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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 06, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 02, 2024Hindi

Hi, i am 44 years old. Have 35 lakhs in PF, 30 Lakhs in MF , around 3 lakhs in stocls, 6 lakhs in FDs , home loan of 12 lakhs, 1 house is in litigation though and second house i am joint owner with my father with 30: share. I am single . I want to retire by 55. How should i plan my retirement funds.

Ans: Planning for retirement is a crucial step, especially if you aim to retire by 55. Given your current financial situation, let's create a comprehensive retirement plan. This plan will consider your assets, liabilities, and future financial needs to ensure a secure and comfortable retirement.

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation
Existing Assets and Liabilities
You have a good start with Rs 35 lakhs in PF, Rs 30 lakhs in mutual funds, Rs 3 lakhs in stocks, and Rs 6 lakhs in fixed deposits. You also have a home loan of Rs 12 lakhs, and two properties, one in litigation and one shared with your father.

Net Worth Calculation
Let's calculate your net worth by subtracting your liabilities from your assets.


PF: Rs 35 lakhs
Mutual Funds: Rs 30 lakhs
Stocks: Rs 3 lakhs
Fixed Deposits: Rs 6 lakhs
Total Assets: Rs 74 lakhs

Home Loan: Rs 12 lakhs
Total Liabilities: Rs 12 lakhs
Net Worth:

Total Assets - Total Liabilities = Rs 74 lakhs - Rs 12 lakhs = Rs 62 lakhs
Your current net worth is Rs 62 lakhs.

Retirement Goals and Expenses
Determining Retirement Corpus
To determine how much you need to retire comfortably, estimate your annual expenses post-retirement. Factor in inflation, healthcare costs, and any other regular expenses. Suppose you estimate your annual expenses to be Rs 6 lakhs today.

Assuming an average inflation rate of 6%, your expenses in 11 years will be:11.3 6 Lacs.

To maintain this lifestyle for 25 years post-retirement, you need a corpus that supports annual withdrawals of Rs 11.36 lakhs, adjusted for inflation. Assuming a safe withdrawal rate of 4%: Required corpus approx = 2.84 Crores.

Investment Strategy
Maximizing Existing Investments
Provident Fund (PF):
Continue contributing to your PF to benefit from the guaranteed returns and tax advantages. This will be a stable part of your retirement corpus.

Mutual Funds:
Given your substantial investment in mutual funds, ensure they are diversified across equity and debt funds. Equity funds offer growth, while debt funds provide stability. Aim for a mix that aligns with your risk tolerance and investment horizon.

Stocks can offer high returns but come with higher risk. Review your stock portfolio and consider diversifying to reduce risk. Focus on blue-chip stocks for stability and potential growth.

Fixed Deposits:
Fixed deposits offer safety but low returns. Consider shifting a portion of your FDs to higher-yield investments like mutual funds or debt funds to enhance returns.

Reducing Liabilities
Home Loan Repayment:
Prioritize paying off your home loan. This reduces interest burden and improves cash flow. Consider using a portion of your fixed deposits or mutual funds to expedite repayment.
Addressing Real Estate Issues
Litigation Property:
Legal issues can be lengthy and uncertain. Keep a close watch and consult with a legal advisor. Avoid relying on this property for your retirement corpus.

Joint Ownership Property:
Discuss future plans with your father regarding the jointly owned property. Ensure clarity on ownership and future use or sale.

Enhancing Savings and Investments
Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Start or increase your SIPs in mutual funds. SIPs help in disciplined investing and rupee cost averaging, which is beneficial for long-term wealth creation.

Diversify your investments across various asset classes. This includes equity, debt, and other financial instruments. Diversification reduces risk and enhances potential returns.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a savings account or liquid funds.

Insurance Coverage
Health Insurance
Ensure your mediclaim policy offers adequate coverage. Health costs can significantly impact your savings, especially post-retirement.

Life Insurance
Evaluate your life insurance coverage. If you hold LIC policies or other investment-linked insurance, consider their returns. If they are not meeting your expectations, consider surrendering them and redirecting the funds to more efficient investments.

