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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 17, 2024Hindi

I am 29 years old.I have a personal loan of 15lac going on will finish on 2029.My monthly income is 27000 on cash after emi, ppf deduction. Im retiring on 2037.How can I acheive 1cr before my retirement.? Where can i invest to achieve financial freedom after retirement.? Waiting ur guidance.

Ans: You have a clear goal, and achieving Rs. 1 crore before retirement is possible with a disciplined approach. Let’s explore your options.

Evaluating Current Financial Situation
Monthly Income and Obligations
You earn Rs. 27,000 monthly after EMI and PPF deductions. You have a personal loan of Rs. 15 lakh, which will be paid off by 2029.

Retirement Plan
You plan to retire in 2037. This gives you around 14 years to build your corpus. Let’s explore how to achieve your goal.

Importance of Starting Early
Power of Compounding
Starting early allows your investments to grow through compounding. Compounding helps your investment grow exponentially over time.

Discipline in Investing
Consistent investing is crucial. Setting aside a fixed amount each month will help you achieve your goal.

Investment Options
Mutual Funds
Mutual funds can be an excellent option for building your retirement corpus.

Equity Mutual Funds
Equity mutual funds invest in stocks. They offer higher returns but come with higher risks. Over a long period, they can help you build a substantial corpus.

Debt Mutual Funds
Debt mutual funds invest in fixed-income securities. They offer stable returns with lower risk. They can be a good option for short-term goals.

Hybrid Mutual Funds
Hybrid mutual funds invest in a mix of equity and debt. They provide a balance of risk and return, suitable for moderate risk tolerance.

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)
Investing through SIPs is a disciplined approach. You can invest a fixed amount regularly, which helps in averaging out the cost and reduces the risk of market volatility.

Evaluating Mutual Funds
Professional Management
Mutual funds are managed by professional fund managers. They have the expertise to make informed investment decisions, which can lead to better returns.

Mutual funds offer diversification by investing in a mix of assets. This reduces risk and helps in achieving steady returns.

Mutual funds are highly liquid. You can redeem your investments easily, providing quick access to your money when needed.

Investing in mutual funds through SIPs is convenient. It automates the investment process, ensuring disciplined investing without worrying about market timing.

Risk and Considerations
Market Risk
Mutual funds are subject to market risk. The value of your investments can fluctuate based on market conditions. It’s important to have a long-term perspective.

Expense Ratios
Mutual funds charge an expense ratio for managing the fund. Higher expense ratios can impact your returns. Choose funds with reasonable expense ratios.

Performance Variability
Not all mutual funds perform consistently. It’s essential to review fund performance regularly and make necessary adjustments to your portfolio.

Steps to Achieve Rs. 1 Crore
Assess Financial Goals
Understand your financial goals and risk tolerance. This will help you choose the right investment options.

Choose the Right Funds
Select mutual funds that align with your goals and risk profile. For long-term goals, equity funds can be suitable.

Increase Investment Gradually
As your income increases, try to increase your SIP amount. This will help you achieve your goal faster.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner (CFP)
A CFP can provide personalized advice based on your financial situation. They can help you choose the right funds and create a comprehensive financial plan.

Power of Compounding
Growth Over Time
Compounding allows your investment to grow over time. Reinvesting your returns helps your money earn returns on returns, leading to exponential growth.

Starting Early
The earlier you start investing, the more time your money has to grow. Consistent investing can significantly impact your corpus by the time you need it.

It’s great that you are proactive about your retirement planning. Understanding the importance of starting early and disciplined investing shows your commitment to securing your financial future.

Final Insights
Achieving Rs. 1 crore before retirement is possible with disciplined investing and proper planning. Evaluate your financial goals, choose the right investment options, and stay consistent. Consulting a CFP can provide personalized guidance and ensure you are on the right track.

Remember, the goal is to align your investments with your financial goals and risk tolerance. Stay informed, review your investments regularly, and seek professional advice when needed.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 06, 2024

I am Central govt. official with OPS scheme. Iam going to be retired on 2035. Presently investing Rs 25K on mutual fund and Rs.15K on PF.Montly income Rs.1.8L Kindly advice my investment needs any modification for getting Rs 1L after retirement without my official pension. I have home loan of emi Rs.22K
Ans: Given your current financial situation and retirement goals, here's a comprehensive approach to help you achieve your target of generating ?1 lakh per month after retirement without relying solely on your official pension:

