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Financial Planner - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

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Asked by Anonymous - Jun 13, 2024Hindi
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Ours is a family of 3 people -- My wife, I and my daughter who is 15. I am 39, my wife is 37 and our monthly expenses are Rs 90K. I own my house and expect to have no fixed income after 65 years, and expect to live till 75. Considering the ever increasing price rise what should be my corpus at 65 for me to continue living the life style I am living today?

Ans: Calculating your retirement corpus:

Here's how to estimate the corpus you'll need to maintain your current lifestyle after retirement:

1. Retirement period:

You plan to retire at 65 and expect to live till 75. So, your retirement period is 75 - 65 = 10 years.

2. Inflation adjustment:

You've rightly considered inflation. To estimate future expenses, we need to factor in inflation. A safe assumption for India is 5-7% inflation. Let's take an average of 6%.

3. Current monthly expenses:

You spend Rs 90,000 per month currently.

4. Future monthly expenses:

To find the monthly expense at retirement (at 65), we need to consider inflation for 26 years (39 years till retirement + 10 years retirement).

You can use an inflation calculator online or a simple formula:

Future monthly expense = Current monthly expense * (1 + Inflation rate)^number of years

In your case, Future monthly expense = Rs 90,000 * (1 + 0.06)^26 ≈ Rs 3,28,550 (approximately Rs 3.29 lakh)

5. Total corpus calculation:

Now you can calculate the total corpus needed. Here's a common approach:

Total corpus = Monthly expense * Number of years in retirement * 12 (months)

However, this method doesn't consider the fact that you'll be withdrawing money every month, reducing the corpus. A more accurate method is using the Time Value of Money (TVM) concept. There are online TVM calculators or Excel functions you can use.

Here's an alternative approach that provides a reasonable estimate:

Multiply the future monthly expense (Rs 3.29 lakh) by a factor considering inflation over the period. This factor can vary depending on your risk tolerance and investment strategy. A factor of 200 is often used as a conservative estimate.
Total corpus = Rs 3.29 lakh/month * 200 (factor) = Rs 6.58 crore (approximately Rs 658 million)

Additional factors to consider:

• Daughter's future expenses: Your daughter will be an adult by the time you retire. While she won't be financially dependent, consider any potential future support you might want to provide for her education or marriage.
• Healthcare costs: Healthcare expenses tend to increase with age. Factor in potential medical needs during retirement.
• Debt: If you have any outstanding debt by the time you retire, you'll need to account for its repayment in your corpus calculation.
• Investment returns: The corpus amount assumes a certain rate of return on your investments. Research different investment options and their potential returns to refine your calculations.

Recommendation:

Consult a financial advisor for a personalised retirement plan considering your specific financial situation, risk tolerance, and investment goals. They can help you create a more comprehensive plan and suggest suitable investment strategies to achieve your corpus target.

Remember, this is an estimate. Regularly review your plan and adjust it based on changing circumstances.
DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.
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Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 26, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Mar 16, 2023Hindi
Money
Family of 2, 55 Years, no loans, monthly expenses Rs.70K, own house, no fixed income after say 62 years, normal like expectancy 80 years (anything can happen though) - What should be corpus on hand at 62 years to continue same life style considering ever growing inflation. Thanks.
Ans: Understanding Retirement Planning Needs

Planning for retirement is crucial for financial security. At 55, you have some years to build your corpus. Considering your current lifestyle, expenses, and inflation is essential for accurate planning.

Current Expenses and Future Projections

Your monthly expenses are Rs 70,000. To maintain the same lifestyle after retirement, consider inflation. Inflation reduces purchasing power over time. This means your expenses will increase in the future.

Calculating Future Monthly Expenses

Assume an average inflation rate of 6%. Your monthly expenses of Rs 70,000 today will be significantly higher by the time you turn 62. Using an inflation rate of 6%, your future expenses can be calculated.

Estimating Retirement Corpus

To sustain your lifestyle, you need to estimate the total corpus required. This corpus should cover your expenses from age 62 to your expected lifespan, which is 80 years.

