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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 18, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 18, 2024Hindi

Hi ! I am an 31 year old working in a MNC, My monthly salary is 64000 and my fixed monthly expense are around 22000 and entertainment, outing expenses are 12000 . I do not have any savings and started working only for 6 months , could you suggest me some investment options , additionally my spouse earns around 10000 per month . I would like to make some short term and long term investments as well, since my company does not provide PF , and annualy I need to spend on ?10000 for insurance and another ?30000 for family expenses. Could you please advise me how I should start my investment plans , for short term and long term goals ,we are planning to have a child after 1-2 years.

Ans: Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Income and Expenses
Your monthly salary is Rs. 64,000. Your spouse earns Rs. 10,000 monthly, bringing your total household income to Rs. 74,000.

Your fixed monthly expenses are:

Fixed Expenses: Rs. 22,000
Entertainment and Outings: Rs. 12,000
Annual expenses include:

Insurance: Rs. 10,000
Family Expenses: Rs. 30,000
This means your total monthly expenditure is Rs. 34,000, leaving you with a surplus of Rs. 40,000 for savings and investments.

Building an Emergency Fund
Importance of an Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial for unexpected expenses, such as medical emergencies, job loss, or urgent home repairs. It provides financial security and peace of mind.

Recommended Fund Size
Aim to save at least six months’ worth of living expenses. Given your current monthly expenses of Rs. 34,000, you should target an emergency fund of Rs. 2,04,000.

Setting Up the Fund
Start by allocating a portion of your monthly surplus to a high-yield savings account or a liquid mutual fund. This ensures the fund is accessible and earns a reasonable return.

Short-Term Investment Options
Importance of Short-Term Investments
Short-term investments provide liquidity and flexibility for immediate financial goals, such as travel, car purchase, or a down payment for a house.

Recommended Instruments
Recurring Deposits (RD): A low-risk option with fixed returns.
Fixed Deposits (FD): Suitable for short-term goals with guaranteed returns.
Debt Mutual Funds: Provide better returns than savings accounts and FDs, with low risk.
Long-Term Investment Options
Importance of Long-Term Investments
Long-term investments help you build wealth over time for major life goals, such as children's education, retirement, and buying a house.

Recommended Instruments
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns over a 15-year period.
Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Though your company doesn’t provide PF, consider a voluntary provident fund (VPF) if possible.
National Pension System (NPS): Provides a retirement corpus with tax benefits and market-linked returns.
Mutual Funds: Equity mutual funds for long-term growth, balanced mutual funds for moderate risk.
Retirement Planning
Importance of Early Planning
Starting early for retirement ensures you benefit from the power of compounding, leading to a larger corpus.

NPS: Invest in NPS for its dual benefit of retirement planning and tax savings.
Equity Mutual Funds: Continue SIPs in equity mutual funds to build a significant corpus over time.
Child Planning and Future Expenses
Anticipating Future Costs
Planning for a child involves anticipating expenses related to healthcare, education, and other needs.

Investment Strategy
Child-Specific Mutual Funds: These funds are designed to meet the financial needs of children.
PPF and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): For long-term education planning, especially for a girl child.
Insurance Planning
Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance to cover medical emergencies. Consider a family floater plan for comprehensive coverage.

Life Insurance
Adequate life insurance ensures financial security for your family in case of unforeseen events. Term insurance is the most cost-effective option.

Tax Planning
Maximizing Tax Benefits
Utilize tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, such as PPF, NPS, and ELSS mutual funds. Consider tax benefits from health insurance premiums under Section 80D.

Investment Allocation
Balance your investments between debt and equity to optimize tax savings and returns. Ensure you take full advantage of tax deductions available.

Reviewing and Adjusting Your Plan
Periodic Review
Regularly review your financial plan to ensure it remains aligned with your goals and market conditions.

Be flexible and adjust your investment strategies based on life changes, such as career growth, birth of a child, or changes in financial goals.

Sample Investment Plan
Short-Term Goals (1-5 years)
Emergency Fund: Rs. 10,000 per month in a high-yield savings account until Rs. 2,04,000 is saved.
Recurring Deposit: Rs. 5,000 per month for immediate goals.
Long-Term Goals (5+ years)
PPF: Rs. 12,000 annually for tax savings and long-term growth.
NPS: Rs. 6,500 per month for retirement planning.
Equity Mutual Funds: Rs. 20,000 per month for wealth creation.
Child Education Fund: Rs. 10,000 per month in child-specific mutual funds or Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana.
Ensuring Adequate Insurance Coverage
Health Insurance
Coverage Amount: Rs. 5 lakhs for you and your spouse.
Premium: Allocate Rs. 1,000 monthly for health insurance.
Life Insurance
Coverage Amount: 10 times your annual income.
Premium: Term insurance premium of Rs. 500 monthly.
Creating a Balanced Portfolio
Ensure your portfolio is diversified across different asset classes to manage risk and maximize returns.

