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Maxim Emmanuel  |298 Answers  |Ask -

Soft Skills Trainer - Answered on Jul 10, 2024

Maxim Emmanuel is the marketing director of Maxwill Zeus Expositions.
An alumnus of the Xavier Institute of Management and Research, Mumbai, Maxim has over 30 years of experience in training young professionals and corporate organisations on how to improve soft skills and build interpersonal relationships through effective communication.
He also works with students and job aspirants offering career guidance, preparing them for job interviews and group discussions and teaching them how to make effective presentations.... more
Murali Question by Murali on Jun 08, 2024Hindi

I am 47yrs old male working as a sales person in electrical domain for a dealership organisation with earning of 40k/month only. Me, my son 13yrs old studying 8th std, my wife is working in TCS. I am looking for a. Career growth which will help financial support for my kids future study's & other family expenses. Pls suggest how i can grow.

Ans: Sales personnel have perennial demand since you are in dealership and trade sales,its even more.

Design a good 2 page resume circulate among your principal's (organisations that are associated ) with you... I am sure you will find great response!

If you do need further professional advice happy to assist

You may like to see similar questions and answers below


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 15, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 07, 2024Hindi
My income is 100000 l and My child is 14 years. I am civil engineer working in private company.EMI is 40k Please suggest me what to do for future planning in and My retirement planning, 55year now my age 36 years We required After Retirement 50 Lacks
Ans: Firstly, congratulations on your income. Earning Rs. 1,00,000 per month is a significant achievement, especially in a private sector role as a civil engineer. This solid financial foundation is a great starting point for your future planning and retirement strategy.

You have mentioned your monthly EMI is Rs. 40,000. This means your discretionary income is Rs. 60,000 per month. With thoughtful planning, this amount can be effectively allocated towards securing your child's future and your retirement.

Child's Future Planning
Your child is currently 14 years old. In four years, he will likely be pursuing higher education. This is a critical period to ensure you have enough funds for his education. Education costs are rising, and having a solid plan will ensure you can meet these expenses without compromising other financial goals.

Assessing Education Costs

Higher education can be expensive. The first step is to estimate the total cost of your child’s education. This includes tuition fees, accommodation, books, and other related expenses. Let's assume the total cost to be around Rs. 20 lakhs.

Investment Strategy for Child's Education

To achieve this goal, you can start investing a part of your discretionary income. One of the most effective ways to grow your savings is through mutual funds. Regular mutual funds, when invested through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP), offer professional management and can potentially provide higher returns compared to direct funds.

By investing Rs. 20,000 monthly in a diversified mutual fund, you can accumulate the required amount in the next four years. Mutual funds have the advantage of professional management, diversified risk, and the potential for inflation-beating returns.

Importance of Starting Early

Starting your investment journey early allows your money more time to grow. The power of compounding works best when investments are made early and left to grow over time. This approach can significantly reduce the financial stress when your child is ready for higher education.

Retirement Planning
You are 36 years old and plan to retire at 55. That gives you 19 years to build a retirement corpus of Rs. 50 lakhs. Given your current income and EMI obligations, this goal is achievable with disciplined saving and investing.

Setting Clear Goals

The first step in retirement planning is to set clear goals. You need to estimate your post-retirement expenses. Assuming you need Rs. 50 lakhs at the time of retirement, we can plan backward to determine how much you need to save and invest monthly.

Mutual Funds for Retirement

Investing in mutual funds through a CFP can help you build a significant corpus. Actively managed funds, in particular, can potentially offer better returns due to professional fund management and active stock selection.

By investing Rs. 30,000 per month in a diversified equity mutual fund, you can steadily build your retirement corpus. The equity market, despite its volatility, has historically provided higher returns over the long term, making it suitable for long-term goals like retirement.

Diversification and Regular Review

Diversification is key to managing investment risks. By spreading your investments across different asset classes and sectors, you can minimize risks while maximizing returns. Regularly reviewing and rebalancing your portfolio with the help of a CFP ensures it stays aligned with your goals.

Managing EMI and Savings
With an EMI of Rs. 40,000, managing your savings and investments becomes crucial. Ensuring that you do not over-leverage yourself and maintaining a balance between your EMI obligations and savings is essential.

Budgeting and Financial Discipline

Creating a budget helps in tracking your income and expenses. Prioritize essential expenses and allocate the remaining towards savings and investments. Financial discipline is crucial in achieving your long-term goals.

