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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 04, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - May 20, 2024Hindi
Money

Hi sir, I am 39 year old. Earning 1.8 l per month. Invested in stocks upto 1 lakh.Invested in gold for 2lakhs. Invested in ppf upto 13 lakhs and continuing it, investing in SSY upto 1lakhs from 2019 for girl child.Invested in NPS upto 1 lakh. Having term insurance for 2cr paying 3800rs per month. Having endowment policy for next 21 years. Having medical insurance upto 30 lakh sum assured having premium about 70k per year for myself, dependant and a kid. Having medical insurance sum assured upto 5 lakh each for parents having premium of 42k per year. Having a car loan of 20lakhs for next 4 years, having a personal loan of upto 4 lakhs and will end up in December. Planning for retirement corpus of 5 cr in next 15 years, and planning for child higher education for 12 years with 2 cr and marriage in next 20 years for another 2cr. Planning to buy plot in 3 years worth 75 lakhs,Am I going in right financial path? Which mutual fund needs to be considered to achieve these goal?

Ans: Evaluating Your Current Financial Situation
You are 39 years old with a monthly income of Rs. 1.8 lakhs.

Your investments include Rs. 1 lakh in stocks, Rs. 2 lakhs in gold, and Rs. 13 lakhs in PPF.

You also invest in SSY for your daughter, with Rs. 1 lakh since 2019, and Rs. 1 lakh in NPS.

You have a term insurance cover of Rs. 2 crores and an endowment policy.

Your medical insurance covers you, your dependents, and your parents.

You have a car loan of Rs. 20 lakhs and a personal loan of Rs. 4 lakhs ending in December.

Setting Financial Goals
Your financial goals include a retirement corpus of Rs. 5 crores in 15 years.

You plan to fund your child's higher education with Rs. 2 crores in 12 years.

You also plan for your child's marriage with Rs. 2 crores in 20 years.

Additionally, you plan to buy a plot worth Rs. 75 lakhs in 3 years.

Assessing Current Investments
Your current investments are diversified but may need adjustments to meet your goals.

The PPF and SSY investments are good for secure, long-term growth.

Stock and gold investments add diversity but require careful monitoring.

Evaluating Insurance Coverage
You have substantial insurance coverage with term and medical policies.

Ensure the term insurance adequately covers your family's financial needs.

Your medical insurance provides good coverage, but review the premiums regularly.

Managing Debt
You have a car loan of Rs. 20 lakhs and a personal loan ending soon.

Prioritize paying off high-interest loans quickly to free up cash flow.

Managing debt effectively is crucial for financial stability.

Retirement Planning
To achieve Rs. 5 crores in 15 years, invest in high-growth mutual funds.

Assume an average annual return of 12% for equity mutual funds.

You need to invest approximately Rs. 85,000 monthly in SIPs.

Child's Education Planning
For Rs. 2 crores in 12 years, focus on high-growth mutual funds.

Assuming a 12% annual return, invest around Rs. 55,000 monthly in SIPs.

Consider starting a dedicated fund for your child's education.

Child's Marriage Planning
For Rs. 2 crores in 20 years, invest in balanced mutual funds.

Assuming a 10% annual return, invest around Rs. 27,000 monthly in SIPs.

Longer investment duration allows for balanced funds to grow steadily.

Plot Purchase Planning
For buying a plot worth Rs. 75 lakhs in 3 years, consider short-term debt mutual funds.

These funds offer moderate returns with lower risk compared to equities.

Invest around Rs. 2 lakhs monthly in short-term debt funds.

Choosing Mutual Funds
Select a mix of equity, balanced, and debt mutual funds for diversification.

Equity funds provide high returns for long-term goals.

Balanced funds offer moderate growth with less risk for medium-term goals.

Debt funds ensure stability for short-term goals.

Risk Management
Diversify investments to manage risk effectively.

Review your portfolio regularly to adjust based on market conditions.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized risk management strategies.

Tax Planning
Invest in tax-saving mutual funds to reduce your tax liability.

Utilize Section 80C deductions for investments in PPF, SSY, and ELSS funds.

Efficient tax planning enhances overall returns.

Regular Review and Adjustment
Monitor your investments regularly to ensure they align with your goals.

Adjust your SIP amounts and fund selections based on performance.

Stay informed about market trends and economic changes.