Periodically rebalance your portfolio to maintain the desired asset allocation based on your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Managing Debt
Home Loan Considerations
If you plan to buy a house, ensure your home loan EMI does not exceed 40% of your take-home pay.

Credit Card and Other Debts
Avoid high-interest debts like credit card balances. If necessary, consolidate and pay off these debts quickly.

Leveraging Your Spouse’s Income
Joint Planning
Combine your spouse's income for a comprehensive financial plan. Allocate her income towards joint financial goals and emergency fund.

Investment Strategy
Encourage your spouse to invest in tax-saving instruments and SIPs to complement your financial plan.

Final Insights
By starting early and following a disciplined approach, you can achieve both your short-term and long-term financial goals.

Focus on building an emergency fund first, then diversify your investments across various asset classes for optimal growth. Ensure adequate insurance coverage and regularly review your financial plan to stay on track.

Invest in tax-saving instruments to maximize returns and tax benefits. Planning for future expenses, such as child education and retirement, will ensure financial stability and peace of mind.

Seek guidance from a Certified Financial Planner to tailor these strategies to your specific needs and goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Apr 13, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Apr 13, 2024Hindi
Hi, I am 34 years old and I work as a IT consultant and my wife is a homemaker and we have a 6 months old son. My salary is 26 Lakhs and currently I have about 15 Lakhs of savings and 15 Lakhs of funds parked in Shares. I dont have a house and a car. Please suggest on how to invest for home and car in about next 5-7 years and investment for child future education and marriage.
Ans: Congratulations on your new son! It sounds like you're in a good financial position to plan for your future goals. Here are some thoughts on how to invest for your home, car, and child's future:

Emergency Fund:

Before diving into investments for bigger goals, ensure you have a solid emergency fund. Aim for 3-6 months of your living expenses to cover unexpected costs. You can park this in a high-interest savings account or liquid funds for easy access.
Home and Car:

Timeline: With a 5-7 year timeframe, you can consider a mix of investments for your down payment on a house and car.
Down Payment: Typically, a 20% down payment is recommended for a house loan to avoid private mortgage insurance (PMI).
Investment Options:
Debt Funds: Invest a portion in low-risk debt funds that offer moderate returns with lower volatility than stocks.
Balanced Mutual Funds: Consider balanced mutual funds that invest in a mix of stocks and bonds, offering a balance between growth and stability.
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) in Equity Mutual Funds: A small monthly SIP in diversified equity mutual funds can potentially offer higher returns over the long term, but be aware of market fluctuations.
Child's Education and Marriage:

Investment Horizon: You have a long investment horizon for your child's future. This allows you to consider growth-oriented investments.
Investment Options:
Equity Mutual Funds: A regular SIP in equity mutual funds allows you to benefit from compounding returns over the long term.
Child Plans: Explore child-specific investment plans offered by insurance companies. These plans provide insurance coverage along with a maturity benefit for your child's education or marriage. These may not offer the highest returns but can provide tax benefits and life insurance coverage.
Government Schemes: Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) for a girl child offers good interest rates and tax benefits.
Here are some additional tips:

Do your research: Before investing in any financial product, research different options and understand the risks involved.
Seek professional financial advice: Consider consulting a registered financial advisor who can create a personalized plan based on your specific needs and risk tolerance.
Review Regularly: Review your investments periodically and adjust your asset allocation as your goals and risk tolerance change.
Remember: This is a general guideline, and the best investment strategy will depend on your specific circumstances. Be sure to factor in your risk tolerance, financial goals, and investment time horizon when making any investment decisions.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 19, 2024

Hi Sir. I am a female 30 yrs having a kid of 3 yrs. My monthly take home is 90k. My expenses include 20k monthly. Remaining 70k needs to be invested for my son's future ( education, marriage, higher studies,vehicle,etc) and my retirement. Please help me with investment plans as well as tax saving plans. I am just aware of govt scheme of investing 2lakhs for girls and take along with interest of 2.3 lakhs approx. Apart from this I don't have much knowledge and guidance on investment. Pls help me sir
Ans: Understanding Your Financial Situation
You are 30 years old with a 3-year-old son. Your monthly take-home pay is Rs 90,000, and your expenses are Rs 20,000. This leaves you with Rs 70,000 to invest each month. Your goals include saving for your son's education, marriage, higher studies, vehicle, and your own retirement.

