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Ramalingam Kalirajan4830 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 13, 2024

Asked on - Jun 13, 2024Hindi

Hello sir, I am a 41 year old, have a dependend wife and 10 yr old daughter. I have a monthly income of 2.20 lakh in hand, 1 lakhs in equity stocks, 15 lakhs in MF lumpsum, 10 lakh in FD and 7 lakh in NSC. I pay 35,000 for SIP monthly, pay PPF 10,000 monthly, pay 5,000 monthly for NPS and pay SSY for daughter 12,000 monthly and PPF for wife 12,000 monthly. How should i plan my retirement corpus?? Is it enough or shall i invest more?? I want to plan retirement at the age of 52.
Ans: Planning for Retirement: A Comprehensive Guide

Assessing Your Current Financial Position

You have shared valuable details about your current financial situation. It is evident that you have a strong foundation with various investments and savings. This shows a commendable level of financial discipline and foresight. Your monthly income is Rs 2.20 lakh, and you have significant investments in different financial instruments. Let's break down your current investments:

Equity Stocks: Rs 1 lakh
Mutual Funds (MF) Lumpsum: Rs 15 lakh
Fixed Deposit (FD): Rs 10 lakh
National Savings Certificate (NSC): Rs 7 lakh
Monthly SIP: Rs 35,000
Public Provident Fund (PPF): Rs 10,000
National Pension System (NPS): Rs 5,000
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) for your daughter: Rs 12,000
PPF for your wife: Rs 12,000
This diversified portfolio shows a balanced approach, combining equity, fixed income, and government-backed savings schemes. Each investment has a role to play in your overall financial plan.

Setting Retirement Goals

Planning for retirement is essential, especially when you aim to retire early at the age of 52. This gives you 11 more years to build a robust retirement corpus. The key to a successful retirement plan is to estimate your future needs and ensure your investments align with those needs.

Your current lifestyle and expenses will impact your retirement needs. You need to consider inflation, medical expenses, and lifestyle changes post-retirement. It's crucial to have a clear vision of the lifestyle you wish to maintain during retirement.

Evaluating Existing Investments

Let's evaluate the efficiency of your current investments:

Equity Stocks: You have Rs 1 lakh in equity stocks. Equity investments are crucial for long-term growth. However, individual stock investments can be volatile and risky. It’s essential to diversify and periodically review your stock portfolio.

Mutual Funds (MF): You have Rs 15 lakh in mutual funds and contribute Rs 35,000 monthly through SIPs. Mutual funds are an excellent choice for diversification and professional management. Actively managed funds often outperform passive funds, as fund managers can adapt to market changes.

Fixed Deposit (FD): With Rs 10 lakh in FDs, you have a secure, low-risk investment. However, the returns may not keep pace with inflation. It’s essential to balance FDs with higher-yield investments.

National Savings Certificate (NSC): Rs 7 lakh in NSCs provides guaranteed returns and tax benefits. However, like FDs, the returns may not beat inflation.

Public Provident Fund (PPF): You contribute Rs 10,000 monthly to PPF. PPF offers tax benefits and a decent interest rate, making it a good long-term investment.

National Pension System (NPS): Contributing Rs 5,000 monthly to NPS is a smart move for retirement planning. NPS provides market-linked returns with an added tax benefit.

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): Rs 12,000 monthly towards SSY for your daughter is an excellent choice. SSY offers high interest rates and is a secure investment for her future.

PPF for Wife: Contributing Rs 12,000 monthly to PPF for your wife is beneficial. It ensures her financial security with tax benefits.

Assessing Future Needs

To plan your retirement corpus effectively, we need to assess your future needs. Consider the following factors:

Living Expenses: Estimate your current monthly expenses and adjust for inflation to project future expenses.
Healthcare: Anticipate higher medical costs as you age.
Lifestyle Goals: Consider travel, hobbies, or any new pursuits you plan to enjoy post-retirement.
Daughter’s Education and Marriage: Ensure you allocate funds for your daughter's higher education and marriage.
Projecting Retirement Corpus

Based on your future needs, we can project the retirement corpus required. Without specific calculations, let's outline the steps:

Estimate Monthly Expenses: Consider your current expenses and project them with an annual inflation rate.
Account for Medical Costs: Healthcare costs typically increase with age.
Consider Lifestyle Changes: Factor in any new activities or travel plans.
Include Contingencies: Always have a buffer for unexpected expenses.
Once you have a monthly expense estimate, multiply it by the number of years you expect to live post-retirement. This gives a rough estimate of the required corpus.

