal investment choices increases.

3. Market Volatility: Direct funds are susceptible to market volatility, which requires constant monitoring and adjustments.

Benefits of Regular Funds
1. Professional Management: Fund managers actively manage the investments to maximize returns and minimize risks.

2. Flexibility: They can adapt to market changes, unlike index funds which passively track market indices.

Future Planning for Your Daughter’s Education
Education Costs
Plan for your daughter’s higher education expenses. Start a dedicated SIP for this goal.

Estimate Costs: Factor in inflation and rising education costs.

Investment Strategy: Choose equity mutual funds for long-term growth.

Final Insights
Your disciplined approach to financial planning is commendable. You have a solid foundation with your current investments and insurance coverage. To achieve your retirement goal of Rs 5 crore by age 50, consider the following steps:

Increase SIP Contributions: Evaluate and possibly increase your monthly SIP contributions.
Diversify Investments: Ensure your portfolio is well-diversified across different asset classes.
Reallocate Post-EMI Funds: Once your car EMI is completed, redirect this amount towards your retirement corpus.
Regular Reviews: Regularly review and adjust your financial plan with your Certified Financial Planner.
Focus on Long-Term Goals: Stay focused on your long-term goals and make informed investment decisions.
By following these steps and maintaining your disciplined approach, you are well on your way to achieving your retirement goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Money
Sir, I have started two new SIPs ( @4K each) through MF just in last month, namely Quant Mid cap and Quant Large & Mid cap. Including these two presently I am continuing 60K of SIPs in different MFs for last 1 yr. Also had a plan to start a new SIP of 6K through Quant ELSS fund. But, after todays news of SEBI on Quant MF, I am confused. Should I stop the said one month old two funds and not to start ELSS or what? I have partially decided to continue with existing two funds and carefully watch on the situation for one/two year and not to start new MF with Quant. What should I do? Pls suggest.
Ans: First of all, commendations on your dedication to investing and planning for your financial future. Your efforts in consistently investing through SIPs are commendable. I understand your concern regarding the recent SEBI news about Quant Mutual Funds. Let’s address your queries and develop a comprehensive approach to your investment strategy.

Current SIP Investments
Your commitment to Rs 60,000 in SIPs over the last year is a strong start. SIPs offer the advantage of rupee cost averaging and can help in building a substantial corpus over time.

Evaluating Recent Investments
Given your recent start with Quant Mid Cap and Quant Large & Mid Cap funds, and the news about SEBI’s stance on Quant MF, your concerns are valid. Here’s a detailed analysis:

Market and Regulatory Sentiments: Regulatory actions can sometimes create uncertainty. However, it’s important to understand the specifics of SEBI's concerns and how they might impact the fund's performance and management.

Fund Performance: Before making any decisions, evaluate the historical performance of these funds. Look at their consistency, returns, and how they have managed risks.

Fund Management: Assess the expertise and track record of the fund managers. Effective management can often navigate through regulatory and market challenges.

Deciding on Continuation or Stopping SIPs
Continue Monitoring
Your decision to continue with the two existing funds while monitoring the situation is prudent. Here’s why:

Long-Term Perspective: Equity investments, especially in mutual funds, are meant for the long term. Short-term fluctuations or news should not drastically impact long-term strategies.

Performance Review: Regularly review the performance of these funds over the next 6-12 months. Evaluate them against their benchmarks and peer funds.

Adjust if Needed: If you notice consistent underperformance or if regulatory issues significantly impact the fund, consider reallocating to more stable funds.

New SIP in Quant ELSS
Considering the SEBI news, it’s understandable to be cautious about starting a new SIP in Quant ELSS. Here’s an alternative approach:

Diversification: Instead of putting all your SIPs in Quant funds, consider diversifying across different fund houses. This spreads your risk and can provide stability.