Evaluating Your Financial Goals
1. Son’s Education and Marriage:

You need to save for your son’s primary and higher education, as well as his marriage. Education costs are rising, so starting early is wise.

2. Your Retirement:

Planning for retirement early ensures a comfortable and financially secure future.

Strategic Asset Allocation
Diversification is key to balancing growth and stability in your portfolio. Allocate funds across equity, debt, and other investment options.

Equity Investments
Equity investments are essential for long-term wealth creation. They offer high returns, which can help you beat inflation and grow your corpus significantly.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds are managed by professionals who aim to outperform the market. These experts adjust the portfolio based on market conditions, seizing opportunities and mitigating risks.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Index funds track the market index and cannot outperform it. They lack the flexibility to adapt to market changes. Actively managed funds, on the other hand, can provide better returns due to their dynamic nature.

Debt Investments
Debt investments provide stability to your portfolio. They offer fixed returns and are less risky compared to equities. Consider high-quality debt instruments like corporate bonds, government securities, and debt mutual funds.

Tax Saving Investments
Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a long-term investment option with tax benefits under Section 80C. It offers safety, attractive interest rates, and tax-free returns.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a government-backed pension scheme that provides tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD. It offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)
ELSS mutual funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C and have the potential for high returns. They come with a lock-in period of three years, making them a good option for long-term goals.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
Though you mentioned a government scheme for girls, Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) is specifically designed for the girl child. However, it is not applicable to your son.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
SIP is a method of investing in mutual funds where you invest a fixed amount regularly. It helps in disciplined investing and benefits from rupee cost averaging.

Creating a Corpus for Education and Marriage
Child Education Plan
1. Identify the Goal:

Estimate the cost of your son’s education, including school, college, and possibly overseas education.

2. Investment Horizon:

Since your son is 3 years old, you have a long-term horizon of around 15-20 years.

3. Asset Allocation:

Start with a higher allocation to equities for growth. Gradually shift to debt as the goal approaches to preserve capital.

4. Regular Investment:

Invest a part of your monthly surplus (Rs 70,000) in a mix of equity and debt funds through SIPs. This ensures disciplined investing and harnesses the power of compounding.

Child Marriage Plan
1. Identify the Goal:

Estimate the cost of your son’s marriage, considering inflation.

2. Investment Horizon:

Assuming your son marries at 25, you have a 22-year horizon.

3. Asset Allocation:

Similar to the education plan, start with a higher equity allocation and shift to debt as the goal approaches.

4. Regular Investment:

Allocate a portion of your monthly surplus to SIPs in equity and balanced funds.

Retirement Planning
Setting Up a Retirement Corpus
1. Estimate Your Retirement Needs:

Calculate the amount you need for a comfortable retirement. Consider your current lifestyle, inflation, and expected longevity.

2. Investment Horizon:

You have around 30 years until retirement. This long horizon allows you to take advantage of compounding.

3. Asset Allocation:

Start with a higher allocation to equities for growth. Gradually increase the allocation to debt as you approach retirement to reduce risk.

4. Regular Investment:

Invest a significant portion of your monthly surplus in a mix of equity, balanced, and debt funds. This ensures a diversified portfolio that balances growth and stability.

Tax Planning Strategies
Section 80C Investments
Utilize the Rs 1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C by investing in options like PPF, ELSS, NPS, and fixed deposits.

Health Insurance
Health insurance premiums are deductible under Section 80D. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage for yourself and your son.

National Pension System (NPS)
Contributions to NPS are eligible for an additional deduction of Rs 50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B). This is over and above the Rs 1.5 lakh limit of Section 80C.

Investing in Health
Investing in your health is as important as financial investments. A healthy lifestyle reduces future medical expenses. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and periodic health check-ups are essential.

Emergency Fund
Maintaining an emergency fund is crucial. It should cover at least six months of your living expenses. This fund provides financial security during unforeseen events and prevents you from dipping into your investments.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
How SWP Works
In an SWP, you invest a lump sum in a mutual fund. You can then choose to withdraw a fixed amount at regular intervals—monthly, quarterly, or annually. This withdrawal is sourced from both the capital gains and the principal amount, ensuring that you have a steady income stream.