Evaluate Retirement Corpus: Assess your projected expenses post-retirement, including living expenses, medical costs, and any other financial obligations.
Review Investments: Review your current investments, including mutual funds and PF contributions, to ensure they align with your retirement objectives. Consider diversifying your investment portfolio to manage risk effectively.
Increase SIP Contributions: Since your retirement is still a few years away, consider gradually increasing your SIP contributions to mutual funds. This will help boost your retirement corpus over time.
Explore Retirement-oriented Funds: Consider investing in retirement-oriented mutual funds or pension plans that offer growth potential and regular income post-retirement. These funds are designed to provide stable returns and periodic payouts during retirement.
Optimize PF Contributions: Continue contributing to your PF account, as it serves as a reliable retirement savings avenue with tax benefits. Explore the option of increasing your PF contributions if feasible.
Reduce Debt Burden: Aim to pay off your home loan before retirement to reduce financial liabilities and free up funds for other investments or expenses post-retirement.
Seek Professional Advice: Consult a certified financial planner (CFP) to create a customized retirement plan tailored to your specific financial goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon.
Regularly Monitor Investments: Keep track of your investment portfolio's performance and make necessary adjustments based on market conditions, changes in financial goals, or personal circumstances.
Stay Informed: Stay updated on relevant financial news, market trends, and investment opportunities to make informed decisions about your retirement planning strategy.
Emergency Fund: Maintain an adequate emergency fund to cover unexpected expenses or financial setbacks during your pre-retirement and retirement years.
By following these steps and making informed investment decisions, you can work towards achieving your goal of generating ?1 lakh per month after retirement while maintaining financial security and stability.

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 11, 2024Hindi
Im 30 years old. I'm having monthly income of 64000. How I can make my investment return to 1 cr at the time of retirement. I have a habit of saving although, I'm not seeing a good future ahead. I have 1 LIC, 1 SIP of 5k, NPS with monthly 7k contribution and some SGB.
Ans: Building a Path to ?1 Crore for Retirement
At 30, you have a significant advantage of time to achieve your financial goals. Let's craft a plan to grow your investments to ?1 crore by the time of your retirement.

Current Investment Portfolio
Life Insurance (LIC)
Your life insurance provides financial protection for your loved ones in the event of unforeseen circumstances.

SIP and NPS Contributions
Your SIP of ?5,000 and NPS contributions of ?7,000 per month demonstrate your commitment to saving for the future.

Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs)
Investing in SGBs provides exposure to gold, a valuable asset for portfolio diversification and wealth preservation.

Strategy for Wealth Accumulation
Increase Savings Rate
Consider increasing your monthly savings rate by allocating a higher portion of your income towards investments.

Diversified Portfolio
Explore diversifying your investment portfolio to include a mix of equity, debt, and other asset classes for balanced growth and risk management.

Maximizing Returns
Review and Adjust
Regularly review your investments and make adjustments as needed to optimize returns and stay aligned with your financial goals.

Reinvest Dividends
Reinvest dividends from your investments to take advantage of compounding and accelerate wealth accumulation.

Addressing Concerns
Positive Outlook
While uncertainties may exist, maintaining a positive outlook and focusing on long-term financial planning can help navigate challenges effectively.

Professional Advice
Consider consulting with a Certified Financial Planner to create a comprehensive financial plan tailored to your specific goals and circumstances.

With disciplined saving, strategic investment, and a long-term perspective, achieving a retirement corpus of ?1 crore is feasible. Stay committed to your financial plan, adapt to changing circumstances, and seek professional guidance when needed to ensure a secure financial future.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 03, 2024

Hello Sir I am 34 with net monthly salary of 86000 in a government job . I am having an agricultural land worth 50 lakhs. I am having approximately 18 lakhs in NPS. Liquid cash of 6 lakhs in FD and Gold jwellery of 8 lakhs. A vehicle loan and personal loan total of Rs. 14 lakhs. I want to retire after 42 with a monthly income of 1.5 lakh and corpus of atleast 3 crore. I love travelling and planning to visit one foreign country once in 3 year, so a substantial amount of money is required for travelling. How and where should I invest money to receive a corpus of 3 crores and monthly income of 1.5 lakh at the age of 42 ??
Ans: It’s wonderful to see you thinking about your future and planning your retirement at 42. With your current financial status, let’s work on a comprehensive plan to help you achieve your goals.

Understanding Your Financial Situation
Income and Expenses
Your net monthly salary is Rs 86,000. You have a vehicle and personal loan totaling Rs 14 lakh.