Emergency Fund Consideration
Maintain an emergency fund for unforeseen expenses.

An emergency fund provides financial security and peace of mind.

Ensure it is easily accessible and separate from your investment portfolio.

Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
A CFP can help create a detailed investment strategy.

They provide personalized advice based on your financial situation.

A CFP can guide you in selecting the right mutual funds and adjusting your portfolio.

Avoiding Common Investment Mistakes
Avoid investing in quick-rich schemes, as they are risky and often lead to losses.

Stick to disciplined investing through SIPs for long-term wealth creation.

Do not make impulsive decisions based on short-term market fluctuations.

Benefits of Long-Term Investing
Long-term investing allows your money to grow through compounding.

It helps overcome short-term market volatility.

Stay invested for the long term to achieve your financial goals.

Monitoring Market Conditions
Stay informed about market trends and economic conditions.

However, do not let short-term market movements dictate your investment decisions.

Focus on your long-term investment strategy.

Conclusion
Your current financial path is strong, but adjustments can help you reach your goals.

Invest Rs. 85,000 monthly in equity mutual funds for retirement.

Invest Rs. 55,000 monthly for child's education and Rs. 27,000 for marriage in SIPs.

Consider Rs. 2 lakhs monthly in short-term debt funds for plot purchase.

Consult a CFP for personalized advice and regular portfolio review.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 14, 2024

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Hi, I'm 36 years old. I live in hyderabad with wife and 2 kids . For their education and post retirement life ( planning to retire at the age of 55) , I stared investing in mutual funds from last 2 years . Current investment is 6.2L in below funds- 1.Axis small cap 2.parag parikh flexi cap. 3.Quant Absolute growth fund 10k in each per month for now. Planning to increase 10% each year. Am I going in right direction for my financial needs? Please suggest improvements based on my needs.
Ans: That's a great start to your investment journey! Starting to invest for your children's education and your retirement at 36 shows responsibility. Let's discuss your plan and suggest some improvements:

1. Investing for Goals!

Smart Thinking! Planning for your children's education and your retirement through SIPs in Mutual Funds is a smart approach. Actively managed funds like these have fund managers who try to outperform the market by picking stocks they believe will grow.

Long-Term Goals: Your investment horizon for both your children's education (assuming they are young) and your retirement (19 years) is good for long-term wealth creation.

2. Analyzing Your Portfolio:

Small Cap Focus: Having a majority of your investment in a Small Cap Fund might be a bit risky. Small Caps can be more volatile than other market capitalizations.

Diversification Matters: Consider adding a Large Cap or Mid Cap Fund for better diversification across different market segments.

3. Planning for Education Costs:

Cost of Education: Education costs can rise significantly. Review the potential cost of education closer to the time and adjust your investments if needed.

Early Start is Key! Starting early allows for compounding to work its magic. You're on the right track!

4. Planning for Retirement:

Consider Debt Funds: As you approach retirement, consider adding Debt Funds to your portfolio to provide stability and regular income.

Review and Rebalance: A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can review your portfolio periodically and suggest adjustments to keep you on track for your retirement goals.

Here's the key takeaway: You've made a great start! Consider diversifying your portfolio, reviewing education costs closer to the time, and adding Debt Funds for retirement. Consulting a CFP can help you fine-tune your plan and achieve your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 20, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 13, 2024Hindi
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Hi. I'm 30years old with monthly salary of 60k. Having said, I have savings of 5L in hand and not had any investment so far in mutual fund. Having 2 child to take care with their education after 20 years. Need of advice on where to start in mutual fund. My risk appetite is moderate to high but don't know which fund to choose for long term investment. As well as I need of assured corpus of Rs.1 crore after 12 years to support my investment horizon along with my salary for rest of 8 years as I don't think my salary alone will be suffice to meet the investment journey. Also after 12 years need of an advice on how to get monthly income out of some portion of 1crore to manage family with it and save all my salary to mutual fund. I also want to know what will be the average return I will be getting based on your suggestion with all plannings as I said above after 20years
Ans: Your commitment to securing your family's future and achieving financial stability is commendable. Let's outline a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your goals, risk appetite, and investment horizon.

Assessing Your Financial Goals and Risk Profile
At 30, with a moderate to high risk appetite, you're well-positioned to embark on a long-term investment journey. Your primary objectives include building a substantial corpus for your children's education in 20 years and securing a corpus of ?1 crore in 12 years for additional financial support.