Advantages of SWP
Regular Income: SWP provides a predictable and regular income flow, which is essential for meeting monthly expenses post-retirement.

Tax Efficiency: Compared to fixed deposits, the capital gains in SWP are taxed at a lower rate. The taxation depends on the type of mutual fund and the holding period, making it a tax-efficient option for regular income.

Capital Growth: While you withdraw a fixed amount, the remaining investment continues to grow. This helps in countering inflation and preserving the capital.

Flexibility: You can choose the amount and frequency of withdrawals based on your financial needs. Additionally, you can stop or modify the SWP anytime without penalties.

Implementing SWP
To implement an SWP, follow these steps:

Choose the Right Mutual Fund: Select a mutual fund that aligns with your risk tolerance and income needs. Balanced funds or debt funds are typically preferred for SWP due to their stability and moderate returns.

Invest a Lump Sum Amount: Based on your income requirement, determine the lump sum amount needed. This should be invested in the chosen mutual fund.

Set Up SWP: Instruct the mutual fund company to set up the SWP with your desired withdrawal amount and frequency.

Monitor and Adjust: Regularly review your SWP and adjust if necessary. This ensures your withdrawals align with your financial goals and market conditions.

Reviewing Your Investments Regularly
Regular review of your investments is essential. Market conditions change, and your investment strategy should adapt accordingly. Periodic reviews with a Certified Financial Planner can help keep your investments on track and aligned with your goals.

Avoiding Direct Funds
Direct funds might seem cost-effective due to lower expense ratios, but they require deep market knowledge and constant monitoring. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner ensures professional management and better performance. Regular funds provide the benefit of expert advice and active management.

Final Insights
Securing a financially stable future for yourself and your son requires careful planning and disciplined execution. Diversify your investments across equity, debt, and tax-saving options to balance growth and stability. Maintain an emergency fund, ensure adequate insurance coverage, and regularly review your investments with a Certified Financial Planner. By following these steps, you can achieve financial independence and secure your son’s future and your retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 26, 2024

Hello, I'm 25 years old and working at a service-based company earning approximately 44,000 per month. I am the sole provider for my family, which includes my mother and younger sister (who has completed her education and is preparing for government jobs). My monthly expenses are around 20,000. Currently, I have no savings except for about 1 lakh in my Provident Fund (PF). Additionally, I've begun investing 4,000 per month in the Public Provident Fund (PPF) over the last 4 months. I lack knowledge about other investments like SIPs and mutual funds. I am planning to purchase health and term insurance soon. I am currently upskilling myself to secure a higher-paying job, which I aim to achieve by the end of this year. Presently, I live on rent but have plans to buy a home in the future. I can currently allocate 15,000 per month towards investments, with the intention of increasing this amount in the near future. Could you please suggest some suitable investment plans or schemes for me?
Ans: You’re doing an excellent job managing your finances and taking care of your family. Let's explore how you can enhance your investment strategy to achieve your financial goals.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
You are 25 years old, earning Rs. 44,000 per month. Your family depends on you, including your mother and younger sister. Your monthly expenses are around Rs. 20,000, and you’ve just started investing Rs. 4,000 per month in PPF. You have Rs. 1 lakh in your Provident Fund (PF) and no other savings. You’re also planning to purchase health and term insurance soon. You aim to buy a home in the future and currently live on rent. Additionally, you can allocate Rs. 15,000 per month towards investments.

Setting Financial Goals
Your main financial goals are:

Building an emergency fund
Investing for future growth
Securing health and term insurance
Saving for a future home purchase
Upskilling for a higher-paying job
Let’s break down how to achieve these goals.

Building an Emergency Fund
Importance of Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial. It helps you handle unexpected expenses without disrupting your financial plans. Aim to save at least 3-6 months’ worth of expenses.

Starting Small
Begin by setting aside a portion of your income each month. Given your expenses are Rs. 20,000, aim for an emergency fund of around Rs. 60,000 to Rs. 1,20,000.

Gradual Savings
You can start small and gradually increase the amount. For instance, allocate Rs. 5,000 per month initially. Once you achieve your emergency fund target, you can redirect this amount to other investments.

Investing for Future Growth
Understanding Investment Options
Investing in mutual funds and SIPs can offer higher returns compared to traditional savings methods. Let’s explore these options.

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)
SIPs allow you to invest a fixed amount regularly in mutual funds. This approach helps in averaging the cost of investment and leveraging the power of compounding.

