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Ramalingam Kalirajan5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 22, 2024

Asked on - May 14, 2024

Money
I need to get 5 crore in 15 years. How much should I invest in small cap to achieve the target
Ans: Achieving a financial goal of Rs. 5 crore in 15 years is ambitious but attainable with a disciplined investment approach. While small-cap funds can offer high returns, they also come with significant risks. This comprehensive guide will help you understand how to balance potential gains with risk management and provide a clear investment strategy.

Understanding Small-Cap Funds
What Are Small-Cap Funds?

Small-cap funds invest in companies with small market capitalization. These companies are usually in the early stages of growth, offering substantial growth potential.

High Returns with High Risk

Small-cap funds can yield high returns, often outperforming large-cap and mid-cap funds during bull markets. However, they are highly volatile and can suffer significant losses during market downturns.

Risk Assessment in Small-Cap Investments
Market Volatility

Small-cap stocks are more volatile than their large-cap counterparts. They are sensitive to market fluctuations, which can lead to significant price swings.

Liquidity Issues

Small-cap stocks tend to have lower trading volumes. This can lead to liquidity problems, making it difficult to buy or sell shares without affecting the stock price.

Business Risks

Smaller companies may face greater business risks, such as limited resources, less established market presence, and higher susceptibility to economic changes.

Calculating Investment Needs
Target Corpus Calculation

To achieve Rs. 5 crore in 15 years, you need to understand the required annual return. Assuming a high annual return of 15%, the amount you need to invest can be calculated using compound interest formulas.

Investment Strategy for Achieving Rs. 5 Crore
Diversification

While small-cap funds can be part of your portfolio, diversification is crucial. Consider a mix of small-cap, mid-cap, and large-cap funds to balance risk and return.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Investing through SIPs helps in averaging the purchase cost and mitigating market volatility. Consistent monthly investments ensure disciplined investing.

How Much to Invest in Small-Cap Funds?
Example Calculation

To estimate the monthly SIP amount needed to reach Rs. 5 crore in 15 years, assuming a 15% annual return:
Future Value (FV)
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Future Value (FV)=Rs.5,00,00,000
Annual Return (r)
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Annual Return (r)=15%
Using a SIP calculator, you can determine the required monthly investment.

Consideration of Risk

Given the high risk associated with small-cap funds, it's advisable to allocate only a portion of your investment to them. A balanced approach would involve investing in other fund categories as well.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Expert Management

Actively managed funds are overseen by professional fund managers who can navigate market volatility and make informed investment decisions.

Potential for Outperformance

These funds aim to outperform market indices, providing opportunities for higher returns compared to passive index funds.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Lack of Professional Guidance

Direct funds have lower expense ratios but require investors to make all decisions independently. This can be challenging without professional expertise.

Time-Consuming

Managing investments without guidance can be time-consuming and stressful. Regular funds, through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), offer the benefit of expert advice.

Recommended Investment Allocation
Balanced Portfolio

Small-Cap Funds: 20-30% of your portfolio, given their high risk and potential high returns.
Mid-Cap and Large-Cap Funds: 40-50%, providing stability and moderate growth.
Debt Funds: 20-30%, to balance risk and ensure liquidity.
Regular Review and Rebalancing

Regularly review your portfolio and rebalance it to maintain your desired asset allocation. This helps in managing risk and optimizing returns.

Conclusion
Investing in small-cap funds can significantly contribute to achieving your goal of Rs. 5 crore in 15 years. However, it's essential to understand and manage the associated risks. A diversified investment strategy, combining small-cap, mid-cap, and large-cap funds, along with debt funds, will provide a balanced approach.

Seek Professional Guidance

Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to tailor an investment strategy suited to your risk appetite and financial goals. This ensures that you make informed decisions and stay on track to achieve your objectives.

Best Regards,
K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

www.holisticinvestment.in
(more)
Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan5092 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 21, 2024

Asked on - May 14, 2024Hindi

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Money
I need to get 5 crore in 15 years for my children higher study.. Marriage and my early retire... How much should I invest in mutual fund to achieve the target.... My current income is 2 lakh per month and monthly expenses of 1.7 lakh per month
Ans: Firstly, let me commend you on your foresight in planning for your children's higher education, marriage, and your early retirement. It's crucial to start early and set clear financial goals to ensure a secure future for yourself and your loved ones.

Understanding Your Financial Goal

Your goal of accumulating ?5 crore in 15 years for various life events requires careful financial planning and disciplined savings. It's essential to assess your current financial situation and determine the required investment amount to achieve this target.

Analyzing Income and Expenses

Your monthly income of ?2 lakh and expenses of ?1.7 lakh indicate a healthy surplus that can be utilized for investments. It's commendable that you have a comfortable margin between your income and expenses, which provides room for savings and investments.

Estimating Required Investment Amount

To estimate the required investment amount to accumulate ?5 crore in 15 years, we need to consider factors such as:

Time Horizon: With a 15-year investment horizon, you have a reasonable timeframe to achieve your goal, allowing you to benefit from the power of compounding.

Rate of Return: The expected rate of return on your investments plays a crucial role in determining the required investment amount. While past performance is not indicative of future results, historical data can provide insights into potential returns.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP): Investing through SIPs allows you to regularly invest fixed amounts over time, leveraging the benefits of rupee cost averaging and compounding.

Calculating Required Monthly Investment

Based on the estimated rate of return and investment horizon, we can calculate the required monthly investment amount to achieve your target corpus of ?5 crore in 15 years. By factoring in the power of compounding, we can determine the optimal investment strategy to reach your financial goal.

Assuming a conservative rate of return on your investments, we can use financial planning tools to calculate the monthly SIP amount needed to accumulate ?5 crore in 15 years. By inputting variables such as the expected rate of return, investment duration, and target corpus, we can arrive at the required monthly investment amount.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed mutual funds offer several advantages over passive index funds or ETFs:

Professional Management: Skilled fund managers actively monitor market trends and adjust portfolio allocations to capitalize on growth opportunities, potentially leading to higher returns.

Customized Strategies: Actively managed funds employ dynamic investment strategies tailored to market conditions and investment objectives, providing investors with a personalized approach to wealth accumulation.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Direct funds require investors to research and select funds independently, which can be time-consuming and challenging for those with limited financial knowledge. Additionally, the absence of professional advice may result in suboptimal investment decisions and higher risks.

Benefits of Regular Funds Investing through MFD with CFP Credential

Investing in regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credentialled Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) offers several benefits:

Professional Guidance: A CFP-certified MFD provides personalized investment advice tailored to your financial goals and risk profile, helping you make informed decisions.

Access to a Wide Range of Funds: MFDs offer access to a diverse range of mutual funds, including both actively managed and index funds, enabling you to build a well-rounded investment portfolio.

Final Words

Achieving a target corpus of ?5 crore in 15 years requires a disciplined savings approach and strategic investment planning. By investing regularly in mutual funds through SIPs and leveraging the benefits of compounding, you can work towards realizing your financial aspirations.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in
(more)
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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