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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jun 16, 2024

Ramalingam Kalirajan has over 23 years of experience in mutual funds and financial planning.
He has an MBA in finance from the University of Madras and is a certified financial planner.
He is the director and chief financial planner at Holistic Investment, a Chennai-based firm that offers financial planning and wealth management advice.... more
Asked by Anonymous - Jun 16, 2024Hindi

Hi Sir, I'm 29yrs old M, unmarried with no loans presently. I have a monthly SIP of 40k which is spilt between index funds, multicap funds, commodities fund. I have also been investing in SGB every year for diversification, PPF for fixed income component (and for 80C) and NPS of 50k/year for 80CCD. I want to invest a lumpsum amount of 4L in mutual funds or any other alternative but a bit sceptical given the markets high. Can you please advise where and when shall I invest the Corpus amount with time frame of 5-6 years. Thanks in advance!

Ans: Evaluating Your Current Investment Portfolio
First, let's review your current investment strategy, which is impressive for someone at your age. You have diversified your portfolio across various asset classes, showcasing your understanding of investment principles. Investing Rs. 40,000 monthly through SIPs in index funds, multi-cap funds, and commodity funds is commendable. Additionally, investing in Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB), Public Provident Fund (PPF), and National Pension System (NPS) for tax benefits under Section 80C and 80CCD indicates a thoughtful approach towards diversification and tax efficiency.

SIP Investments
Your monthly SIP of Rs. 40,000 is strategically split among index funds, multi-cap funds, and commodity funds. While index funds offer low-cost exposure to broad market indices, they come with certain limitations. Index funds strictly track a market index, which might underperform in volatile or declining markets due to their passive nature. The lack of flexibility to adapt to market conditions is a significant disadvantage.

The Case for Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds, on the other hand, provide flexibility and the potential for higher returns. Fund managers can adjust the portfolio based on market conditions, economic indicators, and specific stock performance. This proactive management can help mitigate risks and capitalize on market opportunities. Given the current high market conditions, actively managed funds might better navigate potential volatility, aiming to deliver superior returns.

Multi-Cap and Commodity Funds
Multi-cap funds are an excellent choice as they invest across large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks, offering diversification and growth potential. Commodity funds add another layer of diversification, reducing the overall risk of your portfolio by spreading investments across different asset classes.

Fixed Income and Tax-Efficient Investments
Your investments in SGBs and PPF provide stability and tax benefits. SGBs offer the dual advantage of capital appreciation and annual interest, making them a valuable addition to your portfolio. PPF is a reliable fixed-income instrument, providing a tax-free return and contributing to the fixed-income component of your portfolio. NPS is another wise choice, offering tax benefits and serving as a long-term retirement planning tool.

Lumpsum Investment Strategy
Now, let's discuss the lumpsum amount of Rs. 4 lakh you intend to invest. Given your time frame of 5-6 years and the current high market levels, it is understandable to feel cautious about a lumpsum investment. Timing the market perfectly is challenging, and it is essential to balance potential risks and rewards.

Benefits of Phased Investments
Consider a systematic transfer plan (STP) instead of a lumpsum investment. An STP allows you to invest your lumpsum amount in a liquid or ultra-short-term debt fund and gradually transfer a fixed amount to equity mutual funds over a period. This strategy reduces the risk of entering the market at a high point and helps average out the purchase cost.

Selecting Suitable Mutual Funds
When selecting mutual funds for your lumpsum investment, focus on those managed by experienced fund managers with a proven track record. Diversify across different categories, such as large-cap, mid-cap, and multi-cap funds, to balance growth potential and risk. Look for funds with consistent performance, low expense ratios, and a robust investment process.

Considering Market Cycles
Given the high market levels, it is essential to be cautious and patient. Equity markets are cyclical, and corrections are inevitable. By opting for a phased investment approach through STP, you can mitigate the impact of market fluctuations and invest more confidently.

Additional Diversification Strategies
International Equity Funds
Consider diversifying your portfolio further by including international equity funds. These funds invest in global markets, providing exposure to international companies and economies. This diversification can reduce country-specific risks and offer opportunities in markets that may perform differently from the Indian market.