Diversified Mutual Funds
Consider diversified mutual funds that invest across various sectors and companies. They offer a balanced risk-reward ratio and are managed by professional fund managers.

Balanced Advantage Funds
These funds dynamically manage the allocation between equity and debt. They provide a balance of growth and stability, ideal for investors with moderate risk tolerance.

Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)
ELSS funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C and have a lock-in period of three years. They invest primarily in equities and have the potential for high returns.

Securing Health and Term Insurance
Health Insurance
Health insurance is crucial to cover medical expenses and protect your savings. Choose a comprehensive policy that covers a wide range of illnesses and treatments.

Term Insurance
Term insurance provides financial security to your family in case of an unforeseen event. Opt for a term plan with adequate coverage based on your family’s needs and future goals.

Saving for a Future Home Purchase
Planning for Down Payment
Start saving for the down payment of your future home. Typically, lenders require a down payment of 20% of the home’s value.

Allocating Funds
You can allocate a portion of your monthly savings towards this goal. For example, you can set aside Rs. 5,000 per month for this purpose.

Long-term Investment
Consider long-term investments like PPF and mutual funds for your down payment fund. They offer good returns and help in accumulating a significant amount over time.

Upskilling for a Higher-paying Job
Investing in Education
Upskilling yourself is a great step towards securing a higher-paying job. Allocate time and resources to enhance your skills and qualifications.

Potential Income Increase
A higher-paying job will significantly improve your financial situation. It will enable you to save and invest more, achieving your financial goals faster.

Investment Strategy
Monthly Allocation
You can allocate your Rs. 15,000 monthly investment as follows:

Emergency Fund: Rs. 5,000
SIPs in Diversified Mutual Funds: Rs. 6,000
PPF: Rs. 4,000
Reviewing and Adjusting
Regularly review your investments and financial situation. Make adjustments as needed based on your income, expenses, and goals.

Evaluating Investment Options
Avoid Index Funds
Index funds might seem attractive due to lower fees, but they have limitations. They may not always beat inflation or provide superior returns consistently. Actively managed funds, with professional management, can offer better returns and adapt to market changes.

Benefits of Regular Funds
Direct funds require active management and market knowledge. Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers professional guidance and better fund selection. This can lead to better performance and peace of mind.

Final Insights
You’re on the right track with a clear focus on your financial goals. Prioritizing an emergency fund, investing for future growth, securing insurance, and planning for a home purchase are wise steps.

Start with small, manageable investments and gradually increase them as your income grows. Regularly review your financial situation and seek professional advice if needed. With dedication and strategic planning, you’ll achieve your financial goals effectively.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 04, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 30, 2024Hindi
I am 36 year old my salary is 75000, wife is house wife, have one son 6 year old, i can invest 30000 per month now, how i should invest so i can manage my kid studies and other expenses with making some retirement fund also. In future as my salary will increase i can increase investment.
Ans: It’s wonderful that you’re considering your family’s future and making a plan for your child’s education and your retirement. Let’s break down a comprehensive strategy for you.

Understanding Your Financial Goals
You have a clear goal to manage your child’s education and build a retirement fund. Investing Rs 30,000 per month is a great start. Let’s structure a plan that balances both objectives.

Investment Strategy Overview
You’re 36 years old, earning Rs 75,000 per month, and planning to invest Rs 30,000 monthly. Here’s how you can allocate your investments effectively.

Diversification: The Key to Balanced Growth
Diversification helps in spreading risk across various assets. By diversifying your investments, you can achieve growth and stability. Here's how you can do it:

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds are ideal for long-term growth. They invest in stocks, which can offer high returns. Here are some options:

Large-Cap Funds: These invest in well-established companies. They offer stable growth with lower risk.
Mid-Cap Funds: These invest in medium-sized companies. They have higher growth potential but come with moderate risk.
Small-Cap Funds: These invest in small companies. They offer high growth but are riskier.
Multi-Cap Funds: These invest in companies of all sizes. They provide diversification within equities.
Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds invest in fixed-income securities like bonds. They offer stable returns with lower risk. Here are some options:

Short-Term Debt Funds: Suitable for stability and liquidity.
Medium-Term Debt Funds: Offer better returns with moderate risk.
Long-Term Debt Funds: Suitable for long-term goals, providing higher returns with interest rate risk.
Balanced Funds
Balanced funds, also known as hybrid funds, invest in both equities and debt. They offer a balanced approach, providing growth and stability.