Emergency Fund

Before diving deep into investments, it is wise to set aside an emergency fund. This fund should ideally cover 6-12 months of your expenses. This ensures that in case of any unexpected events, you have a financial cushion to fall back on without disrupting your investment plans.

Insurance Planning
Insurance is an integral part of financial planning. It protects your family against unforeseen events and ensures financial stability.

Life Insurance

If you have existing LIC or ULIP policies, it might be wise to evaluate their performance. Often, these policies do not provide adequate returns and may have high costs associated with them. Consider surrendering underperforming policies and reinvesting the proceeds into mutual funds through a CFP.

Term Insurance

A term insurance plan is a must-have. It provides a high coverage amount at a low premium, ensuring your family's financial security in your absence. Aim for a coverage amount that is at least 10-15 times your annual income.

Health Insurance

A comprehensive health insurance plan protects against medical emergencies. Ensure you have adequate coverage for yourself and your family. Rising medical costs can quickly deplete savings, making health insurance essential.

Tax Planning
Efficient tax planning helps in saving money which can be redirected towards investments.

Tax-saving Investments

Investments in tax-saving mutual funds (ELSS), PPF, and EPF not only provide tax benefits under Section 80C but also help in wealth creation. Consult with a CFP to choose the right mix of tax-saving instruments.

Utilizing Tax Deductions

Maximize the use of available tax deductions such as those under Section 80D for health insurance premiums and Section 24 for home loan interest. This reduces your taxable income and increases your savings.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustments
Financial planning is not a one-time activity. It requires regular monitoring and adjustments to stay on track.

Periodic Reviews

Regularly review your investment portfolio with a CFP. This helps in identifying any underperforming assets and making necessary adjustments. Periodic reviews ensure your portfolio remains aligned with your financial goals.

Rebalancing Portfolio

As you approach your goals, gradually shift from high-risk investments to more stable ones. This strategy protects your accumulated wealth from market volatility as you near your goal horizon.

Staying Informed

Stay updated with financial news and market trends. This helps in making informed decisions about your investments. However, avoid making impulsive decisions based on short-term market movements.

Benefits of Working with a CFP
A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) brings expertise and professional advice to your financial planning process.

Expert Advice

CFPs provide expert advice tailored to your financial situation and goals. Their knowledge and experience help in creating a comprehensive financial plan.

Holistic Approach

CFPs take a holistic approach to financial planning. They consider all aspects of your financial life, including savings, investments, insurance, and taxes, to create a balanced and effective plan.

Customized Solutions

CFPs offer customized solutions based on your specific needs and risk tolerance. This personalized approach ensures your financial plan is effective and achievable.

Final Insights
Creating a robust financial plan requires careful consideration of various factors. By focusing on your child's future, retirement planning, insurance, and tax strategies, you can build a secure financial future.

Investing through mutual funds with the guidance of a CFP can provide you with professional management and potentially higher returns. Regular reviews and adjustments, along with disciplined saving and investing, are key to achieving your financial goals.

Your journey towards financial security is unique. Embrace it with confidence and commitment. Your efforts today will ensure a prosperous and secure future for you and your family.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


..Read more

Latest Questions

Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
Currently I am 54 years old & following is the corpus build till now, left job / voluntarily retired 3 months ago, need financial advise for future!!!! 1. Total 3 nos Flat owned, current market value a. Rs 2.60 Cr (out of which Rs 1.25 Cr Home loan balance OD a/c) b. Rs 1.4Cr & c. Rs 35 Lacs (currently residing) 2. Rs 90 Lacs Cash parked in OD Home loan a/c 3. Rs 90 lacs accumulated in EPF a/c, getting interest & not planning to withdraw till 58 years of retire age. 4. Receiving monthly Rent from Flat a. & b. = Rs. 1 lac + Rs 50k = Rs. 1.5 Lac/month 5. Rs 2 Lakhs in Equity 6. Term insurance - 1.25 Cr+ 1Cr = 2.25 Cr Liability:- a. Daughters education (1 year in India & 2 years Masters in Australia + Marriage b. Rs 90 lacs home loan balance as. Stated above... c. monthly Expenses - 75k Kindly suggest investment ideas to increase corpus for healthy retirement .. Thanks & Regards
Ans: Real Estate Assets
You own three flats with a total market value of Rs 4.35 crores. The first flat has a home loan balance of Rs 1.25 crores. The second and third flats have a combined market value of Rs 1.75 crores.