Tax Planning
Utilizing Tax Benefits
Maximize tax-saving investments under Section 80C. This includes PF, PPF, ELSS, and other eligible instruments. Utilize the tax benefits to reduce your taxable income and increase your savings.

Long-Term Capital Gains
Plan your investments to take advantage of long-term capital gains tax benefits. Equity investments held for more than a year qualify for lower tax rates, enhancing your post-tax returns.

Regular Portfolio Review
Periodic Assessments
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Adjust allocations based on market conditions and personal circumstances. A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can assist in periodic reviews and rebalancing.

Staying Informed
Stay updated with financial news and trends. Financial literacy empowers you to make informed decisions and adapt your strategy as needed.

Appreciating Your Efforts
Your proactive approach to retirement planning is commendable. At 44, you have substantial savings and a clear goal. This disciplined approach will ensure a secure and comfortable retirement.

Achieving a comfortable retirement by 55 requires careful planning and disciplined execution. Assess your current financial situation, set clear goals, and choose the right investment options. Regularly review and adjust your plan with the help of a Certified Financial Planner. Stay consistent, patient, and informed. Your dedication and effort will pave the way to financial success.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

Asked on - Jun 29, 2024 | Answered on Jun 29, 2024
Can you suggest some good mutual funds to invest?
Ans: When seeking mutual fund recommendations, consider factors like your investment goals (e.g., retirement, wealth creation), risk tolerance, time horizon, and financial situation. Remember, in online forums, it's not advisable to suggest specific mutual fund schemes. Consulting a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) ensures you receive personalized advice that suits your individual needs.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 03, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 03, 2024Hindi
I am 53 and I have 20 lakh in FD, 27 lak in PPF, 4 lakh in MF, 40 lakh in EPF and two houses worth 1.5 cr. Pension fund lic of 50lakh which will start from 2027. I want to retire by 55. How to plan for retirement
Ans: Planning for Retirement at 55

Retirement planning is crucial, especially when aiming for early retirement. You have made significant progress with diverse investments. Let’s evaluate and create a comprehensive plan to achieve your retirement goals.

Current Financial Situation

You have Rs 20 lakh in fixed deposits (FD), Rs 27 lakh in Public Provident Fund (PPF), Rs 4 lakh in mutual funds (MF), and Rs 40 lakh in Employees' Provident Fund (EPF). Additionally, you have two houses worth Rs 1.5 crore and a pension fund from LIC worth Rs 50 lakh starting in 2027. These assets form a solid foundation for your retirement plan.

Evaluating Fixed Deposits

Fixed deposits are safe but offer moderate returns. At age 55, FDs can be a stable source of income. However, consider diversifying to balance safety with higher returns.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF offers tax-free returns and safety. Its lock-in period makes it suitable for long-term savings. Continue contributing to PPF until retirement to maximise benefits.

Mutual Funds (MF)

Your mutual fund investment is currently Rs 4 lakh. Consider increasing this amount for potentially higher returns. Actively managed funds offer better growth compared to index funds.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF)

EPF is a reliable retirement corpus. Ensure it remains intact until retirement. Withdraw it only when necessary to avoid penalties and maximise growth.

Pension Fund from LIC

Your LIC pension fund will start in 2027, providing additional income. Plan interim strategies to bridge the income gap between 55 and 2027. This ensures a smooth transition into full retirement.

Evaluating Real Estate

You own two houses worth Rs 1.5 crore. Real estate provides substantial value but isn’t very liquid. Consider the rental income potential or downsizing if necessary to unlock liquidity.

Retirement Income Needs

Estimate your monthly expenses post-retirement. Include living costs, healthcare, travel, and leisure. Ensure your retirement income comfortably covers these expenses. Aim for a surplus to account for unexpected costs.

Creating an Income Strategy

To retire at 55, your strategy should focus on generating steady income from your investments.

Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP)

SWPs from mutual funds can provide regular income. They offer flexibility and tax efficiency. Choose a mix of equity and debt funds to balance growth and stability.

Debt Funds

Debt funds are suitable for conservative investors. They provide moderate returns with lower risk. Include them in your portfolio to ensure stability and regular income.

Balanced Funds

Balanced funds invest in both equities and debt. They offer moderate risk and moderate returns. They are ideal for maintaining a balance between safety and growth.

Maintaining Emergency Funds

Keep an emergency fund separate from your retirement corpus. It should cover at least six months of expenses. This ensures you don’t dip into your investments for unexpected costs.

Healthcare Planning

Healthcare costs can be significant in retirement. Ensure you have adequate health insurance coverage. Consider a separate healthcare fund to cover out-of-pocket expenses.

Tax Planning

Effective tax planning can enhance your retirement income. Invest in tax-efficient instruments like PPF and debt funds. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner to structure your investments for optimal tax benefits.

Inflation Consideration

Inflation erodes purchasing power over time. Choose investments that offer returns higher than the inflation rate. This ensures your income remains sufficient throughout retirement.

Regular Funds vs. Direct Funds

Regular funds offer professional management and guidance. They ensure your investments align with your goals. Direct funds might seem cheaper but lack expert advice, which can be crucial for optimal returns.

Monitoring and Reviewing Investments

Regularly review your investment portfolio. Adjust allocations based on market conditions and personal circumstances. This proactive approach ensures your investments stay aligned with your goals.

Asset Allocation

Diversify your investments across different asset classes. A balanced mix of equity, debt, and fixed income instruments can optimise returns while managing risk. This ensures stability and growth.

Professional Guidance

A Certified Financial Planner can provide personalised advice. They help in structuring your portfolio to match your retirement goals. Professional guidance ensures a comprehensive and effective retirement plan.

Post-Retirement Activities

Consider part-time work or consulting to stay active and earn additional income. This can provide a sense of purpose and supplement your retirement income. Explore hobbies and activities to maintain a fulfilling lifestyle.

Estate Planning

Plan for the distribution of your assets to your heirs. Ensure you have a will in place. This ensures your assets are distributed according to your wishes and reduces potential conflicts.


Retiring at 55 is an achievable goal with proper planning. Your current investments form a strong base. With strategic allocation and professional guidance, you can ensure a financially secure and fulfilling retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 19, 2024Hindi
Sir , am 49 years old single parent. Kids aged 20 and 15. I have 75 Lakhs in mutual funds, 11 Lakhs in PPF, 10 Lakhs in FD, 30 Lakhs FD in kids name , 15 Lakhs in Senior citizen scheme on my mom's name, 6 Lakhs in LIC . How should I plan my retirement.
Ans: First of all, kudos to you for building a solid financial foundation despite being a single parent. It’s clear that you’ve put in a lot of effort to ensure your family’s financial security. Now, let's focus on planning your retirement effectively.

Current Financial Situation
Let’s summarize your current investments:

Mutual Funds: Rs 75 Lakhs
PPF: Rs 11 Lakhs
FD: Rs 10 Lakhs
FD in Kids’ Name: Rs 30 Lakhs
Senior Citizen Scheme (Mother’s Name): Rs 15 Lakhs
LIC: Rs 6 Lakhs
Setting Clear Retirement Goals
You are 49 years old, so you have roughly 11 years until the typical retirement age of 60. However, it’s important to consider your personal retirement timeline and desired lifestyle.

Importance of Diversification
Diversification is key to managing risk and optimizing returns. You’ve already diversified your investments across different asset classes, which is excellent.

Power of Compounding
Compounding is a powerful tool in wealth creation. The earlier you start and the longer you stay invested, the more your investments will grow.

Managing Existing Investments
Let’s analyze each of your current investments and their roles in your retirement plan.

Mutual Funds
You have Rs 75 Lakhs in mutual funds, which is a substantial amount. Mutual funds are excellent for long-term growth due to their exposure to equities.