Sector-Specific Funds
Sector-specific funds can be another option, focusing on industries expected to grow in the coming years. Technology, healthcare, and renewable energy sectors have shown significant potential. However, these funds carry higher risks due to their concentrated exposure, so limit their allocation within your portfolio.

Hybrid Funds
Hybrid funds, which invest in both equity and debt instruments, can offer a balanced approach. They provide growth potential through equity exposure while mitigating risks with debt investments. These funds can be suitable for your medium-term goals, offering a blend of stability and growth.

Reviewing and Rebalancing Your Portfolio
Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to align with your financial goals and market conditions. A Certified Financial Planner can assist in evaluating your investments, suggesting adjustments, and ensuring your portfolio remains on track.

Importance of Asset Allocation
Proper asset allocation is crucial for achieving your financial goals. It involves spreading investments across different asset classes to balance risk and return. Regular rebalancing ensures that your portfolio remains aligned with your desired asset allocation, especially during market fluctuations.

Monitoring Fund Performance
Keep an eye on the performance of your mutual funds. Compare their returns against benchmark indices and peer funds. Consistently underperforming funds should be reviewed and potentially replaced with better-performing options.

Tax-Efficient Investing
Tax-efficient investing is essential to maximize your returns. Utilize tax-saving instruments like ELSS (Equity-Linked Savings Scheme) for additional 80C benefits. Plan your investments to minimize tax liabilities and enhance your overall returns.

Avoiding Common Investment Mistakes
Emotional Investing
Avoid making investment decisions based on emotions, such as fear or greed. Emotional investing can lead to impulsive actions and potential losses. Stick to your investment plan and make decisions based on thorough analysis and long-term goals.

Chasing Past Performance
Do not chase funds solely based on their past performance. Historical returns do not guarantee future performance. Focus on the fund's investment strategy, fund manager's expertise, and consistency over time.

While diversification is essential, over-diversification can dilute your returns. Investing in too many funds can lead to overlapping investments and complicate portfolio management. Strike a balance between diversification and concentration.

Understanding the Benefits of Professional Guidance
Certified Financial Planner Expertise
Engaging a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) can provide valuable insights and personalized advice. A CFP can help you create a comprehensive financial plan, considering your goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. They can also assist in selecting suitable investment options, monitoring performance, and making necessary adjustments.

Customized Financial Planning
A CFP can help you develop a customized financial plan tailored to your specific needs. They can guide you in setting realistic goals, creating a budget, managing debt, and planning for major life events like marriage, buying a home, or retirement.

Risk Management
A CFP can assist in identifying and managing risks associated with your investments. They can recommend appropriate insurance coverage, asset protection strategies, and contingency plans to safeguard your financial future.

The Importance of Financial Discipline
Regular Savings and Investments
Consistently saving and investing a portion of your income is crucial for building wealth. Automate your investments through SIPs to ensure regular contributions and benefit from the power of compounding.

Emergency Fund
Maintain an emergency fund equivalent to 6-12 months of living expenses. This fund provides a financial cushion during unexpected situations, preventing the need to liquidate long-term investments prematurely.

Debt Management
While you currently have no loans, it is essential to manage debt wisely in the future. Avoid high-interest loans and prioritize repaying existing debts before making new investments.

Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is commendable and reflects a sound understanding of diversification and tax planning. To invest your lumpsum amount of Rs. 4 lakh, consider a phased approach through a systematic transfer plan (STP) to mitigate market risks. Focus on actively managed funds with a proven track record, diversify across different categories, and explore additional options like international equity and sector-specific funds.

Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio to ensure it aligns with your financial goals and market conditions. Engage a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice, risk management, and comprehensive financial planning. Maintain financial discipline by consistently saving and investing, building an emergency fund, and managing debt wisely.

Your proactive approach and thoughtful investments are commendable. By making informed decisions and seeking professional guidance, you are well on your way to achieving your financial goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,

DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information to be as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision.