Evaluate Other ELSS Funds: Look for other ELSS funds with strong track records, good management, and consistent performance. ELSS not only offers tax benefits but also has the potential for good long-term returns.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are beneficial for several reasons:

Expertise: Fund managers actively make decisions to maximize returns and minimize risks.

Flexibility: These funds can adapt to changing market conditions, unlike index funds which replicate market performance.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
While direct funds have lower expense ratios, there are notable disadvantages:

Lack of Professional Guidance: Without a Certified Financial Planner, managing direct funds can be challenging.

Time-Consuming: Monitoring and adjusting investments require significant time and expertise.

Recommended Strategy for Your SIPs
Diversified Portfolio
A well-diversified portfolio across different fund categories can enhance returns and reduce risks. Consider these steps:

Large Cap Funds: These funds invest in well-established companies with a stable growth trajectory.

Mid Cap Funds: They invest in medium-sized companies with potential for high growth.

Small Cap Funds: Suitable for aggressive investors, these funds can offer high returns but come with higher risks.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds: These funds offer a mix of equity and debt, providing stability and growth.

Regular Reviews
Schedule regular reviews with your Certified Financial Planner to ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals and market conditions. Adjustments may be necessary based on performance and market changes.

Building a Robust Investment Plan
Your goal should be to build a robust investment plan that can withstand market fluctuations and regulatory changes. Here’s how:

Emergency Fund
Maintain your emergency fund of Rs 15 lakhs. This provides a safety net for unexpected expenses and ensures you don’t have to dip into your investments prematurely.

Goal-Based Investments
Children’s Education: Continue investing through SIPs in diversified equity funds for long-term growth. This will help accumulate the required corpus for their education.

Retirement Planning: Invest in aggressive growth funds for your retirement goal. Starting early and maintaining consistency will leverage the power of compounding.

Importance of Staying Informed
Stay informed about market trends and regulatory changes. Knowledge empowers you to make informed decisions and adapt to changes effectively.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner
A Certified Financial Planner can provide invaluable guidance. They can:

Customise Portfolio: Tailor your investments based on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions.

Regular Monitoring: Continuously monitor your portfolio and make necessary adjustments.

Risk Management: Help you navigate market and regulatory risks effectively.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach to investing is commendable. Continuously monitoring and reviewing your investments is crucial. While the SEBI news about Quant MF is concerning, maintaining a long-term perspective is important. Diversify your portfolio to mitigate risks and ensure you are investing in well-managed funds.

Stay informed, regularly review your portfolio, and seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner. This comprehensive approach will help you achieve your financial goals and secure your future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |3956 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 24, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi..I'm 37Y old with monthly salary of 1.5lkhs after tax. I have 3 kids and the eldest is in LKG/PP1. My monthly expenses are around 30000 without any EMIs. My investments/savings include: Real Estate : 50lakhs Gold: 500 grms Equity/Stocks: 4 Lakhs Mutual funds: 1 lkhs Savings/emergency fund: 15 lkhs PF: 9 lkhs SIP: none As you may notice, I think I'm already very late to the stock market or mutual funds. I would like to start SIPs for the education of my kids and my retirement by 50 years with monthly income of 1.5 lakhs. I'm able to save/invest 1 lkh every month. Would you please suggest a plan following which can fulfill the aboveentioned ask?
Ans: First, it’s great to see your proactive approach towards securing your kids' education and your retirement. Your financial discipline is admirable. Let's dive into an in-depth plan tailored for your goals.

Current Financial Overview
Your current assets and savings are impressive. Here’s a snapshot:

Real Estate: Rs 50 lakhs
Gold: 500 grams
Equity/Stocks: Rs 4 lakhs
Mutual Funds: Rs 1 lakh
Savings/Emergency Fund: Rs 15 lakhs
Provident Fund (PF): Rs 9 lakhs
Monthly Savings Potential: Rs 1 lakh
Your monthly expenses are well-managed at Rs 30,000, leaving substantial room for investments. Now, let's focus on structuring your investments to meet your goals.