Structuring Your Mutual Fund Portfolio
Given your investment horizon and risk tolerance, a diversified portfolio of equity and debt mutual funds is recommended. Equity funds offer growth potential, while debt funds provide stability and income generation. Here's a suggested allocation:

Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion of your investment, considering your moderate to high-risk appetite. Choose a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification and potential returns.

Debt Funds: Allocate a portion of your portfolio to debt funds to mitigate risk and generate stable returns. Opt for a combination of short-term, medium-term, and long-term debt funds based on your risk preference.

Planning for Future Income Streams
After 12 years, when you aim to secure a corpus of ?1 crore, consider investing a portion of this amount in a combination of dividend-paying mutual funds and systematic withdrawal plans (SWPs). This strategy will provide you with a regular monthly income stream while preserving the principal amount for long-term growth.

Estimating Average Returns
While it's challenging to predict exact returns, a well-diversified mutual fund portfolio targeting a moderate to high-risk profile can potentially generate average returns ranging from 10% to 12% annually over the long term. However, returns may vary depending on market conditions and fund performance.

Emphasizing Discipline and Review
Consistency and discipline are key to achieving your financial goals. Review your portfolio regularly, monitor fund performance, and make adjustments as needed to stay aligned with your objectives. Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to fine-tune your strategy and navigate market fluctuations effectively.

Conclusion
In conclusion, a strategic mutual fund investment plan tailored to your financial goals, risk profile, and investment horizon can pave the way for long-term wealth creation and financial security. By diversifying your portfolio, planning for future income streams, and maintaining discipline, you can work towards achieving your objectives and securing your family's future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 20, 2024Hindi
Listen
Money
Hi sir, I am 39 year old. Invested in stocks upto 1 lakh.Invested in gold for 2lakhs. Invested in ppf upto 13 lakhs and continuing it, investing in SSY upto 1lakhs from 2019 for girl child.Invested in NPS upto 1 lakh. Having term insurance for 2cr paying 3800rs per month. Having endowment policy for next 21 years. Having medical insurance upto 30 lakh sum assured having premium about 70k per year for myself, dependant and a kid. Having medical insurance sum assured upto 5 lakh each for parents having premium of 42k per year. Having a car loan of 20lakhs for next 4 years, having a personal loan of upto 4 lakhs and will end up in December. Planning for retirement corpus of 5 cr in next 15 years, and planning for child higher education for 12 years with 2 cr and marriage in next 20 years for another 2cr. Planning to buy plot in 3 years worth 75 lakhs, Which mutual fund needs to be considered to achieve these goal?
Ans: Crafting a Mutual Fund Strategy for Your Financial Goals
It's commendable that you're actively planning for your financial future. Let's outline a strategic approach using mutual funds to achieve your goals.

Assessing Financial Goals
Retirement Corpus
Your target retirement corpus of 5 crores in 15 years requires a disciplined investment strategy with a focus on long-term wealth creation.

Child's Higher Education and Marriage
For your child's education and marriage, aiming for a combined corpus of 4 crores over the next 12 and 20 years, respectively, necessitates a balanced investment approach.

Plot Purchase
Planning to buy a plot worth 75 lakhs in 3 years requires short to medium-term investment options with capital appreciation potential.

Mutual Fund Selection Criteria
Goal Horizon
Align mutual fund selections with the time horizon of each financial goal, focusing on funds with proven track records of consistent returns over the required investment duration.

Risk Appetite
Consider your risk tolerance and opt for a diversified mix of mutual funds spanning various asset classes to mitigate risk while aiming for optimal returns.

Tax Efficiency
Select mutual funds that offer tax efficiency, such as equity-linked saving schemes (ELSS), to leverage tax benefits while investing for long-term goals.

Recommended Mutual Fund Categories
Equity Mutual Funds
Allocate a significant portion of your investment towards equity mutual funds for long-term wealth accumulation, considering the growth potential of equities over time.

Debt Mutual Funds
Include debt mutual funds in your portfolio for stability and capital preservation, especially for short to medium-term goals like the plot purchase.

Hybrid Mutual Funds
Explore hybrid mutual funds, which offer a balanced mix of equity and debt exposure, suitable for investors seeking moderate risk with potentially higher returns.