Allocating Your Monthly Investment
Here’s a suggested allocation for your Rs 30,000 monthly investment:

Equity Funds: Rs 18,000 (60%)
Debt Funds: Rs 9,000 (30%)
Balanced Funds: Rs 3,000 (10%)
This allocation balances growth potential with risk management.

Investing for Your Child’s Education
Your child’s education is a major goal. Planning ahead ensures you can meet future expenses. Here’s how you can do it:

Child Education Fund
Start a dedicated child education fund. Invest in equity mutual funds for long-term growth. Consider the following:

Equity Funds: Allocate a significant portion to large-cap and multi-cap funds. These offer stable growth over the long term.
SIP (Systematic Investment Plan): Invest a fixed amount regularly. SIPs help in averaging the cost and benefit from market fluctuations.
Regular Monitoring
Review the fund performance regularly. Adjust the investment strategy as needed to ensure it stays on track.

Building a Retirement Corpus
Planning for retirement early ensures you build a substantial corpus. Here’s how you can do it:

Retirement Fund
Start a dedicated retirement fund. Diversify across equity, debt, and balanced funds. Consider the following:

Equity Funds: Allocate to large-cap and multi-cap funds for growth.
Debt Funds: Allocate to short-term and medium-term debt funds for stability.
Balanced Funds: Allocate a small portion to balanced funds for a mix of growth and stability.
Power of Compounding
The power of compounding is a key factor in building your retirement corpus. The longer you stay invested, the more your money grows.

Managing Risk
Investing involves risk. Here’s how to manage it effectively:

Diversifying across various asset classes and fund types reduces risk. This ensures poor performance in one area is offset by better performance in another.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review your investments. Adjust your strategy based on market conditions and personal goals.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund. This ensures you don’t need to liquidate your investments during emergencies.

Increasing Investments with Salary Hikes
As your salary increases, you can increase your investments. Here’s how to plan for it:

Incremental Investments
Increase your monthly investments proportionally with your salary hikes. This boosts your investment corpus significantly over time.

Rebalance your portfolio regularly. Ensure your asset allocation aligns with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Strategy
Regular Monitoring
Monitor your investments every six months. Check fund performance and adjust your investments as needed.

Annual Review
Conduct a comprehensive review annually. Rebalance your portfolio to align with your changing financial goals and market conditions.

Final Insights
Your commitment to investing Rs 30,000 per month for your child’s education and retirement is commendable. By diversifying your investments across equity, debt, and balanced funds, you balance growth and stability.

Regular monitoring, rebalancing, and increasing investments with salary hikes ensure you stay on track to achieve your goals. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner ensures you get personalized advice tailored to your needs.

Your disciplined approach and strategic planning will lead you to a secure financial future for your family. Stay committed, stay informed, and keep your long-term goals in sight.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Is unrated safe to invest Sbi advantage Icici pru opportunities????
Ans: Unrated funds, like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities, lack official ratings from agencies. This doesn't necessarily mean they are bad options. It simply means they haven't been evaluated by rating agencies yet. This could be due to the funds being relatively new or less popular.

Risks and Considerations
Higher Risk
Unrated funds come with higher uncertainty. They do not have a track record to assess their performance and risk profile. This makes it challenging to predict their future performance.

Potential Rewards
Despite the higher risk, unrated funds can offer potential rewards. New funds often aim to attract investors by performing well initially. However, this is not guaranteed and requires careful consideration.

Investing in Funds with Better Track Records
Proven Performance
It is advisable to invest in funds with a proven track record. These funds have historical data showing how they perform in different market conditions. This provides more confidence in their future performance.

Stability and Reliability
Funds with better track records have demonstrated their ability to manage market volatility. They offer more stability and reliability, which is crucial for long-term investment goals.

Active vs. Index Funds
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform the market. Skilled fund managers make strategic decisions based on market conditions. This can lead to higher returns, especially in volatile markets.

Regular vs. Direct Funds
Advantages of Regular Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides professional guidance. CFPs help with fund selection and portfolio management. This ensures your investments align with your financial goals.