Factoring in Inflation

Assuming your expenses grow due to inflation, the corpus calculation must factor in this growth. This ensures your corpus is adequate for future needs.

Inflation-Adjusted Expenses

At 6% inflation, expenses will increase. For example, Rs 70,000 today will be more in 7 years. Calculating future expenses accurately ensures you set aside enough funds.

Retirement Corpus Calculation

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help calculate your exact retirement corpus. They will consider your current expenses, inflation, and expected lifespan.

Importance of Investing Wisely

Investments play a crucial role in building your retirement corpus. Diversify your investments to balance risk and returns. Equities, debt, and hybrid funds should be part of your portfolio.

Equity Investments

Equity investments are vital for growth. They offer higher returns but come with higher risks. Choose funds with a good track record and experienced fund managers.

Debt Investments

Debt investments provide stability. They offer lower returns but are less volatile. Including debt funds in your portfolio balances the risk from equity investments.

Hybrid Investments

Hybrid funds offer a balanced approach. They invest in both equities and debt. This provides a mix of growth potential and stability, suitable for moderate risk-takers.

Avoiding Index Funds

Index funds mimic market indices and do not aim to outperform. They lack the potential for higher returns that actively managed funds offer. In retirement planning, actively managed funds can provide better growth.

Advantages of Actively Managed Funds

Actively managed funds have fund managers making investment decisions. These managers aim to outperform the market, potentially offering higher returns than index funds.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds

Direct funds require self-management and market knowledge. Regular funds, managed by professionals, offer expert guidance and timely rebalancing, ensuring alignment with financial goals.

Role of a Certified Financial Planner

A Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice. They assess your financial situation, risk tolerance, and goals, creating a comprehensive plan for your retirement.

Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing

Regularly monitor and rebalance your portfolio. This ensures your investments remain aligned with your goals and risk profile. Rebalancing involves adjusting your portfolio based on performance and market conditions.

Setting Clear Financial Goals

Define clear financial goals for your retirement. Knowing your goals helps in creating a focused investment strategy. This includes setting aside funds for healthcare, travel, and other post-retirement needs.

Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses. This fund should be liquid and easily accessible. It provides financial security in case of emergencies.

Healthcare Expenses

Plan for healthcare expenses post-retirement. Medical costs tend to increase with age. Including healthcare in your retirement planning ensures you are financially prepared for medical needs.

Considering Longevity

Your retirement corpus should last throughout your retirement years. Consider the possibility of living beyond the average life expectancy. This ensures financial security in the later years of life.

Consolidating Investments

Consider consolidating your investments for better management. Fewer, well-chosen funds make monitoring and rebalancing easier. This also reduces the complexity of managing multiple investments.

Long-Term Investment Horizon

A long-term investment horizon allows for market fluctuations. Staying invested over the long term can help in achieving better returns through the power of compounding.

Tax Planning

Incorporate tax planning in your retirement strategy. Understanding tax implications on your investments and withdrawals can help in optimizing your returns and ensuring tax efficiency.

Conclusion

Planning for retirement is essential for maintaining your lifestyle. Considering inflation, investment options, and professional guidance will help in building an adequate retirement corpus. Regular monitoring and rebalancing ensure your investments stay on track.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 25, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 16, 2024Hindi
Money
Hi, I am 28 years old. I earn 1 lakh monthly & have no savings as of now. I am bachelor and no plans of marriage as I want to retire at 35 & start my spiritual journey. I don't have any loans. I have started SIP of 30k per month with 10% increase every year. My current expenses are around 15k per. I am expecting per month expenses of around 30k per month including inflation after 7 yrs when I retire at 35. I have my term life insurance & health insurance already in place by my parents. Let's assume I live till the age of 80 yrs. What courpus of money should I have to live comfortable life & how to plan for that? Thanks.
Ans: Planning to retire early, especially by 35, and then leading a spiritual life is a unique and commendable goal. I appreciate your focus and dedication. Let’s dive into how you can achieve this dream step by step, ensuring you have enough to live comfortably until 80 years.