This is a significant asset base. The rental income from these properties is Rs 1.5 lakhs per month. This steady income is a positive aspect of your portfolio.

Cash Reserves
You have Rs 90 lakhs parked in your OD home loan account. This reduces the interest burden on your home loan. It's wise to keep this amount liquid for emergencies and short-term needs.

EPF Accumulation
Your EPF account has Rs 90 lakhs. It’s generating interest, and you plan to keep it until 58 years. This is a good strategy for tax-efficient growth.

Equity Investments
You have Rs 2 lakhs in equity investments. This is a small part of your portfolio. Equities can provide high returns but come with high risks. Diversification is essential to balance risk and return.

Insurance Coverage
You have term insurance coverage of Rs 2.25 crores. This ensures financial security for your family in case of an unfortunate event.

Liabilities and Obligations
Your primary liabilities include:

Rs 1.25 crore home loan balance.
Funding your daughter's education and marriage.
Monthly expenses of Rs 75,000.
Investment Strategy for Healthy Retirement
Debt Management
Continue using the Rs 90 lakhs in your OD account to reduce the home loan interest. Pay off the home loan faster to reduce financial stress. This will improve your cash flow.

Rental Income
Ensure your rental properties are well-maintained. This will help retain tenants and maintain rental income. Consider rental agreements for security.

Equity Investments
Increase your exposure to equity investments. Equity mutual funds can provide better returns than direct stocks. Consider large-cap and diversified equity funds. This will balance risk and returns.

Systematic Withdrawal Plan (SWP)
Start an SWP from your mutual funds after you retire fully. This will provide a steady monthly income. It’s tax-efficient and offers better returns than fixed deposits.

Emergency Fund
Keep at least 6 months of expenses as an emergency fund. This should be in a liquid and accessible form. Consider liquid mutual funds or high-interest savings accounts.

Health Insurance
Ensure you have adequate health insurance. Medical costs can be high, especially in retirement. A family floater health insurance plan is recommended.

Daughter’s Education and Marriage
Start a separate fund for your daughter’s education and marriage. Consider child-specific mutual funds. This will ensure you have enough when needed without affecting your retirement corpus.

Retirement Corpus Growth
Maximize your retirement corpus growth by investing in a mix of debt and equity funds. A balanced fund can provide a good mix of stability and growth. Regular funds with a Certified Financial Planner’s guidance can help optimize returns.

Tax Planning
Utilize tax-saving instruments to reduce your tax liability. ELSS funds can offer tax benefits under Section 80C. Plan withdrawals from your EPF and other investments to minimize tax.

Regular Reviews
Regularly review your investment portfolio. Adjust your investments based on market conditions and your financial goals. A Certified Financial Planner can help you stay on track.

Final Insights
Your current financial situation is strong. Focus on reducing liabilities, optimizing returns, and planning for your daughter’s future. Maintain adequate insurance and an emergency fund.

Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. They can help tailor a strategy to your needs and ensure a healthy, stress-free retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
I am 36 yrs Old with saving of 80 lac and can invest 1.5 lac everymonth. I want to retire at 45 and pursue my habby. I don't enjoy working and have been largely unsatisfied with my Job. My monthly expenses is 35K and have no Debt. Is it possible to accumulate a corpus of 5-6 cr in the next 9-10 years
Ans: Your savings are Rs. 80 lakh. You can invest Rs. 1.5 lakh every month. You aim to retire at 45. Your current age is 36. Your monthly expenses are Rs. 35,000. You have no debt. Let's evaluate your goals and create a plan.

Assessing Retirement Goals
Your target corpus is Rs. 5-6 crore in 9-10 years. This is achievable with disciplined planning. Consistent investments and strategic asset allocation are key.

Investment Strategy
1. Monthly Investments:

Invest Rs. 1.5 lakh monthly. Diversify across asset classes. Consider a mix of mutual funds and other investment options.

2. Mutual Funds:

Actively managed funds can outperform index funds. They offer better potential returns. Choose funds with a strong track record.

3. Equity Investments:

Equities can offer high returns over the long term. Diversify your portfolio. Balance between large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks.

4. Debt Instruments:

Include debt funds for stability. They offer lower risk compared to equities. They provide steady returns.