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Head, Rank MF - Answered on Apr 22, 2022

I am 52 year professional, working in private sector. Other than my EPF & PF savings I am having following mutual fund investments (both in SIP & lump su). My goal is to have a corpus of Rs 1.5 - 2 cr in next 4-5 years. I am ready to invest Rs 40K in SIP on monthly basis and may be Rs 5-10 lump sum in another 6 months’ time. Request you to review my portfolio and advise on what SIPs I can start (also any correction required for existing funds?) as well as whether to invest in good equity stocks (I am having a demat account with few direct equities of Rs 2 L only) or in lump sum mutual fund for annual Rs 5-10 L surplus. Company No of shares Price Recommendation PORTFOLIO DETAILS A MONTHLY SIP MUTUAL FUND     Sl No Fund Details Current value in Rs L SIP AMOUNT in RS 1 HDFC Flexi Cap Fund - Regular Plan Growth 4.32 3000 2 Axis Mid cap fund 0.6 5000 3 Mirage assets large cap fund 0.58 5000 4 Axis Special situation fund - Regular Plan - Growth 0.09 2000 5 Aditya Birla Sun Life Frontline Equity Fund Growth 3.8 3000 6 Kotak Emerging Equity Fund - Regular Plan Growth 0.09 3000 7 Kotak Equity Opportunity Fund - Regular Plan Growth 0.09 3000                 B LUMP SUM MUTUAL FUND     Sl No Fund Details Current value in Rs L Initial Value in Rs L 1 Axis Retirement Savings Fund - Conservative Plan - Regular Growth 6.2 5 2 Axis ESG Equity Fund Regular Plan Growth 4.85 3 3 Axis Blue-chip Fund Growth 5.2 3 4 Tata Focused Equity Fund - Regular Plan 6.16 4 5 LIC Debt Fund - Secured NA 2 6 LIC balanced Fund NA 2
Ans: Please continue, we can review after 1 year

..Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4803 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on May 31, 2024

Hello sir , I want to invest 5 lacs lumpsum in mutual funds. Market is all time high so is it right time to invest lumpsum amount in mutual fund ? Please suggest some funds name as I don't have much idea. My SIP of 20K per month is also active on some funds. Please suggest in which funds should I invest lumpsum of INR 5 lacs. Time horizon - 5-10 Years Risk - Moderate to high. Thanks.
Ans: Investing a lump sum of Rs 5 lakhs in mutual funds, especially when the market is at an all-time high, requires careful consideration. Your current SIP of Rs 20,000 per month is a commendable start. Let’s assess the right approach to investing this lump sum with a focus on moderate to high risk tolerance and a 5-10 year time horizon.

Market Timing and Lump Sum Investments
Investing a large amount during a market peak can be concerning. Market fluctuations are normal, and predicting the right time to invest is challenging. However, strategies like staggered investments can help mitigate risk.

Systematic Transfer Plan (STP)
Instead of investing the entire amount at once, consider a Systematic Transfer Plan (STP). With STP, you can park your lump sum in a low-risk debt fund and transfer a fixed amount periodically to equity funds. This strategy helps in averaging the purchase cost and reduces the impact of market volatility.

Equity Mutual Funds for Growth
Equity mutual funds are essential for long-term wealth creation. Given your moderate to high risk tolerance, a significant portion of your investment should be in equity funds. Here’s a breakdown of suitable equity funds:

Large Cap Funds
Large cap funds invest in well-established, financially stable companies. They provide steady growth and are less volatile compared to mid and small cap funds. Allocating a portion to large cap funds can add stability to your portfolio.

Mid Cap Funds
Mid cap funds invest in companies with higher growth potential. They are riskier than large cap funds but offer higher returns. Investing in mid cap funds can enhance the growth potential of your portfolio.

Flexi Cap Funds
Flexi cap funds invest across different market capitalizations, providing flexibility and diversification. They can adapt to market conditions, making them a balanced choice for moderate to high risk investors.