Current Assets
Agricultural land worth Rs 50 lakh
Rs 18 lakh in NPS
Rs 6 lakh in FD
Gold jewellery worth Rs 8 lakh
Rs 14 lakh in loans
Financial Goals
Retire at 42 with a corpus of Rs 3 crore
Monthly income of Rs 1.5 lakh post-retirement
Travel internationally every three years
Building a Strong Financial Foundation
Creating a Budget
Creating a detailed budget is essential. It helps you understand your cash flow and identify savings opportunities.

Fixed Expenses
Loan EMIs
Household expenses
Essential bills
Variable Expenses
Discretionary spending
Travel fund
Emergency Fund
An emergency fund is crucial. Aim to save at least 6-12 months of your monthly expenses. This fund should be in a liquid, easily accessible account.

Paying Off Debt
Focus on paying off your Rs 14 lakh loan as soon as possible. This will free up more funds for savings and investments.

Extra Payments
If possible, make extra payments towards your loan principal. This reduces the overall interest paid and shortens the loan tenure.

Savings and Investment Strategies
Starting with Mutual Funds
Mutual funds are a great way to start investing. They offer professional management and diversification. Begin with a SIP (Systematic Investment Plan) to invest a fixed amount regularly.

Types of Mutual Funds
Equity Funds: Invest in stocks; higher risk, higher return.
Debt Funds: Invest in bonds; lower risk, stable return.
Hybrid Funds: Mix of equity and debt; balanced risk and return.
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform index funds because they are managed by professionals who make investment decisions based on market conditions.

National Pension System (NPS)
NPS is a retirement-focused investment that offers tax benefits. It invests in a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities.

Public Provident Fund (PPF)
PPF is a safe, long-term investment with tax benefits. You can invest up to Rs 1.5 lakh per year, and the interest earned is tax-free.

Increasing SIP Contributions
As your income grows, increase your SIP contributions. This leverages the power of compounding, helping your investments grow over time.

Planning for Major Life Goals
Home Purchase
If you plan to buy a home, start saving for a down payment. Consider a combination of savings and investments to build this fund.

Children’s Education
Education costs are rising. Start an education fund for your children early to take advantage of compounding.

Retirement Planning
You have about 8 years until retirement at 42. Start early to build a substantial retirement corpus. Diversify your investments across equity, debt, and other instruments.

Travelling Fund
Since you love traveling, create a separate fund for it. Allocate a portion of your monthly savings specifically for your travel expenses.

Risk Management and Insurance
Health Insurance
Health insurance is vital to protect against medical emergencies. Ensure you have adequate coverage for yourself and your family.

Life Insurance
Life insurance ensures financial security for your family in case of an unforeseen event. Term insurance is a cost-effective option.

Asset Allocation and Diversification
Diversification reduces risk. Allocate your investments across different asset classes to balance risk and return.

Example Portfolio Allocation
Equity: 50-60%
Debt: 30-40%
Others (PPF, NPS): 10-20%
Regular Portfolio Review
Review your investment portfolio regularly. Rebalance it based on your financial goals and market conditions.

Tax Planning
Tax-Efficient Investments
Invest in instruments that provide tax benefits, such as PPF, ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme), and NPS.

Utilizing Deductions
Maximize tax deductions under Section 80C, 80D, and other relevant sections to reduce your taxable income.

Final Insights
Securing your financial future requires discipline, planning, and regular investments. Here’s a summary of the steps to take:

Create a Budget: Track income and expenses to identify savings potential.
Build an Emergency Fund: Save 6-12 months of expenses for unexpected events.
Pay Off Debt: Prioritize loan repayment to free up more funds.
Start Investing: Begin with SIPs in mutual funds, PPF, and NPS.
Plan for Life Goals: Save for home purchase, children’s education, and retirement.
Manage Risk: Get adequate health and life insurance.
Diversify Investments: Allocate assets across equity, debt, and other instruments.
Regular Review: Monitor and rebalance your portfolio periodically.
Tax Planning: Invest in tax-efficient instruments and utilize deductions.
By following these steps, you can build a secure financial future and achieve your goals. Start today, stay disciplined, and regularly review your progress. Your future self will thank you!

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 29, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 29, 2024Hindi
I am 36 year old and my take home salary is around 1.6, I have an EMI OF 1.02 pending for next 3 year and. I hv 40L in equity, 9 L in mutual and 10 Pf. i have two kids and having expenses around 50k each month. I need 2-3 Cr by my retirement. how can I do that?
Ans: Managing finances can be tough, especially with kids and monthly expenses. Let's look at a strategy to help you reach your retirement goal of Rs. 2-3 crore. We'll break it down step-by-step. Ready? Let's dive in!