5. Fixed Deposits:

FDs offer guaranteed returns. They are low-risk investments. Include them in your portfolio for stability.

6. Balanced Allocation:

Maintain a balanced allocation. Adjust based on market conditions. Review and rebalance your portfolio regularly.

Risk Management
1. Diversification:

Spread your investments. Reduce risk by diversifying. Don’t put all your money in one asset class.

2. Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund. It should cover 6-12 months of expenses. This provides financial security.

3. Insurance:

Ensure you have adequate insurance. Health and term insurance are essential. They protect your family and assets.

Tax Planning
1. Tax-efficient Investments:

Choose tax-saving instruments. ELSS funds can offer tax benefits. They also provide potential growth.

2. Tax-saving Strategies:

Use strategies to reduce tax liability. Invest in options under Section 80C. Plan investments to maximise tax benefits.

Monitoring and Review
1. Regular Monitoring:

Monitor your investments regularly. Track performance. Make adjustments as needed.

2. Annual Review:

Review your financial plan annually. Assess progress towards your goal. Adjust investments based on performance.

Benefits of a Certified Financial Planner
1. Expertise:

A Certified Financial Planner (CFP) offers expertise. They provide professional advice tailored to your goals.

2. Guidance:

A CFP guides you through complex financial decisions. They help optimise your investment strategy.

3. Monitoring:

A CFP monitors your investments. They make adjustments to align with your goals.

4. Support:

A CFP offers ongoing support. They help you stay on track. They provide peace of mind.

Final Insights
Achieving a corpus of Rs. 5-6 crore in 9-10 years is possible. Consistent investments, diversification, and strategic planning are key. Regular monitoring and professional guidance will help you reach your goal.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 19, 2024

Age 42 years currently draw 30 lac per annum have Sip in mutual fund 30000 month Shares sip 20000 month Gold sip 5000 month Current portfolio Mutual fund 30lac Shared 20 lac Gold bond 2 lac Fd 3lac Family of 4 and 2 kids 1 in 5th and other in kg Current expenses are 75000 and Want 1.5 lac per month post retirement at 55 years How to invest further
Ans: Current Financial Overview
You have a robust portfolio and consistent investments. Your annual income is Rs. 30 lakh, and your expenses are Rs. 75,000 per month. You are investing Rs. 30,000 in mutual fund SIPs, Rs. 20,000 in shares SIPs, and Rs. 5,000 in gold SIPs each month. Your portfolio includes Rs. 30 lakh in mutual funds, Rs. 20 lakh in shares, Rs. 2 lakh in gold bonds, and Rs. 3 lakh in fixed deposits.

Your goal is to retire at 55 with a monthly income of Rs. 1.5 lakh. Let's evaluate and plan for this goal.

Evaluating Current Investments
Mutual Funds:

You have Rs. 30 lakh in mutual funds.
Investing Rs. 30,000 per month in SIPs.
Mutual funds provide good returns over the long term.

You have Rs. 20 lakh in shares.
Investing Rs. 20,000 per month in SIPs.
Shares can be volatile but offer high returns.

You have Rs. 2 lakh in gold bonds.
Investing Rs. 5,000 per month in SIPs.
Gold is a safe investment but grows slowly.
Fixed Deposits:

You have Rs. 3 lakh in FDs.
FDs provide safety but lower returns.
Investment Strategy Moving Forward
Increase Mutual Fund Investments:

Mutual funds offer diversification and professional management.
Consider increasing your SIP in mutual funds for long-term growth.
Review Share Investments:

Ensure your share investments are in well-researched companies.
Regularly review and adjust your share portfolio for better returns.
Gold Investments:

Gold adds stability but has lower growth.
Keep your gold SIP but focus more on mutual funds and shares.
Fixed Deposits:

FDs are safe but offer low returns.
Limit your FD exposure and invest more in higher-return assets.
Planning for Retirement
Set Clear Goals:

Your target is Rs. 1.5 lakh per month post-retirement.
Break down this goal into smaller, achievable milestones.
Regular Review:

Review your portfolio every six months.
Adjust based on market conditions and personal goals.
Diversify Your Portfolio:

Continue diversifying across asset classes.
Balance risk and return according to your risk tolerance.
Emergency Fund:

Maintain an emergency fund for unexpected expenses.
Ensure this fund covers at least 6-12 months of expenses.
Insurance and Contingency:

Have adequate health and life insurance.
Review your policies to ensure sufficient coverage.
Education and Child Planning
Child Education Fund:

Start investing in a dedicated fund for your children’s education.
Consider child-specific mutual funds or balanced funds.
Systematic Withdrawal Plans:

Post-retirement, consider SWPs for regular income.
SWPs from mutual funds can provide tax-efficient regular income.
Final Insights
Your current investments are commendable. You have a diversified portfolio and a clear retirement goal.

