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Ramalingam Kalirajan5056 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked on - Jul 04, 2024Hindi

Sir Iam due to retire from an MNC in Month of Dec 24 The following are my finances EPF 85 Lakhs, PPF 26 Lakhs, Post office savings 25 Lakhs Mutual Funds : 18 Lakhs NPS : 15 Lakhs Bank FD 20 Lakhs Iam having my my paternal house My wife is a working professional Still having 5 years of service I do not have any children My monthly expenses after retirement say will be 65000 how to allocate my financial portfolio from above savings only without taking anything from my spouse is it possible.
Ans: Retirement is a significant milestone that marks the transition from active employment to a period of financial independence and leisure. It's crucial to ensure that your financial portfolio is well-structured to meet your needs and maintain your lifestyle. Your diligent savings and investments have set a solid foundation. Let’s explore how to allocate your resources efficiently to sustain your monthly expenses of Rs. 65,000 without relying on your spouse's income.

Understanding Your Financial Portfolio
Employee Provident Fund (EPF)
Your EPF amount of Rs. 85 lakhs is a substantial corpus. This fund is designed to provide long-term security and is a crucial part of your retirement planning. The interest earned on EPF is tax-free, making it an attractive component of your portfolio.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your PPF savings of Rs. 26 lakhs offer tax-free returns. PPF is a secure and risk-free investment with a decent interest rate. It’s a suitable vehicle for long-term wealth accumulation.

Post Office Savings
With Rs. 25 lakhs in post office savings, you benefit from government-backed security and regular interest income. These savings offer stable returns and are an essential part of your low-risk investment strategy.

Mutual Funds
You have Rs. 18 lakhs in mutual funds, which are likely to include a mix of equity and debt funds. Mutual funds provide the potential for higher returns compared to traditional savings options, with a moderate risk level.

National Pension System (NPS)
Your NPS corpus of Rs. 15 lakhs is aimed at providing a pension post-retirement. NPS is designed to offer a steady income stream and tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD.

Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs)
The Rs. 20 lakhs in bank FDs provide guaranteed returns and high liquidity. FDs are a safe investment option, offering fixed interest over a specified period.

Assessing Your Monthly Expenses
Post-retirement, you anticipate monthly expenses of Rs. 65,000. This includes household expenses, healthcare, utilities, and other necessities. Let’s break down how to generate this income from your existing savings and investments.

Allocating Your Financial Portfolio
Liquidity and Emergency Fund
Maintaining liquidity is crucial for unexpected expenses. Allocate Rs. 10 lakhs from your bank FDs towards an emergency fund. This ensures you have readily accessible funds for any unforeseen circumstances.

Regular Income Stream
To cover your monthly expenses, we need to generate a steady income stream. Here’s a suggested allocation:

Monthly Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP) from Mutual Funds
SWPs allow you to withdraw a fixed amount from your mutual fund investments at regular intervals. This provides a consistent cash flow without liquidating your entire investment.

Allocate Rs. 10 lakhs from your mutual funds for SWP.
Assume a conservative withdrawal rate of Rs. 20,000 per month.
Interest Income from Fixed Deposits
Bank FDs provide regular interest income.

Use the remaining Rs. 10 lakhs in FDs to generate monthly interest income.
Assuming an interest rate of 6%, this can provide approximately Rs. 5,000 per month.
Monthly Pension from NPS
Upon retirement, you can opt for a monthly pension from your NPS.

Convert 40% of your NPS corpus (Rs. 6 lakhs) into an annuity.
This can provide a steady monthly pension, contributing around Rs. 3,000 to Rs. 4,000 per month.
Utilizing EPF and PPF for Long-Term Needs
Your EPF and PPF can be utilized for long-term financial security. These funds can be kept intact to grow tax-free and can be used for large, infrequent expenses.

Let the EPF corpus continue to earn interest.
Withdraw funds only when necessary for significant expenses like healthcare or major purchases.
Continue earning interest on your PPF savings.
Withdraw from PPF after the lock-in period, if required, for lump-sum needs.
Post Office Savings for Supplementary Income
Post office savings can provide supplementary income through interest earnings.

Allocate Rs. 20 lakhs to remain in post office savings.
This can generate approximately Rs. 10,000 per month in interest income.
Health and Medical Expenses
Healthcare costs can be a significant part of post-retirement expenses. It’s essential to have a dedicated fund for medical needs.

Allocate Rs. 5 lakhs from your post office savings for a healthcare fund.
This ensures you have funds set aside for medical emergencies.
Strategic Withdrawal Plan
Having a strategic withdrawal plan ensures that your funds last through your retirement years.

Monthly Expenses: Use the interest from FDs, SWP from mutual funds, and pension from NPS to cover your monthly expenses of Rs. 65,000.

Annual Review: Annually review your financial plan to adjust withdrawals based on market performance and personal needs.

Healthcare Fund: Maintain a separate healthcare fund to avoid dipping into your primary retirement corpus for medical expenses.

Risk Management and Diversification
Diversifying your investments helps mitigate risks. Your current portfolio is well-diversified across various asset classes, providing a balanced mix of growth and stability.

Equity Exposure
Retaining some equity exposure through mutual funds allows for growth potential. This counters inflation and ensures your portfolio continues to grow.

Debt Exposure
Your PPF, post office savings, and FDs offer stability and security. These low-risk investments ensure your principal amount is protected.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your risk tolerance and financial goals.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform index funds by leveraging the expertise of fund managers. These funds adapt to market changes, aiming to deliver superior returns.

Professional Management: Expert fund managers actively monitor and adjust the portfolio.
Flexibility: Actively managed funds can respond to market trends and opportunities.
Potential for Higher Returns: These funds aim to beat the benchmark indices.
Final Insights
Your retirement planning is on a strong footing with a diversified and well-structured portfolio. By allocating your financial resources judiciously, you can generate a steady income stream to meet your monthly expenses and maintain your desired lifestyle.

EPF and PPF: Preserve for long-term security.
Post Office Savings: Utilize for supplementary income and healthcare fund.
Mutual Funds and FDs: Generate regular income through SWP and interest earnings.
NPS: Convert to a monthly pension for consistent income.
Regularly review your financial plan and adjust based on changing needs and market conditions. This strategic approach ensures financial stability and peace of mind in your retirement years.

You have made commendable efforts in building a robust financial portfolio. Your prudent savings and investments will provide a comfortable and secure retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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