Equity Funds: Ideal for long-term growth but come with higher risk.
Debt Funds: Provide stability and lower risk but offer lower returns.
Hybrid Funds: Balance between equity and debt, offering moderate risk and returns.
Continue investing in a mix of equity, debt, and hybrid funds to balance risk and return.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
Your Rs 11 Lakhs in PPF is a safe investment offering tax benefits and guaranteed returns.

PPF: Suitable for long-term savings with a lock-in period and tax-free returns.
Continue investing in PPF for its tax benefits and stable returns. Maximize your annual contribution to take full advantage of its benefits.

Fixed Deposits (FD)
You have Rs 10 Lakhs in FD and Rs 30 Lakhs in kids’ names. FDs offer guaranteed returns but are not tax-efficient and have lower returns.

Consider gradually moving some FD investments into mutual funds or PPF for better returns and tax efficiency. Maintain some FDs for liquidity and safety.

Senior Citizen Scheme
The Rs 15 Lakhs in the Senior Citizen Scheme under your mother’s name offers safety and regular income but limited growth potential.

Continue with this investment for its regular income benefits, especially if it supports your mother’s financial needs.

You have Rs 6 Lakhs in LIC policies. LIC policies typically offer lower returns compared to mutual funds.

Evaluate the returns of your LIC policies. If they are underperforming, consider surrendering them and reinvesting the proceeds into mutual funds for better growth.

Strategic Financial Plan for Retirement
Now, let’s outline a strategic plan to ensure a comfortable retirement.

Step 1: Emergency Fund
Ensure you have an emergency fund that covers at least 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This fund should be easily accessible and kept in a savings account or liquid mutual fund.

Step 2: Investing in Mutual Funds
Given your long-term horizon, focus on increasing your equity mutual fund investments for higher returns. Allocate a portion to debt funds for stability and hybrid funds for balanced growth.

Step 3: Maximizing PPF Contributions
Continue contributing the maximum allowable amount to your PPF account each year. This ensures tax-free, stable returns.

Step 4: Reviewing and Rebalancing Portfolio
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Rebalance it to ensure it aligns with your retirement goals and risk tolerance.

Step 5: Tax Planning
Optimize your investments for tax efficiency. Utilize tax-saving instruments like PPF, ELSS mutual funds, and other deductions available under Section 80C.

SIPs for Continued Growth
If you aren’t already, consider starting SIPs (Systematic Investment Plans) in mutual funds. SIPs bring discipline to your savings and take advantage of rupee cost averaging.

Benefits of SIPs
Discipline: Encourages regular saving.
Cost Averaging: Buys more units when prices are low and fewer units when prices are high.
Compounding: Maximizes returns over time through the power of compounding.
Evaluating Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer better returns compared to index funds. These funds aim to outperform the market through expert stock selection.

Disadvantages of Index Funds
Lower Returns: Generally, index funds provide lower returns compared to actively managed funds.
Lack of Flexibility: They replicate a market index and cannot adjust to changing market conditions.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Higher Returns: Aim to outperform the market through active stock selection.
Professional Management: Managed by experienced fund managers who can adapt to market changes.
Risk Management in Investments
Balancing risk and return is crucial. Diversify your investments across different asset classes and periodically review your portfolio.

Equity Funds: Higher returns but higher risk.
Debt Funds: Lower returns but lower risk.
Hybrid Funds: Balanced risk and returns.
Planning for Children’s Future
Though your primary focus is on retirement, planning for your children’s future is also important. Ensure their educational and other financial needs are covered.

Children’s Education Fund
Allocate a portion of your investments specifically for your children’s education. Equity mutual funds can be a good option for long-term goals.

Final Insights
You’ve done an excellent job in diversifying your investments and planning ahead. By focusing on maximizing returns through equity funds, maintaining a balanced portfolio, and optimizing for tax efficiency, you can ensure a comfortable retirement. Keep reviewing and adjusting your investments to stay aligned with your goals.

Your dedication to securing your family’s future is truly commendable. Continue making informed decisions to ensure a worry-free retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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