To achieve your target, consider increasing your investments in mutual funds and shares. Review your portfolio regularly and adjust based on market conditions.

Ensure you have a robust emergency fund and adequate insurance coverage. Start a dedicated fund for your children’s education.

This balanced approach will help you achieve financial independence and a comfortable retirement.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 14, 2024Hindi
Is unrated safe to invest Sbi advantage Icici pru opportunities????
Ans: Unrated funds, like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities, lack official ratings from agencies. This doesn't necessarily mean they are bad options. It simply means they haven't been evaluated by rating agencies yet. This could be due to the funds being relatively new or less popular.

Risks and Considerations
Higher Risk
Unrated funds come with higher uncertainty. They do not have a track record to assess their performance and risk profile. This makes it challenging to predict their future performance.

Potential Rewards
Despite the higher risk, unrated funds can offer potential rewards. New funds often aim to attract investors by performing well initially. However, this is not guaranteed and requires careful consideration.

Investing in Funds with Better Track Records
Proven Performance
It is advisable to invest in funds with a proven track record. These funds have historical data showing how they perform in different market conditions. This provides more confidence in their future performance.

Stability and Reliability
Funds with better track records have demonstrated their ability to manage market volatility. They offer more stability and reliability, which is crucial for long-term investment goals.

Active vs. Index Funds
Benefits of Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can outperform the market. Skilled fund managers make strategic decisions based on market conditions. This can lead to higher returns, especially in volatile markets.

Regular vs. Direct Funds
Advantages of Regular Funds
Investing through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) provides professional guidance. CFPs help with fund selection and portfolio management. This ensures your investments align with your financial goals.

Final Insights
Investing in unrated funds like SBI Balanced Advantage and ICICI Pru Opportunities carries higher risk due to the lack of track record. It is generally safer to invest in funds with proven performance and a stable track record. Consulting with a Certified Financial Planner can help you make informed decisions and build a diversified portfolio.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jun 14, 2024Hindi
I am 30, married 2 years back. I earn around 1.08 lacs and wife earns around 70k. House rent is 30k. Car rent is 18k pending for 4 years more.Have almost no savings just emergency fund of 3L. Invest only in MF 18k pm and LIC 5k per month. Give 30-40k to parents monthly. Possible to generate 2 cr in 15 years? If yes then pls suggest
Ans: Current Financial Situation

You and your wife have a combined monthly income of Rs. 1.78 lakhs. Your monthly expenses include house rent of Rs. 30,000 and car rent of Rs. 18,000 for the next four years. You have an emergency fund of Rs. 3 lakhs and invest Rs. 18,000 per month in mutual funds and Rs. 5,000 per month in LIC. Additionally, you provide Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000 to your parents monthly.

Goal Assessment

You aim to generate Rs. 2 crores in 15 years. This is achievable with disciplined savings and strategic investments.

Income and Expenses Analysis

Your combined income is Rs. 1.78 lakhs per month. After deducting rent (Rs. 48,000) and parental support (Rs. 30,000 to Rs. 40,000), you have around Rs. 1 lakh left for other expenses, savings, and investments.

Current Investments

Mutual Funds: Rs. 18,000 per month
LIC: Rs. 5,000 per month
Investment Strategy Recommendations

Increase Monthly Savings

Try to increase your savings rate. Even a small increase in monthly savings can significantly impact your long-term goals.

Maximise Mutual Fund Investments

Continue with your mutual fund investments. Consider increasing the amount gradually. Mutual funds, especially equity funds, can offer higher returns over the long term.

Review LIC Policy

Review your LIC policy. If it is not yielding good returns, consider surrendering it. Reinvest the amount in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner before making any decisions.

Emergency Fund

Maintain your emergency fund. Ensure it covers 6-12 months of expenses. This fund should be in a liquid or easily accessible account.

Debt Management

Car rent will continue for four more years. Once completed, redirect this amount to your savings and investments. Reducing debt will free up more funds for investments.