Education Planning for Your Kids
Education costs are rising rapidly. Starting early with a systematic investment plan (SIP) will help in accumulating the required corpus.

Assess Future Education Costs: Estimate the future costs of education for your three kids. Factor in inflation, which averages around 6-7% per year.

Divide Investments for Each Child: Allocate investments based on the timelines for each child's education. For example, higher education might be needed in 15 years for your eldest child and later for the younger ones.

Choose SIPs Wisely: Consider diversified equity mutual funds. They have the potential to offer higher returns over the long term. Since you are starting now, the power of compounding will work in your favor.

Retirement Planning by Age 50
Retiring by 50 with a monthly income of Rs 1.5 lakhs requires careful planning and disciplined investing. Here’s how you can approach it:

Calculate Retirement Corpus: Estimate the amount needed to generate a monthly income of Rs 1.5 lakhs. Factor in inflation and life expectancy. Typically, this could be around Rs 4-5 crores.

Maximize EPF Contributions: Your PF balance is Rs 9 lakhs. Continue maximizing your contributions. It’s a secure and tax-efficient way to grow your retirement savings.

Increase SIP Investments: Start SIPs in aggressive growth mutual funds. These funds have the potential to offer substantial returns over the next 13 years. Given your high savings rate, this strategy can significantly boost your retirement corpus.

Investment Strategy and Asset Allocation
Now, let’s discuss how to allocate your monthly savings of Rs 1 lakh:

Mutual Funds
Benefits of Regular Funds:

Professional Management: Fund managers with expertise can navigate market volatility.

Consistent Monitoring: Regular reviews and rebalancing ensure alignment with your goals.

Support: A Certified Financial Planner can provide guidance and adjust strategies as needed.

SIPs for Long-term Goals
Educational Goals: Invest Rs 40,000 monthly in diversified equity mutual funds.

Retirement Goals: Invest Rs 60,000 monthly in aggressive growth mutual funds.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund is crucial for financial security. You already have Rs 15 lakhs, which is excellent. Ensure it’s easily accessible and parked in liquid or ultra-short-term debt funds for better returns than a savings account.

Reassessing Existing Investments
Equity and Stocks
Your Rs 4 lakhs in stocks should be reviewed. Ensure they are diversified and align with your risk tolerance and financial goals. If needed, shift underperforming stocks to more promising mutual funds.

Gold
500 grams of gold is a solid asset. However, gold doesn’t generate regular income. Consider maintaining it as a hedge against inflation but avoid additional investments in gold for now.

Avoiding Direct Funds and Index Funds
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Lack of Guidance: Without professional advice, managing direct funds can be challenging.

Time-Consuming: Monitoring and rebalancing your portfolio regularly requires significant time and effort.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Market Mimicking: Index funds aim to replicate market indices, which may lead to average returns.

No Flexibility: They lack the flexibility to adapt to market changes or capitalize on specific opportunities.

Importance of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, guided by professional managers, can outperform the market through strategic investments and timely decisions. They provide the potential for higher returns, especially crucial for your aggressive retirement goals.

Regular Reviews and Adjustments
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. Regularly review your portfolio with your Certified Financial Planner. Adjust your investments based on life changes, market conditions, and evolving financial goals.

Final Insights
Your proactive approach and high savings rate set a strong foundation for achieving your financial goals. By strategically investing in SIPs for your kids' education and your retirement, you can build a substantial corpus.

Seek the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner to navigate the complexities of investment management. Their guidance will ensure your investments align with your goals and risk tolerance. Regular reviews and adjustments will keep your financial plan on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

...Read more

Moneywize

Moneywize   |122 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?
Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.

Recommendation:

Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.

...Read more

Mayank

Mayank Chandel  |1003 Answers  |Ask -

IIT-JEE, NEET-UG, SAT, CLAT, CA, CS Exam Expert - Answered on Jun 24, 2024

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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