Understanding Your Financial Needs
To start with, let's break down your financial journey and requirements.

Current Financial Situation:

You earn Rs. 1 lakh monthly, with no current savings but a clear investment plan.

Your monthly expenses are around Rs. 15,000, which is quite manageable given your income.

Investment Strategy:

You've started a SIP of Rs. 30,000 per month, which is a solid move.

Increasing it by 10% annually is wise and shows foresight in managing inflation and growing your investments.

Future Expenses:

You expect monthly expenses to rise to Rs. 30,000 in 7 years, accounting for inflation.

This seems reasonable given typical inflation rates and your lifestyle expectations.

Long-Term Financial Goal:

You plan to retire at 35 and need funds to last till 80, which is 45 years.
Estimating the Required Corpus
To live comfortably after retirement with an expected Rs. 30,000 monthly expense adjusted for inflation, you need to calculate how much you’ll need saved up. Let’s break it down:

Monthly Expenses in Future Terms:

At retirement in 7 years, Rs. 30,000 is your expected monthly need.

Considering an annual inflation rate of around 6%, Rs. 30,000 today would likely equate to Rs. 45,000 in 7 years.

Annual Expenses:

Your annual expenses would be Rs. 45,000 x 12 = Rs. 5,40,000.
Corpus Calculation:

You’ll need to cover 45 years of these expenses.

A rough estimate would suggest you need Rs. 5,40,000 annually, multiplied by the number of years you expect to live post-retirement.

To factor in inflation and ensure your corpus lasts, we use the "4% rule" in reverse to calculate the required corpus.

According to this rule, to withdraw Rs. 5,40,000 annually, your corpus should be 25 times this amount, i.e., Rs. 5,40,000 x 25 = Rs. 1.35 crores approximately.

To account for inflation and other contingencies, it’s safe to aim for a corpus of Rs. 2 crores.

Strategic Investment Approach
Given your goal, let’s outline a robust investment strategy:

Continue with SIP:

Your current SIP of Rs. 30,000 is a great start. With a 10% annual increase, it will significantly grow your corpus.

By investing in equity mutual funds, you can expect returns averaging 12% per annum over the long term.

Use a combination of large-cap, mid-cap, and flexi-cap funds to diversify and maximize returns.

Increase Contributions:

As your income grows, try to save and invest more than the planned 10% increase.

The more you can invest now, the more compounding will work in your favor.

Diversify Investments:

Consider adding debt funds or balanced funds to reduce risk and provide stability.

As you near retirement, gradually increase your exposure to safer, less volatile assets.

Emergency Fund:

Maintain a separate emergency fund to cover at least 6 months of your expenses.

This fund should be in a highly liquid form like a savings account or a short-term fixed deposit.

Monitoring and Adjusting Your Plan
Regularly reviewing and adjusting your financial plan is crucial to stay on track. Here’s how to keep your plan aligned with your goals:

Annual Review:

Annually review your investments and financial situation. Assess whether you’re on track to meet your retirement corpus goal.

Adjust your SIP contributions if you can afford to increase them more.

Rebalance Portfolio:

Periodically rebalance your investment portfolio to maintain your desired asset allocation.

This ensures that you are not overly exposed to one asset class, minimizing risk.

Stay Updated on Financial Goals:

Keep yourself informed about changes in the financial markets and economic conditions.

Adapt your investment strategy to any major shifts that could impact your goals.

Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
When it comes to building a corpus for early retirement, actively managed funds have distinct advantages over index funds:

Higher Potential Returns:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform the market, providing higher returns over the long term.

Skilled fund managers can leverage market opportunities, especially in a growing economy like India.

Flexibility:

These funds can adapt to changing market conditions, investing in sectors or stocks that are expected to perform well.

This dynamic approach is particularly beneficial when planning for a significant goal like early retirement.

Professional Management:

Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures you get expert advice tailored to your needs.

