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Ramalingam Kalirajan4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 11, 2024

Asked on - Jun 11, 2024Hindi

I have just retired for service. I have 80 lakhs in shares and 80 lks in Mutual fund. I have 40000 monthly expense which I plan to do through SWP. Plus need 4 lakhs yearly for my daughter's education which will be for another 4 years. Plus I will need 3 lakhs as investment which I have to do i.e in Medical Insurance and other HDFC Ulip, HDFC crest schemes which are running. How should I invest for the above need. Regards AD
Ans: Comprehensive Financial Planning for Retirement
Firstly, congratulations on your retirement! You've reached an important milestone, and it’s commendable that you've accumulated a substantial portfolio. Planning for your future expenses and investments is crucial, especially now. Let's take a closer look at your financial situation and outline a comprehensive strategy to meet your needs.

Assessing Current Financial Assets
You have Rs 80 lakhs in shares and Rs 80 lakhs in mutual funds. This totals to a significant Rs 1.6 crores in liquid investments. Given your monthly expenses of Rs 40,000 and additional annual requirements, we need a balanced approach.

Monthly Expenses and SWP
A systematic withdrawal plan (SWP) from your mutual funds is a prudent choice. Assuming a conservative annual return of 8% from your mutual funds, let's see how SWP works.

Monthly Expenses: Rs 40,000
Annual Requirement: Rs 40,000 * 12 = Rs 4,80,000
To cover Rs 4,80,000 annually from SWP, you need to set aside an amount that generates this income. At 8% return, you would need approximately Rs 60 lakhs in mutual funds dedicated to SWP.

Annual Education Expenses
Your daughter's education requires Rs 4 lakhs annually for the next four years. You should set aside a separate corpus to cover these expenses without disrupting your monthly cash flow.

Total Education Requirement: Rs 4 lakhs * 4 years = Rs 16 lakhs
Investing this amount in a less volatile fund or a debt-oriented mutual fund ensures stability and meets the specific timeline.

Additional Investment for Insurance
You mentioned a need for Rs 3 lakhs annually for medical insurance and other investment schemes like HDFC Ulip and HDFC Crest. First, evaluate the performance and benefits of these schemes.

ULIP and Other Investment Schemes
Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) often come with high charges and may not be the best investment vehicle. Consider the possibility of surrendering these policies and reallocating the funds into more efficient investment avenues.

Annual Insurance and Investment Requirement: Rs 3 lakhs
It’s essential to maintain medical insurance, but investing in ULIPs might not be optimal. Instead, consider pure term insurance for protection and mutual funds for investment.

Reallocating Existing Assets
Rs 80 lakhs in shares is a significant portion of your portfolio. While equity investments are crucial for growth, they come with higher volatility. It’s essential to balance this with safer investments.

Review Portfolio: Assess the performance and risk of your current shares.
Diversify: Consider reallocating a portion to more stable instruments like debt funds or balanced funds to mitigate risk.
Emergency Fund: Maintain a liquid emergency fund equivalent to at least 6-12 months of expenses.
Mutual Funds
Your Rs 80 lakhs in mutual funds should be diversified across different categories.

Debt Funds for Stability: Allocate a portion to debt funds for safety and predictable returns.
Equity Funds for Growth: Keep a balanced exposure to equity funds to ensure long-term growth.
Balanced Funds: These provide a mix of equity and debt, offering a balanced risk-reward ratio.
Building a Sustainable Withdrawal Plan
To ensure your monthly and annual needs are met without depleting your corpus, let’s outline a detailed withdrawal strategy.

Step-by-Step Plan
SWP Allocation: Dedicate Rs 60 lakhs from mutual funds to an SWP, generating Rs 40,000 monthly.
Education Fund: Allocate Rs 16 lakhs to a less volatile debt-oriented fund for your daughter’s education.
Insurance and ULIPs: Evaluate and possibly surrender ULIP policies. Use Rs 3 lakhs annually for medical insurance, invested in safer funds.
Expected Returns and Withdrawal Impact
Assuming a balanced portfolio with an average return of 8%, here’s how your withdrawals impact the corpus:

SWP from Mutual Funds: Rs 60 lakhs
Education Fund: Rs 16 lakhs
Insurance Fund: Rs 3 lakhs annually
Detailed Financial Assessment
Your total requirement annually (expenses + education + insurance) is Rs 4.8 lakhs + Rs 4 lakhs + Rs 3 lakhs = Rs 11.8 lakhs.

To sustain this, you need a mix of growth and stability in your portfolio. Let’s break this down further:

Total Annual Requirement: Rs 11.8 lakhs
Total Corpus: Rs 1.6 crores
If Rs 60 lakhs is allocated to SWP, generating Rs 4.8 lakhs annually, you still have Rs 1 crore to manage the remaining Rs 7 lakhs (education and insurance).

Rs 16 lakhs for education: Invested in a debt fund, assuming a 6% return, generates Rs 96,000 annually.
Remaining Corpus: Rs 84 lakhs
Optimizing Remaining Investments
Safety Net: Maintain an emergency fund of Rs 5-10 lakhs in a savings account or liquid fund.
Balanced Investments: Use the remaining Rs 74-79 lakhs in a balanced mix of equity and debt funds to generate the required Rs 7 lakhs annually.
Expected Returns
Equity Portion (50%): Rs 37.5 lakhs at 10% return = Rs 3.75 lakhs
Debt Portion (50%): Rs 37.5 lakhs at 6% return = Rs 2.25 lakhs
This totals Rs 6 lakhs, close to your annual need. Adjusting the equity-debt mix slightly can help cover any shortfall.

Regular Review and Adjustment
It's vital to review your portfolio periodically to ensure it aligns with your goals and market conditions.

Quarterly Review: Assess the performance and rebalance as needed.
Annual Review: Reevaluate your financial plan based on changes in expenses, returns, or personal circumstances.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
While passive index funds have gained popularity, actively managed funds offer potential advantages:

Expert Management: Professionals manage these funds, aiming to outperform benchmarks.
Flexibility: Active managers can adapt to market changes, potentially reducing losses in volatile markets.
Potential for Higher Returns: Actively managed funds might offer better returns, although they come with higher fees.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct mutual funds, while having lower expense ratios, require investor expertise.

Complexity: Direct funds need active monitoring and rebalancing.
Time-Consuming: Investors must stay updated with market trends and fund performance.
Risk of Underperformance: Without professional guidance, there’s a risk of poor investment decisions.
Advantages of Regular Funds with a CFP
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers several benefits:

Expert Guidance: CFPs provide tailored advice based on your financial goals and risk tolerance.
Regular Monitoring: They track your investments and suggest timely adjustments.
Comprehensive Planning: CFPs help in holistic financial planning, including tax, retirement, and estate planning.
Final Insights
Your retirement portfolio and planning are impressive. With careful allocation and regular reviews, you can comfortably meet your monthly and annual financial needs. The key is to balance growth and stability, ensuring your corpus lasts throughout your retirement.

By following a structured approach, leveraging the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner, and periodically reviewing your investments, you can enjoy a financially secure and fulfilling retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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