Assessing Your Current Financial Situation

You have a solid foundation already, which is fantastic. Here’s a quick snapshot:

Salary: Rs. 1.6 lakh take-home monthly.
EMI: Rs. 1.02 lakh for the next 3 years.
Equity Investments: Rs. 40 lakh.
Mutual Funds: Rs. 9 lakh.
Provident Fund: Rs. 10 lakh.
Monthly Expenses: Rs. 50,000.
Your salary covers the EMI and expenses, but saving more is challenging right now.

Building a Strong Savings Plan

Once your EMI is paid off in 3 years, you'll have Rs. 1.02 lakh freed up each month. This is a significant amount that can be redirected towards savings and investments. Here’s how you can plan:

Start a systematic investment plan (SIP) with the freed-up EMI amount.
Divide the amount between equity mutual funds, PPF, and other fixed-income instruments.
Consider a mix of large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap funds for diversification.
Boosting Your Mutual Fund Portfolio

You already have Rs. 9 lakh in mutual funds. Increasing this amount through regular SIPs can yield significant returns. Here’s why mutual funds are a good option:

Professional Management: Fund managers have expertise in stock selection and market timing.
Diversification: Mutual funds spread your investment across various sectors and stocks.
Flexibility: You can start with small amounts and increase your investment over time.
Maximizing Your Equity Investments

Your equity portfolio of Rs. 40 lakh is a strong asset. Equity investments can provide high returns over the long term. Here’s how to manage it:

Review and Rebalance: Regularly review your portfolio and rebalance to align with your risk tolerance.
Stay Invested: Avoid frequent trading and let your investments grow over time.
Seek Professional Advice: A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help optimize your portfolio.
Leveraging Your Provident Fund

Your Provident Fund (PF) of Rs. 10 lakh is a safe and secure investment. It provides a steady return with tax benefits. Here’s how to make the most of it:

Continue Contributions: Ensure you keep contributing to your PF.
Use PF for Long-Term Goals: Treat your PF as a long-term investment for retirement.
Planning for Your Children’s Future

With two kids, it’s essential to plan for their education and other expenses. Here are a few steps:

Education Fund: Start an SIP specifically for their education.
Child Plans: Consider child-specific investment plans for their future needs.
Insurance: Ensure you have adequate life and health insurance to cover unforeseen events.
Cutting Down Unnecessary Expenses

Review your monthly expenses and identify areas where you can save. Here are some tips:

Budgeting: Create a monthly budget and stick to it.
Track Expenses: Use apps to track your spending and find areas to cut back.
Prioritize Needs Over Wants: Focus on essential expenses and avoid unnecessary spending.
Creating an Emergency Fund

An emergency fund is crucial for financial stability. Aim to save at least 6 months of expenses. Here’s how:

Set Aside a Fixed Amount Monthly: Once your EMI is paid off, allocate a portion to an emergency fund.
Use Liquid Funds: Invest in liquid funds or a high-interest savings account for easy access.
Avoid Using This Fund: Only use it for genuine emergencies.
Increasing Your Income

Consider ways to boost your income. Here are a few ideas:

Side Gigs: Take up freelance work or part-time jobs that suit your skills.
Passive Income: Explore passive income streams like rental income or online businesses.
Upskill: Invest in courses or certifications that can help you get a raise or promotion.
Utilizing Tax Benefits

Make the most of tax-saving options to increase your savings. Here’s how:

Section 80C: Invest in ELSS, PPF, or NSC to avail of tax benefits.
Health Insurance: Premiums paid for health insurance are deductible under Section 80D.
Home Loan: Interest on home loans can be claimed under Section 24.
Investing in Balanced Funds

Balanced funds provide a mix of equity and debt, offering both growth and stability. Here’s why they’re beneficial:

Diversification: Spreads risk across different asset classes.
Moderate Risk: Less volatile than pure equity funds.
Regular Income: Some balanced funds provide regular dividends.
Seeking Professional Guidance

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can help tailor a financial plan specific to your needs. Here’s why a CFP is valuable:

Expertise: They have professional training and experience in financial planning.
Personalized Advice: They can create a customized plan based on your goals and risk tolerance.
Regular Reviews: They will help you stay on track with regular reviews and adjustments.
Final Insights

Achieving a retirement corpus of Rs. 2-3 crore is possible with disciplined savings and smart investments. By optimizing your current resources, cutting unnecessary expenses, and leveraging professional advice, you can secure a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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