Retirement and Contingency Planning

Consider investing in a mix of equity and debt funds for a balanced portfolio. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to tailor this mix to your risk tolerance and goals.

Action Plan to Achieve Rs. 2 Crores

Increase Mutual Fund SIPs: Gradually increase your monthly SIPs in mutual funds. Aim to invest a higher portion of your surplus income.

Review Insurance Needs: Ensure you have adequate health and life insurance coverage. Review and adjust your policies as needed.

Long-term Investments: Focus on long-term equity investments. These can provide higher returns compared to other instruments.

Monitor and Rebalance Portfolio: Regularly review your portfolio. Rebalance it to align with your financial goals and market conditions.

Lifestyle Adjustments

Control Discretionary Spending: Reduce unnecessary expenses. This will help you save more.

Joint Planning with Spouse: Work together with your spouse on financial planning. Joint efforts can amplify your savings and investments.

Final Insights

Achieving Rs. 2 crores in 15 years is possible. Increase your savings and strategic investments. Regularly review and adjust your financial plan. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalised advice.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Asked by Anonymous - Jul 13, 2024Hindi
I am 41 years old , with In-hand salary of 1.26L , Wife salary 79K , Home loan remaining 22 Laks for 11 years , Started Saving recently in Mutual Funds with Target of 40-50K investment per month , Invested 40K in HDFC small cap fund direct , Quant Focused 30K , Quant infrastructure 35K , quant small cap 60K , 50K in Quant ELss. Please suggest the Investment proportion and suggestive investment amount for comfortable retirement and Child Higher education
Ans: Overview of Current Financial Situation
You are 41 years old with an in-hand salary of Rs. 1.26 lakhs and your wife earns Rs. 79,000. You have a home loan balance of Rs. 22 lakhs for 11 years. You have recently started investing in mutual funds with a target of Rs. 40-50k per month. Your current investments are:

Rs. 40k in a small cap fund
Rs. 30k in a focused fund
Rs. 35k in an infrastructure fund
Rs. 60k in a small cap fund
Rs. 50k in an ELSS fund
Investment Proportion Analysis
Your portfolio is heavily skewed towards small cap and sector-specific funds. This strategy can be risky. Diversification is essential to balance risks and returns. Consider a mix of large cap, mid cap, and hybrid funds. This approach provides stability and growth.

Actively Managed Funds
Actively managed funds can offer higher returns compared to index funds. Fund managers use expertise to navigate market conditions. This advantage can outweigh the typically higher expense ratios.

Regular vs Direct Funds
Investing in regular funds through a Certified Financial Planner (CFP) has benefits. CFPs offer professional advice, ongoing support, and portfolio adjustments. This guidance can help you achieve your financial goals effectively. Direct funds lack this personalized service and can be challenging to manage alone.

Suggested Investment Allocation
Large Cap Funds
Large cap funds provide stability. Allocate 25-30% of your monthly investment here. They are less volatile and offer steady returns over time.

Mid Cap Funds
Mid cap funds offer a balance between risk and return. Allocate 20-25% here. They have the potential for higher growth compared to large caps.

Balanced or Hybrid Funds
These funds combine equity and debt. They provide a cushion against market volatility. Allocate 15-20% of your investments in hybrid funds.

Small Cap and Sectoral Funds
Limit your exposure to small cap and sectoral funds to 20-25%. They can be volatile and should be balanced with more stable investments.

ELSS Funds
ELSS funds offer tax benefits under Section 80C. They also provide growth opportunities. Allocate 10-15% here, considering your tax-saving needs.

Monthly Investment Plan
Given your target of Rs. 40-50k per month, here is a suggested allocation:

Large Cap Funds: Rs. 10-12k
Mid Cap Funds: Rs. 8-10k
Balanced or Hybrid Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Small Cap and Sectoral Funds: Rs. 8-10k
ELSS Funds: Rs. 6-8k
Planning for Retirement and Child's Education
Retirement Planning
Estimate your retirement corpus based on your current lifestyle. Aim for a corpus that can sustain you comfortably. Consider inflation and rising expenses. Start a systematic investment plan (SIP) in diversified funds. Regular reviews with a CFP can keep your plan on track.

Child's Higher Education
Calculate the future cost of education. Consider inflation and rising fees. Start an SIP in diversified funds focused on education goals. ULIPs or other insurance-linked investments may not be ideal. Mutual funds offer better returns and flexibility.