CFPs help in selecting the right funds and managing your portfolio effectively.

Disadvantages of Direct Funds
While direct funds save on distributor fees, they have some drawbacks, especially for someone planning an early retirement:

Complexity and Time Commitment:

Managing direct funds requires significant time and expertise in selecting and monitoring investments.

Without professional guidance, it’s easy to make mistakes that could impact your financial goals.

Lack of Personalized Advice:

Direct investors miss out on personalized financial advice and strategies provided by an MFD or CFP.

Expert advice is crucial in complex financial planning, especially for early retirement.

Stress and Uncertainty:

The responsibility of tracking and managing investments can be stressful, especially without a financial background.

Having a CFP ensures peace of mind and confidence in your financial plan.

Preparing for Non-Financial Aspects of Retirement
Financial planning is crucial, but preparing for retirement involves more than just money:

Define Your Post-Retirement Goals:

Clearly outline your plans for your spiritual journey and lifestyle after retirement.

This clarity will help you align your financial goals with your life goals.

Health and Wellness:

Maintain a healthy lifestyle to ensure you can enjoy your retirement years.

Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and mental well-being practices are essential.

Stay Engaged and Active:

Plan activities or hobbies that keep you engaged and fulfilled during retirement.

This could include volunteering, traveling, or pursuing personal interests.

Build a Support System:

Cultivate a strong social network to provide emotional support and companionship.

Staying connected with family, friends, and community can enhance your retirement experience.

Final Insights
Your goal of retiring at 35 to pursue a spiritual journey is inspiring. With focused planning and disciplined investing, you can achieve it. Here’s a summary to keep you on track:

Target Corpus:

Aim for a retirement corpus of at least Rs. 2 crores to ensure a comfortable life till 80.
Strategic Investing:

Continue with your SIP, increasing it annually. Diversify your portfolio with a mix of equity and debt funds.
Professional Guidance:

Leverage the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner to optimize your investments and achieve your goals.
Regular Monitoring:

Review your financial plan annually and adjust your investments as needed.
Balance Financial and Non-Financial Planning:

Prepare for the lifestyle and emotional aspects of retirement, ensuring a fulfilling and rewarding journey.
By following these steps and maintaining a disciplined approach, you’ll be well on your way to achieving your dream of early retirement and embarking on your spiritual journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

Ramalingam

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 04, 2024

Money
We are family of 3 . My husband 43 myself 40 daughter 10 years .No loans .monthly earnings 4 lakhs . savings approx 1.5 cr approx in mfs etc .we plan to retire at 55 . Monthly expenses is 1 lakh approx . What corpus should we be looking at consideration of inflation and also to maintain the lifestyle today
Ans: Let’s delve into your financial situation and chart out a path to ensure a comfortable retirement at 55.

Current Financial Snapshot
Family: You are 40, your husband is 43, and you have a 10-year-old daughter.

Income: Combined monthly earnings are Rs. 4 lakhs.

Expenses: Monthly expenses are around Rs. 1 lakh.

Savings: Approximately Rs. 1.5 crores in mutual funds and other investments.

Retirement Goal: Plan to retire at 55.

Retirement Goals and Planning
To retire comfortably at 55 and maintain your current lifestyle, you need to account for inflation and future expenses.

Estimating Future Expenses
Current Monthly Expenses: Rs. 1 lakh

Inflation Rate: Let's assume an average inflation rate of 6% per annum.

Calculating Future Monthly Expenses
Your expenses will increase due to inflation. Here’s how you can estimate it:

Future Monthly Expenses:

In 15 years (when you retire at 55), your Rs. 1 lakh today will not be worth the same due to inflation.
With an assumed inflation rate of 6%, your expenses could rise significantly.
Lifestyle Maintenance:

To maintain the same lifestyle, you need to plan for increased expenses.
Let's calculate the corpus required to sustain these future expenses.
Corpus Calculation for Retirement
You need a retirement corpus that generates enough income to cover your future expenses without depleting the principal amount too quickly.