Enhancing Your Investment Strategy

Given your current investments and goals, let’s explore how to enhance your strategy:

Increase Equity Exposure: Considering your long-term horizon, increasing exposure to equity mutual funds can provide higher returns. Actively managed funds, with professional fund managers, can help achieve better performance compared to index funds.

Review and Rebalance Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals. Rebalancing helps maintain the desired asset allocation and mitigates risk.

Increase SIP Contributions: Gradually increase your SIP contributions to benefit from compounding. This disciplined approach can significantly boost your corpus.

Diversify Investments: Diversify within asset classes to reduce risk. Consider various mutual fund categories and sectors.

Tax Efficiency: Utilize tax-efficient instruments to maximize returns. Investments like PPF, NPS, and SSY offer tax benefits under different sections of the Income Tax Act.

Addressing Disadvantages of Index Funds and Direct Funds

Index funds, while popular, have certain disadvantages. They passively track indices and may underperform during market downturns. Active funds, managed by experts, can adapt to market conditions and potentially offer better returns.

Direct funds may seem cost-effective, but they require more research and active management. Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures professional guidance, better fund selection, and periodic reviews. CFPs provide personalized advice, helping you navigate complex financial decisions.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan

Retirement planning is not a one-time activity. Regular monitoring and adjustments are essential to stay on track. Here are some steps to ensure your plan remains effective:

Annual Reviews: Conduct annual reviews of your financial plan. Assess performance, rebalance your portfolio, and make necessary adjustments.

Life Changes: Adjust your plan for any significant life changes, such as job changes, health issues, or family needs.

Stay Informed: Keep yourself updated on market trends, new investment opportunities, and regulatory changes.

Seek Professional Advice: Regularly consult with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) to ensure your strategy aligns with your goals.

Final Insights

You have a solid foundation for your retirement planning with diversified investments. To ensure a comfortable retirement at 52, focus on increasing equity exposure, maximizing tax efficiency, and regularly reviewing your portfolio. Working with a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) will provide you with expert guidance and personalized advice.

Your disciplined approach to savings and investments is commendable. By continuing to plan strategically and adjusting as needed, you can achieve your retirement goals and secure a financially stable future for your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

Asked on - Jun 17, 2024 | Answered on Jun 17, 2024
Thanks sir. I stay in own house. N no debts..And for my daughter's education I purchased LiC Child Money Back Plan and sbi life. Also family health insurance of 10 lac. My monthly expenses around 50k. Till date my PF is 26 lac. I want my retirement corpus around 3 cr.
Ans: Strengths:

High Income: Your monthly income of Rs 2.20 lakh is a significant advantage for saving and investing.
Debt-Free: Being debt-free allows you to direct your entire income towards savings and investments.
Diversified Portfolio: You have a good mix of investments across various asset classes, including equity (stocks and mutual funds), fixed income (FDs, NSCs), and government-backed savings schemes (PPF, NPS, SSY).
Discipline: Consistent investments through SIPs, PPF, NPS, and SSY demonstrate a strong commitment to saving.
Health Insurance: Having a Rs 10 lakh family health insurance policy provides financial security in case of medical emergencies.
Areas for Improvement:

Equity Allocation: While you have some equity exposure, consider increasing it for potentially higher long-term returns, given your 11-year investment horizon until retirement.
Active vs. Passive Funds: Actively managed mutual funds, with professional management, might outperform index funds, especially during market downturns.
Direct vs. Advisor-assisted Investments: While direct funds have lower fees, consider the benefits of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) for personalized advice, fund selection, and portfolio reviews.
Steps to reach your Rs 3 crore retirement corpus:

Estimate Retirement Needs:

Project your monthly expenses after retirement, factoring in inflation and potential healthcare costs.
Consider lifestyle goals like travel or hobbies.
Include funds for your daughter's education and marriage (if not already covered by existing plans).
Calculate Required Corpus:

Multiply your estimated monthly expenses by the number of years you expect to be in retirement.
Gap Analysis:

Compare the calculated corpus with your existing investments and projected future contributions.
This will reveal the gap you need to bridge.
Enhance Investment Strategy:

Increase your SIP contributions in equity mutual funds to benefit from compounding.
Consider a consultation with a CFP for personalized advice on asset allocation, fund selection, and tax optimization.
Monitor and Adjust:

Regularly review your portfolio performance and rebalance as needed to maintain your desired asset allocation.
Adjust your plan for life changes like job transitions or health concerns.
Stay updated on market trends and investment opportunities.
Additional Considerations:

You already own a house, eliminating housing costs in retirement.
Your existing investments in PPF, NPS, and SSY offer tax benefits.
Continue with these tax-efficient instruments while exploring options for higher equity exposure.
By following these recommendations and strategically increasing your investments, you can be well on your way to achieving your Rs 3 crore retirement corpus goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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