Final Insights
Investing in unrated funds like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities carries higher risk due to the lack of track record. It is generally safer to invest in funds with proven performance and a stable track record. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can help you make informed decisions and build a diversified portfolio.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
I am 30, married 2 years back. I earn around 1.08 lacs and wife earns around 70k. House rent is 30k. Car rent is 18k pending for 4 years more.Have almost no savings just emergency fund of 3L. Invest only in MF 18k pm and LIC 5k per month. Give 30-40k to parents monthly. Possible to generate 2 cr in 15 years? If yes then pls suggest
Ans: Current Financial Situation

You and your wife have a combined monthly income of Rs. 1.78 lakhs. Your monthly expenses include house rent of Rs. 30,000 and car rent of Rs. 18,000 for the next four years. You have an emergency fund of Rs. 3 lakhs and invest Rs. 18,000 per month in mutual funds and Rs. 5,000 per month in LIC. Additionally, you provide Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 to your parents monthly.

Goal Assessment

You aim to generate Rs. 2 crores in 15 years. This is achievable with disciplined savings and strategic investments.

Income and Expenses Analysis

Your combined income is Rs. 1.78 lakhs per month. After deducting rent (Rs. 48,000) and parental support (Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000), you have around Rs. 1 lakh left for other expenses, savings, and investments.

Current Investments

Mutual Funds: Rs. 18,000 per month
LIC: Rs. 5,000 per month
Investment Strategy Recommendations

Increase Monthly Savings

Try to increase your savings rate. Even a small increase in monthly savings can significantly impact your long-term goals.

Maximise Mutual Fund Investments

Continue with your mutual fund investments. Consider increasing the amount gradually. Mutual funds, especially equity funds, can offer higher returns over the long term.

Review LIC Policy

Review your LIC policy. If it is not yielding good returns, consider surrendering it. Reinvest the amount in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner before making any decisions.

Emergency Fund

Maintain your emergency fund. Ensure it covers 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a liquid or easily accessible account.

Debt Management

Car rent will continue for four more years. Once completed, redirect this amount to your savings and investments. Reducing debt will free up more funds for investments.

Retirement and Contingency Planning

Consider investing in a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced portfolio. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor this mix to your risk tolerance and goals.

Action Plan to Achieve Rs. 2 Crores

Increase Mutual Fund SIPs: Gradually increase your monthly SIPs in mutual funds. Aim to invest a higher portion of your surplus income.

Review Insurance Needs: Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance coverage. Review and adjust your policies as needed.

Long-term Investments: Focus on long-term equity investments. These can provide higher returns compared to other instruments.

Monitor and Rebalance Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance it to align with your financial goals and market conditions.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Control Discretionary Spending: Reduce unnecessary expenses. This will help you save more.

Joint Planning with Spouse: Work together with your spouse on financial planning. Joint efforts can amplify your savings and investments.

Final Insights

Achieving Rs. 2 crores in 15 years is possible. Increase your savings and strategic investments. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalised advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
I am 41 years old , with In-hand salary of 1.26L , Wife salary 79K , Home loan remaining 22 Laks for 11 years , Started Saving recently in Mutual Funds with Target of 40-50K investment per month , Invested 40K in HDFC small cap fund direct , Quant Focused 30K , Quant infrastructure 35K , quant small cap 60K , 50K in Quant ELss. Please suggest the Investment proportion and suggestive investment amount for comfortable retirement and Child Higher education
Ans: Overview of Current Financial Situation
You are 41 years old with an in-hand salary of Rs. 1.26 lakhs and your wife earns Rs. 79,000. You have a home loan balance of Rs. 22 lakhs for 11 years. You have recently started investing in mutual funds with a target of Rs. 40-50k per month. Your current investments are:

Rs. 40k in a small cap fund
Rs. 30k in a focused fund
Rs. 35k in an infrastructure fund
Rs. 60k in a small cap fund
Rs. 50k in an ELSS fund
Investment Proportion Analysis
Your portfolio is heavily skewed towards small cap and sector-specific funds. This strategy can be risky. Diversification is essential to balance risks and returns. Consider a mix of large cap, mid cap, and hybrid funds. This approach provides stability and growth.

Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to index funds. Fund managers use expertise to navigate market conditions. This advantage can outweigh the typically higher expense ratios.

Regular vs Direct Funds
Investing in regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) has benefits. CFPs offer professional advice, ongoing support, and portfolio adjustments. This guidance can help you achieve your financial goals effectively. Direct funds lack this personalized service and can be challenging to manage alone.

Suggested Investment Allocation
Large Cap Funds
Large cap funds provide stability. Allocate 25-30% of your monthly investment here. They are less volatile and offer steady returns over time.

Mid Cap Funds
Mid cap funds offer a balance between risk and return. Allocate 20-25% here. They have the potential for higher growth compared to large caps.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds
These funds combine equity and debt. They provide a cushion against market volatility. Allocate 15-20% of your investments in hybrid funds.