Balanced Advantage Funds for Stability
Balanced advantage funds, also known as dynamic asset allocation funds, adjust the mix of equity and debt based on market conditions. They offer growth potential with reduced volatility, making them suitable for lump sum investments.

Debt Funds for Safety
Including debt funds in your portfolio ensures stability and liquidity. Debt funds invest in fixed income securities, providing predictable returns and reducing overall portfolio risk. A portion of your lump sum can be allocated to debt funds, especially if using an STP strategy.

Recommended Allocation Strategy
To achieve a balanced and diversified portfolio, consider the following allocation strategy for your lump sum investment:

1. Large Cap Funds
Allocate 30% of your lump sum to large cap funds. This provides a foundation of stability and steady growth.

2. Mid Cap Funds
Allocate 25% to mid cap funds. This enhances growth potential by leveraging the higher returns of mid-sized companies.

3. Flexi Cap Funds
Allocate 25% to flexi cap funds. This provides flexibility and adaptability to changing market conditions.

4. Balanced Advantage Funds
Allocate 10% to balanced advantage funds. This combination of equity and debt offers growth with reduced volatility.

5. Debt Funds
Allocate 10% to debt funds. This ensures stability and liquidity, balancing the high-risk equity investments.

Importance of Regular Monitoring and Rebalancing
Investing in mutual funds requires regular monitoring and rebalancing. Market conditions change, and your investment strategy should adapt accordingly. Review your portfolio at least once a year and make necessary adjustments.

Benefits of Consulting a Certified Financial Planner
Working with a Certified Financial Planner can provide personalized advice tailored to your financial goals and risk tolerance. They can help you choose the right funds, monitor your portfolio, and make informed decisions.

Investing a lump sum of Rs 5 lakhs in mutual funds during a market high requires a strategic approach. Utilizing an STP can mitigate market timing risks. Diversifying across large cap, mid cap, flexi cap, balanced advantage, and debt funds ensures growth potential and stability. Regular monitoring and consulting with a Certified Financial Planner will enhance your investment journey.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Moneywize   |123 Answers  |Ask -

Financial Planner - Answered on May 09, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - May 07, 2024Hindi
I am 22 today and I would like to build a corpus of Rs 1 cr in next 8 to 10 years. I have been investing in SIPs since last 8 months in: * Motilal oswal midcap 2K * ICICI Pru Value Discovery 2K * Parag P Flexi 2k * Axis Small cap 2k I plan to step up b 30 per cent every year going forward in the above funds. Are these funds identified by me good for lump sum investment of Rs 20,000? * Canara Robeco Bluechip Equity fund * Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund * Nippon India power and Infra Looking forward to your valuable suggestions. Thanks
Ans: The funds you have chosen for your SIPs have a good mix of mid-cap and flexi-cap exposure, which can be suitable for a long-term investment horizon like yours (8-10 years). Here's a breakdown of your questions:

Suitability of existing SIP funds for lump sum investment:

While your SIP funds focus on mid-cap and flexi-cap, the lump sum investment options you've chosen lean more towards large-cap. This creates a more balanced portfolio across market capitalisations. However, directly suggesting specific funds for a lump sum investment is difficult due to regulatory restrictions.

Here's what you can do:

• Maintain asset allocation: Consider the overall asset allocation you want for your portfolio (mid-cap, large-cap weightage). Look for funds within those categories that complement your existing SIP choices.
• Research the new funds: Do your research on the Canara Robeco Bluechip Equity Fund, Mirae Asset Large Cap Fund, and Nippon India Power and Infra Fund. Check their past performance, investment philosophy, expense ratio etc.

Stepping up SIPs by 30%:

This is a good strategy to increase your investment amount gradually and benefit from rupee-cost averaging. It helps you invest more when the market is low and potentially less when it's high.

Additional tips:

• Stay Invested: Don't panic and redeem your investments based on market fluctuations. Focus on the long term.
• Review Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio performance (once a year) and rebalance if needed to maintain your desired asset allocation.

Please remember that this is not financial advice. It's crucial to do your research and potentially consult a registered financial advisor for personalised investment plans.

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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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