Factors to Consider:
Retirement Duration: Plan for at least 30 years of retirement.
Post-Retirement Inflation: Consider a lower inflation rate post-retirement, say 4%.
Expected Returns: Assume a conservative return on investments post-retirement, around 7%.
Investment Strategy for Building Corpus
1. Enhance Existing Investments
Your current savings in mutual funds are a great start. Here’s how to enhance it:

Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs):

Increase your monthly SIPs to benefit from compounding.
Choose a diversified portfolio of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds.
Equity Mutual Funds:

Continue investing in equity mutual funds for growth.
Ensure a balanced portfolio with a mix of high-risk and low-risk funds.
2. Diversify with Debt Instruments
While equity provides growth, debt instruments offer stability and safety.

Debt Mutual Funds:

Invest in debt mutual funds for a stable return.
Choose funds with a mix of short-term and long-term bonds.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):

PPF is a safe, tax-efficient investment.
Continue or start contributing to PPF for assured returns.
3. Gold Investments
Gold acts as a hedge against inflation and market volatility.

Gold Sovereign Bonds:
Continue holding gold bonds for diversification.
Consider periodic investments in gold during price dips.
4. Retirement Specific Plans
Invest in instruments specifically designed for retirement to ensure a steady income post-retirement.

National Pension System (NPS):

NPS offers good returns with tax benefits.
It’s a good option for long-term retirement planning.
Employee Provident Fund (EPF):

Ensure you maximize contributions to EPF.
It’s a safe, tax-efficient option.
Risk Management and Insurance
1. Health Insurance
Adequate health insurance is crucial to cover medical expenses without dipping into your savings.

Health Insurance Coverage:
Ensure you have comprehensive health insurance for the family.
Consider adding critical illness cover for extra protection.
2. Life Insurance
Life insurance ensures your family is financially secure in your absence.

Term Insurance:
Ensure both you and your husband have adequate term insurance.
The coverage should be at least 10-15 times your annual income.
Education and Marriage Planning for Daughter
Education Fund:

Start a dedicated investment plan for your daughter’s education.
Consider child-specific mutual funds or equity funds for long-term growth.
Marriage Fund:

Similarly, start saving for her marriage.
SIPs in diversified equity funds can be a good option.
Regular Monitoring and Review
Regularly review your investment portfolio to ensure it aligns with your goals.

Annual Review:

Review and rebalance your portfolio at least once a year.
Adjust investments based on market conditions and life changes.
Performance Tracking:

Track the performance of your mutual funds and other investments.
Replace underperforming funds with better options after thorough research.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can provide better returns compared to passive index funds. Here’s why:

Professional Management:

Fund managers actively monitor and adjust the portfolio.
They make strategic decisions based on market conditions.
Higher Returns Potential:

Actively managed funds aim to outperform benchmarks.
They can provide higher returns in the long run.
Disadvantages of Direct Funds
Direct funds have lower expense ratios but come with certain challenges:

Research and Management:

Investing in direct funds requires thorough research and regular monitoring.
This can be time-consuming and challenging for individuals.
Lack of Professional Guidance:

Without the expertise of a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), you might miss out on strategic investment opportunities.
Advantages of Regular Funds
Investing through a Mutual Fund Distributor (MFD) with CFP credentials offers several benefits:

Expert Advice:

You receive professional advice tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance.
CFPs provide a comprehensive financial plan, considering all aspects of your financial life.
Convenience:

The MFD handles all the paperwork and administrative tasks, making the investment process hassle-free.
Final Insights
Retiring at 55 with a comfortable lifestyle is achievable with disciplined investing and strategic planning. Your current financial position is strong, and with a structured approach, you can reach your retirement goals.

Focus on enhancing your existing investments, diversifying your portfolio, and planning for your daughter’s future needs. Regularly review and adjust your investment strategy to stay on track.

With dedication and prudent planning, you can secure a prosperous retirement and enjoy financial freedom.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

www.holisticinvestment.in

..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.

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