Small Cap and Sectoral Funds
Limit your exposure to small cap and sectoral funds to 20-25%. They can be volatile and should be balanced with more stable investments.

ELSS Funds
ELSS funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C. They also provide growth opportunities. Allocate 10-15% here, considering your tax-saving needs.

Monthly Investment Plan
Given your target of Rs. 40-50k per month, here is a suggested allocation:

Large Cap Funds: Rs. 10-12k
Mid Cap Funds: Rs. 8-10k
Balanced or Hybrid Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Small Cap and Sectoral Funds: Rs. 8-10k
ELSS Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Planning for Retirement and Child's Education
Retirement Planning
Estimate your retirement corpus based on your current lifestyle. Aim for a corpus that can sustain you comfortably. Consider inflation and rising expenses. Start a systematic investment plan (SIP) in diversified funds. Regular reviews with a CFP can keep your plan on track.

Child's Higher Education
Calculate the future cost of education. Consider inflation and rising fees. Start an SIP in diversified funds focused on education goals. ULIPs or other insurance-linked investments may not be ideal. Mutual funds offer better returns and flexibility.

Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is aggressive. Balancing it with large cap and hybrid funds will reduce risk. Investing regularly and reviewing your portfolio periodically is crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice. This ensures your goals of comfortable retirement and child's education are met.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4992 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Hello Sir I am Naveen and i am 31 years old, I am planning to retire at the age of 50 with 5 Cr and monthly income 1 L My Investment is PPF 400000 ULIP 250000 FD 100000 EPF 300000 NPS 200000(every year 50000 ) Stock 800000 MF 700000 Child plan Own house, taken Health insurance 20 L and Term insurance 1 Cr . Please advise me how much i need to increase my investment for my better retirement
Ans: Assessment of Current Financial Situation

You have diversified your investments across various financial instruments. Your goal to retire at 50 with Rs. 5 crore and a monthly income of Rs. 1 lakh is achievable with proper planning.

Current Investments

PPF: Rs. 4,00,000
ULIP: Rs. 2,50,000
FD: Rs. 1,00,000
EPF: Rs. 3,00,000
NPS: Rs. 2,00,000 (Rs. 50,000 yearly)
Stock: Rs. 8,00,000
Mutual Funds: Rs. 7,00,000
Child Plan: Amount not specified
Own House
Health Insurance: Rs. 20 lakh
Term Insurance: Rs. 1 crore
Financial Goals Analysis

Your goal requires disciplined saving and strategic investments. Let’s evaluate each aspect:

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a safe investment. It offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns. However, its limit restricts the amount you can invest yearly.

Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP)

ULIP combines insurance and investment. It may not be the best for high returns. Consider reviewing its performance and charges.

Fixed Deposit (FD)

FDs provide security but lower returns. Inflation can erode their value. Consider keeping only a portion in FDs.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF)

EPF is a stable option for long-term savings. It provides decent returns and tax benefits. Continue contributing.

National Pension System (NPS)

NPS is beneficial for retirement. It offers market-linked returns and tax benefits. Your current contribution of Rs. 50,000 yearly is good.

Stock Market

Stocks can yield high returns but come with risks. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. Diversify to mitigate risks.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are good for wealth creation. Choose funds based on your risk appetite. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for advice on fund selection.

Child Plan

Ensure the plan meets your child’s future education needs. Evaluate its performance and adjust if necessary.

Health and Term Insurance

You have sufficient coverage. Ensure to review and increase if needed with inflation.

Additional Investment Recommendations

To achieve your retirement goal, you need to increase investments. Here’s how:

Increase Mutual Fund Investments

Mutual funds offer potential for high returns. Increase SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to choose the best funds.

Review and Adjust ULIP

Evaluate the charges and performance of ULIPs. If returns are low, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for advice.

Maximize NPS Contributions

Increase your NPS contributions. It will enhance your retirement corpus and provide tax benefits.

Invest in Stocks Wisely

Continue investing in stocks. Diversify across sectors and regularly review. Stay updated with market trends.

Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund. Ensure it’s 6-12 months of your expenses. Park it in liquid funds for easy access.

Retirement Corpus Calculation

Without specific calculations, aim to increase your investments by 10-15% annually. This will help you reach your Rs. 5 crore goal.

Final Insights

Your current investment strategy is strong. However, regular review and adjustments are crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. Stay disciplined and focused on your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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