Final Thoughts
Regular Portfolio Review
Periodically review your mutual fund portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your financial goals and risk tolerance, making adjustments as necessary.

Professional Guidance
Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to tailor your mutual fund investment strategy according to your unique financial circumstances and objectives.

By strategically allocating your investments across equity, debt, and hybrid mutual funds, you can work towards achieving your financial goals efficiently.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |5181 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 17, 2024

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Hello Gurus, I am 41 years old and currently working in IT industries. My take home salary is more or less 1.8L/Month (After (income-tax, pf, etc.) all deductions). My monthly expenses (including everything + investments) are around 1.3L/Monthly. Family of four, kids are not started their major studies, still in primary school, dependant parents and relatives. My current investments. 1) LIC – 1.6L/Annum – approx. return would be 50+ Lakhs by 2038 2) HDFC Sanchya + - annually 4L return after 2038 3) PPF – annually 1.5L/Annum and expecting 40+Lakhs by 2034 4) PF – Right now around 20+Lakhs 5) One land – 25L 6) One Flat under construction – 25L invested/paid and total payment will be 1.15 Cr by 2028 7) One MF – Current value 8L, total investment 3.5L(Lumpsum in year of 2017) 8) Cash in hand – 70L(FD) 9) Emergency fund – 20L(FD) 10) Equity 1.6L Invested and current value 2.7L No Loans as of now. Apart from this I have 50L worth of term insurance, 20L health insurance cover for my Family. I am targeting to retire by another 14 years with a corpus of 15cr or more. Please guide me how I can achieve it. If I need to invest in MF then which all MFs I can invest in. (Risk taking appetite is moderate)
Ans: You have a well-diversified portfolio and a clear goal of retiring with a corpus of Rs 15 crores in 14 years. Let's break down a strategy to achieve this goal.

Current Financial Position
Age: 41 years
Monthly take-home salary: Rs 1.8 lakhs
Monthly expenses: Rs 1.3 lakhs
Family: Four members, with kids in primary school, dependent parents and relatives
Investments and Assets
LIC: Rs 1.6 lakhs/annum, expected return of 50+ lakhs by 2038
HDFC Sanchaya+: Rs 4 lakhs/annum, expected annual return after 2038
PPF: Rs 1.5 lakhs/annum, expected return of 40+ lakhs by 2034
PF: Current value around 20+ lakhs
Land: Worth Rs 25 lakhs
Flat under construction: Rs 25 lakhs invested, total payment will be Rs 1.15 crores by 2028
Mutual Funds: Current value Rs 8 lakhs, total investment Rs 3.5 lakhs (lumpsum in 2017)
Cash in hand (FD): Rs 70 lakhs
Emergency fund (FD): Rs 20 lakhs
Equity: Rs 1.6 lakhs invested, current value Rs 2.7 lakhs
Term insurance: Rs 50 lakhs
Health insurance: Rs 20 lakhs
Retirement Goal
Target corpus: Rs 15 crores
Time horizon: 14 years
Risk appetite: Moderate
Investment Strategy
1. Increase SIPs in Mutual Funds:

Considering your moderate risk appetite, invest in a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and hybrid mutual funds. Actively managed funds can offer better returns compared to index funds.

2. Maximise Tax Savings:

Continue maximising your PPF and PF contributions for tax savings and secure returns.

3. Diversify Further:

Consider diversifying into debt funds for stability and fixed returns. This will balance your equity investments.

4. Real Estate Investments:

Be cautious with the flat under construction. Ensure timely completion and clear legal title to avoid future issues.

5. Emergency Fund:

You already have a substantial emergency fund. Maintain this for liquidity during unforeseen events.

6. Equity Investments:

Continue investing in equities. Direct stocks can offer high returns but require careful selection and monitoring.

7. Review Insurance Cover:

Ensure your term insurance cover is adequate. Consider increasing it to match your financial responsibilities and future goals.

Regular Monitoring and Review
Annual Review:

Regularly review your portfolio performance. Adjust investments based on market conditions and financial goals.

Financial Planner Consultation:

Seek advice from a Certified Financial Planner periodically. They can provide tailored advice and keep your investments on track.

Final Insights
You are on a good financial path with a diversified portfolio. Focus on increasing your SIPs in mutual funds and diversifying further into debt funds. Ensure your real estate investments are secure and maintain your emergency fund. Regularly review your portfolio and seek professional advice to stay on track for a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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