Final Insights
Your current investment strategy is aggressive. Balancing it with large cap and hybrid funds will reduce risk. Investing regularly and reviewing your portfolio periodically is crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for tailored advice. This ensures your goals of comfortable retirement and child's education are met.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP

Chief Financial Planner,


...Read more


Ramalingam Kalirajan  |4995 Answers  |Ask -

Mutual Funds, Financial Planning Expert - Answered on Jul 18, 2024

Hello Sir I am Naveen and i am 31 years old, I am planning to retire at the age of 50 with 5 Cr and monthly income 1 L My Investment is PPF 400000 ULIP 250000 FD 100000 EPF 300000 NPS 200000(every year 50000 ) Stock 800000 MF 700000 Child plan Own house, taken Health insurance 20 L and Term insurance 1 Cr . Please advise me how much i need to increase my investment for my better retirement
Ans: Assessment of Current Financial Situation

You have diversified your investments across various financial instruments. Your goal to retire at 50 with Rs. 5 crore and a monthly income of Rs. 1 lakh is achievable with proper planning.

Current Investments

PPF: Rs. 4,00,000
ULIP: Rs. 2,50,000
FD: Rs. 1,00,000
EPF: Rs. 3,00,000
NPS: Rs. 2,00,000 (Rs. 50,000 yearly)
Stock: Rs. 8,00,000
Mutual Funds: Rs. 7,00,000
Child Plan: Amount not specified
Own House
Health Insurance: Rs. 20 lakh
Term Insurance: Rs. 1 crore
Financial Goals Analysis

Your goal requires disciplined saving and strategic investments. Let’s evaluate each aspect:

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

PPF is a safe investment. It offers tax benefits and guaranteed returns. However, its limit restricts the amount you can invest yearly.

Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP)

ULIP combines insurance and investment. It may not be the best for high returns. Consider reviewing its performance and charges.

Fixed Deposit (FD)

FDs provide security but lower returns. Inflation can erode their value. Consider keeping only a portion in FDs.

Employees' Provident Fund (EPF)

EPF is a stable option for long-term savings. It provides decent returns and tax benefits. Continue contributing.

National Pension System (NPS)

NPS is beneficial for retirement. It offers market-linked returns and tax benefits. Your current contribution of Rs. 50,000 yearly is good.

Stock Market

Stocks can yield high returns but come with risks. Regularly review and rebalance your portfolio. Diversify to mitigate risks.

Mutual Funds

Mutual funds are good for wealth creation. Choose funds based on your risk appetite. Consider consulting a Certified Financial Planner for advice on fund selection.

Child Plan

Ensure the plan meets your child’s future education needs. Evaluate its performance and adjust if necessary.

Health and Term Insurance

You have sufficient coverage. Ensure to review and increase if needed with inflation.

Additional Investment Recommendations

To achieve your retirement goal, you need to increase investments. Here’s how:

Increase Mutual Fund Investments

Mutual funds offer potential for high returns. Increase SIPs in diversified equity mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner to choose the best funds.

Review and Adjust ULIP

Evaluate the charges and performance of ULIPs. If returns are low, consider surrendering and reinvesting in mutual funds. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for advice.

Maximize NPS Contributions

Increase your NPS contributions. It will enhance your retirement corpus and provide tax benefits.

Invest in Stocks Wisely

Continue investing in stocks. Diversify across sectors and regularly review. Stay updated with market trends.

Emergency Fund

Maintain an emergency fund. Ensure it’s 6-12 months of your expenses. Park it in liquid funds for easy access.

Retirement Corpus Calculation

Without specific calculations, aim to increase your investments by 10-15% annually. This will help you reach your Rs. 5 crore goal.

Final Insights

Your current investment strategy is strong. However, regular review and adjustments are crucial. Consult a Certified Financial Planner for personalized advice. Stay disciplined and focused on your goals.

Best Regards,

K. Ramalingam, MBA, CFP,

Chief Financial Planner,


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DISCLAIMER: The content of this post by the expert is the personal view of the rediffGURU. Investment in securities market are subject to market risks. Read all the related document carefully before investing. The securities quoted are for illustration only and are not recommendatory. Users are advised to pursue the information provided by the rediffGURU only as a source of information and as a point of reference and to rely on their own judgement when making a decision. RediffGURUS is an intermediary as per India's Information Technology Act.


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